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PubMed Journal Database | Fish & shellfish immunology - Page: 16 RSS

21:56 EDT 21st March 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing PubMed Articles 376–400 of 939 from Fish & shellfish immunology

The ethanol extract of honeysuckle stem modulates the innate immunity of Chinese mitten crab Eriocheir sinensis against Aeromonas hydrophila.

Honeysuckle stem had been used as feed additives to modulate immunity in breeding industry, which was limited in the aquaculture field. In this study, the immunomodulation of honeysuckle stem ethanol extract (designed as HSE) on Chinese mitten crab Eriocheir sinensis was detected. The crabs fed with HSE diets for 30 days had higher level of the total haemocyte count (HTC), lysozyme activity and PO activity (P 

Effects of dietary administration of Lactococcus lactis HNL12 on growth, innate immune response, and disease resistance of humpback grouper (Cromileptes altivelis).

Lactic acid bacteria are a common group of probiotics that have been widely studied and used in aquaculture. In the present study, we isolated Lactococcus lactis HNL12 from the gut of wild humpback grouper (Cromileptes altivelis) and explored its probiotic properties. For this purpose, L. lactis HNL12 was added to the commercial fish feed. The results showed that HNL12 had high auto-aggregation ability and strong tolerance to simulated gastrointestinal stress. When C. altivelis consumed a diet containing 0 ...

Effects of dietary taurine on growth, non-specific immunity, anti-oxidative properties and gut immunity in the Chinese mitten crab Eriocheir sinensis.

Taurine has been widely researched as a growth-promoting additive or as an antioxidant in aquatic animals because of its multiple functions, however, few studies have explored its effects on crustacean in spite of the occurrence of serious diseases. We studied the effects of taurine supplementation on the growth, non-specific immunity, anti-oxidative properties and gut immunity of the Chinese mitten crab Eriocheir sinensis. Healthy crabs (8.0 ± 0.5 g) were fed diets supplemented with taurine at 0% (c...

Characterization and function of GSK3β from Litopenaeus vannamei in WSSV infection.

GSK3β, a serine/threonine protein kinase, is a crucial regulator in several signaling pathway and plays a vital role in multiple cellular processes including cell proliferation, growth, apoptosis and immune response. In this study, a GSK3β homolog from L. vannamei, designed as LvGSK3β, was characterized. Sequence analysis showed that LvGSK3β possessed a highly similarity with GSK3β from other species, which contained a catalytic domain and serine/threonine phosphorylation sites. To analyze the role of ...

Effects of Bacillus amyloliquefaciens and Yarrowia lipolytica lipase 2 on immunology and growth performance of Hybrid sturgeon.

A 12-weeks feeding trial was performed to investigate the possible effects of supplementation of Hybrid sturgeon diet with Bacillus amyloliquefaciens (GB-9) and Yarrowia lipolytica lipase2 (YLL2) single or combined on immune response and growth performance of Hybrid sturgeon (Acipenser schrenkii ♂and Acipenser baeri ♀). For this aim, Hybrid sturgeons were fed with four experimental diets namely: Diet 1 (0-control), Diet 2 (5.0 g/kg GB-9), Diet 3 (4.0 g/kg YLL2), and Diet 4 (5.0 g/kg GB-9 + 4.0 g/k...

Effects of dietary arginine on intestinal antioxidant status and immunity involved in Nrf2 and NF-κB signaling pathway in juvenile blunt snout bream, Megalobrama amblycephala.

The present study assessed the effects of dietary arginine on intestinal antioxidant status and immunity involved in Nrf2 and NF-κB signaling pathway in juvenile blunt snout bream. Fish were fed three practical diets with graded arginine levels (0.87%, 1.62% and 2.70%) for 8 weeks. Compared with the control group (0.87%), the counts of white blood cell (WBC), red blood cell (RBC) and hemoglobin (HGB) content were significantly improved at dietary arginine levels of 1.62% (P

Effects of a commercial probiotic BS containing Bacillus subtilis and Bacillus licheniformis on growth, immune response and disease resistance in Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus.

The present study evaluated a commercial probiotic designated as BS (a mix of B. subtilis and B. licheniformis) to ascertain its efficacy and the dose necessary to improve growth, immune response, and disease resistance in tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus. Fish (53.01 ± 1.0 g) were fed with a basal diet supplemented with 0 gkg (CT), 3 gkg (BS3), 5 gkg-1 (BS5) 7 gkg-1 (BS7) and 10 gkg-1 (BS10) of the probiotic BS for 4 weeks. At the end of the feeding trial, the weight gain, specific growth rate, and fe...

The transcriptional regulation of an antimicrobial peptide hepcidin1 in Oryzias melastigma upon EE2 exposure involved in a new pathway with a novel transcriptional regulatory element HepERE.

17α-ethinylestradiol (EE2) exerts endocrine disrupting effect and immunotoxic effect on marine animals, including modulation of hepcidin expression. The antimicrobial peptide hepcidin displays a crucial role in innate immunity in fish against invading pathogens. It is known that the transcription of hepcidin in mammals is individually regulated by many stimuli, including inflammation, iron overload, anemia or hypoxia, through several distinct molecular pathways. The canonical mechanism for endocrine disrup...

