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PubMed Journal Database | Fish & shellfish immunology - Page: 20 RSS

00:51 EST 22nd February 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing PubMed Articles 476–500 of 907 from Fish & shellfish immunology

Antioxidant enzymes, hematology and histology of spleen in Nile tilapia fed supplemented diet with natural extracts challenged with Aeromonas hydrophila.

This study investigated the effects of dietary supplementation with the extrats of propolis and Aloe barbadensis (aloe) on the antioxydant enzime activity, hematology and histology of the spleen of Nile tilapia challenged with Aeromonas hydrophila. Seventy two juvenile Nile tilapia were divided in four treatments and three replicates and fed extract mixture for 15 days: fish fed supplemented diet with 1% of the mixture of extracts of propolis and aloe (1:1) injected with phosphate-buffered saline (PBS); fis...

Molecular characterization and gene expression analysis of hypoxia-inducible factor and its inhibitory factors in kuruma shrimp Marsupenaeus japonicus.

In shrimp aquaculture, overcrowded farming causes fluctuations in dissolved oxygen concentrations. Low-oxygen conditions (hypoxia) affect shrimp growth. Hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) is a transcriptional factor in the basic helix-loop-helix/PAS family and is activated in response to hypoxic stress. However, little is known about HIF and other inhibitors of the HIF pathway in crustaceans. In this study, we cloned MjHIF-1α, an inhibitory factor, MjFIH-1 (factor inhibiting HIF-1α), and MjVHL (Von Hippel-Lin...

Heme Oxygenase-1 inhibits spring viremia of carp virus replication through carbon monoxide mediated cyclic GMP/Protein kinase G signaling pathway.

Spring viremia of carp virus (SVCV) is the etiological agent of spring viremia of carp (SVC) and causes mass mortality in common carp (Cyprinus carpio). Currently, no effective treatments or commercial vaccines against SVCV are available. Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), an enzyme that catalyzes the degradation of heme to produce carbon monoxide (CO), biliverdin and ferrous iron (Fe2+), exerts anti-oxidant, antiinflammatory and anti-apoptotic properties. Previous studies demonstrated that nuclear factor-erythroid 2...

The function of Eriocheir sinensis transferrin and iron in Spiroplasma eriocheiris infection.

Transferrin, a member of the iron binding superfamily protein, plays an extremely important role in the transport of iron in the biological process of cells. The result of preliminary proteomic study on E. sinensis hemocytes infected Spiroplasma eriocheiris showed the expression of transferrin (EsTF) and ferrin (EsFe) significantly changed. In addition, other reports have confirmed that transferrin, ferritin and iron are involved in the immune response of hosts. In order to validate the immune function of E...

Isolation of an invertebrate-type lysozyme from the nephridia of the echiura, Urechis unicinctus, and its recombinant production and activities.

Invertebrates, unlike vertebrates which have adaptive immune system, rely heavily on the innate immune system for the defense against pathogenic bacteria. Lysozymes, along with other immune effectors, are regarded as an important group in this defense. An invertebrate-type (i-type) lysozyme, designated Urechis unicinctus invertebrate-type lysozyme, Uu-ilys, has been isolated from nephridia of Urechis unicinctus using a series of high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), and ultrasensitive radial diffus...

A novel caspase-associated recruitment domain (CARD) containing protein (CgCARDCP-1) involved in LPS recognition and NF-κB activation in oyster (Crassostrea gigas).

Caspase-associated recruitment domain (CARD) containing proteins play critical roles in molecular interaction and regulation of various signaling pathways, such as the activation of caspase and NF-κB singling pathway in the process of apoptosis or inflammation. In the present study, a novel CARD containing protein (designed CgCARDCP-1) was identified and characterized from oyster Crassostrea gigas. Molecular feature analysis revealed that, the open reading frame (ORF) of CgCARDCP-1 gene was 759 bp encoding...

A novel JNK is involved in immune response by regulating IL expression in oyster Crassostrea gigas.

The c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) is a member of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK) highly conserved from yeast to mammals and participates in regulating many physiological and pathological processes. In the present study, a novel JNK was identified from oyster Crassostrea gigas (designated as CgJNK) and its biological functions were investigated in response against lipopolysaccharide (LPS) injection. The CgJNK consists of 415 amino acids, which includes a serine/threonine protein kinase (S_TKc) domai...

A clip domain serine protease regulates the expression of proPO and hemolymph clotting in mud crab, Scylla paramamosain.

The clip domain serine proteinases (clip-SPs) play vital roles in embryonic development and in various innate immune functions in invertebrates such as antimicrobial activity, cell adhesion, hemolymph clotting, pattern recognition and regulation of the prophenoloxidase system. However, little is known about the role of the clip domain serine proteinase in Scylla paramamosain (designated SpcSP) immunity. In the present study, we cloned a clip-SP from S. paramamosain hemocytes using rapid amplification of cDN...

Molecular characterization of Rhodeus uyekii tripartite motif protein 1 (TRIM1) involved in IFN-γ/LPS-induced NF-κB signaling.

