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Damon Runyon Cancer Research Foundation PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Damon Runyon Cancer Research Foundation articles that have been published worldwide.
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Mitochondrial glycerophosphate dehydrogenase (mGPDH) is the key enzyme connecting oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) and glycolysis as well as a target of the antidiabetic drug metformin (MF) in the liver. There are no data on the expression and role of mGPDH as a metformin target in cancer. In this study, we evaluated mGPDH as a potential target of metformin in thyroid cancer and investigated its contribution in thyroid cancer metabolism.
To review the empirical qualitative literature on cancer survivor's experiences with loneliness to inform assessments and interventions for improving cancer survivors' social well-being.
Greater attention to social factors, such as race/ethnicity, socioeconomic position, and others, are needed across the cancer continuum, including breast cancer, given differences in tumor biology and genetic variants have not completely explained the persistent Black/White breast cancer mortality disparity. In this commentary, we use examples in breast cancer risk assessment and survivorship to demonstrate how the failure to appropriately incorporate social factors into the design, recruitment, and analysi...
Anal cancer is a rare malignancy for which cisplatin with 5-fluorouracil is the recommended treatment for patients with metastatic disease. Because most cases of anal cancer are linked to prior infection with oncogenic strands of the human papillomavirus, immunotherapeutic approaches have been of great interest in the development of new treatments for this virally driven tumor. This article reviews the early successes of anti-PD-1 therapies and adoptive T-cell therapies for metastatic anal cancer as a poten...
To build a patient-powered research network (PPRN) that prioritizes the needs of its members who have inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), we sought to better understand patients' preferences for what are the essential features that will facilitate and sustain engagement.
Public funding for medical research in Germany is primarily provided by the German Research Foundation (DFG) and the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF). The aim of this study was to analyze the amount of national public funding for medical research on predominant causes of death in Germany, cardiovascular diseases and neoplasms, in relation to the burden of these diseases in Germany.
Increasing evidence points to the role of vitamin D supplementation in cancer management. A comprehensive search of online databases was undertaken for all research studies relating to vitamin D supplementation in cancer survivorship published up to November 2017. Eighteen studies meeting the inclusion criteria were selected for this review, the majority of which involved supplementation in breast cancer. This review concludes that vitamin D supplementation plays an important role in disease-free survival i...
Model systems for oral cancer research have progressed from tumor epithelial cell cultures to in vivo systems that mimic oral cancer genetics, pathological characteristics, and tumor-stroma interactions of oral cancer patients. In the era of cancer immunotherapy, it is imperative to use model systems to test oral cancer prevention and therapeutic interventions in the presence of an immune system and to discover mechanisms of stromal contributions to oral cancer carcinogenesis. Here, we review in vivo mouse ...
Cancer incidence projections are of major interest for resource allocation in healthcare and medical research. Previous reports of cancer incidence projections have often been deterministic, i.e. lacking quantification of uncertainty. We project cancer incidence in Germany by applying an approach that allows for probabilistic interpretation of outcomes.
Disparities persist in breast cancer outcomes between Latina survivors and non-Hispanic Whites. Identifying methods to ensure that Latinas participate in and benefit from translational behavioral medicine research is important to reduce disparities. We developed a "Social Network Research Registry" to enhance Latina survivors' engagement in research and explored the social networks and research/cancer organization participation in this population. We initially recruited 30 Latina breast cancer survivors ("s...
To reduce colorectal cancer (CRC) screening disparities, it is important to understand correlates of different types of cancer worry among ethnically diverse individuals.
We determined if intermittent first-line treatment with paclitaxel plus bevacizumab was not inferior to continuous treatment in patients with HER2-negative, advanced breast cancer.
Breast cancer (BC) is a risk factor for major depressive disorder (MDD), yet little research has tested the efficacy of different psychotherapies for depressed women with BC. This study, the largest to date, compared outcomes of three evidence-based, 12-week therapies in treating major depressive disorder among women with breast cancer.
Overlooking other medical conditions during cancer treatment and follow-up could result in excess morbidity and mortality, thereby undermining gains associated with early detection and improved treatment of cancer. We compared the quality of care for diabetes patients subsequently diagnosed with breast, colorectal, or prostate cancer to matched, diabetic non-cancer controls.
Testicular cancer is the most common cancer in young men in developed countries. In adults, international variation in testicular cancer incidence rates has been well-described, while previous research on pediatric and adolescent testicular cancer has been more geographically limited.
Liquid biopsies are powerful tools that enable non-invasive genotyping of advanced solid tumors; however, comprehensive, structured validation studies employing validated orthogonal comparator methods are lacking.
The accumulating evidence indicates that weight gain in adulthood is more predictive of breast cancer risk than absolute body weight. However, the relative impact of timing of weight gain in adulthood on breast cancer as well as other characteristics of the association between weight and breast cancer has not been well documented.
Immunotherapy targeting the PD-L1/PD-1 pathway using antibodies is effective in the clinical treatment of a multitude of cancers. This makes research of the regulatory mechanisms of PD-1 expression in cancer cells intriguing. PD-L1 expression can be categorized into inducible expression, attributed to extrinsic factors in the microenvironment, and constitutive expression, attributed to intrinsic cancer-driving gene alteration. The mechanisms of PD-L1 expression in cancer cells operate at multiple levels, in...
Despite a number of pre-clinical studies demonstrating that the activity of anti-CTLA-4 antibodies in murine models of cancer relies on effector T cell activation and Treg depletion, the activity of the clinical antibodies remains controversial. To decipher such mechanisms is critical to the development of novel and more potent immunotherapies.
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) ranks second in cancer mortality and has limited therapeutic options. We recently described the synergistic effect of allosteric and ATP-site competitive inhibitors against the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) for the treatment of HCC. However, such inhibitors induce glycemia and increase mitochondrial efficiency. Here we determined whether the mitochondrial complex I inhibitor Phenformin could reverse both side effects, impose an energetic-stress on cancer cells and suppr...
Three groups of men are at high risk of developing prostate cancer: men with a strong family history of prostate cancer, men of West African or Caribbean ancestry, and men with a germline pathogenic variant in a prostate cancer-associated gene. Despite the fact that those men constitute a significant portion of the male population in North America, few recommendations for prostate cancer screening specific to them have been developed. For men at general population risk for prostate cancer, screening based o...
The ability to continue employment during and following cancer diagnosis and treatment is critical to working-age cancer survivors. Prolonged survival combined with concerns of the financial burden associated with high-cost therapies makes the mitigation of work-related consequences all the more relevant, particularly in light of recent workforce trends and evolving employment dynamics. Research that integrates the needs of survivors, employers, and the workforce is required so that advancements are made to...