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PubMed Journals Articles About "Bioenergy, Inc." - Page: 2 RSS

06:58 EDT 24th April 2018 | BioPortfolio

Bioenergy, Inc. PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Bioenergy, Inc. articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Bioenergy" PubMed Articles 26–43 of 43

Impacts of sugarcane agriculture expansion over low-intensity cattle ranch pasture in Brazil on greenhouse gases.

Sugarcane is a widespread bioenergy crop in tropical regions, and the growing global demand for renewable energy in recent years has led to a dramatic expansion and intensification of sugarcane agriculture in Brazil. Currently, extensive areas of low-intensity pasture are being converted to sugarcane, while management in the remaining pasture is becoming more intensive, i.e., includes tilling and fertilizer use. In this study, we assessed how such changes in land use and management practices alter emissions...


Mitochondrial DNA copy number is associated with risk of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma in Chinese population.

Mitochondria show the special role in cellular bioenergy and many essential physiological activities. Previous researches have suggested that variations of mitochondrial DNA copy number contribute to development of different types of carcinomas. However, the relationship of mtDNA copy number in peripheral blood leukocytes (PBLs) with the risk of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is still inconclusive. We investigated the association of mtDNA with HNSCC risk through a case-control study including...

Silicon affects seed development and leaf macrohair formation in Brachypodium distachyon.

Silicon (Si) has many beneficial effects in plants, especially for the survival of biotic and abiotic stresses. However, Si may negatively affect the quality of lignocellulosic biomass for bioenergy purposes. Despite many studies, the regulation of Si distribution and deposition in plants remains to be fully understood. Here, we have identified the Brachypodium distachyon mutant low-silicon 1 (Bdlsi1-1), with impaired channelling function of the Si influx transporter BdLSI1, resulting in a substantial reduc...


Transcriptomic characterization and potential marker development of contrasting sugarcane cultivars.

Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.) is an important crop for sugar production and bioenergy worldwide. In this study, we performed transcriptome sequencing for six contrasting sugarcane genotypes involved in leaf abscission, tolerance to pokkah boeng disease and drought stress. More than 465 million high-quality reads were generated, which were de novo assembled into 93,115 unigenes. Based on a similarity search, 43,526 (46.74%) unigenes were annotated against at least one of the public databases. Function...

Production of muconic acid in plants.

Muconic acid (MA) is a dicarboxylic acid used for the production of industrially relevant chemicals such as adipic acid, terephthalic acid, and caprolactam. Because the synthesis of these polymer precursors generates toxic intermediates by utilizing petroleum-derived chemicals and corrosive catalysts, the development of alternative strategies for the bio-based production of MA has garnered significant interest. Plants produce organic carbon skeletons by harvesting carbon dioxide and energy from the sun, and...

High yielding tropical energy crops for bioenergy production: Effects of plant components, harvest years and locations on biomass composition.

The composition of lignocellulosic feedstock, which depends on crop type, crop management, locations and plant parts, significantly affects the conversion efficiency of biomass into biofuels and biobased products. Thus, this study examined the composition of different parts of two high yielding tropical energy crops, Energycane and Napier grass, collected across three locations and years. Significantly higher fiber content was found in the leaves of Energycane than stems, while fiber content was significant...

Expression of brown-midrib in a spontaneous sorghum mutant is linked to a 5'-UTR deletion in lignin biosynthesis gene SbCAD2.

Brown midrib (bmr) mutants in sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) and several other C4 grasses are associated with reduced lignin concentration, altered lignin composition and improved cell wall digestibility, which are desirable properties in biomass development for the emerging lignocellulosic biofuel industry. Studying bmr mutants has considerably expanded our understanding of the molecular basis underlying lignin biosynthesis and perturbation in grasses. In this study, we performed quantitative trait ...

The influence of organic-binding metals on the biogas conversion of sewage sludge.

The anaerobic conversion of sewage sludge to methane-rich biogas is an important bioenergy strategy that has been hindered by low conversion efficiency. The poorly understood mechanism of the influence of the key structural component in sludge is responsible for this. The influence of organic-binding metals (OBM), which account for a substantial proportion of metals in sludge, on biogas conversion of both sewage sludge and model sludge were explored in this study. It is observed that the net cumulative meth...

The miR156-SPL4 module predominantly regulates aerial axillary bud formation and controls shoot architecture.

Grasses possess basal and aerial axillary buds. Previous studies have largely focused on basal bud (tiller) formation but scarcely touched on aerial buds, which may lead to aerial branch development. Genotypes with and without aerial buds were identified in switchgrass (Panicum virgatum), a dedicated bioenergy crop. Bud development was characterized using scanning electron microscopy. Microarray, RNA-seq and quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) were used to identify regulat...

Biogenic manganese oxide nanoparticle formation by a multimeric multicopper oxidase Mnx.

