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PubMed Journals Articles About "Saccharomyces Cerevisiae Strain Comparison Glucose Xylose Fermentations Defined" - Page: 2 RSS

10:47 EST 16th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain comparison glucose xylose fermentations defined" PubMed Articles 26–50 of 11,000+

Investigating the biochemical and fermentation attributes of Lachancea species and strains: Deciphering the potential contribution to wine chemical composition.

Yeasts of various genera are increasingly used alongside Saccharomyces cerevisiae to drive wine fermentations owing to their positive contribution to the organoleptic profile of the resulting wines. One such yeast species is Lachancea thermotolerans. Other species of the genus Lachancea, namely, L. fermentati and L. lanzarotensis have also been isolated from the fermentation environment, but have not received the same degree of attention as L. thermotolerans. The aim of this study was to investigate the oen...


Lactic acid production from glucose and xylose using the lactogenic Escherichia coli strain JU15: Experiments and techno-economic results.

In this work, d-lactic acid production was evaluated from a simulated hydrolysate of corn stover (32 g/L xylose, 42 g/L glucose) with the metabolically engineered Escherichia coli strain JU15. Based on the experimental results, a technical and economic analysis of the entire process was performed using the Aspen Plus software. As a result, it was possible to show that the strain can efficiently produce lactic acid from both sugars, reaching a final concentration of 40 g/L and a yield of 0.6 g lactic...

Rationally designed perturbation factor drives evolution in Saccharomyces cerevisiae for industrial application.

Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains with favorable characteristics are preferred for application in industries. However, the current ability to reprogram a yeast cell on the genome scale is limited due to the complexity of yeast ploids. In this study, a method named genome replication engineering-assisted continuous evolution (GREACE) was proved efficient in engineering S. cerevisiae with different ploids. Through iterative cycles of culture coupled with selection, GREACE could continuously improve the target ...


Refactoring the upper sugar metabolism of Pseudomonas putida for co-utilization of cellobiose, xylose, and glucose.

Given its capacity to tolerate stress, NAD(P)H/ NAD(P) balance, and increased ATP levels, the platform strain Pseudomonas putida EM42, a genome-edited derivative of the soil bacterium P. putida KT2440, can efficiently host a suite of harsh reactions of biotechnological interest. Because of the lifestyle of the original isolate, however, the nutritional repertoire of P. putida EM42 is centered largely on organic acids, aromatic compounds and some hexoses (glucose and fructose). To enlarge the biochemical net...

Overproduction of isoprenoids by Saccharomyces cerevisiae in a synthetic grape juice medium in the absence of plant genes.

The objective of this work is to demonstrate if the hexaprenyl pyrophosphate synthetase Coq1p might be involved in monoterpenes synthesis in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, although its currently known function in yeast is to catalyze the first step in ubiquinone biosynthesis. However, in a BY4743 laboratory strain, the presence of an empty plasmid in a chemically defined grape juice medium results in a statistically significant increase of linalool, (E)-nerolidol and (E,E)-farnesol. When COQ1 is overexpressed fr...

Global rewiring of cellular metabolism renders Saccharomyces cerevisiae Crabtree negative.

Saccharomyces cerevisiae is a Crabtree-positive eukaryal model organism. It is believed that the Crabtree effect has evolved as a competition mechanism by allowing for rapid growth and production of ethanol at aerobic glucose excess conditions. This inherent property of yeast metabolism and the multiple mechanisms underlying it require a global rewiring of the entire metabolic network to abolish the Crabtree effect. Through rational engineering of pyruvate metabolism combined with adaptive laboratory evolut...

Introducing a Cell-Free Approach for the Identification of Brewing Yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) Strains Using MALDI-TOF MS.

Matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization (MALDI) time-of-flight mass spectrometry (TOF MS) is now accepted as a quick, easy-to-use, cost-effective, and accurate technique for the identification of microorganisms. However, the successful identification of microorganisms is dependent upon careful attention to factors such as growth conditions, extraction methods, mass spectral data collection, and data analysis procedures. Currently, most microorganism identification has been limited to the species level, ...

Biochemical characterization and evaluation of invertases produced from Saccharomyces cerevisiae CAT-1 and Rhodotorula mucilaginosa for the production of fructooligosaccharides.

Invertases are used for several purposes; one among these is the production of fructooligosaccharides. The aim of this study was to biochemically characterize invertase from industrial Saccharomyces cerevisiae CAT-1 and Rhodotorula mucilaginosa isolated from Cerrado soil. The optimum pH and temperature were 4.0 and 70 °C for Rhodotorula mucilaginosa invertase and 4.5 and 50 °C for Saccharomyces cerevisiae invertase. The pH and thermal stability from 3.0 to 10.5 and 75 °C for R. mucilaginosa inverta...

