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Building healthy eating habit is essential for all people. School and family are the prime institutions to instill this habit during early age. This study is aimed at understanding the impact of family such as parents' educations and incomes on building students' healthy eating habits.
To determine the interest of nursing residents in the training areas of Family and Community Nursing (EFyC) at the beginning of their training, to evaluate community activities in health centres and to determine satisfaction with the training received and activities carried out.
Husband's/partner's support for family planning may influence a women's modern contraceptive use. Socio-demographic factors, couple communication about family planning, and fertility preferences are known to play a role in contraceptive use. We conducted logistic regression analysis to investigate the relationship between perceived husband's/partner's approval and husband's/partner's encouragement of modern contraceptive use, adjusting for socio-demographic factors and recent couple communication about fami...
The best ways to communicate effectively to under-screened women about cervical cancer screening are unknown. Segmentation techniques create homogeneous segments of women in the population that are different from one another, and help to determine on whom communication efforts should be focused and how messaging should be tailored. We used segmentation techniques to better understand the demographics, attitudes and behaviours of women eligible for cervical screening. We developed a brief online questionnair...
Not until I had experienced my own mother's illness and death did I appreciate the complexity of end-of-life decision making. As an oncology nurse practitioner, I had been trained in advance directives. I understood the importance and why they were needed. However, my own family's experience taught me that such planning does not always prevail over the spectrum of emotions, family dynamics, and other realities that accompany death.
Poly-ADP-ribose polymerases (also known as ADP-ribosyltransferases or ARTDs) are a family of 17 enzymes in humans that catalyze the reversible posttranslational modification known as ADP-ribosylation. PARPs are implicated in diverse cellular processes, from DNA repair to the unfolded protein response. Small-molecule inhibitors of PARPs have improved our understanding of PARP-mediated biology and, in some cases, have emerged as promising treatments for cancers and other human diseases. However these advancem...
Discussion of family health history (FH) has the potential to be a communication tool within families and with health providers to stimulate health promotion related to many chronic conditions, including those with genetic implications for prevention, screening, diagnosis, treatment. Diverse communities with disparities in health outcomes may require different approaches to engage individuals and families in the evolving areas of genetic risk communication, assessment, and services. This work was a partners...
Family Health Strategy, the primary health care program in Brazil, has been scaled up throughout the country, but its expansion has been heterogeneous across municipalities. We investigate if there are unique municipal characteristics that can explain the timing of uptake and the pattern of expansion of the Family Health Strategy from years 1998 to 2012. We categorized municipalities in six groups based on the relative speed of the Family Health Strategy uptake and the pattern of Family Health Strategy cove...
Childhood abuse has long-term negative effects on adult psychological well-being. This study examined whether and how adults with a history of childhood abuse may experience poor psychological functioning partly due to aspects of current family relationships.
The regulation of histone 3 lysine 4 (H3K4) methylation codeis indispensable for the cell as any disturbance in this has been associated with many pathologic conditions, like cancer. The SET domain-containing lysine methyltransferase 2 (KMT2) family of histone methyltransferases was the first to be identified as writers of H3K4 methylation. In mammals, seven members of the KMT2 family are responsible for carrying out the bulk of H3K4 methylation. Recent studies documented alterations in various histone meth...
Hereditary Non-Polyposis Colorectal cancer is caused by Lynch Syndrome (LS; an autosomal dominant condition) or by Familial Colorectal Cancer Type-X (FCCTX; a condition of high family risk that fulfills Amsterdam criteria). The lifetime risk of developing colorectal cancer (CRC) in FCCTX family members is high and CRC occurs later than in LS.
Relatively little is known on the genotype-phenotype correlations between SMAD4 gene mutations, juvenile polyposis of the intestine and Hereditary Hemorrhagic Teleangectasia. We describe a family in which the proband (a 46-year old woman) had massive polyposis of the stomach-leading to surgery-with high-grade dysplasia at histology. Molecular analysis was carried out using Next Generation sequencing techniques with Miseq Illumina Platforms and a minimal coverage of 40 reads. In the proband, the analysis sho...
Energy-dense snacks are considered unhealthy due to their high concentrations of fat and sugar and low concentrations of micronutrients. The present study aimed to evaluate associations between family and home-related factors and children's snack consumption. We explored associations within subgroups based on ethnic background of the child.