Bacteria that produce Mn oxides are extraordinarily skilled engineers of nanomaterials that contribute significantly to global biogeochemical cycles. Their enzyme-based reaction mechanisms may be genetically tailored for environmental remediation applications or bioenergy production. However, significant challenges exist for structural characterization of the enzymes responsible for biomineralization. The active Mn oxidase in Bacillus sp. PL-12, Mnx, is a complex composed of a multicopper oxidase (MCO), Mnx...

BASTet: Shareable and reproducible analysis and visualization of mass spectrometry imaging data via OpenMSI.

Mass spectrometry imaging (MSI) is a transformative imaging method that supports the untargeted, quantitative measurement of the chemical composition and spatial heterogeneity of complex samples with broad applications in life sciences, bioenergy, and health. While MSI data can be routinely collected, its broad application is currently limited by the lack of easily accessible analysis methods that can process data of the size, volume, diversity, and complexity generated by MSI experiments. The development a...

Perennial Grass and Native Wildflowers: A Synergistic Approach to Habitat Management.

Marginal agricultural land provides opportunities to diversify landscapes by producing biomass for biofuel, and through floral provisioning that enhances arthropod-mediated ecosystem service delivery. We examined the effects of local spatial context (adjacent to woodland or agriculture) and irrigation (irrigation or no irrigation) on wildflower bloom and visitation by arthropods in a biofeedstocks-wildflower habitat buffer design. Twenty habitat buffer plots were established containing a subplot of Napier g...

Submerged anaerobic membrane bioreactor (SAnMBR) performance on sewage treatment: removal efficiencies, biogas production and membrane fouling.

A submerged anaerobic membrane reactor (SAnMBR) was employed for comprehensive evaluation of sewage treatment at 25 °C and its performance in removal efficiency, biogas production and membrane fouling. Average 89% methanogenic degradation efficiency as well as 90%, 94% and 96% removal of total chemical oxygen demand (TCOD), biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) and nonionic surfactant were obtained, while nitrogen and phosphorus were only subjected to small removals. Results suggest that SAnMBRs can effectively ...

Revealing the interaction mode of the highly flexible Sorghum bicolor Hsp70/Hsp90 organizing protein (Hop): A conserved carboxylate clamp confers high affinity binding to Hsp90.

Proteostasis is dependent on the Hsp70/Hsp90 system (the two chaperones and their co-chaperones). Of these, Hop (Hsp70/Hsp90 organizing protein), also known as Sti1, forms an important scaffold to simultaneously binding to both Hsp70 and Hsp90. Hop/Sti1 has been implicated in several disease states, for instance cancer and transmissible spongiform encephalopathies. Therefore, human and yeast homologous have been better studied and information on plant homologous is still limited, even though plants are cont...

Who owns the Brazilian carbon?

Brazil is one of the major contributors to land-use change emissions, mostly driven by agricultural expansion for food, feed and bioenergy feedstock. Policies to avoid deforestation related to private commitments, economic incentives, and other support schemes are expected to improve the effectiveness of current command and control mechanisms increasingly. However, until recently, land tenure was unknown for much of the Brazilian territory, which has undermined the governance of native vegetation and challe...

Environmental and sustainability evaluation of livestock waste management practices in Cyprus.

The aim of this study was to compare the environmental performance and sustainability of different management options for livestock waste in Cyprus. The two most common practices in the country, i.e. the use of anaerobic lagoons and conventional biogas plants, were compared with the innovative scheme developed in the LiveWaste project (LIFE12 ENV/CY/000544), which aims not only to produce bioenergy, but also to treat the digestate for nutrient recovery and water reuse. The Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) method...

Implications of Recent Research on Microstructure Modifications, through Heat-Related Processing and Trait Alteration to Bio-Functions, Molecular Thermal Stability and Mobility, Metabolic Characteristics and Nutrition in Cool-Climate Cereal Grains and Other Types of Seeds with Advanced Molecular Techniques.

The cutting-edge synchrotron radiation based and globar-sourced vibrational infrared microspectroscopy have recently been developed. These novel techniques are able to reveal structure features at cellular and molecular levels with the tested tissues being intact. However, to date, the advanced techniques are unfamiliar or unknown to food and feed scientists and have not been used to study the molecular structure changes in cool-climate cereal grain seeds and other types of bio-oil and bioenergy seeds. This...

Thermophilic alkaline fermentation followed by mesophilic anaerobic digestion for efficient hydrogen and methane production from waste activated sludge: Focusing on dynamics of bacterial pathogens as revealed by the combination of metagenomic and qPCR analysis.

Thermophilic alkaline fermentation followed by mesophilic anaerobic digestion (TM) for hydrogen and methane production from waste activated sludge (WAS) was investigated. TM process was also compared to mesophilic alkaline fermentation followed by mesophilic anaerobic digestion (MM) process and one-stage mesophilic anaerobic digestion (M) process. The results showed that both hydrogen yield (74.5 mLH2/gVS) and methane yield (150.7 mLCH4/gVS) in TM process were higher than those (6.7 mLH2/gVS and 127.8 mLCH4...


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