PubMed Journals Articles About "Identifying Predictors Of Response To Antipsychotics Using A Treatment Algorithm" - Page: 2 RSS

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Showing "Identifying Predictors Response Antipsychotics Using Treatment Algorithm" PubMed Articles 26–50 of 44,000+

Predictors of mental health literacy in older people.

Older adults exhibit poorer mental health literacy than younger adults, including less accuracy at identifying symptoms of mental disorders, and endorsing fewer sources of treatment for a mental disorder. The current study's intention was to determine if the executive component of cognition is associated with mental health literacy in older adults, when controlling for other established predictors (sex, age, education, and proximity to someone with a mental disorder).

Association Between Antipsychotics and All-Cause Mortality Among Community-Dwelling Older Adults.

Antipsychotics are prescribed to treat various symptoms in older adults, however, their safely in this context has not been fully evaluated. The objective was to evaluate mortality risks associated with off- label use of antipsychotics among older adults with no pre-existing mental illness or dementia relative to those with diagnosis of dementia.

Long-acting injectable antipsychotics: Six-month follow-up of new outpatient treatments in Bologna Community Mental Health Centres.

This study aims to describe factors associated to treatment continuity and psychiatric relapses in patients treated with Long Acting Injectable antipsychotics (LAIs) in Bologna Community Mental Health Centers (CMHCs).

A theoretically guided approach to identifying predictors of treatment outcome in Contextual CBT for chronic pain.

Psychological treatments are known to be effective for chronic pain, but little is understood about which patients are most likely to benefit from which ones.

Insular changes induced by electroconvulsive therapy response to symptom improvements in schizophrenia.

Although modified electroconvulsive therapy (MECT) has been employed as a treatment strategy and to resolve medication resistant symptoms in schizophrenia (SZ), its action mechanisms remain unclear. The insula has been demonstrated to associate with clinical symptoms and neuropathology in SZ. This study examined whether insular changes response to MECT outcomes in SZ. Forty-two SZ were divided into two groups according to their treatment strategies. One group (MSZ, n = 21) received 4-weeks MECT together...

White matter tract microstructure of the mPFC-amygdala predicts interindividual differences in placebo response related to treatment in migraine patients.

To investigate whether interindividual variability of white matter (WM) tract microstructure of the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC)-amygdala circuit could predict 8-week placebo treatment outcomes in patients with migraine without aura (MO) using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) with a tractography atlas-based analysis algorithm and a linear support vector machine algorithm. This study received institutional review board approval, and all subjects gave informed consent. One hundred and twenty-four MO had an 8...

Genetic and clinical markers for predicting treatment responsiveness in rheumatoid arthritis.

Although many drugs and therapeutic strategies have been developed for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) treatment, numerous patients with RA fail to respond to currently available agents. In this review, we provide an overview of the complexity of this autoimmune disease by showing the rapidly increasing number of genes associated with RA.We then systematically review various factors that have a predictive value (predictors) for the response to different drugs in RA treatment, especially recent advances. These pre...

Childhood adversities, negative life events and outcomes of non-pharmacological treatments for depression in primary care: A secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial.

Non-pharmacological treatments for depression are effective and available in primary care, but useful prognostic factors are lacking. Childhood adversities (CA) and negative recent life events (RLE) increase the risk and severity of depression, though their effect on treatment outcomes remains understudied. Using a sample of 737 adult participants of a multicenter randomized controlled trial receiving physical exercise, internet based cognitive-behavioral therapy or treatment as usual, alone or in combinati...

Efficacy and predictors of response to inhaled corticosteroid treatment for chronic cough.

Inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) are a treatment of choice for eosinophilic airway diseases, but their efficacy for other causes of chronic cough is controversial.

Neural connectivity during affect labeling predicts treatment response to psychological therapies for social anxiety disorder.

Although psychological treatments for social anxiety disorder (SAD) can be highly effective, many individuals do not respond to treatment. Identifying factors associated with improved outcomes can facilitate individualized treatment choices. We investigated whether patterns of neural connectivity predicted treatment responses and whether treatment type, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) or acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT), moderated this effect.

Treatment cure rate and its predictors among children with severe acute malnutrition in northwest Ethiopia: A retrospective record review.

More than 29 million that is an estimated 5%, under-five children suffer from severe acute malnutrition (SAM) globally, with a nine times higher risk of mortality than that of well-nourished children. However, little is known regarding outcomes and predictors of SAM in Ethiopia. Therefore, this study aims to determine treatment cure rate and its predictors among children aged 6-59 months with SAM admitted to a stabilization center.

Hyperprolactinemia in psychotic patients treated in monotherapy with long-acting injectable antipsychotics.

Hyperprolactinemia (HPRL), defined as plasma prolactin (PRL) >25 ng/ml, is a frequent adverse effect of the treatment with some antipsychotics. The objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence of HPRL among schizophrenic patients treated with long-acting injectable (LAI) antipsychotic drugs at our hospital, and to estimate gender effects in PRL levels in these patients.

Predictors of treatment attendance and adherence to treatment recommendations among individuals receiving Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia.

Insomnia disorders affect up to 10% of adults and are associated with other health problems and poor quality of life. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia (CBT-I) is an effective treatment; however, its effectiveness is hindered by poor attendance and adherence to treatment recommendations. The present study sought to identify predictors of attendance and adherence in CBT-I. Participants were 108 adults with insomnia disorder. Participants were primarily female (71.3%), middle aged (mean age = 50.5),...

