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PubMed Journals Articles About "Darya-Varia Group" - Page: 2 RSS

10:36 EST 17th November 2018 | BioPortfolio

Darya-Varia Group PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Darya-Varia Group articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Darya Varia Group" PubMed Articles 26–50 of 11,000+

Static Postural Stability in Chronic Ankle Instability, An Ankle Sprain and Healthy Ankles.

To identify the single leg balance (SLB) test that discriminates among healthy, coper, and chronic ankle instability (CAI) groups and to determine effects of ankle muscles on the balance error scoring system (BESS) among the three populations. 60 subjects (20 per group) performed the SLB test with eyes open (EO) and eyes closed (EC). Normalized mean amplitude (NMA) of the tibia anterior (TA), fibularis longus (FL), and medial gastrocnemius (MG) muscles and BESS were measured while performing the SLB test. T...


Extracorporeal shock wave markedly alleviates radiation-induced chronic cystitis in rat.

This study tested the hypothesis that extracorporeal shock wave (ECSW) treatment can effectively inhibit radiation-induced chronic cystitis (CC). Adult male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats (n = 24) were randomly divided into group 1 (normal control), group 2 (CC induced by radiation with 300 cGy twice with a four-hour interval to the urinary bladder), group 3 [CC with ECSW treatment (0.2 mJ/mm/120 impulses/at days 1, 7, and 14 after radiation)]. Bladder specimens were harvested by day 28 after radiation. By day 28...

Massively parallel and multiplex blood group genotyping using next-generation-sequencing.

Thirty-six blood group systems are listed by the International Society of Blood Transfusion, containing almost 350 antigens. Most of these result from a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP). Serology is the standard method for blood group typing. However, this technique has some limitations and cannot respond to the growing demand of blood product typing for a large number of antigens. Here we describe a blood group genotyping assay directly from whole blood samples using Next-Generation Sequencing (NGS), a...


Ultrasound Combined With Microbubbles Increase the Delivery of Doxorubicin by Reducing the Interstitial Fluid Pressure.

The aims of this study were to determine the change of interstitial fluid pressure (IFP) after therapy using pulsed low-frequency ultrasound combined with microbubbles and to determine the change of doxorubicin penetration in VX2 tumor. In this study, all 48 tumor-bearing rabbits were divided randomly into 6 groups (n = 8 per group). These 6 groups include doxorubicin therapy together with ultrasound combined with microbubble treatment group (Ad-US-MB treatment group), US-MB treatment group, US treatment gr...

MIF May Participate in Pathogenesis of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome in Rats through MAPK Signalling Pathway.

The polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) model was established in rats and correlation between the expression of macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) and cytokinesis with the MAPK signalling pathway in the rat ovary was measured. The PCOS model in rats was established by dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA). Thirty sexually immature female Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly and equally assigned to three groups: control group, PCOS group, and PCOS with high-fat diet (HFD) group. Serum hormones were assayed by ra...

Effect of the diets with pumpkin silage and synthetic β-carotene on the carotenoid, immunoglobulin and bioactive protein content and fatty acid composition of colostrum.

Forty Simmental cows were divided into four groups with 10 per group to investigate the effect of a transition diet supplemented with synthetic β-carotene and natural carotenoid-rich feed (pumpkin silage) on chemical composition of the colostrum. The control group (I) was fed grass and maize silage and supplemental concentrates, group II additionally received 400 mg/day/cow of synthetic β-carotene, in group, III 40% DM of maize silage was replaced with pumpkin silage to increase β-carotene intake by 400...

Intra-articular administration of EP2 enhances the articular cartilage repair in a rabbit model.

We have reported the usefulness of chondrocyte sheets on articular cartilage repair in animal experiments. Here, we investigated the regenerative effects of EP2 signaling with or without chondrocyte sheets. Forty-five rabbits were used, with six rabbits in each of the six groups and nine rabbits for chondrocytes and synovial cells harvesting to fabricate triple-layered chondrocyte sheets: osteochondral defect only (control, group A); EP2 agonist (group B); EP2 antagonist (group C); chondrocyte sheets (group...

Children imitate antisocial in-group members.

Children demonstrate a pervasive in-group bias, preferring their in-group across a range of contexts that encompass measures of liking, imitation, and, in some cases, resource allocation. A growing number of studies have begun to explore whether antisocial in-group behavior reduces the robustness of this bias. However, these studies have focused on transgression evaluations, with only two studies focusing on social learning and none explicitly on imitation. This, therefore, limits the extent to which childr...

Gaze following in multiagent contexts: Evidence for a quorum-like principle.

