PubMed Journals Articles About "Preterm Infants More Likely Undervaccinated" - Page: 2 RSS

07:37 EST 20th November 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Preterm Infants More Likely Undervaccinated" PubMed Articles 26–50 of 1,800+

Changes in hemodynamics, cerebral oxygenation and cerebrovascular reactivity during the early transitional circulation in preterm infants.

Changes in systemic and cerebral hemodynamics in preterm infants during early transitional circulation are complex and may differ between infants with or without intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH).

Resuscitation of preterm infants in the Philippines: a national survey of resources and practice.

There is a high incidence of preterm birth in low-income and middle-income countries where healthcare resources are often limited and may influence decision making. We aimed to explore the interplay between resource limitations and resuscitation practices for extremely preterm infants (EPIs) in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) across the Philippines.

Observed and calculated cerebral critical closing pressure are highly correlated in preterm infants.

Cerebrovascular critical closing pressure (CrCP) is the arterial blood pressure (ABP) at which cerebral blood flow ceases. Preterm ABP is low and close to CrCP. The diastolic closing margin (diastolic ABP minus CrCP) has been associated with intraventricular hemorrhage in preterm infants. CrCP is estimated from middle cerebral artery cerebral blood flow velocity (CBFV) and ABP waveforms. However, these estimations have not been validated due to lack of gold standard. Direct observation of the CrCP in preter...

Should transcutaneous bilirubin be measured in preterm infants receiving phototherapy? The relationship between transcutaneous and total serum bilirubin in preterm infants with and without phototherapy.

Our objective was to analyze the relationship between transcutaneous bilirubin (TcB) measured on an unexposed area of skin and total serum bilirubin (TSB) in preterm infants before, during, and after phototherapy (PT). For this purpose paired TSB and TcB levels were measured daily during the first ten days after birth in preterm infants of less than 32 weeks' gestation. TcB was measured with a Dräger Jaundice Meter JM-103 on the covered hipbone. Agreement between TSB and TcB levels was assessed before, dur...

Histological chorioamnionitis is predicted by early infant c-reactive protein in preterm infants and correlates with neonatal outcomes.

Histological chorioamnionitis (HCA) is associated with preterm birth and adverse neonatal outcomes. We evaluated the rise in C-Reactive protein (CRP) in preterm infants as a predictor of HCA severity and outcomes.

Neurodevelopmental outcomes of extremely preterm infants in southern China: A multicenter study.

To assess treatment outcomes and associated factors of extremely preterm infants (EPIs) in GuangXi, China.

The effect of skin-to-skin care on postpartum depression among mothers of preterm or low birthweight infants: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Mothers of preterm or low birthweight (LBW) infants are at two to three times greater risk of postpartum depression (PPD) than mothers of healthy infants, which may be partially due to mother-infant separation during hospitalization. Skin-to-skin care could protect against PPD among these vulnerable mothers. We examined the effect of skin-to-skin care on PPD among mothers of preterm or LBW infants through a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Cohort study showed that growth rate increment has not been enough to prevent growth retardation of preterm infants and raised concerns about unbalanced growth.

We describe the postnatal weight gain, linear and head growth trends of surviving preterm infants from 2005 to 2017.

Reduced Cerebellar Size at Term-Equivalent Age Is Related to a 17% Lower Mental Developmental Index in Very Preterm Infants without Brain Injury.

Cerebellar injury is increasingly recognized as a relevant complication of premature birth. However, the prevalence of reduced cerebellar growth and its consequences for neurodevelopmental outcome in preterm infants without overt brain injury remain to be defined in detail. The aim of this study was to assess the transcerebellar diameter (TCD) at term-equivalent age (TEA) in very preterm infants without brain injury and to evaluate whether TCD is related to neurodevelopmental outcome in this population.

Role of beta-2-microglobulin as a biomarker in very preterm and extremely preterm infants with CNS inflammation.

Premature infants are at risk for severe sepsis and meningitis, both infections associated with high mortality and morbidity. Cerebro-spinal fluid (CSF) culture is the gold standard method for meningitis diagnosis, but interpretation of biochemical parameters of CSF is essential at the moment of the analysis in order to start the appropriate treatment. The main objective of this study was to determine whether levels of CSF beta-2-microglobulin (B2M) were elevated in preterm infants with CNS infections or ot...

Family-Centered Care Enhanced Neonatal Neurophysiological Function in Preterm Infants: Randomized Controlled Trial.

Family-centered intervention for preterm infants has shown short- to medium-term developmental benefits; however, the neurological effects of intervention have rarely been explored.

The prognostic value of NIRS in preterm infants with (suspected) late-onset sepsis in relation to long term outcome: A pilot study.