Efficient production of lycopene in Saccharomyces cerevisiae by enzyme engineering and increasing membrane flexibility and NAPDH production.

Lycopene is a red carotenoid pigment with strong antioxidant activity. Saccharomyces cerevisiae is considered a promising host to produce lycopene, but lycopene toxicity is one of the limiting factors for high-level production. In this study, we used heterologous lycopene biosynthesis genes crtE and crtI from Xanthophyllomyces dendrorhous and crtB from Pantoea agglomerans for lycopene production in S. cerevisiae. The crtE, crtB, and crtI genes were integrated into the genome of S. cerevisiae CEN.PK2-1C stra...

Efficient removal of atrazine from aqueous solutions using magnetic Saccharomyces cerevisiae bionanomaterial.

A novel bionanomaterial comprising Saccharomyces cerevisiae (S. cerevisiae) and FeO nanoparticles encapsulated in a sodium alginate-polyvinyl alcohol (SA-PVA) matrix was synthesized for the efficient removal of atrazine from aqueous solutions. The effects of the operating parameters, nitrogen source, and glucose and Fe contents on atrazine removal were investigated, and the intermediates were detected by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). In addition, the synthesized FeO particles were characteri...

Cigarette smoke condensate alters Saccharomyces cerevisiae efflux transporter mRNA and activity and increases caffeine toxicity.

In animals, cigarette smoke may alter pharmacokinetics by altering activity and expression of ABC drug transporters. We previously demonstrated that cigarette smoke condensate (CSC) impairs activity and expression of several hepatic ABC drug transporters which mediate toxicant efflux. However, CSC effects on efflux transporters are still unknown in Saccharomyces cerevisiae which resists diverse chemical stresses, by inducing pleiotropic drug resistance (PDR) genes among others. The yeast ABC transporters ar...

Lipid engineering combined with systematic metabolic engineering of Saccharomyces cerevisiae for high-yield production of lycopene.

Saccharomyces cerevisiae is an efficient host for natural-compound production and preferentially employed in academic studies and bioindustries. However, S. cerevisiae exhibits limited production capacity for lipophilic natural products, especially compounds that accumulate intracellularly, such as polyketides and carotenoids, with some engineered compounds displaying cytotoxicity. In this study, we used a nature-inspired strategy to establish an effective platform to improve lipid oil-triacylglycerol (TAG)...

Lipid production via simultaneous conversion of glucose and xylose by a novel yeast, Cystobasidium iriomotense.

The yeast strains IPM32-16, ISM28-8sT, and IPM46-17, isolated from plant and soil samples from Iriomote Island, Japan, were explored in terms of lipid production during growth in a mixture of glucose and xylose. Phylogenetically, the strains were most closely related to Cystobasidium slooffiae, based on the sequences of the ITS regions and the D1/D2 domain of the LSU rRNA gene. The strains were oleaginous, accumulating lipids to levels > 20% dry cell weight. Moreover, kinetic analysis of the sugar-to-lipid ...

Identification of multiple-derived peptides produced by Saccharomyces cerevisiae involved in malolactic fermentation inhibition.

An oenological strain of Saccharomyces cerevisiae was previously shown to produce a 5-10 kDa peptidic fraction responsible for the inhibition of malolactic fermentation (MLF). In the present study, we aim to further purify the anti-MLF peptides of this fraction. The yeast fermented synthetic grape juice medium was fractionated by ammonium sulfate precipitation combined with ultrafiltration. The 5-10 kDa fraction recovered at a saturation degree of 60-80% was the only fraction that inhibited both the bacteri...

Pentose metabolism in Saccharomyces cerevisiae: The need to engineer global regulatory systems.

Extending the host substrate range of industrially relevant microbes, such as Saccharomyces cerevisiae, has been a highly-active area of research since the conception of metabolic engineering. Yet, rational strategies that enable non-native substrate utilization in this yeast without the need for combinatorial and/or evolutionary techniques are underdeveloped. In this review, we focus on pentose metabolism in S. cerevisiae as a case study to highlight the challenges in this field. In the last three decades,...

Efficient xylitol production from cornstalk hydrolysate using engineered Escherichia coli whole cells.

Economic transformation of lignocellulose hydrolysate into valued-added products is of particular importance for energy and environmental issues. In this study, xylose reductase and glucose dehydrogenase were cloned into plasmid pETDuet-1 and then simultaneously expressed in Escherichia coli BL21(DE3), which was used as whole-cell catalyst for the first time to convert xylose into xylitol coupled with gluconate production. When tested with reconstituted xylose and glucose solution, 0.1 g/mL cells could conv...

Multi-omic characterization of laboratory-evolved Saccharomyces cerevisiae HJ7-14 with high ability of algae-based ethanol production.