Research shows that humans spontaneously follow another individual's gaze. However, little remains known on how they respond when multiple gaze cues diverge across members of a social group. To address this question, we presented participants with displays depicting three (Experiment 1) or five (Experiment 2) agents showing diverging social cues. In a three-person group, one individual looking at the target (33% of the group) was sufficient to elicit gaze-facilitated target responses. With a five-person gro...

Risk of ovarian torsion is reduced in GnRH agonist triggered freeze-all cycles: a retrospective cohort study.

Ovarian torsion (OT) in IVF is rare, however, the consequences are significant, which include ovariotomy. In the present study, it was aimed for the first time to compare the incidence of OT between hCG triggered cycles with ICSI and fresh transfer and GnRH-agonist triggered cycles with the ICSI-freeze-all and frozen embryo transfer (FET). In total, 15,577 ICSI cycles performed between 2001 and 2016 were categorised into two groups (Group 1, n: 9978): cycles with controlled ovarian stimulation (COS) and hCG...

Pharmacokinetics of costunolide and dehydrocostuslactone after oral administration of Radix aucklandiae extract in normal and gastric ulcer rats.

Costunolide and dehydrocostuslactone are the main active ingredients of Radix Aucklandiae (RA). An accurate and sensitive LC-MS/MS method was established to simultaneously determine contents of costunolide and dehydrocostuslactone in plasma. There were significant differences in pharmacokinetic parameters (AUC, C, C, T, Vd, and CL) of costunolide and dehydrocostuslactone between RA group and costunolide group or dehydrocostuslactone group. The relative bioavailability of costunolide or dehydrocostuslactone ...

Why we sometimes punish the innocent: The role of group entitativity in collective punishment.

Because punishments are expected to give offenders what they deserve proportionally to the severity of their offenses, the punishment of an entire group because of the misdeed of a few of its members is generally considered as unfair. Group entitativity might increase support for such collective punishment, because members of highly entitative groups are perceived as more similar and interchangeable. We designed three experiments comparing support for third-party collective punishment of low versus high ent...

Electrical Stimulation to the Infraspinatus on Hypertrophy and Strength of the Shoulder.

The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of six weeks of electrical muscle stimulation (EMS) on the strength and muscle mass of the infraspinatus muscle. Twenty non-athletes (age: 24±3.4 years, height: 171.5±5.6 cm, mass: 65.2±8.1 kg) were randomly classified into two groups, an electrical muscle stimulation group (EMS group) and a control group (CON group). The EMS group completed a total of 18 20- min EMS sessions, three times per week over a period of six weeks, while the CON group...

Xylaria species associated with fallen fruits and seeds.

Twenty-five fructicolous and seminicolous species of Xylaria are classified into three groups by stromatal morphology: (i) the X. ianthinovelutina group; (ii) the X. carpophila group; and (iii) the X. heloidea group. Xylaria reevesiae, X. rossmanae, and X. vivantii are described as new species. Xylaria reevesiae belongs to the X. carpophila group, resembling X. euphorbiicola but differing from it mainly by having conspicuous perithecial mounds and growing on fallen fruits of a different host plant. Xylaria ...

Comparison of Sepsis-3 Criteria Versus SIRS Criteria in Screening Patients for Sepsis in the Emergency Department.

The objective of our study was to assess the percentage of patients who met qSOFA criteria, SIRS criteria, both, or none of either criterion and received an International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD-10) code for sepsis after admission from the emergency department (ED). This was a single-center retrospective chart review of medical patients admitted through the ED. Patients were included if they were older than 18 years, were admitted to an inpatient unit through the ED, and received ant...

Liposomal Bupivacaine Utilization in Total Knee Replacement Does Not Decrease Length of Hospital Stay.

Liposomal bupivacaine has reportedly been used as an adjunct for perioperative pain management in total knee replacement (TKR). The purpose of our single-blind, prospective study is to show that wound infiltration with long-acting liposomal bupivacaine during TKR will shorten length of stay (LOS) as compared with standard bupivacaine injection and spinal anesthetic with or without spinal narcotic. A total of 195 patients were randomized into three groups: wound infiltration with bupivacaine and a spinal wit...

Sevoflurane attenuates ventilator‑induced lung injury by regulating c‑PLA2 expression.

The aim of the present study was to investigate the potential role of club cell secretory protein (CCSP), an endogenous modulator, in reducing pulmonary inflammation induced by sevoflurane following one‑lung ventilation (OLV). Healthy Japanese white rabbits were randomly assigned to six groups: Sham‑operated group (group S); respiratory management of OLV group (group O); OLV + sevoflurane treated group (group OF), club cells exfoliated + sham‑operated group (group NA), club cells exfoliated + OL...

