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PubMed Journals Articles About "Important Process Fueling Harmful Algal Blooms Investigated Canadian" - Page: 2 RSS

13:30 EDT 25th September 2018 | BioPortfolio

Important Process Fueling Harmful Algal Blooms Investigated Canadian PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Important Process Fueling Harmful Algal Blooms Investigated Canadian articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "important process fueling harmful algal blooms investigated Canadian" PubMed Articles 26–50 of 40,000+

Canadian Anesthesia Incident Reporting System (CAIRS): The Canadian Anesthesiologists' Society's National Patient Safety Initiative.


Response of algal-bacterial granular system to low carbon wastewater: Focus on granular stability, nutrients removal and accumulation.

The effect of influent chemical oxygen demand to nitrogen (COD/N) ratio on the granular stability, nutrients removal and accumulation of the algal-bacterial AGS was investigated. Two sequencing batch reactors were operated under different influent COD/N ratio, i.e., R (control, COD/N = 8) and R: (COD/N = 8, 4, 2, and 1 through stepwise decrease of COD). Results showed that the integrity coefficient of the granules in R stabilized at 0.7-5.4% during the whole operation. Significantly enhanced dissolv...

Marine microbes in 4D-using time series observation to assess the dynamics of the ocean microbiome and its links to ocean health.

Microbial observation is of high relevance in assessing marine phenomena of scientific and societal concern including ocean productivity, harmful algal blooms, and pathogen exposure. However, we have yet to realise its potential to coherently and comprehensively report on global ocean status. The ability of satellites to monitor the distribution of phytoplankton has transformed our appreciation of microbes as the foundation of key ecosystem services; however, more in-depth understanding of microbial dynamic...


Frequent solitary drinking mediates the associations between negative affect and harmful drinking in emerging adults.

Depression and anxiety are highly comorbid conditions that are associated with harmful drinking. Social learning theory proposes that depressed or anxious individuals learn that drinking can reduce negative affect, which makes them susceptible to harmful drinking. Consistent with theory, evidence suggests that negative affect increases risk for harmful drinking. But, less is known about mediators of negative affect-pathways to harmful drinking. Research has demonstrated that solitary drinking is an underlyi...

How physiological and physical processes contribute to the phenology of cyanobacterial blooms in large shallow lakes: A new Euler-Lagrangian coupled model.

Cyanobacterial blooms have emerged as one of the most severe ecological problems affecting large and shallow freshwater lakes. To improve our understanding of the factors that influence, and could be used to predict, surface blooms, this study developed a novel Euler-Lagrangian coupled approach combining the Eulerian model with agent-based modelling (ABM). The approach was subsequently verified based on monitoring datasets and MODIS data in a large shallow lake (Lake Taihu, China). The Eulerian model solves...

Spatiotemporal Succession Characteristics of Algal Functional Groups and Its Impact Factors for a Typical Channel-Type Reservoir in a Southwest Mountainous Area.

In order to explore the spatial and temporal variations of algal functional groups in the Zipingpu reservoir, a typical channel-type reservoir in the southwest mountainous area of China, water samples were collected from eight sections of the Zipingpu reservoir from April 2016 to March 2017.A total of 21 algal functional groups were identified as B, C, D, F, G, H, J, L, L, M, N, P, S, T, W, W, X, X, X, Y, and Z. Based on the analysis of the dominant degree ( > 0.02), the algal functional groups were dominat...

Biogeography of resistance to paralytic shellfish toxins in softshell clam, Mya arenaria (L.), populations along the Atlantic coast of North America.

Blooms of Alexandrium spp., the causative agent of paralytic shellfish poisoning (PSP), recur with varying frequency and intensity on the Northwest Atlantic coast of North America, from New York, USA, to northern Canadian waters. Along this latitudinal range blooms co-occur with abundant, intertidal populations of softshell clams, Mya arenaria. Prior work identified a naturally-occurring genetic mutation in Domain II α-subunit of the clams' voltage-gated sodium channels (Na), which significantly reduces th...

Microdevice-based solid-phase polymerase chain reaction for rapid detection of pathogenic microorganisms.

