PubMed Journals Articles About "Brown Shoe Company" - Page: 2 RSS

02:22 EST 12th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Brown Shoe Company" PubMed Articles 26–50 of 504

Derivation and characterization of a UCP1 reporter human ES cell line.

Interest in human brown fat as a novel therapeutic target to tackle the growing obesity and diabetes epidemic has increased dramatically in recent years. While much insight into brown fat biology has been gained from murine cell lines and models, few resources are available to study human brown fat in vitro, which makes the need for new ways to derive and study human brown adipocytes imperative. Human ES cell based reporter systems present an excellent tool to identify, mark, and purify cell populations of ...

miR-199a-3p regulates brown adipocyte differentiation through mTOR signaling pathway.

Recent discoveries of functional brown adipocytes in mammals illuminates their therapeutic potential for combating obesity and its associated diseases. However, on account of the limited amount and activity in adult humans of brown adipocyte depots, identification of miRNAs and characterization their regulatory roles in human brown adipogenesis are urgently needed. This study focused on the role of microRNA (miR)-199a-3p in human brown adipocyte differentiation and thermogenic capacity. A decreased expressi...

Cell proliferation and anti-apoptosis: Essential processes for recruitment of the full thermogenic capacity of brown adipose tissue.

In mice living under normal animal house conditions, the brown adipocytes in classical brown adipose tissue depots are already essentially fully differentiated: UCP1 mRNA and UCP1 protein levels are practically saturated. This means that any further recruitment - in response to cold exposure or any other browning agent - does not result in significant augmentation of these parameters. This may easily be construed to indicate that classical brown adipose tissue cannot be further recruited. However, this is f...

Application of biomarkers in brown algae (Cystoseria indica) to assess heavy metals (Cd, Cu, Zn, Pb, Hg, Ni, Cr) pollution in the northern coasts of the Gulf of Oman.

In this study, selected biomarkers-Phytochelatin (PC) and Metallothionein (MT)- were measured in the brown algae (i.e., Cystoseria indica) obtained from the Gulf of Oman. Chemical analyses were performed to measure the concentration of heavy metals (Cd, Cu, Zn, Pb, Hg, Ni, and Cr) in the brown algae. Zn had the highest concentration followed by Cr>Ni>Cu>Pb>Cd>Hg. Performing a spatial analysis revealed that heavy metals had a significant difference (p 

Bioavailability of Silicon Fertilizer Coupled Water Management on Soil Bioavailability and Cumulative Control of Rice in Compound Contaminated Paddy Soils.

The effect of wet irrigation (CK), agronomic measure flooding (WF), instantaneous silicon fertilizer combined with flooding measures (FYsi), mineral silicon fertilizer combined with flooding measures (FKsi), and a mix of two kinds of silicon fertilizer combined with flooding measures (FYK) on the bio-availability of As and Cd in soil and the accumulation of As and Cd in rice were investigated by pot experiments. The results showed that the pH of the soils combined with flooding measures was increased by 0.1...

CREG1 promotes uncoupling protein 1 expression and brown adipogenesis in vitro.

Brown adipocytes play a critical role for adaptive thermogenesis to regulate body temperature in cold or to circumvent diet-induced obesity. In the present study, we investigated the role of cellular repressor of E1A-stimulated genes 1 (CREG1) on brown adipogenesis and uncoupling protein 1 (UCP1) expression by using in vitro culture models. In murine mesenchymal stem cell line C3H10T1/2, Creg1 mRNA expression significantly increased in a time-dependent manner along with Ucp1 mRNA induction in brown adipogen...

The Relationship between Shoe Fitting and Foot Health of Persons with Down Syndrome: A Case Control Study.

: Down syndrome is the most common chromosomal abnormality and a cause of intellectual disability. It is also associated with orthopaedic and musculoskeletal problems of the locomotive apparatus, especially of the feet. These problems are believed to have a harmful effect on health, social functioning, and mobility. In addition, these persons generally don't have access to podiatric health services, even when their foot problems are well known, because of limited access to healthcare facilities. The goal of...

