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Showing "SIDA plus vers vaccin anti" PubMed Articles 376–400 of 7,400+

Flow Cytometric Monitoring for Residual Disease in B Lymphoblastic Leukemia Post T Cell Engaging Targeted Therapies.

The use of targeted therapy is growing in the setting of hematopoietic neoplasms. Flow cytometry is a cornerstone of residual disease monitoring post therapy in this group of malignancies. Often, there is overlap between antigens targeted by immunotherapies and gating reagents utilized for population identification by flow cytometry. Such overlap can render a previously excellent gating reagent inadequate for disease detection. Recently, several anti-CD19 T cell-engaging immunotherapeutic agents and an anti...

Anti-inflammatory activities and related mechanism of the polysaccharides isolated from Sargentodoxa cuneata.

Sargentodoxa cuneata decoction has been used to treat arthritis in China for hundreds of years. Herein, the polysaccharide fraction (PSC) purified from S. cuneata was evaluated for its in vitro and in vivo anti-inflammatory effects. PSC and its sub-fractions PSCA-1 and PSCB-1 significantly suppressed nitric oxide (NO) release in LPS-induced RAW264.7 cells by down regulating the inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) level. Furthermore, PSC markedly inhibited carrageenan induced rat hind paw edema, decreased...

Chemical Constituents of Essential Oils Possessing Anti-Influenza A/WS/33 Virus Activity.

This study was conducted to determine whether essential oils had anti-influenza A/WS/33 virus activity and whether there were specific compounds associated with this activity.

Disentangling the association of depression on the anti-fatigue effects of ketamine.

Fatigue and depression are closely associated. The purpose of this secondary analysis was to understand the relationships between depression and improvements in specific depression domains on the anti-fatigue effects of ketamine, which we previously reported.

Anti-parasitic effect of vitamin C alone and in combination with benznidazole against Trypanosoma cruzi.

Drugs currently used for the treatment of Chagas' disease, nifurtimox and benznidazole, have a limited effectiveness and toxic side effects. With the aim of finding new therapeutic approaches, in vitro and in vivo anti-Trypanosoma cruzi activity of vitamin C alone and combined with benznidazole were investigated.

Identification and Quantitative Analysis of 2-Methyl-4-propyl-1,3-oxathiane in Wine.

On the basis of the chemistry of wine and the co-occurrence of 3-sulfanylhexan-1-ol (3-SH) and acetaldehyde, we investigated the existence of 2-methyl-4-propyl-1,3-oxathiane (1) and identified the presence of a single detectable geometric isomer, cis-1, in wines for the first time. A stable isotope dilution assay (SIDA) using headspace-solid-phase microextraction (HS-SPME) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) was developed and validated, and used to quantitate cis-1 in a survey of wines, reveali...

Anti-proliferative and antitumor activity of organotin(IV) compounds. An overview of the last decade and future perspectives.

Organotins(IV) exhibit significant in vitro anti-proliferative activity, while the in vivo tests are encouraging. The recent reports on the anti-proliferative activity of organotin(IV) compounds are summarized in this review. The period covered by this work goes back to 2009 until late 2018, while the earlier ones, are included over the previous review of our group published by S.K. Hadjikakou, N. Hadjiliadis, in Coord Chem Rev, 253 (2009) 235-249. During the last decade (2009-2018), >300 organotin(IV) deri...

Thyrotropin Receptor Blocking Antibodies.

Autoantibodies (Ab) against the thyroid-stimulating hormone receptor (TSHR) are frequently found in autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD). Autoantibodies to the TSHR (anti-TSHR-Ab) may mimic or block the action of TSH or be functionally neutral. Measurement of anti-TSHR-Ab can be done either via competitive-binding immunoassays or with functional cell-based bioassays. Antibody-binding assays do not assess anti-TSHR-Ab functionality, but rather measure the concentration of total anti-TSHR binding activity. In co...

Curcumin inhibits the growth via Wnt/β-catenin pathway in non-small-cell lung cancer cells.

