PubMed Journals Articles About "Congo Ebola Outbreak Reports Confirmed Urban Case Daily" - Page: 2 RSS

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Showing "Congo Ebola outbreak reports confirmed urban case Daily" PubMed Articles 26–50 of 23,000+

Randomized clinical trial examining safety and immunogenicity of heterologous prime-boost Ebola vaccines, Ad26.ZEBOV and MVA-BN-Filo: 12-month data from Nairobi, Kenya.

During the 2014 West-African outbreak, Ebola vaccine development was accelerated. The Phase 1 VAC52150EBL1003 study was performed to investigate 2-dose heterologous vaccination with Ad26.ZEBOV, MVA-BN-Filo in an African population located in a high-altitude setting in Nairobi, Kenya.

Giant perianal Seborrheic keratosis: A case report.

Seborrheic keratosis is one of the most common benign epidermal cutaneous lesions encountered by dermatologists and plastic surgeons in their daily practice.

Targeted Management of Influenza A/B Outbreaks Incorporating the cobas® Influenza A/B & RSV into the Virology Laboratory.

During the 2017/18 influenza season, our virology laboratory implemented the cobas® Influenza A/B & RSV (Roche Molecular Diagnostics, Pleasanton, CA) for influenza outbreak management in 2 scenarios: initial outbreak investigation or at outbreak conclusion to avoid prolonged measures. Twenty-seven investigations were conducted, including declaration of 11 influenza A/B outbreaks. 30% of investigations would have missed the standard batched daily laboratory-developed respiratory PCR, and delayed outbreak co...

Achieving cross-reactivity with pan-ebolavirus antibodies.

Filoviruses are the causative agents of highly lethal outbreaks in sub-Saharan Africa. Although an experimental vaccine and several therapeutics are being deployed in the Democratic Republic of Congo to combat the ongoing Ebola virus outbreak, these therapies are specific for only one filovirus species. There is currently significant interest in developing broadly reactive monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) with utility against the variety of ebolaviruses that may emerge. Thus far, the primary target of these mAb...

Green fabrication of bentonite/chitosan@cobalt oxide composite (BE/CH@Co) of enhanced adsorption and advanced oxidation removal of Congo red dye and Cr (VI) from water.

Bentonite/chitosan composite supported by green fabricated CoO was successfully synthesized and its physicochemical properties were investigated utilizing several analytic techniques. The formation of the composite was confirmed by the XRD patterns, SEM, HRTEM images, and FT-IR analysis. The adsorption properties of bentonite/chitosan@CoO for acidic dye (Congo red) and Cr(VI) ions were investigated. The kinetic studies reflected the saturation of the composite surface after 480 min for both Congo red mole...

Ebola Virus Isolation Using Huh-7 Cells has Methodological Advantages and Similar Sensitivity to Isolation Using Other Cell Types and Suckling BALB/c Laboratory Mice.

Following the largest Ebola virus disease outbreak from 2013 to 2016, viral RNA has been detected in survivors from semen and breast milk long after disease recovery. However, as there have been few cases of sexual transmission, it is unclear whether every RNA positive fluid sample contains infectious virus. Virus isolation, typically using cell culture or animal models, can serve as a tool to determine the infectivity of patient samples. However, the sensitivity of these methods has not been assessed for t...

Environmental Temperature and Case Fatality of Patients with Ebola Virus Disease in Sierra Leone and Liberia, 2014-2015: A Retrospective Cohort Study.

Fluid loss during Ebola virus disease (EVD) infections from gastrointestinal dysfunction leads to volume depletion. It is possible that high environmental temperatures may exacerbate volume depletion or interfere with the provision of medical care by providers in full personal protective equipment. We investigated the effect of environmental temperature on case fatality.

Correction: Implications of the Ebola virus disease outbreak in Guinea: Qualitative findings to inform future health and nutrition-related responses.

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0202468.].

Exploring the contribution of exposure heterogeneity to the cessation of the 2014 Ebola epidemic.

