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Several studies have demonstrated the efficacy of house dust mite (HDM) immunotherapy in allergic rhinitis (AR). We aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of 2 commercial HDM extracts in a Chinese AR population.
Cystatins are epithelial protease inhibitors that participate in sinonasal immunity and inflammation. Nasal mucus-derived exosomes (NMDEs) are small vesicles secreted by epithelial cells that carry protein cargo reflective of their host cell. NMDEs have been used as a noninvasive biomarker source to study chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) proteomics with superior sensitivity to whole mucus. The purpose of this study was to noninvasively quantify exosomal cystatins in a heterogenous populatio...
Sinonasal squamous cell carcinoma (SNSCC) is a rare malignancy with varied outcomes. The aim of this study was to develop a nomogram for predicting survival of patients with SNSCC.
Primary sinonasal mucoepidermoid carcinoma (SN-MEC) is a malignancy arising from seromucinous glands of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses. Given its rarity, few large-scale studies have been performed. In this study we describe the incidence and determinants of survival of patients with SN-MEC leveraging the National Cancer Database (NCDB).
Previous studies have consistently shown that females with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) have a greater CRS symptom burden than males with CRS. Our objective was to determine whether differential disease perception could explain this phenomenon.
Although the precise mechanisms underlying the efficacy of allergen-specific immunotherapy (AIT) are not clear, some evidence suggests that this may be linked to polymorphisms in HLA-II gene. We aimed to investigate the correlation between HLA-II gene polymorphisms and house dust mite (HDM)-specific immunotherapy efficacy, and evaluate specific polymorphisms as potential biomarkers in allergic rhinitis (AR) patients who would benefit most from AIT.
As the management of ventral skull-base pathology has transitioned from open to endonasal treatment, there has been an increased focus on the prevention and endoscopic endonasal management of internal carotid artery (ICA) and major vascular injury. The use of adenosine to induce transient hypotension or flow arrest has been previously described during intracranial aneurysm surgery; however, there have been no reports of the technique being used during endonasal skull-base surgery to achieve hemostasis follo...
Endonasal access to the inferomedial and inferolateral intraconal space via the orbital floor has not been reported. The primary purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility of accessing the inferior intraconal space through the orbital floor via a transnasal prelacrimal approach. Secondarily, it aims to highlight anatomical relationships of neurovascular structures in this space, as a requirement to prevent complications.
Dynamic nasal valve collapse (NVC) is a common factor contributing to nasal obstruction; however, it is often underdiagnosed and untreated. An in-office, minimally invasive procedure addressing dynamic NVC uses a bioabsorbable implant (Latera) to support the lateral nasal wall. This study aimed to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of the treatment in a randomized controlled trial (RCT) with sham control.
The impact on quality of life (QoL) of bilateral inferior turbinate reduction (BITR) performed in the setting of endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) for chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) has been a point of controversy. The aim of this study was to determine whether addition of BITR to ESS is associated with improved QoL when compared with ESS alone.
The purpose of this study was to further clarify the relationship between chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) and osteoporosis in a Korean population.
There is a striking lack of long-term, prospective outcomes data for endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) in chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) using validated instruments. Our primary objective in this study was to report long-term outcomes (>10 years) after ESS for CRS obtained by prospective data collection.
Sinonasal and skull-base tumors that previously required open resection can often be completely resected via an endonasal approach. The nasoseptal flap (NSF) is the workhorse vascularized tissue flap for the endoscopic reconstruction of large skull-base defects from tumor resections. The objective of the current article is to describe a novel modification of the NSF for simultaneous reconstruction of skull-base and medial orbital wall defects.
Sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) is safe and effective but compliance is problematic. In this study we evaluated dropout and compliance among adults (≥20 years of age) and adolescents (
Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a significant manifestation of cystic fibrosis (CF) with wide-ranging symptom and disease severity. The goal of the study was to determine clinical variables that correlate with outcome measures of disease severity.
Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a common disease, often refractory to conventional antimicrobial treatment. In this study we investigate the antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory effects of adding kappa-carrageenan to a commercially available sinus rinse.
It has been a decade since the world's rhinologic community gathered in the United States for RhinoWorld. The American Rhinologic Society (ARS), International Rhinologic Society (IRS), and International Society of Inflammation and Allergy of the Nose (ISIAN) have joined together to host this international gathering of clinicians and scientists. Herein, you will find the abstracts that will be presented orally during RhinoWorld on June 5-9, 2019, in Chicago, IL. This IFAR supplement serves as an informationa...
A nasal septal perforation (NSP) can lead to frustrating symptoms for some patients while remaining completely asymptomatic for others, without a clear mechanism differentiating them.
Septoplasty usefully treats patients with nasal obstructions caused by septal deviations. However, correction of a caudal septal deviation remains surgically challenging; no standard procedure is available, although various procedures have been introduced. In this work we propose a simple, safe, and time-saving technique for patients with caudal septal deviations.
Empty nose syndrome (ENS) remains highly controversial, with aggressive inferior turbinate reduction (ITR) or mucociliary dysfunction frequently implicated. However, the appropriate degree of ITR is highly debatable.
Solitary chemosensory cells (SCCs) are rare epithelial cells enriched in nasal polyps and are the primary source of interleukin-25 (IL-25), an innate cytokine eliciting T-helper 2 (Th2) immune response. Although it is proposed that SCCs are stimulated by antigens released by upper airway pathogens, the exogenous triggers of human SCCs remain elusive. We studied patients with noninvasive fungal rhinosinusitis to determine whether extracts of Aspergillus fumigatus and Alternaria alternata stimulate SCC prolif...
Internal carotid artery injury (ICAI) is a rare, life-threatening complication of endoscopic endonasal approaches (EEAs). High-fidelity simulation methods exist, but optimization of the training cohort, training paradigm, and costs of simulation training remain unknown.