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PubMed Journal Database | Fish & shellfish immunology - Page: 19 RSS

16:23 EDT 18th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing PubMed Articles 451–475 of 939 from Fish & shellfish immunology

Tissue regeneration promotion effects of phenanthroimidazole derivatives through pro-inflammatory pathway activation.

A chemotherapeutic drug exerts favorable antitumor activity and simultaneously exhibits expectable inhibition on wound healing process. Phenanthroimidazole derivatives possess potent anticancer activity. However, only a few studies focused on the discovery of its potential effects on promoting tissue regeneration. In this study, four novel phenanthroimidazole derivatives were synthesized and characterized, and they exhibited evident inhibition on different tumor cells; compound 3 is the most active one. Mor...

Comparative study of three predominant gut Bacillus strains and a commercial B. amyloliquefaciens as probiotics on the performance of Clarias gariepinus.

The present study was conducted to evaluate the supplementation of three autochthonous Bacillus strains (B. subtilis, B. amyloliquefaciens and B. cereus) and a commercial B. amyloliquefaciensin doses of 1 × 10CFU/kg on the growth performance, hematology, antioxidant activities, digestive enzyme levels, immune status and disease resistance of Clarias gariepinus. A total of 300 fish (75.23 ± 1.6 g) were randomly divided into 5 groups (each group was subdivided into 2 subgroups, 30 fish/each). The ...

Modulation of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) cutaneous mucosal immune responses following anesthesia: A comparative study on different anesthetic agents.

The present study investigated the possible effects of different anesthetic agents including MS222 (50 ppm), 2-Phenoxyethanol (2-PE) (0.2 mL L) and clove oil (25 ppm), on cutaneous mucosal immune parameters in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). The induction and recovery times for each anesthetic agent were assessed. Also, the immune parameters were measured in skin mucus, 1 and 24 h post anesthesia. No significant difference was observed among treatments at 1 h post-anesthesia except for bact...

Orange-spotted grouper Epinephelus coioides that have encountered low salinity stress have decreased cellular and humoral immune reactions and increased susceptibility to Vibrio alginolyticus.

Orange-spotted grouper Epinephelus coioides reared at 34‰ and 27 °C were abruptly transferred to 6‰, 20‰ and 34‰ (control) and examined for innate cellular and humoral parameters after 3-96 h. Total leucocyte count (TLC), respiratory burst (RB), phagocytic activity (PA), alternative complement pathway (ACP) and lysozyme activity were significantly decreased 3-6 h, 3-6 h, 3-96 h, 3-96 h and 3-96 h, respectively after transferal into 6‰ salinity. TLC, RB and PA significantly increased...

Molecular and functional analyses of novel anti-lipopolysaccharide factors in giant river prawn (Macrobrachium rosenbergii, De Man) and their expression responses under pathogen and temperature exposure.

Anti-lipopolysaccharide factor (ALF) is an immune-related protein that is crucially involved in immune defense mechanisms against invading pathogens in crustaceans. In the current study, three different ALFs of giant river prawn (Mr-ALF3, Mr-ALF8 and Mr-ALF9) were discovered. Based on sequence analysis, Mr-ALF3 and Mr-ALF9 were identified as new members of ALFs in crustaceans (groups F and G, respectively). Structurally, each newly identified Mr-ALF contained three α-helices packed against a four-stranded ...

Resveratrol reduces senescence-associated secretory phenotype by SIRT1/NF-κB pathway in gut of the annual fish Nothobranchius guentheri.

Senescent cells display a senescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP), which contributes to aging. Resveratrol, an activator of SIRT1, has anti-aging, anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, anti-free radical and other pharmacological effects. The genus of the annual fish Nothobranchius has become an emerging animal model for studying aging. However, the underlying mechanism for resveratrol to delay aging by SASP regulation has not been elucidated in vertebrates. In this study, the annual fish N. guentheri we...

Chitooligosaccharide supplementation in low-fish meal diets for Pacific white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei): Effects on growth, innate immunity, gut histology, and immune-related genes expression.

This study evaluated the effects of supplementing chitooligosaccharide (COS) in low fish meal (FM) diets on growth, immune response, intestine and hepatopancrease histology, and expression of inflammatory and immune-related genes in Pacific white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei). A basal diet was formulated using FM and soybean meal (SM) as primary protein sources and considered as a high FM (HFM) diet, then a low FM (LFM) diet was prepared by substituting 50% of FM with SM and supplemented with 0, 3, 6, 9, 12...

Effects of food availability on growth performance and immune-related gene expression of juvenile olive flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus).

Unfavorable environmental conditions and inappropriate culture practices have increased the vulnerability of cultured fish to disease infection. Up to date many studies have aimed to determine a feeding regimen to maximize productivity; however, very little information on immune responses of cultured fish in response to underfeeding or overfeeding is available. Therefore, a preliminary study was conducted to evaluate effects of graded feeding levels (i.e., food availability) on growth performance and immune...

Deoxynivalenol decreased the growth performance and impaired intestinal physical barrier in juvenile grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella).

