PubMed Journals Articles About "A FMRI Study Of The Treatment Of Danish Veterans With PTSD With Prolonged Exposure Therapy" - Page: 20 RSS

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Showing "fMRI Study Treatment Danish Veterans With PTSD With" PubMed Articles 476–500 of 79,000+

Psychosocial factors associated with posttraumatic stress and growth in Australian women with ovarian cancer.

The study examined psychosocial factors (quality of life, depression, anxiety, optimism, coping, and social support) in relation to symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and posttraumatic growth (PTG) in 108 women diagnosed with ovarian cancer. Canonical correlational analysis showed that both PTSD and PTG were related to poorer quality of life, lack of social supports, and avoidant coping styles. However, higher PTG was also associated with the use of meaning and social support to cope with thei...

Rapid Recovery Total Joint Arthroplasty is Safe, Efficient, and Cost-Effective in the Veterans Administration Setting.

Institutional pathways in total joint arthroplasty (TJA) have been shown to reduce costs and improve patient care, but questions remain regarding their efficacy in certain populations. We sought to evaluate the comprehensive effect of a rapid recovery perioperative TJA protocol in the Veterans Health Administration (VA) setting.

The relationship between PTSD and suicidality among Wenchuan earthquake survivors: The role of PTG and social support.

Previous studies have found that suicide rates are likely to increase after the occurrence of earthquakes. Most existing studies that examined the relationship between PTSD and suicidality focus on risk factors. It remains unclear whether protective factors, such as post-traumatic growth (PTG) and social support, play a role in this relationship.

Pretherapeutic motor thalamus resting-state functional connectivity with visual areas predicts tremor arrest after thalamotomy for essential tremor: tracing the cerebello-thalamo-visuo-motor network.

Essential tremor (ET) is a common movement disorder. Resting state fMRI (rs-fMRI) is non-invasive neuroimaging method acquired in absence of task.

Predictive Validity of the Columbia-Suicide Severity Rating Scale among a Cohort of At-risk Veterans.

To examine the psychometric properties of the Columbia- Suicide Severity Rating Scale (C-SSRS) among a cohort of veterans identified to be at risk for suicide.

Qualitative study of perspectives concerning recent rehospitalisations among a high-risk cohort of veteran patients in Connecticut, USA.

Veterans Affairs (VA) patients are at risk for rehospitalisation due to their lower socioeconomic status, older age, poor social support or multiple comorbidities. The study explored inpatients' perceptions about factors contributing to their rehospitalisation and their recommendations to reduce this risk.

The Glaucoma Intensive Treatment Study (GITS), a randomized clinical trial: design, methodology and baseline data.

The primary objective of the ongoing Glaucoma Intensive Treatment Study (GITS) is to evaluate the effectiveness of immediate intensive treatment in comparison with the commonly recommended stepped regimen on the predicted visual field. The two treatment arms are also being compared regarding quality of life (QoL), intraocular pressure (IOP) reduction, frequency of reported side-effects, adverse events and adherence to prescribed treatment.

Stability of representational geometry across a wide range of fMRI activity levels.

Fine-grained activity patterns, as measured with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), are thought to reflect underlying neural representations. Multivariate analysis techniques, such as representational similarity analysis (RSA), can be used to test models of brain representation by quantifying the representational geometry (the collection of pair-wise dissimilarities between activity patterns). One important caveat, however, is that non-linearities in the coupling between neural activity and the f...

When two are better than one: Bilateral mesial temporal lobe contributions associated with better vocabulary skills in children and adolescents.

This study considered the involvement of the mesial temporal lobe (MTL) in language and verbal memory functions in healthy children and adolescents. We investigated 30 healthy, right-handed children and adolescents, aged 7-16, with a fMRI language paradigm and a comprehensive cognitive test battery. We found significant MTL activations during language fMRI in all participants; 63% of them had left lateralized MTL activations, 20% exhibited right MTL lateralization, and 17% showed bilateral MTL involvement d...

The Effects of a BDNF Val66Met Polymorphism on Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: A Meta-Analysis.

Given evidence that posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is moderately heritable, a number of studies utilizing candidate gene approaches have attempted to examine the potential contributions of theoretically relevant genetic variation. Some of these studies have found sup port for a brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) variant, Val66Met, in the risk of developing PTSD, while others have failed to find this link.

Differential relations of suicidality in depression to brain activation during emotional and executive processing.

Suicidal behavior is highly prevalent in major depressive disorder (MDD), though not present in all patients. It is unclear whether the tendency for suicidal behavior is associated with a unique functional neuroanatomical signature identifiable through neuroimaging. In this study, we investigated brain activation in suicidal and non-suicidal patients with MDD during facial emotion processing and executive control. Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data from the NESDA-fMRI study (MDD patients N =...

Rich table but short life: Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis in Danish astronomer Tycho Brahe (1546-1601) and its possible consequences.

The exhumation of Danish astronomer Tycho Brahe (1546-1601) was performed in 2010 to verify speculative views on the cause of his death. Previous analyses of skeletal and hair remains recovered from his grave refuted the presumption that he died from poisoning. These studies also outlined the possibility that he actually died from an acute illness, echoing the rather vague and inaccurate testimony of some historical records. We performed a detailed paleopathological analysis of Tycho Brahe's skeletal remain...

