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16:35 EDT 18th October 2017 | BioPortfolio

The US National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health manage PubMed.gov which comprises of more than 21 million records, papers, reports for biomedical literature, including MEDLINE, life science and medical journals, articles, reviews, reports and  books.  BioPortfolio aims to publish relevant information on published papers, clinical trials and news associated with users selected topics.

For example view all recent relevant publications on Epigenetics and associated publications and clincial trials.

Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 1,000,000+

Avoiding the pocket: A case report of coiling of distal shunt catheter into subcutaneous pocket.

Hydrocephalus is one of the most common disorders of neurosurgery and ventricular shunting, the primary surgical intervention, malfunctions in 85% of patients by 10 years.

Dammarane-type saponins from the leaves of Panax notoginseng and their neuroprotective effects on damaged SH-SY5Y cells.

Seven dammarane-type saponins previously undescribed (notoginsenosides Fh1-Fh7) were isolated from the aqueous extract leaves of Panax notoginseng (Burk.) F.H.Chen (Araliaceae), together with eleven known saponins. Their structures of were elucidated by spectroscopic analysis (NMR, UV, IR, ect.), HR-ESI-MS techniques and chemical methods. Screening results indicated that compounds 4, 5, 12, 13 showed moderate neuroprotective effects on H2O2-induced cellular damage in human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells (10 ...

Investigation of the composition-structure-property relationship of AsxTe100-x films prepared by plasma deposition.

AsxTe100-x amorphous films of different chemical content were prepared by Plasma-Enhanced Chemical Vapor Deposition (PECVD). For the first time the optical properties of As-Te chalcogenide materials have been measured in UV-VIS-IR ranges (from 0.2 to 25μm) for a very wide range of chemical compositions (20-80at.% As). As-Te films have been tuned from 0.80 to 1.10eV. The IR results obtained have been juxtaposed with the Raman spectroscopy findings to establish the correlation between optical and structural ...

The 'over-researched community': An ethics analysis of stakeholder views at two South African HIV prevention research sites.

Health research in resource-limited, multi-cultural contexts raises complex ethical concerns. The term 'over-researched community' (ORC) has been raised as an ethical concern and potential barrier to community participation in research. However, the term lacks conceptual clarity and is absent from established ethics guidelines and academic literature. In light of the concern being raised in relation to research in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), a critical and empirical exploration of the meaning ...

Data-driven heterogeneity in mathematical learning disabilities based on the triple code model.

Many classifications of heterogeneity in mathematical learning disabilities (MLD) have been proposed over the past four decades, however no empirical research has been conducted until recently, and none of the classifications are derived from Triple Code Model (TCM) postulates. The TCM proposes MLD as a heterogeneous disorder, with two distinguishable profiles: a representational subtype and a verbal subtype. A sample of elementary school 3rd to 6th graders was divided into two age cohorts (3rd - 4th grades...

Long non-coding RNAs in the atherosclerotic plaque.

Genetic and environmental factors are important components of the development of atherosclerosis. Long non-coding RNA (lncRNAs) have emerged as regulators of multiple pathophysiological pathways in the cardiovascular system. Here, we investigated potential associations between lncRNAs and atherosclerosis.

Lack of myeloid Fatp1 increases atherosclerotic lesion size in Ldlr(-/-) mice.

Altered metabolism is an important regulator of macrophage (MΦ) phenotype, which contributes to inflammatory diseases such as atherosclerosis. Broadly, pro-inflammatory, classically-activated MΦs (CAM) are glycolytic while alternatively-activated MΦs (AAM) oxidize fatty acids, although overlap exists. We previously demonstrated that MΦ fatty acid transport protein 1 (FATP1, Slc27a1) was necessary to maintain the oxidative and anti-inflammatory AAM phenotype in vivo in a model of diet-induced obesity. T...

Opposing effects of rheumatoid arthritis and low dose prednisolone on arginine metabolomics.

The effects of low dose prednisolone on circulating markers of endothelial function, the arginine metabolites asymmetric dimethyl arginine (ADMA), mono methyl arginine (MMA), and homoarginine, are uncertain. We assessed whether patients with rheumatoid arthritis have perturbations in arginine metabolite concentrations that are reversed by low dose prednisolone.

