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PubMed Journals Articles About "Bioenergy, Inc." - Page: 2 RSS

00:18 EDT 19th July 2018 | BioPortfolio

Bioenergy, Inc. PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Bioenergy, Inc. articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Bioenergy" PubMed Articles 26–38 of 38

Transcriptomic characterization and potential marker development of contrasting sugarcane cultivars.

Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.) is an important crop for sugar production and bioenergy worldwide. In this study, we performed transcriptome sequencing for six contrasting sugarcane genotypes involved in leaf abscission, tolerance to pokkah boeng disease and drought stress. More than 465 million high-quality reads were generated, which were de novo assembled into 93,115 unigenes. Based on a similarity search, 43,526 (46.74%) unigenes were annotated against at least one of the public databases. Function...


Production of muconic acid in plants.

Muconic acid (MA) is a dicarboxylic acid used for the production of industrially relevant chemicals such as adipic acid, terephthalic acid, and caprolactam. Because the synthesis of these polymer precursors generates toxic intermediates by utilizing petroleum-derived chemicals and corrosive catalysts, the development of alternative strategies for the bio-based production of MA has garnered significant interest. Plants produce organic carbon skeletons by harvesting carbon dioxide and energy from the sun, and...

High yielding tropical energy crops for bioenergy production: Effects of plant components, harvest years and locations on biomass composition.

The composition of lignocellulosic feedstock, which depends on crop type, crop management, locations and plant parts, significantly affects the conversion efficiency of biomass into biofuels and biobased products. Thus, this study examined the composition of different parts of two high yielding tropical energy crops, Energycane and Napier grass, collected across three locations and years. Significantly higher fiber content was found in the leaves of Energycane than stems, while fiber content was significant...


Nanoparticle-plant interaction: Implications in energy, environment, and agriculture.

In the recent techno-scientific revolution, nanotechnology has gained popularity at a rapid pace in different sectors and disciplines, specifically environmental, sensing, bioenergy, and agricultural systems. Controlled, easy, economical, and safe synthesis of nanomaterials is desired for the development of new-age nanotechnology. In general, nanomaterial synthesis techniques, such as chemical synthesis, are not completely safe or environmentally friendly due to harmful chemicals used or to toxic by-product...

Revealing the interaction mode of the highly flexible Sorghum bicolor Hsp70/Hsp90 organizing protein (Hop): A conserved carboxylate clamp confers high affinity binding to Hsp90.

Proteostasis is dependent on the Hsp70/Hsp90 system (the two chaperones and their co-chaperones). Of these, Hop (Hsp70/Hsp90 organizing protein), also known as Sti1, forms an important scaffold to simultaneously binding to both Hsp70 and Hsp90. Hop/Sti1 has been implicated in several disease states, for instance cancer and transmissible spongiform encephalopathies. Therefore, human and yeast homologous have been better studied and information on plant homologous is still limited, even though plants are cont...

Initial characterization of newly identified mitochondrial and chloroplast small HSPs from sugarcane shows that these chaperones have different oligomerization states and substrate specificities.

Chaperones belonging to the small heat shock protein (sHSP) family are ubiquitous and exhibit elevated expression under stresses conditions to protect proteins against aggregation, thereby contributing to the stress tolerance of the organism. Tropical plants are constantly exposed to high temperatures, and the mechanisms by which these plants tolerate heat stress are of foremost importance to basic science as well as applied agrobiotechnology. Therefore, this study aims to characterize sHSPs from different ...

Boosting mediated electron transfer in bioelectrochemical systems with tailored defined microbial co-cultures.

Bioelectrochemical systems (BES) hold great promise for sustainable energy generation via a microbial catalyst from organic matter, e.g., from wastewater. In order to improve current generation in BES, understanding the underlying microbiology of the electrode community is essential. Electron mediator producing microorganism like Pseudomonas aeruginosa play an essential role in efficient electricity generation in BES. These microbes enable even non-electroactive microorganism like Enterobacter aerogenes to ...

At the core of the socio-ecological transition: Agroecosystem energy fluxes in Austria 1830-2010.

Analyses of energy efficiency in biomass production offer important insights in the context of sustainable land management and biomass production. However, much of the previous research on the topic has focused on the energy efficiency of either food or energy provision. Only recently, comprehensive analyses at the total agroecosystem level have been operationalized, studying long-term change in agroecosystem energetics in the course of the socio-ecological transition. We contribute to this line of research...

Who owns the Brazilian carbon?

Brazil is one of the major contributors to land-use change emissions, mostly driven by agricultural expansion for food, feed and bioenergy feedstock. Policies to avoid deforestation related to private commitments, economic incentives, and other support schemes are expected to improve the effectiveness of current command and control mechanisms increasingly. However, until recently, land tenure was unknown for much of the Brazilian territory, which has undermined the governance of native vegetation and challe...

Ecosystem Fabrication (EcoFAB) Protocols for The Construction of Laboratory Ecosystems Designed to Study Plant-microbe Interactions.

Beneficial plant-microbe interactions offer a sustainable biological solution with the potential to boost low-input food and bioenergy production. A better mechanistic understanding of these complex plant-microbe interactions will be crucial to improving plant production as well as performing basic ecological studies investigating plant-soil-microbe interactions. Here, a detailed description for ecosystem fabrication is presented, using widely available 3D printing technologies, to create controlled laborat...

Environmental and sustainability evaluation of livestock waste management practices in Cyprus.

The aim of this study was to compare the environmental performance and sustainability of different management options for livestock waste in Cyprus. The two most common practices in the country, i.e. the use of anaerobic lagoons and conventional biogas plants, were compared with the innovative scheme developed in the LiveWaste project (LIFE12 ENV/CY/000544), which aims not only to produce bioenergy, but also to treat the digestate for nutrient recovery and water reuse. The Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) method...

Implications of Recent Research on Microstructure Modifications, through Heat-Related Processing and Trait Alteration to Bio-Functions, Molecular Thermal Stability and Mobility, Metabolic Characteristics and Nutrition in Cool-Climate Cereal Grains and Other Types of Seeds with Advanced Molecular Techniques.

The cutting-edge synchrotron radiation based and globar-sourced vibrational infrared microspectroscopy have recently been developed. These novel techniques are able to reveal structure features at cellular and molecular levels with the tested tissues being intact. However, to date, the advanced techniques are unfamiliar or unknown to food and feed scientists and have not been used to study the molecular structure changes in cool-climate cereal grain seeds and other types of bio-oil and bioenergy seeds. This...

Thermophilic alkaline fermentation followed by mesophilic anaerobic digestion for efficient hydrogen and methane production from waste activated sludge: Focusing on dynamics of bacterial pathogens as revealed by the combination of metagenomic and qPCR analysis.

Thermophilic alkaline fermentation followed by mesophilic anaerobic digestion (TM) for hydrogen and methane production from waste activated sludge (WAS) was investigated. TM process was also compared to mesophilic alkaline fermentation followed by mesophilic anaerobic digestion (MM) process and one-stage mesophilic anaerobic digestion (M) process. The results showed that both hydrogen yield (74.5 mLH2/gVS) and methane yield (150.7 mLCH4/gVS) in TM process were higher than those (6.7 mLH2/gVS and 127.8 mLCH4...


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