Direct bioethanol production from brown macroalgae by co-culture of two engineered Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains.

A co-culture platform for bioethanol production from brown macroalgae was developed, consisting of two types of engineered Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains; alginate- and mannitol-assimilating yeast (AM1), and cellulase-displaying yeast (CDY). When the 5% (w/v) brown macroalgae Ecklonia kurome was used as the sole carbon source for this system, 2.1 g/L of ethanol was produced, along with simultaneous consumption of alginate, mannitol, and glucans.

Duration of a "Brown-Like" Phenotype of White Adipose Tissue Induced by the β3 Agonist CL-316,243.

"Browning" i. e. the transformation of white adipose tissue into brown-like adipose tissue could induce efficient burning of excess fat reserves via induction of non-shivering thermogenesis. For example, activation of ß3 adrenergic receptors has been show to induce such changes, however, it is still not clear, how long after termination of such a treatment, beneficial effects might be maintained. To address this question, we treated rats s.c. for 2 weeks with the ß3 agonist CL-316,243 at 1 mg/kg and a...

Emerging Role of AMPK in Brown and Beige Adipose Tissue (BAT): Implications for Obesity, Insulin Resistance, and Type 2 Diabetes.

The global prevalence of type 2 diabetes (T2D) is escalating at alarming rates, demanding the development of additional classes of therapeutics to further reduce the burden of disease. Recent studies have indicated that increasing the metabolic activity of brown and beige adipose tissue may represent a novel means to reduce circulating glucose and lipids in people with T2D. The AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is a cellular energy sensor that has recently been demonstrated to be important in potentially ...

Notes from the Field: Lead Exposures Among Employees at a Bullet Manufacturing Company - Missouri, 2017.

Characteristics of the Time-Dependent Selenium Biofortification of Rice (Oryza sativa L.).

The application of selenite to soil has increasingly been used to produce Se-enriched food. This study investigated the biofortification characteristics of Se in rice after applying selenite to soil at different growth stages. The results showed that the application of Se during booting stage resulted in the highest concentration of Se in brown rice due to the highest upward translocation of Se. More than 90% of Se in the brown rice was organic species, with selenomethionine predominated. The proportion of ...

Zic1 mRNA is transiently upregulated in subcutaneous fat of acutely cold-exposed mice.

In the mammalian adipose organ cold exposure not only activates typical brown adipose tissue, but also induces browning, that is the formation of thermogenic multilocular adipocytes in white, or predominantly white, adipose depots such as subcutaneous fat. Unlike typical brown adipocytes, newly formed thermogenic adipocytes have been reported not to express the gene zinc finger of the cerebellum 1 (Zic1). Here, a time course approach enabled us to document a significant increase in Zic1 messenger RNA in in...

Infrared Thermography.

Historically, brown adipose tissue has been elusive and not easy to detect, hence its relative obscurity in human physiology until its rediscovery in 2009. At that point, it was proven that the symmetrical artefacts frequently detected on positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT), which resolved if the environment was kept warm, were brown adipose tissue deposits. PET-CT has remained the stalwart of human brown adipose tissue research and is still considered the gold standard. However, PET-C...

Sympathetic inputs regulate adaptive thermogenesis in brown adipose tissue through cAMP-Salt inducible kinase axis.

Various physiological stimuli, such as cold environment, diet, and hormones, trigger brown adipose tissue (BAT) to produce heat through sympathetic nervous system (SNS)- and β-adrenergic receptors (βARs). The βAR stimulation increases intracellular cAMP levels through heterotrimeric G proteins and adenylate cyclases, but the processes by which cAMP modulates brown adipocyte function are not fully understood. Here we described that specific ablation of cAMP production in brown adipocytes led to reduced li...

Relationship between rice consumption and body weight gain in Japanese workers: white versus brown rice/multigrain rice.