Molecular cloning, characterization and expression analysis of complement components in red sea bream (Pagrus major) after Edwardsiella tarda and red sea bream Iridovirus (RSIV) challenge.

The complement system plays an important role in immune regulation and acts as the first line of defense against any pathogenic attack. To comprehend the red sea bream (Pagrus major) immune response, three complement genes, namely, pmC1r, pmMASP and pmC3, belonging to the classical, lectin and alternative complement cascade, respectively, were identified and characterized. pmC1r, pmMASP, and pmC3 were comprised of 2535, 3352, and 5735 base mRNA which encodes 732, 1029 and 1677 aa putative proteins, respecti...

Cloning and molecular characterization of two ferritins from red abalone Haliotis rufescens and their expressions in response to bacterial challenge at juvenile and adult life stages.

Ferritins are ubiquitous proteins with a pivotal role in iron storage and homeostasis, and in host defense responses during infection by pathogens in several organisms, including mollusks. In this study, we characterized two ferritin homologues in the red abalone Haliotis rufescens, a species of economic importance for Chile, USA and Mexico. Two ferritin subunits (Hrfer1 and Hrfer2) were cloned. Hrfer1 cDNA is an 807 bp clone containing a 516 bp open reading frame (ORF) that corresponds to a novel ferritin ...

Multi-strain probiotics enhance immune responsiveness and alters metabolic profiles in the New Zealand black-footed abalone (Haliotis iris).

We assessed whether dietary administration of a multi-strain probiotic (Exiguobacterium JHEb1, Vibrio JH1 and Enterococcus JHLDc) led to enhanced immune responsiveness in juvenile New Zealand black-footed abalone (Haliotis iris). Two groups of abalone were fed (1% body weight per day) over a four-month period with different diets. The control diet consisted of a standard commercial pellet feed (AbMax 16), whereas the treatment diet was additionally enriched with the probiotic mix. At the end of the experime...

The hepatic lectin of zebrafish binds a wide range of bacteria and participates in immune defense.

C-type lectins (CTLs) have a diverse range of functions including cell-cell adhesion, immune response to pathogens and apoptosis. Asialoglycoprotein receptor (ASGPR), also known as hepatic lectin, a member of CTLs, was the first animal lectin identified, yet information regarding it remains rather limited in teleost. In this study, we identified a putative protein in zebrafish, named as the zebrafish hepatic lectin (Zhl). The zhl encoded a typical Ca-dependent carbohydrate-binding protein, and was mainly ex...

Vaccine-induced antibody level as the parameter of the influence of environmental salinity on vaccine efficacy in Nile tilapia.

To effectively increase production and improve economic returns, the co-culture of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) and marine shrimp has been adopted in many countries, including China. Although O. niloticus is an euryhaline fish that can tolerate elevated salinities and even full-strength seawater, fluctuations in salinity levels can undoubtedly induce stress and affect the immune response of this fish. Therefore, this study assessed the impact of salinity on vaccine efficacy in Nile tilapia, which us...

Spleen tyrosine kinase from Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus): Molecular characterization, expression pattern upon bacterial infection and the potential role in BCR signaling and inflammatory response.

Spleen tyrosine kinase (SYK), a member of non-receptor tyrosine kinase family, plays an important role in immune responses against pathogen infection, which is capable of activating B cells signaling pathway and regulating inflammatory response. In this study, Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) ortholog (OnSYK) was identified and characterized at expression pattern against bacterial infection, function in B cells activation pathway and inflammatory response. The cDNA of OnSYK ORF contained 1851 bp of nucl...

The effects of the dietary supplementation of Echinacea purpurea extract and/or vitamin C on the intestinal histomorphology, phagocytic activity, and gene expression of the Nile tilapia.

In this study, the influence of the dietary incorporation of Echinacea purpurea (EP) extract and/or vitamin C on the intestinal histomorphology and some immunological indices were tested in the Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus Linn.). O. niloticus were randomly divided into four groups. The control group G was fed on a basal diet, while the G and G were fed on basal diets, supplemented with EP extract and vitamin C at the doses of 500 mg kg and 400 mg kg, respectively. Meanwhile, G was fed on a b...

Galactoside-binding lectin in Solen grandis as a pattern recognition receptor mediating opsonization.

Galactoside-binding lectin (galectin) is a type of pathogen recognition molecule that occupies an important position in the invertebrate innate immunity system. Our previous study has identified a galectin gene in mollusk Solen grandis (SgGal-1) and illustrated its potential roles in innate immunity. By the functional study using recombinant protein and specific antibody, here, we confirmed the pivotal roles of SgGal-1 in immune defense of S. grandis. SgGal-1 protein was expressed in many tested tissues inc...

Comparative transcriptome analysis of Chinese grass shrimp (Palaemonetes sinensis) infected with isopod parasite Tachaea chinensis.