Late-onset sepsis is frequently seen in preterm infants and is associated with poor neurodevelopmental outcome. White matter damage is proposed as substrate of poor outcome, with contributing factors as regional hypoxia and effects of cytokines on oligodendrocytes. We investigated the relation between cerebral oxygenation during (suspected) late-onset sepsis and neurodevelopmental outcome. Prospective cohort study, including preterm infants (gestational age


Facilitating factors and barriers to breast milk feeding (BMF) for preterm infants have been mainly studied in very preterm populations, but little is known about moderate preterm infants. We aimed to analyze hospital unit characteristics and BMF policies associated with BMF at discharge for infants born at 32 to 34 weeks' gestation (WG). EPIPAGE-2, a French national cohort of preterm births, included 883 infants born at 32 to 34 WG. We investigated kangaroo care (KC) in the first 24 hr, early involvement o...

Iron supplementation in preterm and low birth weight infants: a systematic review of intervention studies.

Enteral iron supplementation in preterm infants is recommended to supply sufficient iron for growth and development without increasing the risk of iron overload. However, the current recommendations date from 2010 and are based on limited evidence.

Impact of Nonmedical Factors on Neurobehavior and Language Outcomes of Preterm Infants.

Preterm infants are at increased risk for adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes. The impact of maternal, NICU, and social environmental factors on early neurobehavior and language outcomes of preterm infants is recognized. There is a need for health care professionals to have a clear understanding of the importance of facilitating positive mother-infant relationships, and to address not only the infant's sensory and language environment, but also focus on adverse maternal mental health and social adversities ...

Neural processing of changes in phonetic and emotional speech sounds and tones in preterm infants at term age.

Auditory change-detection responses provide information on sound discrimination and memory skills in infants. We examined both the automatic change-detection process and processing of emotional information content in speech in preterm infants in comparison to full-term infants at term age.

Controlled Trial of Two Incremental Milk-Feeding Rates in Preterm Infants.

Observational data have shown that slow advancement of enteral feeding volumes in preterm infants is associated with a reduced risk of necrotizing enterocolitis but an increased risk of late-onset sepsis. However, data from randomized trials are limited.

Male sex is an independent risk factor for poor neurodevelopmental outcome at 20 months' corrected age, in human milk-fed very preterm infants: a cohort study.

To determine associations between sex and neurodevelopmental outcomes in human milk-fed very preterm infants, adjusted to early measured nutrient intakes and other neonatal cofactors.

Impact of Early Postnatal Weight Gain on Retinopathy of Prematurity in Very Preterm Infants in Southwestern Ontario.

To examine the relationship between post-natal growth and development of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) among preterm infants in southwestern Ontario.

Renal dysfunction is already evident within the first month of life in Australian Indigenous infants born preterm.

Antecedents of the high rates of chronic kidney disease in Australian Indigenous peoples may originate early in life. Fourteen percent of Australian Indigenous infants are born preterm (under 37 weeks gestation) and, therefore, at risk. Here, our observational cohort study sought to determine the impact of preterm birth on renal function in Australian Indigenous and non-Indigenous infants. Renal function was assessed between 4-29 days postnatally in 60 Indigenous and 42 non-Indigenous infants born at 24-36 ...

A randomized crossover trial comparing the Nifty cup to a medicine cup in preterm infants who have difficulty breastfeeding at Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital (KATH) in Kumasi, Ghana.

Preterm infants make up the majority of the 9 million babies born in Africa and South Asia requiring supplemental feedings as they transition to exclusive breastfeeding. The World Health Organization recommends the use of a cup to feed newborns with breastfeeding difficulties in low-resource settings. We set out to evaluate the Nifty cup, a new feeding cup designed specifically for infants with breastfeeding difficulties.

Mannose-Binding Lectin Levels in Late-Onset Sepsis in Preterm Infants: Results from a Prospective Study in a Tertiary Care Center.

This study aimed to determine the association between serum mannose-binding lectin (MBL) levels, gene polymorphisms and late-onset sepsis (LOS) in preterm infants. Infants with

Six-monthly palivizumab prophylaxis effectively reduced RSV-associated hospitalization rates of preterm infants in a subtropical area: a population-based cohort study.

To evaluate the effects of 6-monthly palivizumab on respiratory syncytial virus-associated hospitalization (RSVH) in preterm infants in an area without RSV seasonality.

Face mask respiratory support for preterm infants: Takes their breath away?: Commentary on "The effect of a face mask for respiratory support on breathing in preterm infants at birth" (RESUS-D-19-00527R1).

Antenatal infection and intraventricular hemorrhage in preterm infants: A meta-analysis.

The aim of this study was to summarize current evidence evaluating the association between antenatal infection and intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) in preterm infants.

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