In recent decades, the death rate from lung cancer appears to be an increasing yearly trend, particularly for non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Curcumin is a yellow pigment found in turmeric rhizomes, reported to exhibit various anti-inflammatory, anti-angiogenic, anti-proliferative, and antioxidant properties. Many reports have suggested that curcumin could induce apoptosis in malignant cells, and therefore, has great potential in tumor treatment. However, little is known about the effect of curcumin on ...

Anti-Toll-like receptor 2 antibody inhibits nuclear factor kappa B activation and attenuates cardiac damage in high-fat-feeding rats.

Long-time consumption of high-fat food is a direct cause of cardiovascular diseases, and high-fat-related inflammation plays an important role in it. Toll-like receptors (TLRs), especially TLR2 and TLR4, play important roles in high-fat-related inflammation. However, the impact of TLR2 on high-fat-associated cardiovascular complications is still unknown. In this study, we try to investigate the relationship between TLR2 and high-fat-related cardiac injury. SD rats were allocated to either a control group wh...

The in vitro and in vivo anti-inflammatory effect of osthole, the major natural coumarin from Cnidium monnieri (L.) Cuss, via the blocking of the activation of the NF-κB and MAPK/p38 pathways.

Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a chronic inflammatory condition of the intestines and is difficult to cure once diagnosed. The efficacy of the current clinical treatment for UC is limited. Common anti-inflammatory drugs are prone to adverse effects, while novel biological agents are expensive, although tolerated by patients. Therefore, an urgency exists to find more safe and effective drugs to treat UC. Osthole is an active constituent isolated from the fruit of Cnidium monnieri (L.) Cuss. Osthole has anti-infl...

Heterogenous treatment for anti-NMDAR encephalitis in children leads to different outcomes 6-12 months after diagnosis.

Recommended first line treatment in anti-NMDAR encephalitis includes steroids, IVIG, or plasma exchange. However, IVIG is non-reimbursable through Thailand's Universal Health Coverage. This study investigated outcomes from different treatments for anti-NMDAR encephalitis. Nineteen children in three treatments group: steroid alone, IVIG alone, and IVIG and steroid were reviewed. IVIG was administered to 13 (68%) and 6 (32%) only received steroids. Those receiving IVIG treatment with or without steroids had g...

Significant antitumor effect of an antibody against TMEM180, a new colorectal cancer-specific molecule.

The present state of therapy for colorectal cancer (CRC) is far from satisfactory, highlighting the need for new targets for this disease. We identified a new colorectal cancer (CRC)-specific molecule, TMEM180, a predicted eleven-pass transmembrane protein that apparently functions as a cation symporter. We developed the anti-TMEM180 monoclonal antibody (mAb) and then succeeded in humanizing the mAb. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) in CRC with the mAb showed a similar positivity rate as compared with anti-EGFR m...

Biomarkers of erosive arthritis in systemic lupus erythematosus: Application of machine learning models.

Limited evidences are available on biomarkers to recognize Systemic Lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients at risk to develop erosive arthritis. Anti-citrullinated peptide antibodies (ACPA) have been widely investigated and identified in up to 50% of X-ray detected erosive arthritis; conversely, few studies evaluated anti-carbamylated proteins antibodies (anti-CarP). Here, we considered the application of machine learning models to identify relevant factors in the development of ultrasonography (US)-detected er...

Beneficial anti-inflammatory effects of combined rosuvastatin and cilostazol in a TNF-driven inflammatory model.

Due to anti-inflammatory and anti-thrombotic functions, statins and antiplatelets are widely used for patients with cardiovascular-related or coronary artery diseases. Patients with systemic or complex diseases are commonly prescribed multiple targeted medications; thus, a proper combination of two or more drugs for beneficial efficacy is considered in clinical therapy. Recent studies have suggested that combinational therapy with statins and other medications accelerates their single effect to suppress inf...

Water drop-surface interactions as the basis for the design of anti-fogging surfaces: Theory, practice, and applications trends.