Deoxynivalenol (DON) is one of the most common mycotoxin contaminants of animal feed worldwide and brings significant threats to the animal production. However, studies concerning the effect of DON on fish intestine are scarce. This study explored the effects of DON on intestinal physical barrier in juvenile grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella). A total of 1440 juvenile grass carp (12.17 ± 0.01 g) were fed six diets containing graded levels of DON (27, 318, 636, 922, 1243 and 1515 μg/kg diet) for ...

Effects of dietary soybean lecithin on growth performance, blood chemistry and immunity in juvenile stellate sturgeon (Acipenser stellatus).

An eleven weeks feeding trial was conducted to determine the effects of different levels of dietary soybean lecithin (SBL) on growth performance, blood chemistry and immunity in juvenile stellate sturgeon (Acipenser stellatus). Fish were fed seven isoproteic (44% crude protein) and isolipidic (17% crude fat) diets containing graded levels of SBL: 0 (control), 1, 2, 4, 6, 8 and 10%. Results showed that dietary SBL supplementation significantly improved the final body weight (BW) and weight gain (WG). Fish fe...

Gene expression analysis of isolated salmonid GALT leucocytes in response to PAMPs and recombinant cytokines.

Increased knowledge of the immune response of the intestine, a physiologically critical organ involved in absorption, secretion and homeostasis in a non-sterile environment, is needed to better understand the mechanisms involved in the induction of long-lasting immunity and, subsequently, the development of efficacious gastrointestinal immunization approaches. To this end, analysis of isolated gut cells will give an insight into the cell types present and their immune capability. Hence, in this study we fir...

Features of chicken egg yolk immunoglobulin (IgY) against the infection of red-spotted grouper nervous necrosis virus.

Red-spotted grouper nervous necrosis virus (RGNNV) is one of the most important viruses which mainly infects the larva of marine and freshwater fish with high mortality and affects the fishery industry worldwide. Currently, there are no effective vaccines available for the fish larva infected with NNV. Immunoglobulin yolk (IgY) origin of oviparous animals is passed from the blood serum and concentrated in the egg yolk. With the advantages of high yield, cost-effectiveness, and high stability, IgY can be wid...

A defensin-like antimicrobial peptide from the manila clam Ruditapes philippinarum: Investigation of the antibacterial activities and mode of action.

Defensins are small cysteine-rich cationic proteins that are ubiquitously present in both vertebrates and invertebrates and constitute the front line of host innate immunity. In the present study, a defensin-like antimicrobial peptide (designed as RpdefB) was identified and characterized from the manila clam Ruditapes philippinarum. The open reading frame of RpdefB encoded a 70-amino acid polypeptide with a calculated molecular mass of 7.5 kDa and isoelectric point of 8.16. Multiple alignments and phyloge...

MHC class IIα polymorphism and its association with resistance/susceptibility to Vibrio harveyi in golden pompano (Trachinotus ovatus).

The major histocompatibility complex (MHC) plays an important role in the vertebrate immune response to antigenic peptides, and it is essential for recognizing foreign pathogens in organisms. In this study, MHC class IIα (Trov-MHC IIα) from the golden pompano (Trachinotus ovatus) was first cloned and identified. The gene structure of Trov-MHC IIα was contained four exons and three introns. High levels of polymorphism were found in the exon 2 of Trov-MHC IIα. A total of 29 different MHC class IIα allele...

Sacciform cells in the epidermis of fugu (Takifugu rubripes) produce and secrete kalliklectin, a novel lectin found in teleosts.

Kalliklectin is a novel lectin identified in the skin mucus and blood plasma of teleosts, including fugu (Takifugu rubripes). It has been found to exhibit sequence similarity to mammalian plasma kallikrein and coagulation factor XI. The objective of the present study was to clarify the cellular localization of kalliklectin using an antiserum specific to fugu kalliklectin. Immunohistochemical analysis showed that positive reactions were observed in the skin and liver, but not in other tested tissues. Several...

The GRP94 gene of Yesso scallop (Patinopecten yessoensis): Characterization and expression regulation in response to thermal and bacterial stresses.

The 94-kDa glucose-regulated protein (GRP94) belonging to the HSP90 family is an endoplasmic reticulum (ER) chaperone. It plays critical roles in ER quality control, and has been implicated as a specialized immune chaperone to regulate both innate and adaptive immunity. In this study, we identified and characterized a GRP94 gene (PyGRP94) from Yesso scallop (Patinopecten yessoensis). The protein sequence of PyGRP94 is highly conserved with its homologs in vertebrates, with a signal sequence in N-terminal, a...

Effect of dietary yeast nucleotide on antioxidant activity, non-specific immunity, intestinal cytokines, and disease resistance in Nile Tilapia.

The present study investigated the effects of dietary supplementation of yeast nucleotides on the hematology, antioxidant activity, non-specific immunity, expression of intestinal cytokines, and disease resistance in Nile Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). Fish weighing 42.90 ± 0.14 g were randomly divided into four groups. Each group was set in triplicate (15 fish per replicate). Fish were fed on four dietary levels of yeast nucleotides (NTs) supplemented with the basal diet 0% (control), 0.05%, 0.15%...

