PubMed Journals Articles About "A FMRI Study Of The Treatment Of Danish Veterans With PTSD With Prolonged Exposure Therapy" - Page: 20 RSS

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Showing "fMRI Study Treatment Danish Veterans With PTSD With" PubMed Articles 476–500 of 78,000+

Burden among caregivers of service members and veterans following traumatic brain injury.

To determine the (a) health status and caregiving appraisal and (b) influence of perceived burden on health and appraisal in a sample of caregivers helping service member/veterans (SMVs) following a traumatic brain injury (TBI).

Correction: Reduced Topological Efficiency in Cortical-Basal Ganglia Motor Network of Parkinson's Disease: A Resting State fMRI Study.

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0108124.].

The predictive validity of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire for child attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.

We need accurate screening measures for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) to ensure that children with the disorder are referred for assessment without raising concern for children with normal behaviour. The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) provides hyperactivity-inattention (HI), conduct, emotional and peer problem subscales and impact scores that may be used for screening. The aim of the study was to investigate the predictive validity of the Danish version of the parent SDQ HI...

Assessing the pattern of recurrence in Danish stage I lung cancer patients in relation to the follow-up program: are we failing to identify patients with cerebral recurrence?

There is paucity of evidence regarding the optimal follow-up (FU) regimen for lung cancer. Consequently, FU is organized differently across countries. The Danish FU regimen has short FU intervals with a computed tomography (CT) scan of the chest and upper abdomen every three months in the early phase (first 2 years), then every six months in the late phase of FU (3rd, 5th year). Characterizing recurrences missed by the FU program in terms of site, tumor histology, department, and phase of FU, could improve ...

Assessment of Incorrect Surgical Procedures Within and Outside the Operating Room: A Follow-up Study From US Veterans Health Administration Medical Centers.

Reducing wrong-site surgery is fundamental to safe, high-quality care. This is a follow-up study examining 8 years of reported surgical adverse events and root causes in the nation's largest integrated health care system.

Validation of STS/ACC TVT-TAVR Score in Veterans Undergoing Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement.

The Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS)/American College of Cardiology (ACC) transcatheter valve therapy (TVT) transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) score was developed to predict in-hospital mortality in patients undergoing commercial TAVR in the United States. Veterans Affairs (VA) hospitals are not included in the TVT registry.

Tuberculosis Transmission in Danish Children; A Nationwide Register-Based Study.

Tuberculosis (TB) remains a major public health issue among children worldwide. Data on TB transmission in children living in low-incidence countries is limited.

Extrahepatic autoimmune diseases in patients with autoimmune hepatitis and their relatives: a Danish nationwide cohort study.

It is widely accepted that patients with autoimmune hepatitis have an increased prevalence of extrahepatic autoimmune diseases. It is believed that the patients' relatives share this trait, but it has not been studied in a satisfactory setting. We conducted a nationwide registry-based cohort study on this issue.

The impact of comorbidity on mortality in Danish sarcoma patients from 2000-2013: A nationwide population-based multicentre study.

Sarcoma is a rare type of cancer. The incidence increases with age and elderly patients may have comorbidity that affects the prognosis. The aim of this study was to describe the type and prevalence of comorbidity in a nationwide population-based study in Denmark from 2000-2013 and to analyse the impact of the different comorbidities on mortality.

Psychometric evaluation of the Danish version of a modified Revised American Pain Society Patient Outcome Questionnaire (APS-POQ-R-D) for patients hospitalized with acute abdominal pain.

Background and aims This paper forms part of a study evaluating the effect of patient-controlled oral analgesia for patients admitted to hospital with acute abdominal pain. Pain is a subjective experience, and a multifaceted evaluation tool concerning patient-reported outcome measures is needed to monitor, evaluate, and guide health care professionals in the quality of pain management. The Revised American Pain Society Patient Outcome Questionnaire (APS-POQ-R) is a validated multifaceted evaluation tool for...

Physical exercise enhances adult cortical plasticity in a neonatal rat model of hypoxic-ischemic injury: Evidence from BOLD-fMRI and electrophysiological recordings.

Neuroplasticity is considered essential for recovery from brain injury in developing brains. Recent studies indicate that it is especially effective during early postnatal development and during the critical period. The current study used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and local field potential (LFP) electrophysiological recordings in rats that experienced neonatal hypoxic-ischemic (HI) injury during the critical period to demonstrate that physical exercise (PE) can improve cortical plasticity...

Secular trends in the incidence and prevalence of gout in Denmark from 1995 to 2015: a nationwide register-based study.

To investigate temporal trends in the incidence and prevalence of gout in the adult Danish population.

Mental health effects caused by red imported fire ant attacks (Solenopsis invicta).

Susceptible individuals who have suffered painful stings caused by red imported fire ants, Solenopsis invicta, usually experience physical health effects such as fever, dizziness, generalized urticaria, or other systemic reactions such as anaphylactic shock. Whether S. invicta stings also have negative effects on mental health is not clear. In the present study, the psychological impact of S. invicta stings was evaluated using a questionnaire that included a previously published posttraumatic stress disorde...

Long-term sickness absence of 32 chronic conditions: a Danish register-based longitudinal study with up to 17 years of follow-up.

