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Popular Clinical Trials on BioPortfolio

15:42 EST 24th November 2017 | BioPortfolio

BioPortfolio lists our user's most popular Clinical Trials pages for the last 7 days based on search engine activity.

Furosemide in Early Acute Kidney Injury

Added: 03:19 EDT 27 Aug 2014

Acute renal failure, now referred to as acute kidney injury, is common in intensive care unit patients, contributes to high morbidity and mortality, and has no proven interventions with benefit once established. In addition to supportive care, these patients frequently receive diuretic therapy, most commonly furosemide. Prior trials showed no impact of furosemide on clinic...

Acute alcoholic hepatitis (AAH) is the most severe form of alcoholic liver disease (ALD) and is associated with a high risk of dying in the short term. Corticosteroids are generally recommended in patients with severe AAH, but its use is still controverted and contraindicated in case of active infection or gastrointestinal bleeding. Therefore, alternative therapeutic option...

The purpose of this study is to determine whether the analgetic and other effects effect of ketamine are partly mediated through opioid receptors

Pharmacogenetics of Bupropion Metabolism

Added: 03:26 EDT 27 Aug 2014

The aim of the investigators research is to see if variants in a particular gene (named CYP2B6) affect how the body metabolizes (breaks down) certain medications, including the drug bupropion. Bupropion is widely used in the treatment of depression and for helping people quit smoking. Genes are portions of DNA that code for particular proteins in the body. The investigators...

The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of intravenous furosemide on cardio-respiratory performance in neonates receiving a packed red blood cell (PRBC) transfusion who are considered at high risk of volume overload.

N-acetylcysteine is used to reduce the risk of injury to the kidney after the administration of contrast dye. The mechanism and effectiveness of this intervention is not substantiated in the literature. The investigators hypothesize that serum creatinine will be lower in patients who receive NAC compared to those who receive the placebo but serum cystatin C will not change...

Without therapy HLH is often fatal, and often rapidly fatal. The treatment protocol HLH-94 has improved survival markedly as compared to the survival earlier. We now aim to improve survival further.

Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is performed more than 300,000 times a year in the United States, most often for osteoarthritis (OA). While pain is predictably reduced, function does not typically ever reach that of age-matched, uninjured subjects. Quadriceps weakness has been implicated in the development and progression of knee OA and is a significant problem after TKA. V...

Hypothesis: Many patients with underlying mitochondrial disorders have feeding problems because of poor gastrointestinal motility; feeding problems lead to growth impairment and many affected children are malnourished.

Dexmedetomidine in Seizure Patients

Added: 03:13 EDT 27 Aug 2014

Dexmedetomidine is an alpha-2 agonist commonly used during neurosurgery due to its unique properties as a sedative and anxiolytic with minimal respiratory depression. Neurosurgical patients frequently come to the operating room on anticonvulsant therapy with a history of seizures. The investigators clinical experience suggests that these patients are resistant to the sed...

The purpose of the study is to determine whether motivational interviewing with guideline-based medical management for depression will significantly improve time to depression recovery and increase the proportion of subjects in recovery compared to guideline-based medical management alone over 9 months.

Anterior Knee Pain After Tibial Nailing

Added: 21:09 EDT 23 Jul 2014

Anterior knee pain (AKP) is a common complication following intramedullary (IM) nailing of a tibial shaft fracture. The purpose of this prospective study was to determine if there is an association between AKP and nail position. The investigators have analyzed postoperative outcome results and the possible relationship between AKP according to the visual-analog scale (VAS) ...

Selective Vagus Nerve Stimulation in Human

Added: 03:19 EDT 27 Aug 2014

The investigators would like to explore possibilities of selective vagus nerve stimulation in human subjects to control heart rate and arterial blood pressure.

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the usefulness of antifungal lock therapy with liposomal amphotericin B (Ambisome), in combination with systemic antifungal(s), in patients with catheter-related blood stream infections with fungal organisms, whose catheter has not been removed because of the continuing critical need for central line access. The primary group of pot...

This is a pilot study to determine if implanted loop recorders can more effectively monitor atrial fibrillation recurrence after atrial fibrillation ablation.

Patients with moderate to severe renal impairment scheduled for a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan and injection with a contrast agent, Gadovist, will be asked to participate. The administration of contrast agents that contain gadolinium such as Gadovist might increase a potential risk to develop a rare condition called nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF) in patients w...