We demonstrate the integration of DNA amplification and detection functionalities developed on a lab-on-a-chip microdevice utilizing solid-phase polymerase chain reaction (SP-PCR) for point-of-need (PON) DNA analyses. First, the polycarbonate microdevice was fabricated by thermal bonding to contain microchambers as reservoirs for performing SP-PCR. Next, the microchambers were subsequently modified with polyethyleneimine and glutaraldehyde for immobilizing amine-modified forward primers. During SP-PCR, the ...

Using photocatalyst powder to enhance the coagulation and sedimentation of cyanobacterial cells and enable the sludge to be self-purified under visible light.

Removing harmful cyanobacteria intact by coagulation can prevent cell lysis and toxin release, which provides many benefits for drinking water production, including reduction of the burden on subsequent processes and guaranteeing the water quality. But the electronegativity and buoyancy of cyanobacterial cells make them settle slowly and their accumulation and concentration in flocs would still have severe adverse effects. In this study, we introduced a photocatalyst powder to act as a ballasting agent in t...

Simulation-based assessment of the impact of fertiliser and herbicide application on freshwater ecosystems at the Three Gorges Reservoir in China.

Dams have profound impacts on river ecosystems, amongst them inundation of land, altered dynamics of the water body or uprising reservoir backwaters influencing tributary or upstream river sections. Along the outstandingly ecologically important Yangtze River in China, the Three Gorges Reservoir (TGR) is the largest project, covering an area of 1080 km. From the beginning, the dam-project came in for criticism on increasing environmental risks due to sub-merging former industrial and urban areas. We simul...

Community Structure of Microorganisms and Its Seasonal Variation in Beihai Lake.

Water samples were collected in summer, autumn, winter, and spring in Beihai Lake for the analysis of water quality and microbial community structure. It was found that the water quality in summer and autumn was worse than in winter and spring, and TN and TP were the most important factors affecting the water quality. The microbial community structure was investigated using MiSeq high-throughput sequencing. It was found that the phyla Cyanobacteria, Proteobacteria, Actinobacteria, and Bacteroidetes were abu...

The effects of algal extracellular substances on algal growth, metabolism and long-term medium recycle, and inhibition alleviation through ultrasonication.

The algal extracellular substances (AESs), mainly excreted in the lag and stationary phases, inhibited the algal growth and culture recycle. The AESs consisted of protein-like substances and saccharides, which restrained the algal lipid and protein biosynthesis. Moreover, the increasing reactive oxygen species and anti-oxidative enzymes caused by AESs led to the oxidative damage and suppressed the cell activity. The AESs affected the cells through two possible ways: one is the AESs adhered to the cell surfa...

Advances in algal-prokaryotic wastewater treatment: A review of nitrogen transformations, reactor configurations and molecular tools.

The synergistic activity of algae and prokaryotic microorganisms can be used to improve the efficiency of biological wastewater treatment, particularly with regards to nitrogen removal. For example, algae can provide oxygen through photosynthesis needed for aerobic degradation of organic carbon and nitrification and harvested algal-prokaryotic biomass can be used to produce high value chemicals or biogas. Algal-prokaryotic consortia have been used to treat wastewater in different types of reactors, includin...

Effect of Chemical Pre-treatments on Bioethanol Production from Chlorella minutissima.

In recent years, algal bioethanol production comes into prominence as a trend towards sustainable development. Due to being sustainable energy source and environmental friendly, bioethanol production from algae is becoming increasingly popular all over the world. However, yield of bioethanol production from algae is lower than first generation feedstock's currently, and needs to be improved. In order to increase bioethanol yield, pre-treatments should be performed as cell disruption process on algal biomass...

Assessing the effectiveness of Landsat 8 chlorophyll a retrieval algorithms for regional freshwater monitoring.

Predicting algal blooms has become a priority for scientists, municipalities, businesses, and citizens. Remote sensing offers solutions to the spatial and temporal challenges facing existing lake research and monitoring programs that rely primarily on high-investment, in situ measurements. Techniques to remotely measure chlorophyll a (chl a) as a proxy for algal biomass have been limited to specific large water bodies in particular seasons and narrow chl a ranges. Thus, a first step toward prediction of al...

Influence of parasitic chytrids on the quantity and quality of algal dissolved organic matter (AOM).

