PubMed Journals Articles About "Opinion Helped Develop Polygenic Score Help Individuals Gauge" - Page: 2 RSS

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Showing "Opinion helped develop polygenic score help individuals gauge" PubMed Articles 26–50 of 15,000+

Polygenic Score of Subjective Well-Being Is Associated with the Brain Morphology in Superior Temporal Gyrus and Insula.

Subjective well-being (SWB) is closely related to our physical and mental health. Existing studies show that neural or genetic basis underpin individual difference in SWB. Moreover, researchers have found high enrichment of SWB-related mutations in the central nervous system, but the relationship between the genetic architecture of SWB and brain morphology has not been explored. Considering the polygenic nature of SWB, in this study, we aim to establish a measure of additive genetic effect on SWB and explor...

Comparative accuracy of needle sizes and designs for EUS tissue sampling of solid pancreatic masses: a network meta-analysis.

Variable diagnostic performance of sampling techniques during EUS-guided tissue acquisition of solid pancreatic masses based on needle type [fine-needle aspiration (FNA) versus fine-needle biopsy (FNB)] and gauge (19-gauge vs 22-gauge vs 25-gauge) has been reported. We performed a systematic review with network meta-analysis to compare the diagnostic accuracy of EUS-guided techniques for sampling solid pancreatic masses.

Using Polygenic Profiles to Predict Variation in Language and Psychosocial Outcomes in Early and Middle Childhood.

Purpose Children with poor language tend to have worse psychosocial outcomes compared to their typically developing peers. The most common explanations for such adversities focus on developmental psychological processes whereby poor language triggers psychosocial difficulties. Here, we investigate the possibility of shared biological effects by considering whether the same genetic variants, which are thought to influence language development, are also predictors of elevated psychosocial difficulties during ...

GNAS gene is an important regulator of insulin secretory capacity in pancreatic β-cells.

Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a complex polygenic disease with unclear mechanism. In an attempt to identify novel genes involved in β-cell function, we harness a bioinformatics method called Loss-of-function tool (LoFtool) gene score.

Development of the Subdural Hematoma in the Elderly (SHE) score to predict mortality.

OBJECTIVEThe purpose of this study was to describe the development of a novel prognostic score, the Subdural Hematoma in the Elderly (SHE) score. The SHE score is intended to predict 30-day mortality in elderly patients (those > 65 years of age) with an acute, chronic, or mixed-density subdural hematoma (SDH) after minor, or no, prior trauma.METHODSThe authors used the Prognosis Research Strategy group methods to develop the clinical prediction model. The training data set included patients with acute, chro...

Polygenic risk for psychiatric disorder and singleness in patients with severe mental illness and controls.

We aimed to investigate whether the polygenic risk score (PRS) for schizophrenia influences time in couple relationships for patients with severe mental illness and controls. We combined the nationwide Danish registers with genetic information from dried neonatal blood spots. We included 2,599 individuals with schizophrenia, 1,446 with bipolar disorder, 20,315 with depression, and 6,963 controls. PRS for schizophrenia, depression, and bipolar disorder were estimated using data from the Psychiatric Genetics ...

Genome-wide association study of multisite chronic pain in UK Biobank.

Chronic pain is highly prevalent worldwide and represents a significant socioeconomic and public health burden. Several aspects of chronic pain, for example back pain and a severity-related phenotype 'chronic pain grade', have been shown previously to be complex heritable traits with a polygenic component. Additional pain-related phenotypes capturing aspects of an individual's overall sensitivity to experiencing and reporting chronic pain have also been suggested as a focus for investigation. We made use of...

SWAN scale for ADHD trait-based genetic research: a validity and polygenic risk study.

Population-based samples with valid, quantitative and genetically informative trait measures of psychopathology could be a powerful complement to case/control genetic designs. We report the convergent and predictive validity of the parent- and self-report versions of the Strengths and Weaknesses of ADHD Symptoms and Normal Behavior Rating Scale (SWAN). We tested if SWAN scores were associated with ADHD diagnosis, ADHD polygenic risk, as well as traits and polygenic risk for disorders that co-occur with ADHD...

The relationship between cognitive decline and a genetic predictor of educational attainment.

Genetic and environmental factors both make substantial contributions to the heterogeneity in individuals' levels of cognitive ability. Many studies have examined the relationship between educational attainment and cognitive performance and its rate of change. Yet there remains a gap in knowledge regarding whether the effect of genetic predictors on individual differences in cognition becomes more or less prominent over the life course. In this analysis of over 5000 older adults from the Health and Retireme...

Development and multi-cohort validation of a clinical score for predicting type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Many countries lack resources to identify patients at risk of developing Type 2 diabetes mellitus (diabetes). We aimed to develop and validate a diabetes risk score based on easily accessible clinical data.

A Nurse-Led Cognitive Training Intervention for Individuals With Type 2 Diabetes.

Diabetes increases the risk for cognitive impairment and doubles the rate of cognitive decline after diagnosis. In turn, cognitive dysfunction makes diabetes self-management more difficult. Nurses who help manage these conditions are focused on identifying patients at risk for complications, promoting symptom management, and preventing further decline. The purpose of the current study was to develop and pilot test a nurse-led comprehensive cognitive training intervention for individuals with type 2 diabetes...

Components of community rehabilitation programme for adults with chronic conditions: A systematic review.

