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A Study On Amprenavir In Combination With Other Anti-HIV Drugs In HIV-Positive Patients PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest A Study On Amprenavir In Combination With Other Anti-HIV Drugs In HIV-Positive Patients articles that have been published worldwide.
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Type 2 diabetes mellitus is one of the most common chronic disease worldwide and affects all cross-sections of the society including children, women, youth and adults. Scientific evidence has linked diabetes to higher incidence, accelerated progression and increased aggressiveness of different cancers. Among the different forms of cancer, research has reinforced a link between diabetes and the risk of breast cancer. Some studies have specifically linked diabetes to the highly aggressive, triple negative bre...
Hypertension is the leading cause of mortality and disability worldwide. Despite the proven benefits of blood pressure (BP) reduction, lack of BP pressure control continues to be the most important clinical problem in hypertension management. Areas covered: Factors involved in the lack of BP control and strategies to improve such control have been reviewed, with special focus on the usefulness of combination therapies, those types of combination which include a renin-angiotensin system (RAS) blocker, with d...
A disturbance of glucose homeostasis leading to type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is one of the severe side effects that may occur during a prolonged use of many drugs currently available on the market. In this manuscript we describe the most common cases of drug-induced T2DM, discuss available pharmacotherapies and propose new ones. Among various pharmacotherapies of T2DM, incretin therapies have recently focused attention due to the newly determined crystal structure of incretin hormone receptor GLP1R. Incr...
The clearance pathways of drugs are critical elements for understanding the pharmacokinetics of drugs. We previously developed in silico systems to predict the five clearance pathway using a rectangular method and a support vector machine (SVM). In this study, we improved our classification system by increasing the number of clearance pathways available for our prediction (CYP1A2, CYP2C8, CYP2C19, and UDP-glucuronosyl transferases (UGTs)) and by accepting multiple major pathways.
To characterize the clinical features of patients with ocular inflammatory diseases (OID) who tested positive for atypical perinuclear anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (P-ANCA).
The aim of this study was to evaluate the positive rate of serum glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) autoantibody in patients with myelitis and to describe the clinical findings in patients with positive GAD antibody.
Outcomes of long-term responders to anti-programmed death 1 and anti-programmed death ligand 1 when being rechallenged with the same anti-programmed death 1 and anti-programmed death ligand 1 at progression.
Long-term responders have been observed with anti-programmed death 1 and anti-programmed death ligand 1 (anti-PD(L)1). Optimal duration of therapy in responding and stable disease (SD) patients is unclear with various attitudes encompassing treatment until progression disease, stopping therapy after a defined timeframe.
Benzimidazole anthelmintics flubendazole and mebendazole are microtubule-targeting drugs that showed considerable anti-cancer activity in different preclinical models. In this study, the effects of flubendazole and mebendazole on proliferation, migration and cadherin switching were studied in a panel of oral cell lines in vitro. Both compounds reduced the viability of the PE/CA-PJ15 and H376 oral squamous carcinoma cells and of the premalignant oral keratinocytes DOK with the IC values in the range of 0.19-...
We determined the safety, feasibility and sustainability of an outpatient model of care for infants exposed to intra-uterine drugs.
The perception that people who use illicit drugs are deviant has contributed to the stigmatization of this population. The primary aim of this review is to examine the links among injection-related discrimination, mental health, physical health, and quality of life in people who inject drugs. We also identify settings, perpetrators of discrimination, and coping strategies developed by people who inject drugs to deal with the issue.
Colorectal cancer is the third most diagnosed cancer and a leading cause of cancer death. Dissatisfaction with currently available anti-colorectal cancer drugs caused by unwanted side effects and low efficacy necessitates new therapeutic agents. In the present study, a sulfated glucuronorhamnoxylan polysaccharide (named SPS-CF) purified from a green alga Capsosiphon fulvescens was evaluated for its anti-cancer activity in vitro and in vivo against colorectal cancer. The SPS-CF treatment resulted in a dose-d...
HIV-infected patients have lower bone mineral density and a higher incidence of fractures than the general population of the same age and sex. To assess the impact of antiretroviral drugs (ARV) exposure on the risk of osteoporotic fractures, we conducted a nested case-control study.
Spinal cord injury (SCI) is one of the most devastating central lesions, resulting in serious locomotor deficit. Polydatin is a glucoside of resveratrol with proven anti-cardiovascular, anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative properties. The main purpose of this study was to investigate whether polydatin could alleviate SCI in rats and explore the underlying mechanisms.