Sickness absence has been used as a central indicator of work disability, but has mainly been examined in single diseases, with limited follow-up time. This study identified the risk of long-term sickness absence (LTSA) of 32 chronic disease groups in the first year after diagnosis and the subsequent years.

Prospective Administration of Anti-NGF Treatment Effectively Suppresses Functional Connectivity Alterations Following Cancer-Induced Bone Pain in Mice.

Cancer-induced bone pain is abundant among advanced stage cancer patients and arises from a primary tumor in the bone or skeletal metastasis of common cancer types such as breast, lung or prostate cancer. Recently, antibodies targeting nerve growth factor (NGF) have been shown to effectively relieve neuropathic and inflammatory pain states in mice and in humans. While efficacy has been shown in mice on a behavioral level, effectiveness in preventing pain-induced functional rearrangements in the central nerv...

Fractal Analysis of BOLD Time Series in a Network Associated With Waiting Impulsivity.

Fractal phenomena can be found in numerous scientific areas including neuroscience. Fractals are structures, in which the whole has the same shape as its parts. A specific structure known as (also called fractal or 1/f noise) is one key fractal manifestation, exhibits both stability and adaptability, and can be addressed via the Hurst exponent (). FMRI studies using on regional fMRI time courses used fractality as an important characteristic to unravel neural networks from artificial noise. In this fMRI-s...

Group Differences Among Caregivers of Civilians and Service Members or Veterans with Traumatic Brain Injury.

To examine group differences among caregivers of service members/veterans (SMVs) and civilians with traumatic brain injury (TBI).

Transmission dynamics of Staphylococcus aureus within two Danish dairy cattle herds.

Staphylococcus aureus is a major pathogen causing intramammary infections (IMI) in dairy cattle herds worldwide. Simulation models can be used to investigate the epidemiologic and economic outcomes of different control strategies against IMI. The transmission rate parameter is one of the most influential parameters on the outcomes of these simulation models. Very few studies have estimated the transmission rate parameter and investigated the transmission dynamics of Staph. aureus IMI in dairy cattle herds. ...

Task difficulty modulates age-related differences in the behavioral and neural bases of language production.

Older adults typically show decline in a variety of cognitive functions including inhibitory control and language production, with corresponding age-related increases in fMRI activation. However, it remains unclear whether such increases are compensatory or whether they reflect neural decline. One factor that may influence these brain-behavior relationships is difficulty. The current study investigated the effect of difficulty on age-related differences in the behavioral and neural bases of language product...

The impact of self-distancing on emotion explosiveness and accumulation: An fMRI study.

Emotions unfold over time with episodes differing in explosiveness (i.e., profiles having a steep vs. a gentle start) and accumulation (i.e., profiles increasing over time vs. going back to baseline). In the present fMRI study, we wanted to replicate and extend previous findings on the psychological and neural mechanisms underlying emotion explosiveness and accumulation. Specifically, we aimed to: (a) replicate the finding that different neural mechanisms are associated with emotion explosiveness and accumu...

Duration of opioid prescriptions predicts incident nonmedical use of prescription opioids among U.S. veterans receiving medical care.

Although nonmedical use of prescription opioids (NMUPO) is a public health problem, few studies have examined the new-onset NMUPO in clinical populations. We estimated NMUPO incidence among veterans in medical care who had received prescription opioid medication and examined correlates of new-onset NMUPO.

Posttraumatic stress disorder and relationship functioning: A comprehensive review and organizational framework.

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with impairments in relationship functioning. Beyond the abundance of research that has demonstrated this basic link, more recent research has begun to explore possible mediators and moderators of this association. The present paper reviews and synthesizes existing literature in the context of an overarching organizational framework of potential ways in which PTSD impacts relationship functioning. The framework organizes findings in terms of specific elemen...

Silymarin Prevents Memory Impairments, Anxiety, and Depressive-Like Symptoms in a Rat Model of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder.

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a debilitating psychopathological disease that is triggered by exposure to traumatic events. It is usually associated with substantial comorbidities, such as cognitive impairment, anxiety, and depression. Silymarin has been recently reported to exert neuroprotective activities against neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases. Herein, the beneficial effects of silymarin in ameliorating PTSD-like symptoms such as memory impairments, anxie...

Level of Alcohol Use Associated with HIV Care Continuum Targets in a National U.S. Sample of Persons Living with HIV Receiving Healthcare.

We evaluated associations between levels of alcohol use and HIV care continuum components using national Veterans Aging Cohort Study data for all patients with HIV and AUDIT-C screening (2/1/2008-9/30/2014). Poisson regression models evaluated associations between alcohol use levels (non-drinking, low-, medium-, high-, and very high-level drinking) and: (1) engagement with care (documented CD4 cells/µl or viral load copies/ml labs), (2) ART treatment (≥ 1 prescription), and (3) viral suppression (HIV R...

A Retrospective Comparative Effectiveness Study of Medications for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Routine Practice.

Fluoxetine, paroxetine, sertraline, topiramate, and venlafaxine have consistently shown efficacy for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials. However, no study has compared the effectiveness of these agents in routine clinical practice. We conducted a retrospective comparative effectiveness study of these 5 medications using electronic medical record data.

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