Radiotracer investigation on the measurement of residence time distribution in an ethyl acetate reactor system with a large recycle ratio.

A radiotracer investigation was carried out on the measurement of residence time distribution (RTD) of process fluid in an industrial-scale ethyl acetate reactor system, which consists of two independent reactors with recirculation and connected in series with each other. Bromine-82 as ammonium bromide was used as the radiotracer for the RTD experiments at different operating conditions. The individual reactors and the overall reactor system were modelled using physically representative phenomenological mod...

Concentrations of Staphylococcus species in indoor air as associated with other bacteria, season, relative humidity, air change rate, and S. aureus-positive occupants.

The aim of this study was to obtain knowledge about concentrations of Staphylococcus aureus, MRSA (methicillin-resistant S. aureus), and other Staphylococcus species in indoor air in Greater Copenhagen and about factors affecting the concentrations. The effects of season, temperature, relative humidity, air change rate (ACR), other bacterial genera, area per occupant, and presence of S. aureus-positive occupants were studied. In samples from 67 living rooms, S. hominis, S. warneri, S. epidermidis, and S. ca...

Association of blood polychlorinated biphenyls and cholesterol levels among Canadian Inuit.

It has generally been thought that Inuit populations have low risk of cardiovascular disease due to high consumption of omega-3 fatty acids found in traditional marine-based diets. However, results of recent surveys showed that Inuit populations are experiencing increasing rates of cardiovascular disease and related risk factors.

Comparative transcriptome analysis reveals networks of genes activated in the whitefly, Bemisia tabaci when fed on tomato plants infected with Tomato yellow leaf curl virus.

The whitefly Bemisia tabaci can transmit hundreds of viruses to numerous agricultural crops in the world. Five genera of viruses, including Begomovirus and Crinivirus, are transmitted by B. tabaci. There is little knowledge about the genes involved in virus acquisition and transmission by whiteflies. Using a comparative transcriptomics approach, we evaluated the gene expression profiles of whiteflies (B. tabaci MEAM1) after feeding on tomato infected by a begomovirus, Tomato yellow leaf curl virus (TYLCV), ...

Identification of N-linked glycosylation sites in the spike protein and their functional impact on the replication and infectivity of coronavirus infectious bronchitis virus in cell culture.

Spike (S) glycoprotein on the viral envelope is the main determinant of infectivity. The S protein of coronavirus infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) contains 29 putative asparagine(N)-linked glycosylation sites. These post-translational modifications may assist in protein folding and play important roles in the functionality of S protein. In this study, we used bioinformatics tools to predict N-linked glycosylation sites and to analyze their distribution in IBV strains and variants. Among these sites, 8 site...

Coronavirus infectious bronchitis virus non-structural proteins 8 and 12 form stable complex independent of the non-translated regions of viral RNA and other viral proteins.

The cleavage products from coronavirus polyproteins, known as the non-structural proteins (nsps), are believed to make up the major components of the viral replication/transcription complex. In this study, several nsps encoded by avian gammacoronavirus infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) were screened for RNA-binding activity and interaction with its RNA-dependent RNA polymerase, nsp12. Nsp2, nsp5, nsp8, nsp9 and nsp10 were found to bind to untranslated regions (UTRs), while nsp8 was confirmed to interact wit...

An easy way to detect dengue virus using nanoparticle-antibody conjugates.

The aim of the present research is to propose a new method based on localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) for fast dengue virus detection. A pool with four dengue serotypes (DENV-1, -2, -3, -4) was detected through antigen-antibody binding using gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) as signaling antibody carriers. Such result was confirmed through surface plasmon resonance (SPR), transmission electron microcopy (TEM), and dynamic light scattering (DLS) techniques. The limit of detection was calculated for TCID50 ...

Is ecological food also radioecological? - (210)Po and (210)Pb studies.

Presented are results of a study on accumulation of naturally occurring (210)Po and (210)Pb in ecological and conventional farming food products in Poland: fruits, vegetables and cereals. The main idea behind this research was to determine the activity concentrations of (210)Po and (210)Pb in ecological and commercial food as well as calculate and compare the effective dose (radiation) connected to different origin of analyzed food products consumption. The studies showed the majority of all compared food s...