Clinical and Neurofunctional Substrates of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy on Secondary Social Anxiety Disorder in Primary Panic Disorder: A Longitudinal fMRI Study.

The regret coping scale for health-care professionals RCS-HCP: A validation study with Danish social educators.

Coping with regret has a substantial impact on wellbeing and mental health, but has rarely been investigated in an occupational setting.

Resting-State fMRI Functional Connectivity of the Brain is Associated with Altered Sensorimotor Function in Patients with Cervical Spondylosis.

To determine the relationship between functional connectivity using resting-state fMRI and neurological impairment in patients with cervical spondylosis and healthy controls.

Neural correlates of creative insight: Amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation of resting-state brain activity predicts creative insight.

Creative insight has attracted much attention across cultures. Although previous studies have explored the neural correlates of creative insight by functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), little is known about intrinsic resting-state brain activity associated with creative insight. In the present study, we used amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation (ALFF) as an index in resting-state fMRI (rs-fMRI) to identify brain regions involved in individual differences in creative insight, which was measured by...

The Nature and Severity of Adverse Events in Select Outpatient Surgical Procedures in the Veterans Health Administration.

Research on adverse events (AEs) in outpatient surgery has been limited. As part of a Veterans Health Administration (VA) project on AE surveillance, we chart-reviewed selected outpatient surgical cases to characterize the nature and severity of AEs.

An Academic-Practice Partnership: Fostering Collaboration and Improving Care Across Settings.

Through the Veterans Affairs Nursing Academic Partnership (VANAP), baccalaureate nursing students and faculty participated in practice innovations in a Veterans Affairs Health Care System. Nationally, VANAP has attempted to bridge gaps between theory and practice and across care settings.

Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms and Emerging Adult Sexual Minority Men: Implications for Assessment and Treatment of Childhood Sexual Abuse.

Emerging adulthood (EA) is a developmental period marked by unique challenges that affect health including burgeoning occupational, relational, and financial stability; and increased risk taking in terms of sexual behavior(s) and substance use. Data were collected from 296 HIV-uninfected sexual minority men with childhood sexual abuse (CSA) histories. We analyzed baseline assessment data from a multisite randomized controlled trial that tested the efficaciousness of an experimental psychosocial treatment an...

Correction: Reduced Topological Efficiency in Cortical-Basal Ganglia Motor Network of Parkinson's Disease: A Resting State fMRI Study.

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0108124.].

Association between sunburn and demographic factors and health behaviour among Danish students.

Sunburn is associated with an increased risk for skin cancer. Denmark has one of the highest incidences of melanoma in the world, although it is a relatively northern country. The objective of this study was to determine whether sunburn is associated with demographic factors and health behaviour among young Danes. Cross-sectional data of >55,000 15- to 25-year-old students participating in the Danish National Youth Study were collected in 2014. Multilevel logistic regression analysis was used to determine a...

Psychopathology in 7-year-old children with familial high risk of developing schizophrenia spectrum psychosis or bipolar disorder - The Danish High Risk and Resilience Study - VIA 7, a population-based cohort study.

This study aimed to compare the psychopathological profiles of children at familial high risk of schizophrenia spectrum psychosis (FHR-SZ) or bipolar disorder (FHR-BP) with population-based controls. We used Danish nationwide registers to retrieve a cohort of 522 seven-year-old children of parents with schizophrenia spectrum psychosis (N=202), bipolar disorder (N=120) or none of these disorders (N=200). Psychopathology was assessed by reports from multiple informants, including children, parents and teacher...

Neurofunctional Correlates of Response to Quetiapine in Adolescents with Bipolar Depression.

Prior studies have shown that youth with bipolar disorder demonstrate neurofunctional changes in key prefrontal and subcortical brain regions implicated in emotional regulation following treatment with pharmacological agents. We recently reported a large response rate (>60%) to quetiapine (QUET) for treating depressive symptoms in adolescents with bipolar depression. This study investigates the neurofunctional effects of QUET using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI).

Altered functional connectivity within the default mode network in two animal models with opposing episodic memories.

Memory enhancement and memory decline are two opposing cognitive performances commonly observed in clinical practice, yet the neural mechanisms underlying these two different phenomena remain poorly understood. Accumulating evidence has demonstrated that the default-mode network (DMN) is implicated in diverse cognitive, social, and affective processes. In the present study, we used the retrosplenial cortex as a seed region to study the functional connectivity within the DMN in two animal models with opposin...

Assessing the pattern of recurrence in Danish stage I lung cancer patients in relation to the follow-up program: are we failing to identify patients with cerebral recurrence?

There is paucity of evidence regarding the optimal follow-up (FU) regimen for lung cancer. Consequently, FU is organized differently across countries. The Danish FU regimen has short FU intervals with a computed tomography (CT) scan of the chest and upper abdomen every three months in the early phase (first 2 years), then every six months in the late phase of FU (3rd, 5th year). Characterizing recurrences missed by the FU program in terms of site, tumor histology, department, and phase of FU, could improve ...

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