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Popular PubMed Articles on BioPortfolio

17:17 EDT 21st April 2018 | BioPortfolio

BioPortfolio lists our user's most popular PubMed pages for the last 7 days based on search engine activity.

Intravenous (IV) drug delivery is commonly used for its rapid administration and immediate drug effect. Most studies compare IV to subcutaneous (SC) delivery in terms of safety and efficacy, but little is known about what patients prefer.

Topics in ILD and Lung TransplantationSESSION TYPE: Original Investigation SlidePRESENTED ON: Wednesday, October 29, 2014 at 02:45 PM - 04:15 PMPURPOSE: Sarcoidosis is an idiopathic granulomatous disease characterized by variable organ involvement with non-necrotizing granulomas. As a diagnosis of exclusion with a broad differential, we aimed to determine how often non-necrotizing granulomas were ...

Jones et al highlighted effectiveness of preoperative lean muscle mass determination, referred as sarcopenia, to identify those at higher risk of major complications after colorectal resection (1). We find current results particularly important beside some limitations of current methodology to test the hypothesis of the article. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Antibiotic resistance is a major problem in current contemporary medicine and it has become a major concern of the 21st century. New resistance mechanisms developed by microorganisms spread greatly, threatening the ability to treat numerous infectious diseases, and increasing the number of nosocomial infections. Besides the role in immunology and glycobiology where they are used as hemaglutinine a...

Propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes) is a gram-positive anaerobic bacillus commonly isolated from the flora of the face, chest, and axilla region. It has emerged as a major pathogen responsible for postoperative shoulder infections after both arthroscopy and arthroplasty procedures. Patients with P. acnes shoulder infection typically present with normal laboratory values (white blood cells (WBC), er...

Diarrhea is a frequent and potentially severe complication of kidney transplantation. We describe here, in a cross-sectional study, the epidemiological and microbiological characteristics of acute and persistent diarrhea in 52 inpatients with kidney and kidney-pancreas transplant in a hospital in Buenos Aires, 42 (80.8%) of whom had received a kidney and 10 (19.2%) a kidney-pancreas transplant. Di...

Indigotindisulfonate sodium has been used during cystoscopy to identify the ureteral meatuses and to verify ureteral efflux during pelvic surgery. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration announced the shortage of indigotindisulfonate sodium in June 2014. Surgeons have since been searching for safe alternatives with comparable visualization and an economically favorable profile.

Organophosphate poisoning is highly lethal as organophosphates, which are commonly found in insecticides and nerve agents, cause irreversible phosphorylation and inactivation of acetylcholinesterase (AChE), leading to neuromuscular disorders via accumulation of acetylcholine in the body. Direct interception of organophosphates in the systemic circulation thus provides a desirable strategy in treat...

Scombrotoxin fish poisoning (SFP), also known as histamine (Hst) poisoning, has been associated with consumption of scombroid-type fish, including tuna and tuna fish products. Preparation of commercial tuna salad contaminated with Hstproducing bacteria (HPB), combined with time-temperature abuse, can present a food safety hazard. A potential source of HPB is raw ingredients, such as celery and oni...

The three dimensional topological insulator bismuth selenide (Bi_{2}Se_{3}) is expected to possess strong spin-orbit coupling and spin-textured topological surface states and, thus, exhibit a high charge to spin current conversion efficiency. We evaluate spin-orbit torques in Bi_{2}Se_{3}/Co_{40}Fe_{40}B_{20} devices at different temperatures by spin torque ferromagnetic resonance measurements. As...

To highlight the finding of occult areas of poor epithelial adhesion in the superior perilimbal cornea in a minority of patients with recalcitrant recurrent corneal erosion syndrome presenting with corneal erosion elsewhere on the corneal surface.

Pupil size is correlated with important cognitive variables and is increasingly being used to study cognition. Pupil data can be recorded inexpensively and non-invasively by many commonly used video-based eye tracking cameras, but researchers often underestimate the methodological challenges associated with controlling for confounds that can result in misinterpretation of their pupil data. One ser...