The tripartite motif-containing (TRIM) proteins are involved in a wide range of cellular processes, and the role of TRIM1 in immunity has been explored. However, fundamental studies on fish TRIM1 are lacking. In this study, we cloned and characterized TRIM1 cDNA from the Korean rose bitterling, Rhodeus uyekii (RuTRIM1). Two RuTRIM1 isoforms (RuTRIM1-X1 and RuTRIM1-X2) were identified. The coding sequence (CDS) of RuTRIM1-X1 comprised 2157 bp encoding a 718-aa protein, and the CDS of RuTRIM1-X2 comprised 192...

Comparative transcriptome analysis reveals the gene expression profiling in bighead carp (Aristichthys nobilis) in response to acute nitrite toxicity.

Nitrite exposure induces growth inhibition, metabolic disturbance, oxidative stress, organic damage, and infection-mediated mortality of aquatic organism. This study aimed to investigate the mechanism in responses to acute nitrite toxicity in bighead carp (Aristichthys nobilis, A. nobilis) by RNA-seq analysis.

Interferons type II and their receptors R1 and R2 in fish species: Evolution, structure, and function.

Interferon gamma (IFN-γ) is one of the key players in the immune system of vertebrates. The evolution and properties of IFN-γ and its receptors in fish species are of special interest as they point to the origin of innate immunity in vertebrates. We studied the phylogeny, biophysical and structural properties of IFN-γ and its receptors. Our phylogeny analysis suggests the existence of two groups of IFN-γ related proteins, one specific for Acanthomorpha, the other for Cypriniformes, Characiformes and Sil...

Identification of Litopenaeus vannamei BiP as a novel cellular attachment protein for white spot syndrome virus by using a biotinylation based affinity chromatography method.

White spot syndrome virus (WSSV) is a dangerous threat to shrimp farming that also attacks a wide range of crustaceans. Knowledge of the surface protein-protein interactions between the pathogen and host is very crucial to unraveling the molecular pathogenesis mechanisms of WSSV. In this study, LvBiP (Litopenaeus vannamei immunoglobulin heavy-chain-binding protein) was identified as a novel WSSV binding protein of L. vannamei by a biotinylation based affinity chromatography method. By using pull-down and EL...

Combined effects of dietary low molecular weight sodium alginate and Pediococcus acidilactici MA18/5M on growth performance, haematological and innate immune responses of Asian sea bass (Lates calcalifer) juveniles.

Six weeks feeding trial was conducted to examine the effects of dietary administration of low molecular weight sodium alginate (LMWSA) and Pediococcus acidilactici MA 18/5M (PA) on humoral and mucosal immune responses, haematological parameters and growth performance, of Lates calcarifer juveniles. Fish (12.0 ± 0.2 g) were fed experimental diets as follows: Control (diet 1, basal diet), 5 g kg LMWSA (diet 2), 10 g kg LMWSA (diet 3), 0.9 × 10 CFU g PA (diet 4), 5 g kg LMWSA + 0....

Effects of effluent from electoplating industry on the immune response in the freshwater fish, Cyprinus carpio.

The present study was designed to assess the effect of sublethal concentrations of electoplating industry effluent (EIE) on the non-specific and specific immune responses in the freshwater fish, Cyprinus carpio. Sublethal concentrations of electroplating industry effluent such as 0.004, 0.007, 0.010 and 0.013% were chosen based on the LC values. Experimental fish were exposed to these sublethal concentrations of EIE for 28 days. After 7, 14, 21 and 28 days of treatment, non-specific immune response by serum...

Hemolytic reactions in the hemolymph of bivalve Sinonovacula constricta show complement-like activity.

The complement-like hemolysis method was used to determine the total complement-like activity of the plasma of Sinonovacula constricta. In this study, the effects of both physical and chemical conditions on complement hemolysis of S. constricta were measured. Physical conditions included proportion (S. constricta plasma: 2% rabbit red blood cells), temperature, time, and incubation, while the chemical factors consisted of Lipopolysaccharide (LPS), Flagellin (FLA), Zymosan, Peptidoglycan (PGN), Phenylmethane...

Nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-containing protein 1 (NOD1) in Asian seabass, Lates calcarifer: Cloning, ontogeny and expression analysis following bacterial infection or ligand stimulation.

NOD1 (Nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-containing protein 1) is one of the most prominent intracellular Nod-like receptors (NLRs), responsible for detecting different microbial components and products arising from tissue injury. Here, we have identified and cloned NOD1 transcript in the Asian seabass, Lates calcarifer (AsNOD1), which consists of 3749 nucleotides and encodes for a predicted putative protein of 900 AA. The AsNOD1 possesses the typical structure of NLR family, consisting of N-terminal...

Changes in natural haemolytic complement activity induced by stress in gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata L.).

In aquaculture, animals can be continually exposed to environmental stress factors that put their health and even survival at risk. Two experiments were performed to evaluate the impact of different stress conditions (acute crowding and anaesthetic) on the natural haemolytic complement activity in serum and skin mucus of gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata L.). In the first experiment, fish were subjected to 10 kg m (low density, control group) and 50 kg m (high density, crowding group) during 2, 24 an...