Increasing obesity rates have driven research into dietary support for body weight control, but previous studies have only assessed changes in body weight of ± 3 kg. We investigated the relationships between white or brown/multigrain rice consumption and one-year body weight gain ≥ 3 kg in Japanese factory workers (n = 437). Routine medical check-up data from a one-year nutrition and lifestyle cohort study were analysed. Participants were divided into white rice and brown/multigrain rice consumption grou...

Adipogenesis in Primary Cell Culture.

Obesity involves a contrasting expansion of the energy-storing white fat and loss of functionally competent brown fat, an energy-consuming thermogenic adipose. Leveraging our understanding of white and brown adipocyte recruitment and investigating factors that regulate these processes might reveal novel targets for counteracting obesity. In vitro differentiation of primary preadipocytes mimics many of the morphological and transcriptional events occurring during adipogenesis in vivo. Moreover, preadipocytes...

Barnacle colonization of shoes: Evaluation of a novel approach to estimate the time spent in water of human remains.

Estimating the time since death (minimum Post Mortem Interval, minPMI) is a necessary part of a forensic investigation. Besides considering the typical signs of death, minPMI can be estimated using the insects and other arthropods that colonize the remains (forensic entomology). In an aquatic environment, both insects and crustaceans may provide information regarding the time spent in water of the remains (minimum Floating Interval, minFI and minimum Post Mortem Submersion Interval, minPMSI), and this can a...

Seasonal Migration Pattern of Nilaparvata lugens (Hemiptera: Delphacidae) Over the Bohai Sea in Northern China.

The brown planthopper Nilaparvata lugens (Stål) (Hemiptera: Delphacidae) is a major, regionally migratory pest of rice crops in Asia. Despite intensive studies, the seasonal pattern of migration in this species remains largely unknown, especially in northern China. Analysis of monitoring data of light trapping at Beihuang island in northern China showed that brown planthopper migrants could be found at the island in any month from July to October. However, the daily number of brown planthopper migrants var...

Impact of fenofibrate on choroidal neovascularization formation and VEGF-C plus VEGFR-3 in Brown Norway rats.

This study aims to explore the possible role of fenofibrate in inhibiting choroidal neovascularization (CNV) in Brown Norway (BN) rats.

Norepinephrine and thyroxine are predictors of fat mass gain in humans with cold-induced brown adipose tissue activation.

In healthy adults with detectable cold-induced brown fat activation (CIBA), the relationships between sympathetic nervous system (SNS) or thyroid activity during energy balance (EBL) with CIBA and body composition change are undetermined.

Impact of a (poly)phenol-rich extract from the brown algae Ascophyllum nodosum on DNA damage and antioxidant activity in an overweight or obese population: a randomized controlled trial.

Epidemiologic evidence suggests that a diet rich in (poly)phenols has beneficial effects on many chronic diseases. Brown seaweed is a rich source of (poly)phenols.

Allicin induces beige-like adipocytes via KLF15 signal cascade.

Under specific conditions, white adipose tissue (WAT) depots are readily converted to a brown-like state, which is associated with weight loss. However, whether diet-derived factors directly induce browning of white adipocytes has yet to be established. Thus, we investigated the effects of allicin, one of the major components of garlic, on brown-like adipocyte formation in inguinal WAT (iWAT), and prevention of obesity and related complications in animal models. Allicin significantly increased mRNA and/or p...

Significant Decreasing Trend in Low Back Injuries in a Beverage Company.

Work-related injuries in the U.S. have steadily declined over the past three decades.

Development of a Footwear Sizing System in the National Football League.

Footwear performance and injury mitigation may be compromised if the footwear is not properly sized for an athlete. Additionally, poor fit may result in discomfort and foot injury such as fifth metatarsal stress fracture, foot deformities, turf toe, and blisters. Current footwear fitting methods consist of foot length and width measurements, which may not properly describe the shape of the individual foot, correlated with shoe size descriptors that are not standardized. Footwear manufacturers employ a range...

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