Transgender and transsexual individuals have unique health care needs and risks compared with the population at large. It is estimated that 1 in 100,000 individuals in the United States is a transgender woman and 1 in 400,000 is a transgender man, although these estimates of prevalence are likely conservative. Transgender individuals are at an increased risk of tobacco, alcohol, and substance abus...

The aim of this study was to evaluate the physical, chemical, and biological properties of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) mixed with 80% distilled water and 20% propylene glycol (PG) compared with MTA mixed with distilled water only.

The need to educate nurses at the graduate level and provide them with a different skill set that broadens their view of health and nursing is clearly articulated by the American Association of Colleges of Nursing. Consequently, the role of the clinical nurse leader (CNL) was born. Responding to the need for providing a highly educated and credentialed professional at the bedside, Rush University ...

Liver transplantation (LT) is the gold standard for decompensated Chronic Liver Disease (CLD) in individuals satisfying the selection criteria. Organ scarcity is the rate limiting step in liver transplantation across the globe. Expanding the donor pool is practiced by transplant surgeons across the globe in view of perennial donor organ scarcity and ever increasing organ demand.

Hemolysis is a cause of variability in test results for plasma potassium, LDH and AST and is a non-negligible part of measurement uncertainty. However, allowable levels of hemolysis provided by reagent suppliers take neither analytical variability (trueness and precision) nor the measurand into account. Using a calibration range of hemolysis, we measured the plasma concentrations of potassium, LDH...

-The data in College of American Pathologists cancer protocols have to be presented effectively to health care providers. There is no consensus on the format of those protocols, resulting in various designs among pathologists. Cancer protocols are independently created by site-specific experts, so there is inconsistent wording and repetition of data. This lack of standardization can be confusing a...

Manipulation of the magnetization of a perpendicular ferromagnetic free layer by spin-orbit torque (SOT) is an attractive alternative to spin-transfer torque (STT) in oscillators and switches such as magnetic random-access memory (MRAM) where a high current is passed across an ultrathin tunnel barrier. A small symmetry-breaking bias field is usually needed for deterministic SOT switching but it is...

Background: Rehabilitative health care is increasingly focusing its attention on multimorbid people with 2 and more coexistent chronic diseases of sociomedical relevance. Methods: After defining the term "multimorbidity" in the context of rehabilitative health care, an exploratory overview of the prevalence and clinical implication of this condition as reported in the literature was drafted. Based...

First responders are exposed to various types of disasters throughout their career. Because of their roles, they are often regarded as stronger people than individuals from other occupations. A systematic review of literature was conducted to determine if distinct characteristics exist that make first responders more susceptible to psychological trauma. Five categories of traits were found to put ...

This study was designed to investigate whether the extract from Boswellia serrata oleo-gum resin (BSE) can protect against glutamate-induced oxidative damage and cytotoxicity in PC12 and N2a cell lines. Using a simple and reliable reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), the amount of 3-acetyl-11-keto-β-boswellic acid (AKBA) in the BSE was found to be 18.5% w/w. The results co...

Anxiety and pain are recognized as major problems of burn patients; because pharmaceutical treatments for controlling anxiety and pain symptoms lead to complications and an increase in health costs, nonpharmacological nursing interventions were considered for this group of patients. This led to the present study aimed at comparing the effect of aromatherapy massage with inhalation aromatherapy for...

  Accurate classification of cleft lip plays an important role in communication, treatment planning, and comparison of outcomes across centers. Although there is reasonable consensus in defining cleft types, the presence of Simonart's band can make classification challenging. Our objective was to survey cleft care providers to determine what all consider to be Simonart's band, how its presence e...

Data on Extracorporeal Life Support (ECLS) utilization and survival submitted to the Extracorporeal Life Support Organization's data registry from the inception of the registry in 1989 through July 1st 2016 are summarized in this report. The registry contained information on 78,397 ECLS patients with 58% survival to hospital discharge. ECLS utilization, and centers providing ECLS have increased wo...

