PubMed Journals Articles About "Regorafenib Plus Nivolumab In Patients With Colorectal Cancer" - Page: 2 RSS

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Showing "Regorafenib Plus Nivolumab Patients With Colorectal Cancer" PubMed Articles 26–50 of 45,000+

Comprehensive value assessment of drugs using a multi-criteria decision analysis: An example of targeted therapies for metastatic colorectal cancer treatment.

This study is aimed toward establishing a decision-making model with multiple criteria for appraisal and reimbursement to compare the attitudes of different stakeholders toward various dimensions and criteria and to evaluate the five targeted therapies (bevacizumab, cetuximab, panitumumab, aflibercept, and regorafenib) for metastatic colorectal cancer.

Outcomes of colorectal cancer surgery in the nonagenarians: 20-year result from a tertiary center.

There is a foreseeable trend that life expectancy is on the rise in many parts of the world. More and more patients will present with colorectal cancer at extreme old age and advanced age is a well-known risk factor for adverse outcomes after surgery. The aim of this study is to evaluate the outcomes of colorectal cancer surgery in patients aged 90 or above.

Serum cell-free DNA concentrations and integrity analysis of colorectal cancer patients before and after surgery.

This study was carried out to investigate cell-free DNA (cfDNA) as a potential biomarker for colorectal cancer diagnosis.Patients with colorectal cancer (n = 25) who had not undergone surgery, and 35 patients with postoperative colorectal cancer were enrolled. Peripheral blood samples were collected from the colorectal cancer subjects (experimental group), and also from 30 healthy volunteers (control group). Quantitative PCR (qPCR) was used to determine cfDNA concentration and integrity in each group. The c...

Preliminary experience on safety of regorafenib after sorafenib failure in recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma after liver transplantation.

Regorafenib is one option for second-line treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), improving overall survival (OS) of sorafenib-tolerant patients who develop progression. We aim to evaluate safety and outcomes of regorafenib as second-line treatment for HCC-recurrence after liver transplantation (LT). This is a retrospective, multicentre, international study including regorafenib-treated LT-patients (2015-2018), with analysis of baseline characteristics and evolutionary-events during sorafenib/regorafe...

Is colorectal cancer a more aggressive disease in young patients? A population-based study from the Czech Republic.

The incidence of colorectal cancer in young patients is increasing. The goal of this study was to investigate whether clinicopathological features and survival differed between young, middle-aged and elderly patients.

Upregulated OCT3 has the potential to improve the survival of colorectal cancer patients treated with (m)FOLFOX6 adjuvant chemotherapy.

To investigate the influence of organic cation transporter 3 (OCT3) expression on the effect of the combination regimen of 5-fluorouracil, folinic acid and oxaliplatin ((m)FOLFOX6) in colorectal cancer (CRC) patients.

Expression and Function of a Disintegrin and Metalloproteinases in Cancer-Associated Fibroblasts of Colorectal Cancer.

Cancer tissues consist of cancer cells and stroma, the latter of which dictates cancer tissue microenvironment. We recently reported that the desmoplastic reaction (DR) pattern at the invasive front in colorectal cancer (CRC) is a promising prognostic indicator. However, the molecular mechanisms of DR formation and contribution to patients' prognosis remain unclear.

Efficacy and safety profile of nivolumab for Japanese patients with metastatic renal cell cancer.

Nivolumab, which has a promising anti-tumor efficacy and a manageable safety profile, has being rapidly introduced in metastatic renal cell cancer therapy in Japan. We evaluated the efficacy and adverse events of nivolumab in real world clinical practice in Japan.

Associations of Physical Activity With Survival and Progression in Metastatic Colorectal Cancer: Results From Cancer and Leukemia Group B (Alliance)/SWOG 80405.

Regular physical activity is associated with reduced risk of recurrence and mortality in patients with nonmetastatic colorectal cancer. Its influence on patients with advanced/metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) has been largely unexplored.

Correlation between immune-related adverse events and prognosis in patients with gastric cancer treated with nivolumab.

Recent studies have shown that immune-related adverse events (irAEs) caused by immune checkpoint inhibitors were associated with clinical benefit in patients with melanoma or lung cancer. In advanced gastric cancer (AGC) patients, there have been few reports about the correlation between irAEs and efficacy of immune checkpoint inhibitors. In this study, we retrospectively investigated the correlation between irAEs and efficacy in AGC patients treated with nivolumab.

The relationship between sarcopenia and survival at 1 year in patients having elective colorectal cancer surgery.

Colorectal cancer remains a common cause of cancer death in the UK, with surgery being the mainstay of treatment. An objective measurement of the suitability of each patient for surgery, and their risk-benefit calculation, would be of great utility. We postulate that sarcopenia (low muscle mass) could fulfil this role as a prognostic indicator. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between sarcopenia and long-term outcomes in patients undergoing elective bowel resection for colorectal can...

Why focus on patient-reported outcome measures in older colorectal cancer patients?

Colorectal cancer is the most common cancer among older persons, with surgery the recommended treatment for many. With a growing emphasis on value-based care, there is an increasing desire to implement patient-reported outcome measures. Patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) are the tools and instruments used to collect patient-reported symptoms, functional status, and quality of life. Monitoring and addressing PROMs has been shown to improve patient-centered care in surgical oncology populations and sur...

