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Dissection of the internal carotid artery in a patient with connective tissue dysplasia having risk variants of several candidate genes.

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Summary of "Dissection of the internal carotid artery in a patient with connective tissue dysplasia having risk variants of several candidate genes."

Spontaneous dissection of the vessels of the neck is one of the main causes of ischemic stroke in young patients under 45 years of age. According to morphological studies, dissection of the vessels of the neck can be based on dysplastic changes in the arterial wall in arteriopathies, Marfan syndrome, Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, undifferentiated connective tissue dysplasia. The article presents a case of spontaneous dissection of the internal carotid artery in a 30-year-old patient with clinical manifestations of undifferentiated connective tissue dysplasia and carriage of homozygous variants of candidate genes: 4G/4G of the PAI-1 (-675, 4G/5G), T/T of the MTHFR C677T, 5A/5A of the MMP-3 (-1171 5A/6A) and A/A of the MMP-9 (8202A/G).

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Zhurnal nevrologii i psikhiatrii imeni S.S. Korsakova
ISSN: 1997-7298
Pages: 5-12

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The splitting of the vessel wall in one or both (left and right) internal carotid arteries (CAROTID ARTERY, INTERNAL). Interstitial hemorrhage into the media of the vessel wall can lead to occlusion of the internal carotid artery and aneurysm formation.

Damages to the CAROTID ARTERIES caused either by blunt force or penetrating trauma, such as CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA; THORACIC INJURIES; and NECK INJURIES. Damaged carotid arteries can lead to CAROTID ARTERY THROMBOSIS; CAROTID-CAVERNOUS SINUS FISTULA; pseudoaneurysm formation; and INTERNAL CAROTID ARTERY DISSECTION. (From Am J Forensic Med Pathol 1997, 18:251; J Trauma 1994, 37:473)

The two principal arteries supplying the structures of the head and neck. They ascend in the neck, one on each side, and at the level of the upper border of the thyroid cartilage, each divides into two branches, the external (CAROTID ARTERY, EXTERNAL) and internal (CAROTID ARTERY, INTERNAL) carotid arteries.

Artery formed by the bifurcation of the internal carotid artery (CAROTID ARTERY, INTERNAL). Branches of the anterior cerebral artery supply the CAUDATE NUCLEUS; INTERNAL CAPSULE; PUTAMEN; SEPTAL NUCLEI; GYRUS CINGULI; and surfaces of the FRONTAL LOBE and PARIETAL LOBE.

Pathological conditions involving the CAROTID ARTERIES, including the common, internal, and external carotid arteries. ATHEROSCLEROSIS and TRAUMA are relatively frequent causes of carotid artery pathology.

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