Availability of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons to earthworms in urban soils and its implications for risk assessment.

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are a global problem, and in urban soils they can be found at potentially hazard levels. Nevertheless, the real risks that these contaminants pose to the environment are not well known, since the bioavailability of PAHs in urban soils has been poorly studied. Therefore, the bioavailability of PAHs in some selected urban soils from Lisbon (Portugal) was evaluated. Moreover, the applicability of a first screening phase based on total contents of PAHs was assessed. Resul...

Evolution of consciousness of exposure to siloxanes-review of publications.

The purpose of this description is to review scientific literature from 1944 to 2017 as a source of information on the reasons for the increased interest in siloxanes (silicones). Not only the research area, but first, the changes in the tendency of research aims are important issues in the evaluation. On the one hand, the authors emphasize the unique properties of linear and cyclic siloxanes, providing many examples of beneficial applications, and on the other hand, there are some warnings of overcoming of...

Assessment of potential bioavailability of heavy metals in the sediments of land-freshwater interfaces by diffusive gradients in thin films.

It is important to understand the potential bioavailability of heavy metals in the sediments of land-freshwater interfaces (between terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems). Therefore, we evaluated the pollution of Cr, Ni, Cu, Zn, As, and Cd in land-freshwater interface sediments/soils according to total concentrations, and used sequential extraction method to measure different fractions of Cd. Then, the diffusive gradients in thin films (DGT) technique was employed to study the potential bioavailability of meta...

Role of adsorption in combined membrane fouling by biopolymers coexisting with inorganic particles.

This study was conducted in order to obtain a better understanding of the combined fouling by biopolymers coexisting with inorganic particles from the aspects of fouling index, fouling layer structure and biopolymer-particle interactions. Calcium alginate was used as the model biopolymer and Fe2O3, Al2O3, kaolin, and SiO2 were used as model inorganic particles. Results showed that the combined fouling differed greatly among the four types of inorganic particles. The differences were attributed particularly ...

Can poly-parameter linear-free energy relationships (pp-LFERs) improve modelling bioaccumulation in fish?

A wide range of studies have characterized different types of biosorbent, with regard to their interactions with chemicals. This has resulted in the development of poly-parameter linear free energy relationships (pp-LFERs) for the estimation of partitioning of neutral organic compounds to biological phases (e.g., storage lipids, phospholipids and serum albumins). The aims of this study were to explore and evaluate the influence of implementing pp-LFERs both into a one-compartment fish model and a multi-comp...

Characterization of iron and manganese minerals and their associated microbiota in different mine sites to reveal the potential interactions of microbiota with mineral formation.

Different environmental conditions such as pH and dissolved elements of mine stream induce precipitation of different minerals and their associated microbial community may vary. Therefore, mine precipitates from various environmental conditions were collected and their associated microbiota were analyzed through metagenomic DNA sequencing. Various Fe and Mn minerals including ferrihydrite, schwertmannite, goethite, birnessite, and Mn-substituted δ-FeOOH (δ-(Fe1-x, Mnx)OOH) were found in the different envi...

Effects of GAC layer on the performance of gravity-driven membrane filtration (GDM) system for rainwater recycling.

Gravity-driven membrane filtration (GDM) is promising for decentralized rainwater recycling, owing to low maintenance and energy consumption. However, the organic removal by GDM process is sometimes undesirable and the quality of the permeate cannot meet the standard of water reuse. To improve this, granular activate carbon (GAC) was added as a particle layer on the membrane surface of GDM system. Additionally, a system with sand addition and a system with no particle addition were trialed as comparisons, t...

Sexual function and related factors in Iranian woman with epilepsy.

Epileptic women are faced with many sexual challenges in their life due to medical and non-medical factors. The present study was conducted to assess sexual function in epileptic women and its related factors.

Use of the endometriosis fertility index in daily practice: A prospective evaluation.

To perform a prospective evaluation of postoperative fertility management using the endometriosis fertility index (EFI).


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