5-FU preferably induces apoptosis in BRAF V600E colorectal cancer cells via downregulation of Bcl-x.

Fluorouracil (5-FU) which has been widely used in postoperative adjuvant therapy in patients with colon cancer, remains the main backbone of combination treatment of patients with colon cancer. However, the efficacy of 5-FU alone in colorectal cancer patients with BRAFV600E is not clear. In this study, we demonstrated that BRAFV600E confers sensitivity to 5-FU in vitro and in vivo xenograft model, using the paired isogenic colorectal cancer cell lines RKO with either BRAF Wild Type (WT)(+/-) or mutant (Mut)...

Uptake of Colorectal Cancer Screening by Physicians is Associated With Greater Uptake by Their Patients.

Physicians' own screening practices might affect screening in their patients. We conducted a population-based study to evaluate whether family physicians who underwent colorectal cancer testing were more likely to have patients who underwent colorectal cancer testing.

Skeletal muscle mass predicts the outcome of nivolumab treatment for non-small cell lung cancer.

Nivolumab, a monoclonal antibody targeting programmed cell death-1, significantly prolongs survival for patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, little is known about the value of predictive biomarkers. Hence, we investigated the impact of skeletal muscle (SM) mass loss on clinical outcomes in NSCLC patients undergoing nivolumab treatment. Thirty patients with histologically confirmed NSCLC treated with nivolumab were included in this study. Computed tomography was used to determi...

Safety and efficacy of nivolumab in challenging subgroups with advanced melanoma who progressed on or after ipilimumab treatment: A single-arm, open-label, phase II study (CheckMate 172).

Limited data are available on nivolumab in challenging subgroups with advanced melanoma. We report outcomes of nivolumab after prior ipilimumab in patients who are typically excluded from clinical trials.

Role of Peritoneal Cytology in Patients with Early Stage Colorectal Cancer.

The main objective of this study was to investigate the incidence of free tumour cells in peritoneal lavage cytology performed using a standard method before and after the resection of the tumour, and to assess the usefulness of this technique in scheduled interventions on colorectal cancer patients. Peritoneal lavage cytology was performed on a homogeneous sample of 188 patients undergoing colorectal cancer curative resection before and after the resection of the tumour. The procedure was performed systema...

Preoperative rehabilitation for patients undergoing colorectal cancer surgery: a retrospective cohort study.

We investigated the impact of preoperative short-term rehabilitation on activities of daily living among patients with colorectal cancer.

Health care disparities in colorectal and esophageal cancer.

We aimed to identify differences in disparities among patients with a cancer in which screening is widely recommended (colorectal cancer [CRC]) and one in which it is not (esophageal cancer).

Association between polymorphisms in PRNCR1 and risk of colorectal cancer in the Saudi population.

LncRNA Prostate cancer non-coding RNA (PRNCR1) is downregulated in many types of cancer. The current case-control study was performed on 144 patients with colorectal cancer and 130 matching controls. Genotyping was performed using TaqMan assays for four Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) in PRNCR1. RNAsnp Web Server was used to detect variations in the secondary structure for each SNP. The genotyping analysis for SNP rs1456315 showed increased association with colorectal cancer with the homozygous CC va...

Investigation on the hereditary basis of colorectal cancers in an African population with frequent early onset cases.

Approximately 25% of colorectal cancer patients in sub-Saharan Africa are younger than 40 years, and hereditary factors may contribute. We investigated the frequency and patterns of inherited colorectal cancer among black Zimbabweans.

Hypertension and chronic kidney disease is highly prevalent in elderly patients with colorectal cancer undergoing primary surgery.

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a common and lethal disease. Hypertension is the most commonly reported comorbidity among cancer patients. Data on its incidence and prevalence is very scarce.

Neutrophil-related Variables Have Different Prognostic Effect Based on Primary Tumor Location in Patients With Metastatic Colorectal Cancer Receiving Chemotherapy.

Clinical data reported a relationship between neutrophil-related variables and poor prognosis in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC), but only platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio has been reported as prognostic.

Long-term significance of an anastomotic leak in patients undergoing an ultra-low anterior resection for rectal cancer.

Australia has one of the highest rates of colorectal cancer worldwide. Despite technological advances in colorectal surgery, anastomotic leaks (ALs) continue to cause significant morbidity and mortality. Ultra-low anterior resections (ULARs) carry the highest prevalence of AL. The aim of the study is to evaluate the incidence, treatment and consequences of AL following ULAR for colorectal cancer from a single colorectal unit.

Nivolumab Is Effective in Mismatch Repair-Deficient Noncolorectal Cancers: Results From Arm Z1D-A Subprotocol of the NCI-MATCH (EAY131) Study.

The National Cancer Institute Molecular Analysis for Therapy Choice (NCI-MATCH) trial, the largest national precision oncology study to date (> 1,100 sites) of patients with relapsed or refractory malignancies, assigned patients to targeted therapy in parallel phase II studies based on tumor molecular alterations. The anti-programmed death receptor 1 inhibitor nivolumab previously showed activity in mismatch repair (MMR)-deficient colon cancer. We hypothesized that nivolumab would have activity in patients ...

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