Education on family presence during resuscitation (FPDR) has been shown to improve critical care nurses' support for FPDR; however, there have been limited studies in this area. Exploring nurses' perceived needs related to FPDR education is important to design educational interventions to promote FPDR in practice.
Signaling through the T cell antigen receptor (TCR) activates a series of tyrosine kinases. Directly associated with the TCR, the SRC family kinase LCK and the SYK family kinase ZAP-70 are essential for all downstream responses to TCR stimulation. In contrast, the TEC family kinase ITK is not an obligate component of the TCR cascade. Instead, ITK functions as a tuning dial, to translate variations in TCR signal strength into differential programs of gene expression. Recent insights into TEC kinase structure...
Gene duplication facilitates functional diversification and provides greater phenotypic flexibility to an organism. Expanded gene families arise through repeated gene duplication but the extent of functional divergence that accompanies each paralogous gene is generally unexplored because of the difficulty in isolating the effects of single family members. The telomere-associated (TLO) gene family is a remarkable example of gene family expansion, with 14 members in the more pathogenic Candida albicans relati...
B7 family members and their receptors play a central role in the regulation of T cell responses through T cell costimulation and coinhibition pathways that constitute very attractive targets for the development of immunotherapeutic drugs. In this study, we report that VSIG-3/IGSF11 is a ligand of B7 family member VISTA/PD-1H and inhibits human T cell functions through a novel VSIG-3/VISTA pathway. An extensive functional ELISA binding screening assay reveals that VSIG-3 does bind to the new B7 family member...
With the demand for learning required technical skills continuing to increase, nurse educators must not lose sight of the importance of assisting undergraduate nursing students to develop skills essential for creating a trusting therapeutic relationship. Teaching empathy through a semester-long family care project presented as an unfolding case study can help students understand what it is like for a patient and family to struggle with the multiple issues associated with having a chronic disease.
It is estimated that 8 million of the Chinese adult population had a diagnosis of schizophrenia. Stigma associated with mental illness, which is pervasive in the Chinese cultural context, impacts both persons with schizophrenia and their family caregivers. However, a review of the literature found a dearth of research that explored internalized stigma from the perspectives of both patients and their caregivers.
Communication is key in optimizing medical care when a child is approaching end of life (EOL). Research is yet to establish best practices for how medical teams can guide intrafamily communication (including surviving siblings) when EOL care is underway or anticipated for a pediatric patient. While recommendations regarding how medical teams can facilitate communication between the medical team and the family exist, various barriers may prevent the implementation of these recommendations.
Family policies have been shown to affect men's and women's health throughout the European Union, though particularly in the case of women. This paper seeks to analyze this effect by creating two Synthetic Health Indicators (SHIs) differentiated by gender applying the P2 distance method. We also aim to compare the results obtained by means of our SHI and the Self-rated health (SRH) indicator, as it is the most common indicator used to approach individuals' health.
Youth with overweight and obesity commonly experience weight-based victimization. The ways that these youth cope with victimization can adversely impact their health. Despite considerable evidence that family members and friends are common perpetrators of weight-based victimization, the relationships among different sources of victimization and coping responses of youth are unknown.
The WhiB-like (Wbl) family of proteins are exclusively found in Actinobacteria. Wbls have been shown to play key roles in virulence and antibiotic resistance in Mycobacteria and Corynebacteria, reflecting their importance during infection by the human pathogens Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Mycobacterium leprae and Corynebacterium diphtheriae. In the antibiotic-producing Streptomyces, several Wbls have important roles in the regulation of morphological differentiation, including WhiB, a protein that controls ...
Introduction: Providing care for patients with endogenous mental disorders is associated with significant psychosocial burden. The aim of this study was to introduce a system of psychotherapeutic interventions for family caregivers of patients with paranoid schizophrenia and bipolar disorder based on understanding their prevalent coping behavior patterns and communicative coping resources evaluation.
People with cirrhosis have unmet needs, which could benefit from a palliative care approach. Developing effective services needs to be evidence based from those with personal experience. This review aims to explore; patient and family perspectives of perceived needs including communication; health professionals' perspectives on delivery of care and improving palliative care between specialities.