Parasitic isopods negatively affect reproduction and ingestion in several commercially important crustaceans; however, little is known about such parasite-host interactions. Therefore, we performed high-throughput sequencing of cDNA samples from Chinese grass shrimp Palaemonetes sinensis infected by parasitic isopod Tachaea chinensis and a non-infected control. We randomly assembled 46,858,882 and 41,110,746 clean reads from the parasitized and control groups, respectively. From these, we identified 1323 di...

Protective efficacy of Shilajit enriched diet on growth performance and immune resistance against Aeromonas hydrophila in Oreochromis mossambicus.

We investigated the effects of dietary enriched with Shilajit in three dose levels: 2.0, 4.0, and 6.0 g kg in the basal diet on growth rate, non-specific immune response, and disease resistance for 60 days in Oreochromis mossambicus against an opportunist pathogen, Aeromonas hydrophila. The results showed that the Shilajit enriched diets at 4.0 and 6.0 g kg diets significantly (p 

Effects of low concentrations copper on antioxidant responses, DNA damage and genotoxicity in thick shell mussel Mytilus coruscus.

For the aim to study potential detrimental effects induced by Cu exposure at low, environmentally relevant concentrations, the in vivo activities at different levels of biological organisations of thick shell mussel Mytilus coruscus exposed to two levels of copper were assessed. Cu-induced stresses were evaluated through antioxidant responses, DNA damage and genotoxicity. The results revealed significant higher SOD and CAT activities, and MDA concentration in haemocytes of M. coruscus with Cu exposure at 8...

Analysis and identification of tyrosine phosphorylated proteins in hemocytes of Litopenaeus vannamei infected with WSSV.

Previous studies have demonstrated that protein tyrosine phosphorylation plays an important role in WSSV infection. In the present work, in order to further elucidate the potential role of protein tyrosine phosphorylation in white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) infection. The expression variation of tyrosine phosphorylated proteins in hemocytes of shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) after WSSV infection were examined by flow cytometric immunofluorescence assay (FCIFA) and enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), an...

Influence of dietary inosine and vitamin C supplementation on growth, blood chemistry, oxidative stress, innate and adaptive immune responses of red sea bream, Pagrus major juvenile.

Both inosine (INO) and vitamin C (l-ascorbic acid, AsA) play important roles in growth performance, feed utilization and health status of fish. Therefore, a 56 days feeding trial was conducted to determine the interactive effects of dietary INO and AsA on growth performance, oxidative status, innate and adaptive immune responses of red sea bream. Fish growth performance and fed utilization parameters were significantly affected by dietary INO supplementation but not by AsA. Fish fed diets with INO at 4 g...

Identification and characterization of a novel PRR of fibrinogen-related protein in Apostichopus japonicus.

Fibrinogen-related proteins (FREPs) play important roles in innate immunity by recognizing pathogen associated molecular patterns on pathogenic bacteria surfaces via conserved fibrinogen-like domain (FBG). In this paper, the full-length cDNA of Apostichopus japonicus FREP (designated as AjFREP) was cloned combined with rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE) and transcriptome sequencing. The full-length cDNA of AjFREP was of 2110 bp with an open reading frame (ORF) of 1659 bp. SMART analysis revealed that t...

Adjuvant efficacy of G2 (buffalo spleen extraction) against Yersinia septicemia in rainbow trout (Onchorhynchus mykiss).

Adjuvant effect of G2 (extraction of buffalo spleen) was assessed in intraperitoneally immunized rainbow trout (100-150 g) with killed- Y. ruckeri bacterin biotype I [0.1 mL (1 × 10 cells/fish) of vaccine diluted with the adjuvant in a ratio of 1:1 (V/V)] at 12.4 ± 1.3 °C for 10 weeks. Leukocyte and lymphocyte counts, anti-Y. ruckeri antibody titer and relative percent survival (RPS) in fish vaccinated with vaccine containing the adjuvant were significantly higher than the immunized fish ...

The protective efficacy of four iron-related recombinant proteins and their single-walled carbon nanotube encapsulated counterparts against Aeromonas hydrophila infection in zebrafish.

Iron-related proteins play important roles in iron homeostasis, and they may be potential vaccine candidates against pathogenic Aeromonas hydrophila. In addition, the encapsulation of antigens in single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) has recently been shown to effectively stimulate the host immune response. To investigate the immune response of zebrafish to iron-related proteins and SWCNT-encapsulated proteins, we overexpressed and purified four iron-related recombinant proteins (P55870, A0KGK5, A0KPP0, a...

Turbot (Scophthalmus maximus) Nk-lysin induces protection against the pathogenic parasite Philasterides dicentrarchi via membrane disruption.

P. dicentrarchi is one of the most threatening pathogens for turbot aquaculture. This protozoan ciliate is a causative agent of scuticociliatosis, which is a disease with important economic consequences for the sector. Neither vaccines nor therapeutic treatments are commercially available to combat this infection. Numerous antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) have demonstrated broad-spectrum activity against bacteria, viruses, fungi, parasites and even tumor cells; an example is Nk-lysin (Nkl), which is an AMP bel...


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