A cross-sectional study for poliovirus seroprevalence in Guangdong was carried out in 2014, just before a change in polio vaccine commenced in 2015. The aim of the study was to test whether polio immunity level was high enough to satisfy the polio vaccine switch. A total of 6339 people were tested for poliovirus neutralization antibodies (NA). Overall NA seropositivity for PV1, PV2 and PV3 were 95.2%, 94.9% and 88.7%, and the respective geometric mean titer (GMT) were 82.9, 55.8, and 26.3, respectively. The...
Combination chemotherapy must strike a difficult balance between safety and efficacy. Current regimens suffer from poor therapeutic impact because drugs are given at their maximum tolerated dose (MTD), which compounds the toxicity risk and exposes tumors to non-optimal drug ratios. We developed a modular framework that selectively delivers drug combinations at synergistic ratios via tumor-targeting aptamers for effective low-dose treatment. Specifically, we coupled a nucleolin recognizing aptamer to peptide...
A cohort analysis using UK Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD) was performed to compare the effects of bisoprolol, other β-blockers, and drugs other than β-blockers on the long-term risk of mortality and cardiovascular events in patients with angina. Adult patients first diagnosed with angina from 2000 to 2014, with ≥365 days of registration to first angina diagnosis and initiating monotherapies of bisoprolol, other β-blockers, or drugs other than β-blockers within 6 months of angina diagnosis ...
Neospora caninum is a protozoan responsible for abortions, stillbirths (mainly among cattle) and neuromuscular diseases in dogs. Its importance in wild species and its impact on the environmental preservation of different ecosystems have been little described. This study aimed to investigate the presence of anti-N. caninum antibodies in feral cats on the island of Fernando de Noronha and contribute epidemiological data on this disease in these animals and its impact on the environmental preservation of the ...
The objective of this study was to assess the presence and characteristics of Salmonella enterica found in the synovial fluid of broiler carcasses. The synovial fluid of three individual joints from 500 broiler carcasses was individually sampled from five broiler processing facilities located in the Southeast and West regions of the United States (1,500 total samples). The external surface of broiler carcass was decontaminated before sampling of the shoulder, coxofemoral, and tibiofemoral joints. Individual...
S100B, a cytokine produced by astrocytes, has been studied as a biomarker of glial and neuronal damage in epilepsy. The present study investigated the reliability of serum S100B as a biomarker and the effect of carbamazepine and oxcarbazepine on serum S100B in patients with focal seizure.
To screen the specific anti-human intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) single chain fragment variable (scFv) using phage display library technology and to identify its biological activity. P1 peptide was used as antigen, and the phage antibodies against human ICAM-1 antigen were panned by four binding-eluting-amplifying cycles using Tomlinson I+J phage display library. After four rounds of selective enrichment screening, the positive clones were determined by PCR, enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (EL...
Anti-centromere antibody (ACA) is often detected in patients with autoimmune diseases, including limited cutaneous systemic sclerosis (SSc), Sjögren's syndrome (SS), and primary biliary cholangitis (PBC). The association between autoimmune disease and ACA positivity remains unclear. We sought to clarify the clinical features of ACA-positive patients and their association with autoantibodies.
The Infiniplex for milk® (IPM) kit is a quick method for the simultaneous and qualitative detection of more than 100 molecules including antibiotic residues, mycotoxins, anti-inflammatories and antiparasitic drugs into a single test that does not require milk treatment. The IPM® kit was validated according to the European decision EC/2002/657 and according to the European guideline for the validation of screening methods (2010). Our validation was focused only on antibiotic residues. The washing step was ...
Rafoxanide is used in veterinary medicine for the treatment of fascioliasis. We previously repositioned the drug as the inhibitor of B-Raf V600E, but its anti-tumor effect in human cancer has never been reported. In this study, we investigated the effects of rafoxanide in multiple myeloma (MM) in vitro and in vivo. We found that rafoxanide inhibited cell proliferation and overcame the protective effect of the bone marrow (BM) microenvironment on MM cells. Rafoxanide induced cell apoptosis by reducing mitoch...
Cocaine (COC) is widely abused and associated with significant adverse effects. Forensic and clinical laboratories often test for COC intake through detection of the primary metabolite, benzoylecgonine (BZE) in urine. Testing for BZE alone may result in false-negative determinations in situations where COC is recently administered or metabolism is impaired. To our knowledge, no data have been provided demonstrating the utility of adding parent COC to urine confirmation testing in routine analyses. For this ...