Glass- and polymer-based materials have become essential in the fabrication of a multitude of elements, including eyeglasses, automobile windshields, bathroom mirrors, greenhouses, and food packages, which unfortunately mist up under typical operating conditions. Far from being an innocuous phenomenon, the formation of minute water drops on the surface is detrimental to their optical properties (e.g., light-transmitting capability) and, in many cases, results in esthetical, hygienic, and safety concerns. In...

"Deepening" Insight on Skin Aging and Anti-microbial Immunity.

Skin aging is of considerable interest from various perspectives, ranging from aesthetics to cancer development. Zhang et al. (2019) elucidate an immunological consequence of aging in the adipose layer of skin. Age-dependent increases in TGF-β signaling impair fibroblast adipogenic potential that results in impaired anti-bacterial host defense.

Synthesis and biological evaluation of Ginsenoside Compound K analogues as a novel class of anti-asthmatic agents.

Ginsenoside Compound K (CK) showed potent activity against IgE for the treatment of asthma. A series of CK analogues were then synthesized by straightforward procedures. The in vivo anti-IgE activity evaluations using the OVA-induced asthmatic mouse model revealed preliminary SARs of the CK analogues, which showed that the sugar type, modifications on A-ring and the C20 side chain of CK all affected much on the activities. Primary SARs optimization led to the discovery of compounds T1, T2, T3, T8 and T12, w...


Spondyloarthritis (SpA) is the most common extra-intestinal manifestation in patients with inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). Articular disorders may also appear as "paradoxical" effects during biologic therapy with anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF). Areas covered: In this narrative review, we report the current knowledge about the pathogenesis, the diagnosis and the therapeutic management of articular diseases occurring in patients with IBD. Expert commentary: Evidence-based recommendations for the manageme...

A double-blind randomized trial demonstrates the role of zonal priming & direct topical application of epigallocatechin-3-gallate in modulation of cutaneous scarring in human skin.

Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), a polyphenol, influences cutaneous wound healing due to its anti-angiogenic, anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant properties. We previously demonstrated the role of EGCG in scarring in ex vivo human scar models. Here, we evaluate direct application of topical EGCG compared with zonal-priming, a unique concept in immediate treatment of zone-of-injury at the time of wounding prior to scar formation.

Design and Assessment of Anti-Biofilm Peptides: Steps Toward Clinical Application.

Highly antibiotic resistant, microbial communities, referred to as biofilms, cause various life-threatening infections in humans. At least two-thirds of all clinical infections are biofilm associated, and antibiotic therapy regularly fails to cure patients. Anti-biofilm peptides represent a promising approach to treat these infections by targeting biofilm-specific characteristics such as highly conserved regulatory mechanisms. They are being considered for clinical application and we discuss here key factor...

Trajectory of radiographic change over a decade: the effect of transition from conventional synthetic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs to anti-tumour necrosis factor in patients with psoriatic arthritis.

To describe the trajectory of radiographic progression among patients with PsA who transitioned from conventional synthetic DMARDs to anti-TNF-α inhibitors in routine care.

Effect of celastrol on the progression of polycystic kidney disease in a Pkd1-deficient mouse model.

Celastrol, a naturally occurring pentacyclic triterpene, has attracted considerable interest because it exhibits potent anti-inflammatory and anti-tumor properties. However, the effects of celastrol in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) remain uninvestigated.

Clinical outcomes, edoxaban concentration, and anti-factor Xa activity of Asian patients with atrial fibrillation compared with non-Asians in the ENGAGE AF-TIMI 48 trial.

Prior studies suggested that the risks of ischaemic stroke and bleeding in patients of Asian race with atrial fibrillation (AF) may be higher than that of non-Asians. In the analysis of ENGAGE AF-TIMI 48 trial, we compared clinical outcomes, edoxaban concentration, and anti-factor Xa (anti-FXa) activity, between Asian and non-Asian races.

Association of platelet response to cilostazol with clinical outcome and CYP genotype in patients with cerebral infarction.

Cilostazol, an anti-platelet drug that inhibits phosphodiesterase 3, is beneficial for patients with atherothrombosis. In contrast to other anti-platelet drugs such as aspirin and thienopyridines, little information is available on the relationship between platelet responses to cilostazol and clinical outcomes.

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