Sleep in Patients With Cystic Fibrosis

Added: 03:25 EDT 27 Aug 2014

The aim of the study is to identify the parameters that are associated with nocturnal hypoventilation in children and adults with cystic fibrosis. Included patients will undergo a nocturnal evaluation of their gas exchange and sleep quality by actigraphy during their annual check up. The aim is thus to identify which parameters (such as lung function parameters) are associa...

Aerobic exercise has the potential to become an effective and easily accessible treatment for Parkinson's disease (PD) that can improve both cognitive and motor dysfunction. This project will help us to understand the mechanism and scope of benefits from aerobic exercise in PD. Our proposed preliminary clinical trial is aimed at determining the safest and most tolerable ae...

Preterm newborns typically must be thermally regulated. In the United States, isolettes (incubators) are used to help them maintain their temperature. Traditionally, the temperature support (i.e. the temperature of the incubator) is decreased slowly according to NICU protocol until the baby is able to maintain its temperature in an open crib, without regard to the status ...

This study will evaluate the effectiveness of trauma-focused cognitive behaviour therapy (TF-CBT) versus eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) in the treatment of trauma survivors with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Patients will be randomly assigned to TF-CBT or EMDR. Follow-up assessments will be conducted at 3 and 12 months post-treatment. In addit...

This study will compare the effect of a new oral agent for type 2 diabetes, sitagliptin, in comparison to thiazolidinediones as the third-line oral agent, in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

The purpose of the study is to determine the optimal frequency of repositioning nursing facility residents with limited mobility who are cared for on a high density foam mattress in order to prevent bed sores. It is hypothesized that participants at moderate risk (Braden Scale Scores 13-14) who are turned every 3 or 4 hours and participants at high risk (Braden Scores 10-1...

The purpose of this study is to determine if Zonisamide is effective in reducing tremors in patients with Essential Tremor.

The purpose of this study is to determine the safety of this new treatment offered in this study. PCNSL can be cured in less than half of patients with standard treatment, a combination of chemotherapy and brain radiation. Also, the combination of chemotherapy and brain radiation may result in serious lasting side effects. Most patients older than age 60 develop memory prob...

Patients who present for the first time to Emergency Room with renal colic due to a distal ureteral calculus (as diagnosed with spiral CT scan and KUB) will be randomized to receive Xatral 10mg po once a day or placebo once discharged from the ER. The purpose of this study is to assess if patients treated with Xatral will have a higher spontaneous passage rate of their uret...

To assess the rapidity of onset of antipyretic effect and the efficacy and safety of a single dose of IV APAP versus PO acetaminophen in the treatment of fever induced by a standard dose of endotoxin

To determine the safety and effectiveness of the LUMINEXX stent for the proposed indication of treatment of common and/or external iliac artery occlusive disease

Membrane Blue Versus Infracyanine Green

Added: 14:19 EDT 24 Jul 2014

To compare possible toxicities of membrane blue and infracyanine green in vivo by macular function and peripheral visual field.

This is a randomized controlled trial to test whether a money-management based intervention reduces substance abuse.

This clinical trial is investigating the efficacy of Non Invasive Ventilation (NIV) as a method of airway clearance in patients with an acute exacerbation and moderate to severe bronchiectasis disease. Current treatment focuses on the use of Active Cycle of Breathing Techniques (ACBT) but this modality alone may not be sufficient when patients have more severe disease and a...

This study is designed to explore the use of myfortic ® in patients with active lupus erythematosus. Similar drugs in this class are increasingly used in organ transplantation and in autoimmune diseases. With the established safety profile of myfortic ® in allo-transplantation and the already existing data of mycophenolate mofetil in autoimmune diseases, this study should...

We hypothesize that specifically selected probiotics can alleviate symptoms of allergy in lactose tolerant individuals. Two strains of probiotics, Lactobacillus rhamnosus GR-1, and Bifidobacterium adolescentis 7007-05 will be used to create a yogurt product. Additionally a non-probiotic yogurt product will also be made as a placebo. Allergy sufferers will be asked to consum...

The study will compare outcomes between individuals with sub-acute, ventilator-dependent tetraplegia using high (20 cc/kg) vs. low (10 cc/kg) tidal volumes during mechanical ventilator support.

To evaluate the maternal blood concentrations of brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) during the second and third trimesters of a normal pregnancy. We will attempt to define a normal range for pregnancy and any outliers that may serve as markers for abnormal cardiovascular physiology.

Wound Infection Alexis Wound Retractor

Added: 21:43 EDT 23 Jul 2014

The purpose of this study is to determine whether the incidence of surgical site wound infection will be reduced in open appendectomy patients through the use of the Alexis® wound retractor.