Diastema is a space between teeth. The most often is maxillary midline diastema between upper central incisors. One of the main causes of diastema is enlarge upper lip frenulum attachment. The aim of the study was to assess frenulum attachment in patients with diastema and investigate if type of upper lip frenulum attachment has an impact on the width of diastema.

Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is a prothrombotic autoimmune disease that may be classified as primary or secondary. Treatment consists of oral anticoagulant, antiplatelet, and/or immunosuppressant drugs. This report describes the dental treatment of 2 women with APS and multiple dental concerns, including periodontal disease, caries, and missing teeth. The invasive dental procedures were perform...

Temperate viruses can become dormant in their host cells, a process called lysogeny. In every infection, such viruses decide between the lytic and the lysogenic cycles, that is, whether to replicate and lyse their host or to lysogenize and keep the host viable. Here we show that viruses (phages) of the SPbeta group use a small-molecule communication system to coordinate lysis-lysogeny decisions. D...

Ibrutinib is an irreversible inhibitor of Bruton's tyrosine kinase (Btk) that has proven to be an effective therapeutic agent for multiple B-cell mediated lymphoproliferative disorders. Ibrutinib, however, carries an increased bleeding risk compared to standard chemotherapy. Bleeding events range from minor mucocutaneous bleeding to life-threatening hemorrhage, due in large part to the effects of ...

Guided bone regeneration (GBR) is a surgical procedure utilizing occlusive membranes for providing space maintenance and enabling selective repopulation of the damaged area. While this technique is effective in regenerating bone, bacterial infiltration occurs frequently and can compromise the regenerative outcome. In this study, the authors describe the development and characterization of a GBR me...

This study evaluated the acute effects of two different stretch intensities on muscle damage and extensibility.

Drinking and gambling frequently co-occur, and concurrent gambling and drinking may lead to greater negative consequences than either behavior alone. Building on prior research on the effects of alcohol, initial gambling outcomes, impulsivity, and gambling cognitions on gambling behaviors using a chance-based (nonstrategic) slot-machine task, the current study explored the impact of these factors ...

The purpose of this report is to describe the international growth, outcomes, complications, and technology used in pediatric extracorporeal life support (ECLS) from 2009 to 2015 as reported by participating centers in the Extracorporeal Life Support Organization (ELSO). To date, there are 59,969 children who have received ECLS in the ELSO Registry; among those, 21,907 received ECLS since 2009 wit...

SMARCA4-deficient thoracic sarcoma is a recently proposed new entity of soft tissue sarcomas with an undifferentiated round cell morphology that is diagnostically challenging. Here we report a case of this tumor where the diagnosis was established using limited samples and resources. A woman in her early 30s developed two intrathoracic masses. Biopsies for these lesions showed sheets of undifferen...

Situs inversus totalis (SIT) is a rare condition, in which there is transposition of the thoraco-abdominal organs. This situation leads to diagnostic and therapeutic difficulties in patients with acute surgical abdomen. The objective of this report is to present the case of a patient who presented with colonic pain in the epigastrium and left hypochondrium, in which the diagnosis of SIT, cholelith...

The prevalence of hypo-attenuated leaflet thickening (HALT) and reduced leaflet motion (RLM) is unknown in surgically implanted bioprostheses because systematic investigation of HALT and/or RLM is limited to a few catheter-based valves. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of HALT and RLM by cardiac computed tomography in patients who underwent surgical aortic valve replacement ...

Hybrids between divergent populations commonly show hybrid sterility; this reproductive barrier hinders hybrid breeding of the japonica and indica rice (Oryza sativa L.) subspecies. Here we show that structural changes and copy number variation at the Sc locus confer japonica-indica hybrid male sterility. The japonica allele, Sc-j, contains a pollen-essential gene encoding a DUF1618-domain protein...

Chitosan of high molecular weight and 85% deacetylation was used to prepare chitosan sulfate (CHS) by employing an industrial recognized green and highly reactive sulfating agent gas SO3. FT-IR and solid-state CP-MAS 13C NMR spectra confirmed that sulfate groups were successfully introduced into chitosan chains with a sulfur content of 16.50% and the substitution degree of 1.75 according to the re...

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