PubMed Journals Articles About "CPhI Middle East Africa" - Page: 2 RSS

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Showing "CPhI Middle East Africa" PubMed Articles 26–50 of 3,400+

Distinct rates and patterns of spread of the major HIV-1 subtypes in Central and East Africa.

Since the ignition of the HIV-1 group M pandemic in the beginning of the 20th century, group M lineages have spread heterogeneously throughout the world. Subtype C spread rapidly through sub-Saharan Africa and is currently the dominant HIV lineage worldwide. Yet the epidemiological and evolutionary circumstances that contributed to its epidemiological expansion remain poorly understood. Here, we analyse 346 novel pol sequences from the DRC to compare the evolutionary dynamics of the main HIV-1 lineages, sub...

Ebola virus disease preparedness and response in Central East Africa.

Laparoscopic hydrocelectomy of the canal of Nuck in adult female: Case report and literature review.

Among adult females, Hydrocele of Canal of Nuck (HCN) is a very rare condition. The majority of the reported cases of HCN were not conclusively diagnosed until surgery was performed on a suspected inguinal hernia. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case of laparoscopically operated HCN in adult female in Middle East and North Africa Region, and the fourth such case worldwide.

Can Health be Related to Interpersonal Violence in Middle Eastern Countries?

Preventing violence is important especially in the Middle East, where many countries are struggling with violence. Knowing the affecting factors could help public policy makers to decrease violence level. Thus, this study is aimed to analyze health and other socio-economic factors that could affect interpersonal violence in middle eastern countries.

First isolation of foot and mouth disease virus from wild boars in the Middle East.

Domestic pigs are susceptible to foot and mouth disease virus (FMDV) infection and suffer from severe clinical disease. Our knowledge on the clinical manifestations of FMD in and its transmission by wild boars (Sus scrofa) is very limited. During an FMD outbreak in the Golan Heights in 2018 wild boars grazing in close proximity to cattle were observed showing lameness. Infectious FMDV was isolated from throat and heart tissues of two young wild boars with FMD clinical signs. This is the first report of wild...

Diversification of Biscutella ser. Biscutella (Brassicaceae) followed post-Miocene geologic and climatic changes in the Mediterranean basin.

Biscutella ser. Biscutella (≡ ser. Lyratae Malin.) is a group of mostly annual or short-lived perennial plants, with petals gradually tapering at the base and lateral intrastaminal nectaries, endemic to the Mediterranean basin and the Middle East. Recent taxonomic work has revealed that a relative morphological homogeneity occurs in Europe and Asia, but a high plasticity in found in N Africa for most of the characters traditionally used for taxonomic arrangements. This fact had generally led to overestima...

Frequency and Predictors of HIV-related Cognitive Impairment in East Africa: The Africa Cohort Study (AFRICOS).

Medication adherence is a critical issue in achieving viral suppression targets, particularly in resource-limited countries. As HIV-related cognitive impairment (CI) impacts adherence, we examined frequency and predictors of CI in the African Cohort Study.

Re: Delivery mode for prolonged obstructed labour resulting in obstetric fistula: a retrospective review of 4396 women in Central and East Africa.

Metabolite profiling paradoxically reveals favorable levels of lipids, markers of oxidative stress and unsaturated fatty acids in a diabetes susceptible group of Middle Eastern immigrants.

The population of immigrants from the Middle East in Sweden show a higher prevalence of type 2 diabetes (T2D) compared to native Swedes. The exact reason for this is unknown. Here, we have performed metabolite profiling to investigate these differences.

Does regional energy consumption disparities assist to control environmental degradation in OBOR: an entropy approach.

China launched the One Belt & One Road (OBOR) initiative to minimize the energy resource shortage. The China's nearby countries are rich in energy resources especially Middle East and North Africa (MENA) and Asian countries which make them ideal locations to cooperate with China in terms of energy resources, as 42.8% of world energy consumption belongs to OBOR countries. The present study elaborates the spatial distribution pattern of energy consumption disparities and its impact on environment. To do this,...

Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus Transmission.

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection causes a spectrum of respiratory illness, from asymptomatic to mild to fatal. MERS-CoV is transmitted sporadically from dromedary camels to humans and occasionally through human-to-human contact. Current epidemiologic evidence supports a major role in transmission for direct contact with live camels or humans with symptomatic MERS, but little evidence suggests the possibility of transmission from camel products or asymptomatic MERS cases. Bec...

Heterogeneity in Palaeolithic Population Continuity and Neolithic Expansion in North Africa.

North Africa is located at the crossroads of the Mediterranean Sea, the Middle East, and the Sahara Desert. Extensive migrations and gene flow in the region have shaped many different cultures and ancestral genetic components through time [1-6]. DNA data from ancient Moroccan sites [7, 8] has recently shed some light to the population continuity-versus-replacement debate, i.e., the question of whether current North African populations descend from Palaeolithic groups or, on the contrary, subsequent migrati...

Recipient Warm Ischemia and Delayed Graft Function.

Distribution of emm types and macrolide resistance determinants among group A streptococci in the Middle East and North Africa.

