PubMed Journals Articles About "Twin Study Finds Genetics Affects Where Children Look" - Page: 2 RSS

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Showing "Twin study finds genetics affects where children look" PubMed Articles 26–50 of 67,000+

Clinical Factors Associated With Presentation Change of the Second Twin After Vaginal Delivery of the First Twin.

Clinical Factors Associated With Presentation Change of the Second Twin After Vaginal Delivery of the First Twin: Correction.

Twin-to-twin-transfusion syndrome: from amniodrainage to laser.

Prenatal screening for Down syndrome in twin pregnancies: estimates of screening performance based on 61 affected and 7,302 unaffected twin pregnancies.

To determine whether assumptions used in prenatal screening for Down syndrome in twin pregnancies are valid, and derive estimates of risk and screening performance in twin pregnancies using observed data.

Motor Competence Levels and Prevalence of Developmental Coordination Disorder in Spanish Children: The MOVI-KIDS Study.

Motor competence (MC) affects numerous aspects of children's daily life. The aims of this study were to: evaluate MC, provide population-based percentile values for MC; and determine the prevalence of developmental coordination disorder (DCD) in Spanish schoolchildren.

Fatal Umbilical Cord Strangulation in the Remaining Co-Twin after Selective Foeticide with Radiofrequency Ablation for Twin-Twin Transfusion Syndrome.

We report a case of a monochorionic diamniotic twin diagnosed with twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS; stage 3) with co-existing severe cerebral damage in the donor twin at 18 + 4 weeks' gestation. After counselling, the parents opted for selective foeticide of the donor twin. For the procedure, radiofrequency ablation (RFA) was used. Serial ultrasound examinations at 20 + 1 and 21 + 1 weeks' gestation showed good recovery of the ex-recipient, after which the patient was sent back to the referring hospita...

Preoperative Ultrasound Prediction of Essential Landmarks for Successful Fetoscopic Laser Treatment of Twin-Twin Transfusion Syndrome.

The insertion site of the fetoscope for laser occlusion (FLOC) treatment of twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) determines the likelihood of treatment success. We assessed a standardized preoperative ultrasound approach for its ability to identify critical landmarks for successful FLOC.

Percentile charts of twin birth weight.

Birth weight of multiples is naturally lower than that of singletons. Since the incidence of twin pregnancy has risen in recent years, it seems reasonable to create standards of birth weight separately for twins. This could help in the objective assessment of small and large for gestational age twin newborns.

Etiology of Hypomineralized Second Primary Molars: A Prospective Twin Study.

The etiology of hypomineralized second primary molars (HSPM) is unclear, but genetic and environmental factors have been proposed. The aim of this study was to investigate the relative contribution of genes and environment to the etiology of HSPM and to identify potential environmental risk factors in a longitudinal twin cohort. Children from twin pregnancies ( N = 250) were recruited antenatally, and detailed demographic, health, and phenotypic data were collected at recruitment, 24- and 36-wk gestation, b...

Parents' views of genetic testing and treatment of familial hypercholesterolemia in children: a qualitative study.

Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is a serious inherited disorder, which greatly increases individuals' risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in adult life. However, medical treatment and lifestyle adjustments can fully restore life expectancy. Whilst European guidance advises that where there is a known family mutation genetic testing is undertaken in early childhood, the majority of the at-risk population remain untested and undiagnosed. To date, only a small number of studies have explored parents' and c...

A Population-Based Twin Study of Childhood Irritability and Internalizing Syndromes.

Childhood irritability exhibits significant theoretical and empirical associations with depression and anxiety syndromes. The current study used the twin design to parse genetic and environmental contributions to these relationships. Children ages 9-14 from 374 twin pairs were assessed for irritability and symptoms of depression, generalized anxiety, panic, social phobia, and separation anxiety using dimensional self-report instruments. Multivariate structural equation modeling decomposed the correlations b...

Utility and limitations of exome sequencing as a genetic diagnostic tool for children with hearing loss.

Hearing loss (HL) is the most common sensory disorder in children. Prompt molecular diagnosis may guide screening and management, especially in syndromic cases when HL is the single presenting feature. Exome sequencing (ES) is an appealing diagnostic tool for HL as the genetic causes are highly heterogeneous.

Who loses public health insurance when states pass restrictive omnibus immigration-related laws? The moderating role of county Latino density.

In the United States, there is widespread concern that state laws restricting rights for noncitizens may have spillover effects for Latino children in immigrant families. Studies into the laws' effects on health care access have inconsistent findings, demonstrating gaps in our understanding of who is most affected, under what circumstances. Using comparative interrupted time series methods and a nationally-representative sample of US citizen, Latino children with noncitizen parents from the National Health ...

In situ atomic scale mechanisms of strain-induced twin boundary shear to high angle grain boundary in nanocrystalline Pt.