Growth, physiological, antioxidants, and immune response of African catfish, Clarias gariepinus (B.), to dietary clove basil, Ocimum gratissimum, leaf extract and its susceptibility to Listeria monocytogenes infection.

Clove basil, Ocimum gratissimum, is a native plant to Africa and grows virtually in tropical and subtropical regions. It has good aroma and its leaves have become used as a spicy and in traditional medicine. The use of plant leaves in fish diets may deteriorate their growth because it may content anti-nutritional factors0 Thus, it is better to use plants leaves extract. In the current study, clove basil leaves extract (CBLE) was administrated to African catfish, Clarias gariepinus (B.) for 12 weeks to evalu...

Immuno-protective role of biologically synthesized dietary selenium nanoparticles against multiple stressors in Pangasinodon hypophthalmus.

An environment friendly and sustainable approach is being emerged in the area of nanotechnology for accelerated growth and development of culturable aquatic animals hence green chemistry is gaining momentum in recent years. The present study has been carried out to delineate the effects of selenium nanoparticles (Se-NPs) on growth performance, antioxidative status and immunity of fish reared under lead (Pb) and high temperature (34 °C). Three hundred and sixty five fish were equally distributed in seven ...

Inositol-requiring enzyme 1 involved in regulating hemocyte apoptosis upon heat stress in Patinopecten yessoensis.

The inositol-requiring enzyme 1 (IRE1), one of the primary endoplasmic reticulum (ER) transmembrane receptor proteins, is involved in regulating unfolded protein response (UPR) signaling pathway and plays an import role in maintaining cell homeostasis. In the present study, an IRE1 homologue was identified from Patinopecten yessoensis (designated as PyIRE1). The cDNA of PyIRE1 was of 3314 bp with a 2646 bp open reading frame (ORF) of IRE1 encoding a polypeptide of 881 amino acids. There were a signal peptid...

Probiotic potential of Bacillus velezensis JW: Antimicrobial activity against fish pathogenic bacteria and immune enhancement effects on Carassius auratus.

This study evaluated the probiotic potential of B. velezensis JW through experimental and genomic analysis approaches. Strain JW showed antimicrobial activity against a broad range of fish pathogenic bacteria including Aeromonas hydrophila, Aeromonas salmonicida, Lactococcus garvieae, Streptococcus agalactiae, and Vibrio Parahemolyticus. Fish (Carassius auratus) were fed with the diets containing 0 (control), 10, and 10 cfu/g of B. velezensis JW for 4 weeks. Various immune parameters were examined at 1, 2...

Molecular characterization and functional analysis of two phospholipid hydroperoxide isoforms from Larimichthys crocea under Vibrio parahaemolyticus challenge.

Glutathione peroxidases family is a key role in the antioxidant system in oxybiotic organisms for cell redox homeostasis. One of their members, phospholipid hydroperoxide glutathione peroxidase (GPx4) have unique monomeric structure and can directly react with complex lipid and membrane-bound peroxides under the presence of glutathione(GSH). In this paper, two complete GPx4 cDNAs (designated as LcGPx4a and LcGPx4b) from Larimichthys crocea are identified by rapid amplification of cDNA ends. The cDNA of LcGP...

Adaptive response of pearl oyster Pinctada fucata martensii to low water temperature stress.

The pearl oyster Pinctada fucata martensii is a warm-water shellfish that is sensitive to cold environments. To investigate its potential adaptation to low-temperature stress, the selected line (SL) and based population (BP) were sampled to undergo transcriptome sequence. Results of transcriptome analysis showed 572 significant differentially expressed genes. The typical HSP70 and HSP40 exhibited the polar expression model in the two groups. Meanwhile, the related genes that involved in energy release media...

Immuno-related gene transcription and antibody response in nodavirus (RGNNV and SJNNV)-infected European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax L.).

The immune response of European sea bass to RGNNV and SJNNV infections has been evaluated by quantifying the transcription of some genes involved in the IFN I system, as well as in the inflammatory and adaptive immune mechanisms. The transcription of IFN-I, ISG-12, ISG-15 and MxA genes has been analyzed in brain and head kidney, showing that RGNNV genotype induces a more intense response of the IFN I system than SJNNV in both organs. In addition, the results obtained indicate the importance of the inflammat...

The immune functions of sessile hemocytes in three organs of kuruma shrimp Marsupenaeus japonicus differ from those of circulating hemocytes.

Shrimp, as invertebrates, have an open vasculature that allows circulating hemocytes to infiltrate the tissues, where they are referred to as sessile hemocytes. Sessile hemocytes are known to express immune-related genes, but it is not known whether their functions differ from those of circulating hemocytes. To answer this question, we enriched them from suspensions of different tissues using discontinuous density gradient centrifugation and analyzed their transcripts by RNA-seq. The results suggest that ci...


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