A Report of Rabbit Syndrome Who Benefited from Sigma 1 Agonist Fluvoxamine.

Rabbit Syndrome is an uncommon side effect of antipsychotic treatment. Although it is usually associated with typical antipsychotics, it can also be related to atypical antipsychotics. Anticholinergics are the most accepted treatment approach in treating Rabbit Syndrome. Fluvoxamine is a member of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors and it is a potent agonist of sigma 1 receptors. In this article, we report a Rabbit Syndrome case who has benefited from fluvoxamine, in terms of both depressive disorder a...

Antipsychotic-Associated Symptoms of Tourette Syndrome: A Systematic Review.

Although antipsychotics are used to treat Tourette syndrome, there have been reports of paradoxical induction of tics by first- and second-generation antipsychotics.

A general framework for assessing IVIVC as a tool for maximizing the benefit-risk ratio of a treatment using a convolution-based modeling approach.

The net benefit of a treatment can be defined by the relationship between clinical improvement and risk of adverse events: the benefit-risk ratio. The optimization of the benefit-risk ratio can be achieved by identifying the most adequate dose (and/or dosage regimen) jointly with the best performing in-vivo release properties of a drug. A general in-silico tool is presented for identifying the dose, the in-vitro and the in-vivo release properties that maximize the benefit-risk ratio using convolution-based ...

Treatment Patterns, Healthcare Resource Utilization and Costs Among Schizophrenia Patients Treated with Long-Acting Injectable Versus Oral Antipsychotics.

Long-acting injectable (LAI) antipsychotic use may reduce healthcare resource utilization compared with oral antipsychotic use by improving adherence and reducing dosing frequency. Our goal was to examine treatment patterns, healthcare utilization, and costs among recently diagnosed schizophrenia patients receiving oral versus LAI antipsychotics.

Demonstrating heterogeneity of treatment effects among patients: an overlooked but important step toward precision medicine.

Although heterogeneity in the observed outcomes in clinical trials is often assumed to reflect a true heterogeneous response, it could actually be due to random variability. This retrospective analysis of 4 randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled multi-period (i.e., episode) cross-over trials of fentanyl for breakthrough cancer pain illustrates the use of multi-period cross-over trials to examine heterogeneity of treatment response. A mixed effects model including fixed effects for treatment and episod...

Echocardiographic markers of dyssynchrony as predictors of super-response to cardiac resynchronisation therapy - a pilot study.

Some patients with congestive heart failure have greater improvement of cardiac remodelling after cardiac resynchronisation therapy (CRT) and they are identified as super-responders (SRs). It remains unclear if echocardiographic markers of dyssynchrony could accuratelly predict super-response to CRT. The aim of this study is to evaluate potential echocardiographic predictors associated with super-response to CRT.

Second generation atypical antipsychotics olanzapine and aripiprazole reduce expression and secretion of inflammatory cytokines in human immune cells.

Schizophrenia and major depression are associated with alterations in peripheral inflammatory markers, and anti-inflammatory therapy has been proposed as a promising add-on approach in the pharmacologic treatment of both disorders. Second-generation atypical antipsychotics are currently first-line drugs in the treatment of schizophrenia and are also used as augmentation strategies in treatment-resistant major depression. Furthermore, these drugs have been reported to exhibit distinct metabolic side effects ...

Treatment Efficacy for Veterans With Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: Latent Class Trajectories of Treatment Response and Their Predictors.

Evidence suggests that veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have a poorer treatment response than nonveterans.  In this study, we explored heterogeneity in treatment response for 960 veterans in the United Kingdom with PTSD who had been offered a residential intervention consisting of a mixture of group sessions and individual trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy (TF-CBT). The primary outcome was PTSD score on the Impact of Event Scale-Revised (IES-R).  Covariates included depression,...

Clinical and echocardiography predictors of response to inhaled nitric oxide in hypoxic preterm neonates.

To evaluate the clinical and echocardiography modulators of treatment response in hypoxemic preterm infants exposed to inhaled nitric oxide (iNO).

The association of choroidal structure and its response to anti-VEGF treatment with the short-time outcome in pachychoroid neovasculopathy.

Pachychoroid neovasculopathy (PNV) shares some anatomical features with other pachychoroid spectrum diseases, but little is known about the characteristics on the treatment with anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). We investigated the effect of choroidal structure and responses to anti-VEGF on the prognosis of pachychoroid neovasculopathy (PNV) and other types of neovascular age-related macular degeneration (non-PNV). Twenty-one eyes with PNV and 34 eyes with non-PNV who had anti-VEGF treatment w...

Evaluation of ninety-six periprosthetic hip joint infections seen within five consecutive years.

Periprosthetic hip joint infections (PHJI) are severe complications. In 2003 Zimmerli published a well-noted treatment algorithm for PHJI. The aim of this study is to evaluate outcome, analyze the applied treatment regimen and compare it to the proposed algorithm. We evaluated the outcome of 96 PHJI treated at our institution between 2008 and 2012 and analysed adherence to the algorithm and outcome in coherence with the algorithm. The operations performed were irrigation and debridement with exchange of mob...

Simulating the effects of a clinical guidelines screening algorithm for fall risk in community dwelling older adults.

The current guidelines for fall prevention in community-dwelling older adults issued by the American Geriatrics Society and British Geriatrics Society (AGS/BGS) indicate an algorithm for identifying who is at increased risk of falling. The predictive accuracy of this algorithm has never been assessed, nor have the consequences that its introduction in clinical practice would bring about.

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