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Indivior Warns Potential Loss This Year Star Drug PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Indivior Warns Potential Loss This Year Star Drug articles that have been published worldwide.
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The hepatic risk matrix (HRM) was developed and used to differentiate lead clinical and back-up drug candidates against competitor/marketed drugs within the same pharmaceutical class for their potential to cause human drug-induced liver injury (DILI). The hybrid HRM scoring system blends physicochemical properties (Rule of Two Model: dose and lipophilicity or Partition Model: dose, ionization state, lipophilicity, and carbon bond saturation) with common toxicity mechanisms (cytotoxicity, mitochondrial dysfu...
The histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor belinostat has activity in various cancers. Because belinostat is metabolized by the liver, reduced hepatic clearance could lead to excessive drug accumulation and increased toxicity. Safety data in patients with liver dysfunction are needed for this drug to reach its full potential in the clinic.
Obesity in women of childbearing age is linked to lower fertility rates due to chronic oligoovulation and anovulation. Effective weight loss treatment such as bariatric surgery can improve fertility potential. However, pregnancy during the first 12 months after bariatric surgery should be avoided due to an active catabolic state and may increase the potential risk of fetal growth restriction. Here, we report a case with an immediate return of fertility function following a bariatric surgery with favorable...
The second-generation everolimus and zotarolimus drug eluting stents (DES) have shown superiority for repeat revascularisation and safety to the first-generation devices for stable patients. However, the benefit of those devices in the setting of ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) has remained questionable due to concern regarding stent thrombosis (ST) seen with the first-generation devices. We review the outcomes of patients with STEMI treated in our centre at a time when the second-generation DES ...
Inner ear involvement has been reported in systemic rheumatic disease while detection of cochlin-specific antibodies has been reported in patients with idiopatic sensorineural hearing loss, suggesting cochlin's strong link to autoimmune hearing loss. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to calculate the prevalence of sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) in patients with systemic rheumatic diseases, and to investigate any potential correlation with human antibodies to cochlin.
Potential prescribing omissions (PPOs) of medications are a frequent form of inadequate prescription drug practices. The objective of this study was to identify PPOs in a sample of elderly patients with cardiovascular disease.
Bone is a frequent site of metastasis from breast cancer, and a desirable drug could suppress tumor growth as well as metastasis-linked bone loss. Currently, no drug is able to cure breast cancer-associated bone metastasis. In this study, we focused on statins that are known to inhibit cholesterol production and act as antitumor agents. After an initial potency screening of 7 U.S. Food and Drug Administration-approved statins, we examined pitavastatin as a drug candidate for inhibiting tumor and tumor-induc...
Weight loss surgery is safe and effective, but fluid and electrolyte balance remains problematic postoperatively. We developed a mobile app to help patients recover after weight loss surgery.
Vestibular schwannomas (VS) are common slow-growing tumors that typically present with the insidious progression of unilateral hearing loss, tinnitus, vertigo, and gait imbalance. Clinically significant intratumoral acute hemorrhage is exceedingly rare and can present with the acute onset of symptoms, neurologic deterioration, and significant dysfunction of cranial nerves VII and VIII. We discuss a 40-year-old male who developed mild hearing loss and headaches over the course of a month prior to presenting ...
Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were collected from a 6-year-old female child who was clinically diagnosed as primary nephrotic syndrome (NS) with hormone resistance. An iPSC line was successfully established by the Sendai-virus (SeV) delivery system. The iPS-19 (GSPHi001-A) expressed pluripotent markers, exhibited a normal karyotype and differentiated towards three germ layers. The iPSC line might offer a potentially useful tool for investigating mechanisms of primary NS, drug testing and gene t...
Background Operating rooms and Intensive Care Units are places where an optimal management of drugs and medical devices is required. Objective To evaluate the impact of a dedicated pharmacist in an academic Anaesthesiology and Critical Care Department. Setting This study was conducted in the Anaesthesiology and Critical Care Department of Grenoble University Hospital. Method Between November 2013 and June 2017, the drug-related problems occurring in three Intensive Care Units and their corrections by a full...
The optimal length of residency training in family medicine is under debate. This study compared applicant type, number of applicants, match positions filled, matched applicant type, and ranks to fill between 3-year (3YR) and 4-year (4YR) residencies.