A novel caspase-6 from sea cucumber Holothuria leucospilota: Molecular characterization, expression analysis and apoptosis detection.

In this study, a novel caspase-6 named HLcaspase-6 was identified from sea cucumber Holothuria leucospilota. The full-length cDNA of HLcaspase-6 is 2195 bp in size, containing a 126 bp 5'-untranslated region (UTR), a 1043 bp 3'-UTR and a 1026 bp open reading frame (ORF) encoding a protein of 341 amino acids with a deduced molecular weight of 38.57 kDa. HLcaspase-6 contains the common signatures of the caspase family, including the conserved pentapeptide motif QACRG, as well as the P20 and P10 domains. In ...

Characterization of TLR5 and TLR9 from silver pomfret (Pampus argenteus) and expression profiling in response to bacterial components.

Toll like receptor (TLR) 5 and 9 are important members of the TLR family that play key roles in innate immunity in all vertebrates. In this study, paTLR5 and paTLR9 were identified in silver pomfret (Pampus argenteus), a marine teleost of great economic value. Open reading frames (ORFs) of paTLR5 and paTLR9 are 2646 and 3225 bp, encoding polypeptides of 881 and 1074 amino acids, respectively. Sequence analysis revealed several conserved characteristic features, including signal peptides, leucine-rich repe...

Activated grass carp STAT6 up-regulates the transcriptional level and expression of CCL20 and Bcl-xl.

In mammals, signal transducer and activator of transcription 6 (STAT6) is a broad-spectrum transcriptional regulator involved in cellular immune responses and apoptosis by regulating the immune-related genes and various functional genes. The structure, expression and tyrosine-based phosphorylation of STAT6 are conserved from fish to mammal. However, except the sporadic reports from zebra fish, the function of fish STAT6 has not been well reported. Here, we cloned and characterized the full length cDNA seque...

The role of regulator FucP in Edwardsiella tarda pathogenesis and the inflammatory cytokine response in tilapia.

The animal intestine provides a competitive environment for the microbiota. Successful colonization by pathogens requires sensing chemical signals to regulate the expression of virulence genes. Some bacteria rely on a two-component chemical signal transduction system, named FusKR, to regulate virulence genes expression by intestinal fucose. Here we construct the fucP gene deletion strain prove FucP regulation of the T3SS in E. tarda. The result showed that the mutant strain had down-regulated significantly ...

Transcriptome profiling of immune-responsive genes in the intestine of Cynoglossus semilaevis Günther challenged with Shewanella algae.

To better understand gene expression in the intestine after Shewanella algae infection and provide insights into its immune roles in the tongue sole, Cynoglossus semilaevis, sequencing-based high-throughput RNA analysis (RNA-Seq) for the intestines between the control group and 12 h post-injection group was performed. After assembly, there was an average of 23,957,159 raw sequencing reads, and 23,943,491 clean reads were obtained after filtering out low-quality reads. Then, 383 differentially expressed ge...

l-rhamnose-binding lectins (RBLs) in turbot (Scophthalmus maximus L.): Characterization and expression profiling in mucosal tissues.

Rhamnose-binding lectin (RBL) were mostly identified from egg cortex and ovary cells from vertebrates and invertebrates, with the specific binding activities to l-rhamnose or d-galactose. Previously, we found that a RBL gene was dramatically down-regulated (-11.90 fold at 1 h, -48.95 fold at 4 h, -905.94 fold at 12 h) in the intestine of turbot following Vibrio anguillarum challenge using RNA-seq expression analysis. In this regard, we sought here to identify RBLs in turbot, as well as the analysis of...

Dietary Withania sominefera root confers protective and immunotherapeutic effects against Aeromonas hydrophila infection in Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus).

In the present study, effect of dietary Withania sominefera (W. sominefera) root powder was evaluated to modulate immune and antioxidant response against Aeromonas hydrophila (A. hydrophila) infection in Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). W. sominefera root powder supplemented diets at two concentrations 2.5% (W 2.5%) and 5% (W 5%); fed for 6 weeks prior to the A. hydrophila challenge and continued the same respective diets during the post challenge period (2 weeks). Results showed that fish fed W. somin...

Molecular characterization and expression analysis of IL-22 and its two receptors genes in yellow catfish (Pelteobagrus filvidraco) in response to Edwardsiella ictaluri challenge.

Interleukin (IL)-22, as a member of the interleukin (IL)-10 family, is an important mediator between the immune cells and epithelial tissues during infection and inflammation. This study reported the characterization and mRNA expression patterns of Pf_IL-22 gene and its cell surface-associated receptors Pf_IL-22RA1 and soluble Pf_IL-22RA2 genes in yellow catfish (Pelteobagrus filvidraco). The open reading frames (ORFs) of the Pf_IL-22, Pf_IL-22RA1 and Pf_IL-22RA2 genes were 546 bp, 1740 bp and 690 bp in len...


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