PubMed Journals Articles About "Healthcare Prices Quality Information Remain Elusive Most States" - Page: 19 RSS

19:53 EDT 21st March 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Healthcare Prices Quality Information Remain Elusive Most States" PubMed Articles 451–475 of 28,000+

European Academy of Cancer Sciences - position paper.

The European Academy of Cancer Sciences (EACS) is an independent advisory body of well-recognised medical specialists and researchers striving to create a compelling interactive continuum of cancer research, from innovative basic research to implementation of state-of-the-art evidence-based cancer care and prevention. Achieving the above will entail bridging high-quality basic and preclinical cancer research to research on prevention, early detection and therapeutics as well as improving coordination of tra...

Perceptions of barriers to accessing perinatal mental health care in midwifery: A scoping review.

Despite greater contact with the healthcare system during the perinatal period, detection and treatment of perinatal mental health conditions remain suboptimal.

What's on your keyboard? A systematic review of the contamination of peripheral computer devices in healthcare settings.

To determine the extent and type of microbial contamination of computer peripheral devices used in healthcare settings, evaluate the effectiveness of interventions to reduce contamination of these devices and establish the risk of patient and healthcare worker infection from contaminated devices.

Probing Structural Changes in Alpha-Synuclein by Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy.

Alpha-synuclein, the principal protein involved in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease, has been shown to exchange between multiple conformational states, with hitherto unclear physiological role of such conformational changes. Due to its ability to provide rich structural information for proteins in their near-native environment, nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy has been a valuable tool to study these conformational states. In this review we describe the application of model systems and NM...

Culture Served à la Carte Is No Culture at All.

Managed competition in the Netherlands: Do insurers have incentives to steer on quality?

In health care systems based on managed competition, insurers are expected to negotiate with providers about price, quantity, and quality of care. The Dutch experience shows that this expectation may be justified with regard to price and quantity, but for quality the results are less conclusive. To examine the incentives insurers face for enhancing quality of care, we conducted in-depth interviews with CEOs and organised separate focus groups with purchasers and marketers of five Dutch health insurers. Join...

Two-Layered and Stretchable e-Textile Patches for Wearable Healthcare Electronics.

Wearable healthcare systems require skin-adhering electrodes that allow maximal comfort for patients as well as an electronics system to enable signal processing and transmittance. Textile-based electronics, known as "e-textiles," is a platform technology that allows comfort for patients. Here, two-layered e-textile patches are designed by controlled permeation of Ag-particle/fluoropolymer composite ink into a porous textile. The permeated ink forms a cladding onto the nanofibers in the textile substrate, w...

Information or education interventions for adult intensive care unit (ICU) patients and their carers.

During intensive care unit (ICU) admission, patients and their carers experience physical and psychological stressors that may result in psychological conditions including anxiety, depression, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Improving communication between healthcare professionals, patients, and their carers may alleviate these disorders. Communication may include information or educational interventions, in different formats, aiming to improve knowledge of the prognosis, treatment, or anticipate...

Health utilities in cancer patients: A study protocol for a prospective, longitudinal cohort using online survey.

Cost-utility analysis (CUA) is becoming more commonly used in healthcare decision-making. CUA uses the quality-adjusted life-years (QALY) metric, which combines the length of life with the health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Most QALY-measuring instruments were validated for general populations. For patients with cancer, the perception of their health state is different and may vary by the type of cancer considered. In Quebec, no preference weights for QALY have been developed, neither for the general p...

Healthcare Costs of Secondhand Smoke Exposure at Home for U.S. Children.

The purpose of this study is to estimate healthcare utilization and healthcare costs due to secondhand smoke exposure at home for children in the U.S.

Modal analysis of failures and effects in intra-hospital transfers.

To identify gaps in patient safety during intra-hospital transfers.

RPS23RG1 Is Required for Synaptic Integrity and Rescues Alzheimer's Disease-Associated Cognitive Deficits.

Although synaptic impairment is a prerequisite to cognitive deficiencies in Alzheimer's disease (AD), mechanisms underlying the dysregulation of essential synaptic scaffolding components and their integrity remain elusive. RPS23RG1 is a newly identified protein implicated in AD. However, the physiological function of RPS23RG1 has yet to be determined.

YouTube as a source of patient information for ankylosing spondylitis exercises.

Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a rheumatic disorder characterized by structural impairments and postural deformities which restrict daily life activities. Nonpharmacologic methods, particularly exercise therapies, play a key role in the treatment. Obtaining online health-related information has become increasingly popular. We aimed to assess the quality of the most viewed YouTube videos on AS exercises.

Out-of-pocket expenditure and correlates of caesarean births in public and private health centres in India.