Health services for individuals with chronic conditions often include a disease specific community rehabilitation programme to assist these individuals to maintain physical function and develop self-management skills. Nurses are often involved in the delivery of such programmes. Many individuals however live with more than one chronic condition and find it difficult to manage the rehabilitation demands for their different diagnoses.

Toddlers' intrinsic motivation to return help to their benefactor.

A natural reaction to receiving help from someone is to help that person in return. In two studies, we investigated the developmental origins of children's motivation to return help. In Study 1, 18- and 24-month-old toddlers were either helped or not helped by an adult, and they could subsequently provide that adult with help or else observe another person providing help. We measured children's internal arousal, via changes in pupil dilation, both before and after help was provided. At both ages, children's...

Can we validate a clinical score to predict the risk of severe infection in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus? A longitudinal retrospective study in a British Cohort.

Severe infections are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Our primary objective was to use data from a large Spanish cohort to develop a risk score for severe infection in SLE, the SLE Severe Infection Score (SLESIS) and to validate SLESIS in a separate cohort of 699 British patients.

A 3-component non-invasive risk score for undiagnosed diabetes in Chinese: development, validation and longitudinal evaluation.

To develop a new non-invasive risk score for undiagnosed diabetes in Chinese and to evaluate the incident diabetes risk in those with high risk scores but no diabetes on initial testing.

Development of a risk score for earlier diagnosis of chronic kidney disease in children.

To develop a clinical score for the early identification of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in children and adolescents. The early diagnosis of CKD in childhood allows the adoption of measures to slow the progression of the disease, thereby reducing morbidity and mortality. Nevertheless, the diagnosis is often made too late for proper patient management.

Response to Clarifying the Current Understanding of Syndromic Basal Cell Carcinomas.

A majority of individuals with BCNS have germline mutations affecting PTCH1, and BCCs that develop in these individuals are highly responsive to Smoothened inhibitors. However, BCCs which develop in minority of BCNS patients with underlying SUFU mutations may be less responsive to Smoothened inhibitors because inactivation of SUFU is downstream of SMO. Development of next-generation HH antagonists that target components downstream of SMO are under development for efficacy in Smoothened inhibitor resistant B...

Pupillary dilation responses as a midlife indicator of risk for Alzheimer's disease: association with Alzheimer's disease polygenic risk.

Locus coeruleus (LC) tau accumulation begins early. Targeting LC (dys)function might improve early identification for Alzheimer's disease (AD) risk. Pupillary responses during cognitive tasks are driven by the LC and index cognitive effort. Despite equivalent task performance, adults with mild cognitive impairment have greater pupil dilation/effort during digit span than cognitively normal (CN) individuals. We hypothesized that AD polygenic risk scores (AD-PRSs) would be associated with pupillary responses ...

Assessing risk of adverse drug reactions in the elderly: a feasibility study.

Background Adverse drug reactions are common in Australian general practice and can be a cause of, or contribute to, preventable hospital admissions. Developing practical tools to assist in identifying patients who are at high risk of serious adverse drug reactions is an important step in preventing these hospitalisations. Objective The aims of the study were to apply the Prediction of Hospitalisation due to Adverse Drug Reactions in Elderly Community-Dwelling Patients (PADR-EC) Score to assess the risk of...

Polygenic liability for schizophrenia predicts shifting-specific executive function deficits and tobacco use in a moderate drinking community sample.

Individuals with schizophrenia have higher lifetime rates of substance use disorders than the general population, and research suggests high comorbidity rates may be partially explained by shared genetic influences related to common underlying etiology. Moreover, deficits in executive functions are thought to be central to the diagnosis of schizophrenia and are likewise associated with alcohol and tobacco use. The current study examined the associations between schizophrenia polygenic risk scores and tobacc...

Conserved B and T cell epitopes prediction of ebola virus glycoprotein for vaccine development: An immuno-informatics approach.

Ebola virus (EBOV), a non-segmented single-stranded RNA virus, is often-most transmitted through body fluids like sweat, tears, saliva, and nasal secretions. Till date, there is no licensed vaccine of EBOV is available in the market; however, the world is increasingly vulnerable to this emerging threat. Hence, it is the need of time to develop a vaccine for EBOV to hinder its dissemination. The current study has been designed for identification and characterization of the potential B and T-cell epitopes usi...

Stereotactic 9-gauge vacuum-assisted breast biopsy, how many specimens are needed?

To determine the minimum number of stereotactic 9-gauge vacuum-assisted biopsy specimens required to establish a final histopathological biopsy diagnosis of mammographically suspicious breast lesions.

Increasing knowledge in defects: lessons from 35 new patients.

The type 1 insulin-like growth factor receptor (IGF1R) is a keystone of fetal growth regulation by mediating the effects of IGF-I and IGF-II. Recently, a cohort of patients carrying an defect was described, from which a clinical score was established for diagnosis. We assessed this score in a large cohort of patients with identified defects, as no external validation was available. Furthermore, we aimed to develop a functional test to allow the classification of variants of unknown significance (VUS) in v...

Shared and unique immune alterations in pre-clinical autoimmunity.

Progression from health to a classified autoimmune disease is an evolving process that can happen rapidly in some diseases, but usually takes years to develop. Specific immune alterations predate pathogenic autoimmunity and can be used as disease biomarkers to identify high-risk individuals for prevention studies applied in the pre-clinical state. Here we discuss recent findings that illuminate specific immune pathways that are altered in the earliest phases of pre-clinical autoimmunity as well as those med...

Mapping EQ-5D-3L from the Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS).

To develop a mapping model to estimate EQ-5D-3L from the Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS).

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