Global HIV statistics by World Health Organization (WHO) for the year 2017 was estimated to be 36.9 (31.1-43.9) million. Antiviral drug resistance poses a serious threat to the public health and requires immediate action. Retroviral integrase (IN) a component enzyme in the retroviral pre-integration complex (PIC) enables a retrovirus to incorporate its genetic material into the host DNA. Development of resistance to the current integrases invites immediate attention of the drug discovery community for the d...
Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) signaling pathway is one of the promising and well-established targets for anticancer therapy. The objective of the present study was to identify new EGFR inhibitors using ligand and structure-based drug designing methods, followed by a synthesis of selected inhibitors and evaluation of their activity.
With growing prevalence, end-stage renal disease (ESRD) as well as critical limb ischemia (CLI) are both conditions associated with high morbidity and mortality rates. Patients and methods: A retrospective single-centre study provided data of a German interdisciplinary vascular centre. Seventy-seven consecutive haemodialysis (HD) inpatients (median age, 73.6 years) with 91 threatened limbs with Wound, Ischemia, and foot Infection (WIfI) clinical stage 3 or 4 were evaluated for in-hospital treatment of perip...
Spatio-temporally controlled drug release based on conducting polymer films offers a powerful technology to improve the tissue integration for implantable neuroprobes. We here explore the release efficiency of such systems in order to improve the understanding of the release mechanism and allow for optimized implementation of this technology into future drug release applications. By exposing drug loaded PEDOT coatings of different thicknesses to a multitude of release signals, along with optimizing the step...
Soils are the most complex and diverse ecosystem in the world. In addition to providing humanity with 98.8% of its food, soils provide a broad range of other services, from carbon storage and greenhouse gas regulation, to flood mitigation and providing support for our sprawling cities. But soil is a finite resource, and rapid human population growth coupled with increasing consumption is placing unprecedented pressure on soils through the intensification of agricultural production - the increasing of crop y...
Medication reconciliation is recommended to be performed at every transition of medical care to prevent medication errors or adverse drug events. This study investigated the impact of pharmacy-led medication reconciliation on medication discrepancies and potential adverse drug events in the ED to assess the benefits of pharmacy services.
Combination of systemic and local drug therapy has been proved more effective and safer for idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss by some clinical trials, and there are few laboratory researches on its pharmacokinetic behaviors in the inner ear. In the present study, we use a new in vivo imaging system to compare the pharmacokinetics of combined therapy (CT), with intravenous (IV) or transtympanic (TT) injection alone in both ears of transgenic GFAP-Luc mice. Biological half-life, total photon counts...
Use of herbal medicines and supplements by consumers to prevent or treat disease, particularly chronic conditions continues to grow, leading to increased awareness of the minimal regulation standards in many countries. Fraudulent, adulterated and contaminated herbal and traditional medicines and dietary supplements are a risk to consumer health, with adverse effects and events including overdose, drug-herb interactions and hospitalisation. The scope of the risk has been difficult to determine, prompting cal...
Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) restricts gastric volume to achieve weight loss. We aimed to compare the efficacy of LSG with and without antrectomy for achieving weight loss.
Prescription drug misuse is most prevalent during young adulthood (ages 18-25 years). We aimed to identify prescription drug misuse trajectories for three drug classes (opioids, stimulants, and sedatives or tranquilisers) from adolescence into adulthood, assess the extent to which different trajectories are associated with symptoms of substance use disorder, and identity factors associated with high-risk prescription drug misuse trajectories.
Bariatric surgery results in weight loss and health improvements in adults and adolescents. However, whether outcomes differ according to the age of the patient at the time of surgery is unclear.
Approximately 250 million (43%) children under the age of 5 years in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) are failing to meet their developmental potential. Risk factors are recognised to contribute to this loss of human potential. Expanding understanding of the risks that lead to poor outcomes and which protective factors contribute to resilience in children may be critical to improving disparities.
When evaluating the impact of vision-destroying diseases, pharmacologic therapies represent a significant cost to patients, insurance providers, and society. Currently, up to 11 million people in the United States have some form of age-related macular degeneration (AMD), which is one of the leading causes of vision loss in older Americans. Ophthalmologists have administered more than 6 million intravitreal injections of aflibercept, bevacizumab, pegaptanib, and ranibizumab last year. Comprehensive assessmen...