Scopolamine for uterine involution of dairy cows.

The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of administration of scopolamine (a parasympatholytic drug) immediately after delivery, on uterine involution in dairy cows. The cows were divided into two groups: group T (treated with scopolamine butylbromide 40 mg/100 kg P.V., within 24 h of delivery) and group C (treated with 2 ml/q of saline solution). The cows were monitored at T0, within 24 h of delivery, T7, T14, T28 and T40 respectively 7th, 14th, 28th and 40 day postpartum, by measurin...

Women with compulsive buying or gambling disorder: Similar profiles for different behavioural addictions.

The aim of the present study was to examine the differences in sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of 104 women diagnosed with compulsive buying behaviour (CBB = 55) or gambling disorder (GD = 49) treated at three public hospitals unit specialized in behavioural addictions from January 2004 to December 2015. Significant between-group differences in sociodemographic variables were observed for cohabitation status (living with a partner or not) and educational level, with a higher percentage...

Synthesis of three deoxy-sophorose derivatives for evaluating the requirement of hydroxy groups at position 3 and/or 3' of sophorose by 1,2-β-oligoglucan phosphorylases.

Sophorose (Sop) is known as a powerful inducer of cellulases in Trichoderma reesei, and in recent years 1,2-β-D-oligoglucan phosphorylase (SOGP) has been found to use Sop in synthetic reactions. From the structure of the complex of SOGP with Sop, it was predicted that both the 3-hydroxy group at the reducing end glucose moiety of Sop and the 3'-hydroxy group at the non-reducing end glucose moiety of Sop were important for substrate recognition. In this study, three kinds of 3- and/or 3'-deoxy-Sop derivativ...

Neighboring phenolic group-activated gem-difluoroallylboration of imines for the catalyst-free synthesis of gem-difluorohomoallylamines.

We herein report an unprecedented addition reaction of pinacol gem-difluoroallylborates and imines enabled by a neighboring phenolic group in an N-protecting group under catalyst-free conditions, thus facilitating the construction of a wide range of racemic gem-difluorohomoallylamine derivatives. Based on the control experiments, a plausible transition state via the Zimmerman-Traxler model was proposed to elucidate the significance of the neighboring phenolic group, as well as the γ-selectivity of the boro...

Serum Kisspeptin levels in unexplained infertility, polycystic ovary syndrome, and male factor infertility.

Kisspeptin (KP), a hypothalamic peptide, is known as an important marker for neuroendocrine regulation during the human reproduction process. The unexplained infertility (UI) group comprised 30 patients, polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) group comprised 29 patients and the male factor infertility (MFI) group comprised 27 patients. An observational cohort study was conducted. The basic characteristics of the study population, BMI, and serum FSH, LH, E2, AMH, KP, TSH, and PRL levels and antral follicle count (...

Oligomers in polyethylene furanoate - identification and quantification approach via LC-UV LC-MS response ratio.

Polyethylene furanoate polymer is intended to be used as a food contact material. A PEF polymer sample was investigated for its oligomer composition by solvent extraction and using HRLC-MS. The 20 oligomers found were divided into four groups: group I contains cyclic oligomers consisting of furandicarboxylic acid and monoethylene glycol units, group II comprises cyclic oligomers consisting of furandicarboxylic acid, monoethylene glycol units and one diethylene glycol unit, group III are cyclic oligomers wer...

Costs of helping only influence children's intention to help ethnic out-group peers.

Studies show that children are often inclined to help less when the costs of helping increase. However, these studies do not take into account who children are helping. Yet, developmental intergroup research has shown that the intergroup context influences children's reasoning about helping behavior. Two experimental vignette studies are presented that examined the influence of the costs of helping on children's (8-13 years) intention to help in an ethnic intergroup context. Study 1 (N = 320) showed t...

Insulin-Like Growth Factor-1 Alleviates Expression of Aβ and α-, β-, and γ-Secretases in the Cortex and Hippocampus of APP/PS1 Double Transgenic Mice.

To examine the effect of subcutaneous injection of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) on the expression of the amyloid protein (Aβ), α-secretase (ADAM10), β-secretase (BACE1), and γ-secretase (PS1) in APP/PS1 double transgenic mice. APP/PS1 double transgenic mice and wild-type mice were divided into wild-type group, wild-type therapy group, transgenome group, and transgenic therapy group. Subcutaneous injection of IGF-1 (50 μg/kg day) was administered once daily to the wild-type therapy group and t...


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