The unexpected early cessation of the recent West Africa Ebola outbreak demonstrated shortcomings of popular forecasting approaches and has not been fully understood yet. A popular hypothesis is that public health interventions mitigated the spread, such as ETUs and safe burials. We investigate whether risk heterogeneity within the population could serve as an alternative explanation. We introduce a model for spread in heterogeneous host population that is particularly well suited for early predictions due ...

Ebola outbreak in Nigeria: perceptions from commercial motorcyclists and passengers in Ibadan, Nigeria.

The outbreak of deadliest and most widespread Ebola virus disease (EVD) in West African countries was not only unexpected but also sudden in places like Nigeria. The epidemic was an indication of weak health systems characterised by inadequate precautions and low knowledge of containment. Although Nigeria was able to contain EVD much earlier, people's perception, which also influenced their responses, might enhance the spread and retard containment. This study utilized 25 in-depth interviews conducted with ...

Outbreak of HIV Infection Linked to Nosocomial Transmission, China, 2016-2017.

On January 25, 2017, a physician from ZC Hospital in Hangzhou, China, reported to the Zhejiang Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention that a potential HIV outbreak might have occurred during lymphocyte immunotherapy (LIT) performed at the hospital on December 30, 2016. We immediately began investigating and identified the index case-patient as an LIT patient's husband who donated lymphocytes for his wife's LIT and later screened HIV-reactive. Subsequent contamination by a technician resulted i...

Yellow fever outbreak in Brazil: the puzzle of rapid viral spread and challenges for immunisation.

We discuss the complex eco-social factors involved in the puzzle of the unexpected rapid viral spread in the ongoing Brazilian yellow fever (YF) outbreak, which has increased the reurbanisation risk of a disease without urban cases in Brazil since 1942. Indeed, this rapid spatial viral dissemination to the Southeast and South regions, now circulating in the Atlantic Forest fragments close to peri-urban areas of the main Brazilian megalopolises (São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro) has led to an exponential increa...

Whose Risk? Why Did the U.S. Public Ignore Information About the Ebola Outbreak?

To test a possible boundary condition for the risk information seeking and processing (RISP) model, this study experimentally manipulates risk perception related to the 2014 Ebola outbreak in a nationally representative sample. Multiple-group structural equation modeling results indicate that psychological distance was negatively related to systematic processing in the high-risk condition. In the low-risk condition, psychological distance was positively related to heuristic processing; negative attitude tow...

IgG4-related disease mimicking pancreatic cancer: Case report and review of the literature.

Most patients with pancreatic masses pose a diagnostic challenge when a benign lesion is suspected, and often, resection is needed before a benign diagnosis is confirmed.

Quantifying the impact of early-stage contact tracing on controlling Ebola diffusion.

Recent experience of the Ebola outbreak in 2014 highlighted the importance of immediate response measure to impede transmission in the early stage. To this aim, efficient and effective allocation of limited resources is crucial. Among the standard interventions is the practice of following up with the recent physical contacts of the infected individuals -- known as contact tracing. In an effort to understand the effects of contact tracing protocols objectively, we explicitly develop a model of Ebola transmi...

A case of completely isolated advanced enteric duplication cyst cancer performed partial pancreatectomy.

Enteric duplication cysts are rare and, in addition, isolated enteric duplication cysts are lower morbidity prevalence rate. These cysts lack a connection to the gastrointestinal tract or the adjacent mesenteric vasculature and have only been reported in 10 case reports. In these reports, only two reports were cases with malignant transformation. Our case was a report for the advanced cancer of the isolated enteric duplication cyst.

Control of a multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii outbreak.

This article describes the management of an outbreak of multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (MDR-Ab) at an acute NHS Foundation Trust. The outbreak affected two respiratory wards and the initial outbreak lasted 9 months, with the first patient (index case) being identified in April 2015 and the final, tenth case, in September 2015. The outbreak was declared closed in January 2016, but a further two cases were identified in July and August 2016. Of the 12 identified patients, eight were colonised wit...