In this study, an evolved Saccharomyces cerevisiae HJ7-14 with high ability of algae-based ethanol production was characterized by multi-omic approaches. Genome sequencing of the HJ7-14 revealed a point mutation in the GAL83 gene (G703A) involved in the catabolite repression as well as the galactose metabolism. Cultural and transcriptional analyses of a S. cerevisiae mutant with chromosomal GAL83(G703A) indicated that the catabolite repression onto the galactose metabolism was considerably relieved in all c...

Identification of novel genes involved in acetic acid tolerance of Saccharomyces cerevisiae using pooled-segregant RNA sequencing.

Acetic acid tolerance of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae is manifested in several quantifiable parameters, of which the duration of the latency phase is one of the most studied. It has been shown recently that the latter parameter is mostly determined by a fraction of cells within the population that resumes proliferation upon exposure to acetic acid. The aim of the current study was to identify genetic determinants of the difference in this parameter between the highly tolerant strain MUCL 11987-9 and t...

Expression of Macrobrachium rosenbergii lipopolysaccharide- and β-1,3-glucan-binding protein (LGBP) in Saccharomyces cerevisiae and evaluation of its immune function.

Pattern recognition proteins (PRPs) activate the innate immune system in invertebrates, and lipopolysaccharide- and β-1,3-glucan-binding protein (LGBP) is an important PRP with various biological functions. Here, the open reading frame (ORF) of Macrobrachium rosenbergii LGBP (MrLGBP) was cloned into plasmid vector pHAC181, then integrated into downstream of the GAL1 promoter of Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain GAL1-ScRCH1 via homologous recombination, followed by its expression in the yeast eukaryotic syste...

Optimization of fermentation-relevant factors: A strategy to reduce ethanol in red wine by sequential culture of native yeasts.

Current consumer preferences are determined by well-structured, full-bodied wines with a rich flavor and with reduced alcohol levels. One of the strategies for obtaining wines with reduced ethanol content is sequential inoculation of non-Saccharomyces and Saccharomyces cerevisiae yeasts. However, different factors affect the production of metabolites like ethanol, glycerol and acetic acid by inoculated yeasts. In order to obtain low alcohol wines without quality loss, the aims of our study were: i) to deter...

Differential diagnosis of Crohn's disease using antibodies to glycoprotein 2 and Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

Glycoprotein 2 (GP2), the major autoantigen of Crohn's disease (CD)-specific pancreatic autoantibodies, is reportedly correlated with several characteristics of CD. We investigated this serological marker in Turkish patients with CD and assessed its utility in combination with anti-Saccharomyces cerevisiae antibodies (ASCAs) for differential diagnosis of CD.

Pestynol, an Antifungal Compound Discovered Using a Saccharomyces cerevisiae 12geneΔ0HSR-iERG6-Based Assay.

The multidrug-sensitive budding yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae 12geneΔ0HSR-iERG6, is very useful in antifungal screens. A novel compound, named pestynol (1), was discovered from a culture of the fungus Pestalotiopsis humus FKI-7473 using the multidrug-sensitive yeast. The structure of 1 was elucidated by NMR studies and modified Mosher's method as (1 R,2 R,3 R,4 R)-( E)-5-(7,11-dimethyl-3-methylenedodeca-6,10-dien-1-yn-1-yl)cyclohex-5-ene-1,2,3,4-tetraol. Compound 1 showed antimicrobial activity against t...

Overexpression of Ecm22 improves ergosterol biosynthesis in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

Ergosterol biosynthesis in Saccharomyces cerevisiae is complex and the underlying mechanism of regulation remains unclear. To clarify the influence of transcriptional regulation on the ergosterol content, transcription factor Ecm22 was overexpressed in S. cerevisiae. Results showed that overexpression of ECM22 led to an increased invasive growth. Fluconazole susceptibility testing indicated that strains overexpressing ECM22 could grow at 20 μg ml . By contrast, the control failed to grow at 16 μg ml . Amo...

Wolbachia pipientis grows in Saccharomyces cerevisiae evoking early death of the host and deregulation of mitochondrial metabolism.

Wolbachia sp. has colonized over 70% of insect species, successfully manipulating host fertility, protein expression, lifespan, and metabolism. Understanding and engineering the biochemistry and physiology of Wolbachia holds great promise for insect vector-borne disease eradication. Wolbachia is cultured in cell lines, which have long duplication times and are difficult to manipulate and study. The yeast strain Saccharomyces cerevisiae W303 was used successfully as an artificial host for Wolbachia wAlbB. As...

Xylose metabolism in the pig.

It is important to understand if, and to what extent, the pig can utilize xylose as an energy source if xylanase releases free xylose in the small intestine. The experimental objectives were to determine the effects of industry-relevant dietary xylose concentrations and adaptation time on xylose retention efficiency and metabolism, diet digestibility and energy value, nitrogen balance, and hindgut fermentation. Forty-eight pigs were housed in metabolism crates and randomly assigned to one of four treatments...


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