Algae-derived dissolved organic matter (AOM) is an important nutrient source for heterotrophic bacteria, while AOM such as humic substances pose significant challenges during water treatment processing. We hypothesized that the parasitic infection of algae could change the composition and concentration of AOM. This study investigated the quality and quantity of DOM and bacterial abundance in diatom (Synedra) cultures, with and without parasitic fungi (chytrids). The quality of DOM was analyzed using three-d...

Composition, sources, and bioavailability of nitrogen in a longitudinal gradient from freshwater to estuarine waters.

Nitrogen (N) transport from land to water is a dominant contributor of N in estuarine waters leading to eutrophication, harmful algal blooms, and hypoxia. Our objectives were to (1) investigate the composition of inorganic and organic N forms, (2) distinguish the sources and biogeochemical mechanisms of nitrate-N (NO-N) transport using stable isotopes of NOand Bayesian mixing model, and (3) determine the dissolved organic N (DON) bioavailability using bioassays in a longitudinal gradient from freshwater to ...

Dieting predicts engagement in multiple risky behaviours among adolescent Canadian girls: a longitudinal analysis.

We investigated associations between dieting and other health-compromising behaviours among adolescent girls, both cross-sectionally and longitudinally. The behaviours considered included smoking, binge drinking, and breakfast-skipping, and clusters of these.

Toxic effects of nickel oxide (NiO) nanoparticles on the freshwater alga Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata.

Over the last decade, concerns have been raised regarding the potential health and environmental effects associated with the release of metal oxide nanoparticles (NPs) into ecosystems. In the present work, the potential hazards of nickel oxide (NiO) NPs were investigated using the ecologically relevant freshwater alga Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata. NiO NP suspensions in algal OECD medium were characterized with regard to their physicochemical properties: agglomeration, surface charge, stability (dissoluti...

Effects of fungal-assisted algal harvesting through biopellet formation on pesticides in water.

Recent research has demonstrated the potential of using filamentous fungi to form pellets with microalgae (biopellets), in order to facilitate harvesting of microalgae from water following algae-based treatment of wastewater. In parallel, there is a need to develop techniques for removing organic pollutants such as pesticides and pharmaceuticals from wastewater. In experiments using the microalga Chlorella vulgaris, the filamentous fungus Aspergillus niger and biopellets composed of these microorganisms, th...

Child maltreatment and adult multimorbidity: results from the Canadian Community Health Survey.

This study investigated associations between three types of child maltreatment (exposure to intimate partner violence, sexual, and physical abuse) and multimorbidity (chronic physical conditions, pain conditions, and mental disorders) in adults.

The diversity of ice algal communities on the Greenland Ice Sheet as revealed by oligotyping.

The Arctic is being disproportionally affected by climate change compared with other geographic locations, and is currently experiencing unprecedented melt rates. The Greenland Ice Sheet (GrIS) can be regarded as the largest supraglacial ecosystem on Earth, and ice algae are the dominant primary producers on bare ice surfaces throughout the course of a melt season. Ice-algal-derived pigments cause a darkening of the ice surface, which in turn decreases albedo and increases melt rates. The important role of ...

Investigation of a Largescale Common Murre ( Uria aalge) Mortality Event in California in 2015.

From August through December 2015, beachcast bird survey programs reported increased deposition of common murres ( Uria aalge) on central and northern California beaches, but not on southern California beaches. Coastal wildlife rehabilitation centers received more than 1,000 live, stranded, and debilitated murres from Sonoma County to San Luis Obispo County during August-October. Approximately two-thirds of admitted birds were after-hatch-year birds in emaciated body condition and in various stages of molt,...

The Metabolic Capability and Phylogenetic Diversity of Mono Lake During a Bloom of the Eukaryotic Phototroph strain ML.

Algal blooms in lakes are often associated with anthropogenic eutrophication; however, they can occur without the human introduction of nutrients to a lake. A rare bloom of the alga Picocystis strain ML occurred in Spring of 2016 at Mono Lake, a hyperalkaline lake in California, which was also at the apex of a multi-year long drought. These conditions presented a unique sampling opportunity to investigate microbiological dynamics and potential metabolic function during an intense natural algal bloom. We con...

Death by Suicide among Canadian Medical Students: A National Survey-Based Study.

To estimate a rate of death by suicide in the Canadian medical student population and examine the prevalence of institutional response policies for suicide.


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