Twin boundary can both strengthen and soften nanocrystalline metals and has been an important path for improving the strength and ductility of nano materials. Here, using in-lab developed double-tilt tensile stage in the transmission electron microscope, the atomic scale twin boundary shearing process was in situ observed in a twin-structured nanocrystalline Pt. It was revealed that the twin boundary shear was resulted from partial dislocation emissions on the intersected {111} planes, which accommodate as ...

Parent-child attachment in children born preterm and at term: A multigroup analysis.

While ample research exists about mother-child attachment, so far little focus has been on specifics of father-child attachment. Even less research is available on the nature of the father-child relationship for children born preterm. The objective of this study was to determine whether children born preterm (23 to 37 weeks gestation) differ in their attachment to their fathers and mothers from their term peers (> 37 weeks gestation), and whether specific child characteristics, such as gender, twin status, ...

The influence of the twin peg design on femoral Interface temperature and maximum load to failure in cemented Oxford unicompartmental knee arthroplasty.

The twin peg femoral component was introduced for the cemented Oxford unicondylar knee to increase implant stability. The aim of this experimental study was to investigate the influence of the twin peg design on femoral interface temperature and maximum load to failure in comparison to the single peg design.

Oral health-related quality of life in children and adolescents with osteogenesis imperfecta: cross-sectional study.

Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) affects dental and craniofacial development and may therefore impair Oral Health-Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL). However, little is known about OHRQoL in children and adolescents with OI. The aim of this study was to explore the influence of OI severity on oral health-related quality of life in children and adolescents.

Factors Affecting Food Allergy-Related Quality of Life From Parents' Perception in Turkish Children.

Food allergy (FA) affects the daily lives of children and parents in varying degrees. The Food Allergy Quality of Life Questionnaire-Parent Form (FAQLQ-PF) is a valid and reliable instrument to assess the quality of life (QoL) of children from parents' perception. The aim of this study was to validate and determine the reliability of the Turkish FAQLQ-PF and to assess QoL in food-allergic children.

Twin-twin transfusion syndrome screening and diagnosis in the United States: A triangulation design of patient experiences.

Using patient-reported experiences, this study: 1) quantitatively evaluated TTTS screening trends, 2) examined screening and diagnostic experiences using a mixed methods approach, and 3) determined gaps in clinical care experiences.

Simplified end-to-end continuous manufacturing by feeding API suspensions in twin-screw wet granulation.

This study focussed on investigating the coupling of continuous manufacturing of drug substance and continuous manufacture of drug product. An important step in such an integrated end-to-end continuous manufacturing was envisioned by dosing the API as suspension into a twin-screw wet granulation process. To achieve this goal, a model drug substance (ibuprofen) was fed as a concentrated aqueous suspension (50% w/w) into a twin-screw granulator and compared against traditional solid feeding of the model drug ...

Exposure to fluoride of children during the critical age for dental fluorosis, in the semiarid region of Brazil.

There is a concern about the increasing prevalence of dental fluorosis, which depends on the dose of fluoride (F) to which children are subjected during tooth formation. Environmental temperature affects water intake and therefore it would be important to assess whether children living in the semiarid region are exposed to an excessive dose of F. Therefore, the objective of this study was to determine the total dose of F to which children are exposed during the critical age for dental fluorosis, with diet (...

Can listeners hear the difference between children with normal hearing and children with a hearing impairment?

Acoustic measurements have shown that the speech of hearing-impaired (HI) children differs from that of normally hearing (NH) children, even after several years of device use. This study focuses on the perception of HI speech in comparison to NH children's speech. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether adult listeners can identify the speech of NH and HI children. Moreover, it is studied whether listeners' experience and the children's length of device use play a role in that assessment. For t...

Investigating the Epigenetic Discrimination of Identical Twins Using Buccal Swabs, Saliva, and Cigarette Butts in the Forensic Setting.

Monozygotic (MZ) twins are typically indistinguishable via forensic DNA profiling. Recently, we demonstrated that epigenetic differentiation of MZ twins is feasible; however, proportions of twin differentially methylated CpG sites (tDMSs) identified in reference-type blood DNA were not replicated in trace-type blood DNA. Here we investigated buccal swabs as typical forensic reference material, and saliva and cigarette butts as commonly encountered forensic trace materials. As an analog to a forensic case, w...

Estimated energy requirements increase across pregnancy in healthy women with dichorionic twins.

Estimated energy requirement (EER) has not been defined for twin pregnancy. This study was designed to determine the EER of healthy women with dichorionic-diamniotic (DCDA) twin pregnancies.

Fatigue symptoms in relation to neuroticism, anxiety-depression, and musculoskeletal pain. A longitudinal twin study.

The nature of the relationship between fatigue and its risk factors is poorly understood. In the present study the genetic and environmental association between anxiety-depression, musculoskeletal (MS) pain and fatigue was examined, and the role of neuroticism as a shared risk factor that may possibly explain the co-occurrence between these phenotypes was investigated in a combined cross-sectional and longitudinal twin design.

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