This review aimed to provide an updated scenario of the Group A Streptococcus (GAS) epidemiology in the Middle Eastern and North African (MENA) region with a special spotlight on the most prevalent emm types and macrolide resistance profiles. While the burden of invasive GAS infections is elusive to assess in the MENA region, the GAS prevalence ranged from 2.5% to up 42.4% in pharyngitis patients and from 2.4% to up 35.4% in healthy carriers. emm1, emm12, emm89, emm4, emm28, and emm3 were responsible for th...

Monitoring daily events, coping strategies, and emotion during a desert expedition in the Middle East.

Circulation of Chikungunya virus East-Central-South Africa genotype during an outbreak in 2016-17 in Piaui State, Northeast Brazil.

Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is an arbovirus that emerged in the Americas in 2013. Infection with CHIKV is symptomatic in most of the cases and patients can develop chronic arthralgia that lasts from months to years in over 40% of the cases. The East-Central-South Africa (ECSA) genotype was introduced in Brazil in 2014, in Bahia State. Here we report the circulation of the CHIKV ECSA genotype in Piaui State, Northeast Brazil, during the years 2016-2017. The phylogenetic analysis revealed a single introduction ...

G6PD deficiency: An update.

Although glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency is less known in Western countries than in the Middle East and Africa, global migration and immigration are bringing ethnic groups with the highest incidence of this inherited genetic disorder into the US healthcare system. The G6PD enzyme is critical to protecting erythrocytes against oxidative stress, and deficiency may lead to hemolysis in the presence of certain environmental factors such as infection and some medications and foods. Neonatal j...

Publisher Correction: Genomic analysis of the emergence of drug-resistant strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in the Middle East.

An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.

HIV/ AIDS in Palestine: A growing Concern.

According to the United Nations AIDS reports in 2018, the Middle East and North Africa region is considered an areas of increasing concern for HIV infection due to high mortality associated with AIDS. The incidence of HIV/AIDS in Palestine between 1988 and 2017 as reported by Palestinian Ministry of Health was analyzed. A total of 98 cases were reported (79 AIDS patients and 19 HIV positives). A national wide surveillance is needed to understand the epidemiology of HIV infection in the country. Identificati...

Seasonality of antenatal care attendance, maternal dietary intake, and fetal growth in the VHEMBE birth cohort, South Africa.

Seasonality of food availability, physical activity, and infections commonly occurs within rural communities in low and middle-income countries with distinct rainy seasons. To better understand the implications of these regularly occurring environmental stressors for maternal and child health, this study examined seasonal variation in nutrition and health care access of pregnant women and infants in rural South Africa.

An epidemiological study of visceral leishmaniasis in North East Ethiopia using serological and leishmanin skin tests.

In Ethiopia, visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is caused by Leishmania donovani. The estimated country-wide incidence of VL in Ethiopia is 3700-7400 cases/year. The balance between anthroponotic and zoonotic transmission is still unknown even though most authors believe that visceral leishmaniasis in East Africa is anthroponotic. Asymptomatic leishmania infections occur more frequently than clinically apparent visceral leishmaniasis cases. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of asymptomatic VL i...

Quantifying global CH and NO footprints.

This study aims to quantify global CH and NO footprints in 2012 in terms of 181 economies and 20 world regions based on the official national emission accounts from the UNFCCC database and the global multi-region input-output accounts from the EORA database. Global total CH and NO emissions increased by 15.0% in 2012 compared to 1990, mainly driven by increasing demands of agricultural and energy products. Mainland China, Western Europe, the USA, Southeast Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa were identified as the ...

Precipitating Factors for Hospitalization with Heart Failure: Prevalence and Clinical Impact Observations from the Gulf CARE (Gulf aCute heArt failuRe rEgistry)


Despite the expanding burden of heart failure (HF) worldwide, data on precipitating factors (PFs) in heart failure from developing countries; particularly from the Middle East is very limited. We examined PFs in patients hospitalized with acute HF in a prospective multicenter HF registry from seven Middle-Eastern countries.

Vanishing Middle Bronchus in Bilateral Lung Transplant After Ex Vivo Lung Perfusion.

Lung transplant has become the mainstay of therapy for most end-stage lung diseases. Airway complications are one of the most important problems during the first year after lung transplant. In this context, the most severe form of bronchial stenosis reported in the literature is vanishing bronchus syndrome, which is the obliteration with atresia of the ostium of a lobar bronchus, usually related to ischemia and infection. Ex vivo lung perfusion is a novel strategy forlung allograft preservation that keeps t...

Chronic schistosomiasis in African immigrants in Israel: Lessons for the non-endemic setting.

To study the clinical presentation of Chronic Schistosomiasis (CS) in immigrants from East Africa to Israel and the tests that were useful in confirming the diagnosis.A retrospective study of all medical notes pertaining to hospitalized patients who were immigrants from East Africa with a pathological or microscopic confirmation of CS. Literature review was also conducted focusing on diagnosis of schistosomiasis among immigrants from endemic countries.We identified 32 suspected and 11 confirmed cases of CS....

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