The aim of this study is to evaluate the performance of a double labelling method using isotope and methylene blue dye injection to localize precisely Sentinel Lymph Node (SLN) in a series of 100 patients with infiltrative breast cancer justifying SLN excision. Method and patients: SLN excision will be performed on 100 patients treated for infiltrative breast cancer. After ...

Drotaverine in Dysmenorrhoea Treatment

Added: 03:46 EDT 27 Aug 2014

The aim of the study is to show that the combination of drotaverine 80mg and ibuprofen 400 mg is more effective and as well-tolerated as ibuprofen 400 mg or drotaverine 80 mg administered alone, in the treatment of primary and secondary dysmenorrhoea.

We aim to evaluate the impact of a CRP-guided management algorithm for adults with acute cough illness. More specifically, we will examine both process of care and clinical outcomes: 1. Processes of care (i.e., chest x-rays ordered, antibiotic treatment, length-of-time in the ED). We hypothesize that CRP-guided management will be associated with a decrease ...

NNIPPS is a clinical trial of riluzole (a drug previously shown to slow down the rate of progression og amyotrophic lateral sclerosis-ALS; Lou Gehrig's disease) involving nearly 800 people diagnosed with the 'parkinson plus' syndromes of multiple system atrophy (MSA) and progressive supranuclear plasy (PSP). In addition to showing whether riluzole is helpful in MSA and PSP,...

Brain metastases occur when cancer cells from the initial tumour site (for example, lung or breast) spread to the brain. This develops in approximately 10% - 30% of adults with cancer. They can produce different complaints related to their effect on brain functioning, decrease in a person’s ability to carry on with their usual activities, a reduction in the quality of li...

Kid Cards: Teaching Kids About Medicines

Added: 03:52 EDT 27 Aug 2014

This study is being done to see if education about medicines directed toward children will improve their knowledge. The investigators also want to know if this knowledge lasts over time. Right now there are few medication instructional cards that are appropriate for children. Most of the medication cards provide information for adults. Some studies have shown that by teac...

The purpose of this study is to examine the safety and efficacy of duloxetine for the treatment of social anxiety disorder.

This study will examine whether high-dose intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) is safe and effective for treating cerebellar ataxia-degeneration of the cerebellum, the part of the brain responsible for coordinating muscle movements and balance. The disease causes a slowly progressive impairment of speech and balance, with patients often developing slurred speech, tremor, clums...

Treadmill Training for Spinal Cord Injury

Added: 21:56 EDT 23 Jul 2014

This is a trial to test whether treadmill training can be used to improve the "walking" of patients with partial spinal cord injury. While on the treadmill, patients will be partially supported through the use of a specially designed harness attached to an overhead lift (also called Body Weight Supported Treadmill Training, BWSTT). Patients who enroll in this study will be...

Acamprosate Treatment: Mechanisms of Action

Added: 17:00 EDT 15 Jul 2010

This study will examine whether pretreatment with two doses of acamprosate for seven days prior to abstinence lessens the intensity of acute withdrawal from alcohol compared with a placebo. Subjects will be randomly assigned to receive either one of two doses of acamprosate or placebo for seven days. This will be followed by a four- day inpatient period when withdrawal wi...

RATIONALE: Immunotherapy using CEA-treated white blood cells may help a person's body build an immune response to kill their tumor cells. PURPOSE: Phase I/II trial to study the effectiveness of immunotherapy with CEA-treated white blood cells in treating patients with resected liver metastases from colon cancer.

This study will evaluate the effect of intraoperative lidocaine infusion on postoperative orientation and concentration in elderly patients having general anesthesia for orthopedic surgeries requiring a minimum 2 days hospitalization. This study will also aim to determine whether intraoperative lidocaine infusion during general anesthesia improves recovery and patient outc...

This is a study of patients undergoing gynecologic surgery who require post-operative catheterization to determine if prophylactic antibiotic treatment decreases the risk of post-operative urinary tract infection in these patients.

This study is designed to compare safety and efficacy of monotherapy finasteride to combination therapy (finasteride and tamsulosin) in Asian men with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) who are at least 50 years of age or older.

Chronic constipation is a strong public health problem. Its prevalence is about 15% in Western countries with a significant impact on quality of life and health care costs . Two subtypes of constipation can be identified: slow transit constipation (STC), characterized by impaired propulsion of stool and due to dysfunction of colonic smooth muscle (myopathy) or its innervati...

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