A Rare Case of Isolated Idiopathic Inferior Mesenteric Artery Dissection.

BACKGROUND Isolated dissection of a mesenteric artery is very rare and usually presents with acute gastrointestinal symptoms. There have been previously published reports on the isolated dissection of the superior mesenteric artery. However, isolated dissection of the inferior mesenteric artery is rare. CASE REPORT A 43-year-old man presented with sudden onset of lower abdominal pain. Abdominal computed tomography (CT) imaging confirmed isolated dissection of the inferior mesenteric artery. To prevent exace...

Adsorption of Congo red dye on FeCoO nanoparticles.

The advanced treatment of industrial wastewater often calls upon the use of highly-efficient treatment methods to remove hazardous pollutants prior to the effluent discharge. Adsorption can be used towards removing micro-pollutants. Congo Red dye is widely used in the paper and textile industry, and residual quantities are present in the process effluents. Adsorbing metal oxide nanoparticles have abundant pores of appropriate size, a large specific surface area, and can efficiently remove organic pollutants...

A community outbreak of Legionnaires' disease in Geneva, Switzerland, June to September 2017.

Eight confirmed cases of Legionnaires’ disease were identified at the Geneva University Hospitals between 28 July 2017 and 02 August 2017, leading to a detailed outbreak investigation.

Monkeypox virus phylogenetic similarities between a human case detected in Cameroon in 2018 and the 2017-2018 outbreak in Nigeria.

A monkeypox virus was detected from a human clinical case in 2018 in Cameroon; a country where no human cases were reported since 1989. The virus exhibited close genetic relatedness with another monkeypox virus isolated in Nigeria during the 2017-2018 outbreak. Although our molecular findings argue in favor of an extension of the monkeypox outbreak from Nigeria into Cameroon, the possibility that the monkeypox virus detected could be indigenous to Cameroon cannot be ruled out.

Impacts of misclassification on Lyme disease surveillance.

In Maryland, Lyme disease (LD) is the most widely reported tickborne disease. All laboratories and healthcare providers are required to report LD cases to the local health department. Given the large volume of LD reports, the nuances of diagnosing and reporting LD, and the effort required for investigations by local health department staff, surveillance for LD is burdensome and subject to underreporting. To determine the degree to which misclassification occurs in Maryland, we reviewed medical records for a...

Six Landmark Case Reports Essential for Neuropsychiatric Literacy.

Well-described clinical case reports have been a core component of the neuropsychiatry literature and have led to: a deepened understanding of brain-behavior relationships and neuropsychiatric phenomenology, new paths for research, and compelling material for physicians who are studying neurology and psychiatry. Six landmark neuropsychiatry cases were selected for being well described, paradigmatic, and illuminating of brain-behavior correlations: Phineas Gage, Louis Victor Leborgne ("Tan"), Auguste Deter, ...

Deep Brain Stimulation of Nucleus Accumbens for Methamphetamine Addiction: Two Case Reports.

Methamphetamine (MA) addiction is one of the most prevalent socioeconomic and health problems worldwide. In recent years, deep brain stimulation (DBS) has increasingly been used for the treatment of addiction. This study reports on two MA-dependent patients who received DBS of the nucleus accumbens (NAc). During the approximately two-year follow-up period, one patient (A) remained abstinent and presented with positive emotional experiences, while the other (B) had no significant psychobehavioral changes dur...

Spatial transmission of H5N2 highly pathogenic avian influenza between Minnesota poultry premises during the 2015 outbreak.

The spatial spread of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N2 during the 2015 outbreak in the U.S. state of Minnesota was analyzed through the estimation of a spatial transmission kernel, which quantifies the infection hazard an infectious premises poses to an uninfected premises some given distance away. Parameters were estimated using a maximum likelihood method for the entire outbreak as well as for two phases defined by the daily number of newly detected HPAI-positive premises. The results indicat...

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