Increasing caesarean births is a global trend and of recent origin in India. Besides its utility and disutility, increasing caesarean births exert higher economic burden on households and the nation. Using 148,746 births from the National Family Health Survey, 2015-16, this paper examines the correlates and provides comparable estimates of out of pocket expenditure (OOPE) on caesarean births in public and private health centres in India. The monthly state specific rural-urban consumer price index and the OO...

Healthcare underutilization in middle-aged and elderly adults in China.

This article investigates the prevalence of, illness conditions associated with, and reasons for healthcare underutilization among middle-aged and elderly adults in China. It also identifies participants' characteristics associated with healthcare underutilization.

Chronic Kidney Disease: Exploring Value-Based Healthcare as a Potential Viable Solution.

Increasing healthcare expenditures have triggered a trend from volume to value by linking patient outcome to costs. This concept first described as value-based healthcare (VBHC) by Michael Porter is especially applicable for chronic conditions. This article aims to explore the applicability of the VBHC framework to the chronic kidney disease (CKD) care area.

Development of marine water quality criteria for inorganic mercury in China based on the retrievable toxicity data and a comparison with relevant criteria or guidelines.

The development of marine water quality criteria (WQC) in China has been insufficient because data on the toxicity of pollutants for marine organisms based on the species sensitivity distribution (SSD) method are lacking. The Chinese aquatic environmental quality standards, including those for seawater, were derived from the developed countries. Therefore, establishing Chinese marine WQC is crucial for identifying the sensitivity of marine species in China and will improve their protection from threats. Mer...

Knowledge, attitude, and practice of influenza vaccine immunization among primary healthcare providers in Dubai health authority, 2016-2017.

Vaccination of healthcare providers (HCPs) against seasonal influenza has been consistently recommended worldwide. Despite that, healthcare providers (HCPs) globally and in other Middle Eastern countries continue to have a low rate of influenza vaccination due to various reasons. No data are available from our country, United Arab Emirates.

Metadynamics with Discriminants: a Tool for Understanding Chemistry.

We introduce an extension of a recently published method\cite{Mendels2018} to obtain low-dimensional collective variables for studying multiple states free energy processes in chemical reactions. The only information needed is a collection of simple statistics of the equilibrium properties of the reactants and product states. No information on the reaction mechanism has to be given. The method allows studying a large variety of chemical reactivity problems including multiple reaction pathways, isomerization...

The Respiratory Specimen Collection Trial (ReSpeCT): A Randomized Controlled Trial to Compare Quality and Timeliness of Respiratory Sample Collection in the Home by Parents and Healthcare Workers From Children Aged <2 Years.

Most acute respiratory infection (ARI) research focuses on severe disease and overlooks the burden of community-managed illness. For community-based studies, home-based specimen collection by parents could be a resource-saving alternative to collection by healthcare workers (HCWs). In this study, we compared parent and HCW groups for their likelihood to collect specimens and the timeliness and quality of such collection.

Clinical decision support for high-cost imaging: A randomized clinical trial.

There is widespread concern over the health risks and healthcare costs from potentially inappropriate high-cost imaging. As a result, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) will soon require high-cost imaging orders to be accompanied by Clinical Decision Support (CDS): software that provides appropriateness information at the time orders are placed via a best practice alert for targeted (i.e. likely inappropriate) imaging orders, although the impacts of CDS in this context are unclear. In this...

C5a receptor 1 mice are protected from the development of IgE-mediated experimental food allergy.

Food-induced anaphylaxis is a serious allergic reaction caused by Fcε-receptor activation on mast cells (MCs). The exact mechanisms breaking oral tolerance and the effector pathways driving food allergy remain elusive. As complement is activated in food-induced anaphylaxis, we aimed to assess the role of C5a in disease pathogenesis.

The Burden of Clostridium difficile Infection During Inpatient Stays in the United States between 2012 and 2016.

The healthcare burden of Clostridium (Clostridioides) difficile infection (CDI) is high but not fully characterized.

Crew resource management training in healthcare: a systematic review of intervention design, training conditions and evaluation.

Crew resource management (CRM) training formats have become a popular method to increase patient safety by consideration of the role that human factors play in healthcare delivery. The purposes of this review were to identify what is subsumed under the label of CRM in a healthcare context and to determine how such training is delivered and evaluated.

In vitro axenic germination and cultivation of mixotrophic Pyroloideae (Ericaceae) and their post-germination ontogenetic development.

Pyroloids, forest sub-shrubs of the Ericaceae family, are an important model for their mixotrophic nutrition, which mixes carbon from photosynthesis and from their mycorrhizal fungi. They have medical uses but are difficult to cultivate ex situ; in particular, their dust seeds contain undifferentiated, few-celled embryos, whose germination is normally fully supported by fungal partners. Their germination and early ontogenesis thus remain elusive.

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