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PubMed Journals Articles About "Human Sodium Balance Study" - Page: 20 RSS

21:16 EST 16th February 2020 | BioPortfolio

Human Sodium Balance Study PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Human Sodium Balance Study articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Human Sodium Balance Study" PubMed Articles 476–500 of 73,000+

Meriolin1 induces cell cycle arrest, apoptosis, autophagy and targeting the Akt/MAPKs pathways in human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells.

Meriolins, a kind of chemical hybrid between meridianins and variolins, have lately been determined as kinase inhibitors and reportedly have antitumour activity. However, there is currently no in-depth study for the action mechanism. This study aimed to elucidate the potentially antitumour action mechanism of Meriolin1 on human neuroblastoma (SH-SY5Y) cells.


Effects of Kinesio taping of the knee on proprioception, balance, and functional performance in patients with anterior cruciate ligament rupture: A retrospective case series.

To investigate whether Kinesio tape (KT) application improves proprioception, balance, and functional performance in patients with anterior cruciate ligament rupture (ACLr).This retrospective analysis included 48 male patients with surgically-untreated ACLr who attended the Sports Medicine and Rehabilitation Center, Qingdao Municipal Hospital, China between June 2017 and June 2018. KT was applied to induce a detoning effect on the quadriceps muscle and toning effect on the ischiocrural muscles. Propriocepti...

In vitro Inhibitory Effects of Cynaroside on Human Liver Cytochrome P450 Enzymes.

Cynaroside is a biological component isolated from Lonicera japonica Thunb, and it possesses numerous pharmacological activities. However, whether cynaroside affects the activity of human liver cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of cynaroside on 8 major CYP isoforms in human liver microsomes (HLMs).


Sensorimotor Strategies in Individuals With Poststroke Hemiparesis When Standing Up Without Vision.

This study investigated the sensorimotor strategies for dynamic balance control in individuals with stroke by restricting sensory input that might influence task accomplishment. Sit-to-stand movements were performed with restricted vision by participants with hemiparesis and healthy controls. The authors evaluated the variability in the position of participants' center of mass and velocity, and the center-of-pressure position, in each orthogonal direction at the lift-off point. When vision was restricted, t...

A Preliminary, Open-Label Study of Naltrexone and Bupropion Combination Therapy for Treating Binge Drinking in Human Subjects.

The combination of bupropion and naltrexone has shown efficacy in reducing binge drinking in animal models. This study assessed the tolerability and potential utility of combined naltrexone and bupropion in reducing binge drinking in human subjects.

Novel imaging techniques to study postmortem human fetal anatomy: a systematic review on microfocus-CT and ultra-high-field MRI.

MRI and CT have been extensively used to study fetal anatomy for research and diagnostic purposes, enabling minimally invasive autopsy and giving insight in human fetal development. Novel (contrast-enhanced) microfocus CT (micro-CT) and ultra-high-field (≥ 7.0 T) MRI (UHF-MRI) techniques now enable micron-level resolution that combats the disadvantages of low-field MRI and conventional CT. Thereby, they might be suitable to study fetal anatomy in high detail and, in time, contribute to the postmortem diag...

Implementation of an in vitro methodology for phototoxicity evaluation in a human keratinocyte cell line.

To assess photoxicity, several in vitro methods using different cellular models have been developed for preclinical testing. Over prediction of the in vivo photosafety hazard has been however appointed. Herein, we describe the implementation and validation of an in vitro methodology for phototoxicity evaluation based on the 3T3 neutral red uptake phototoxicity test using the HaCaT human keratinocyte cell line, and UVA/UVB radiation. Known positive (5-methoxypsoralen, chlorpromazine, and quinine) and negativ...

Fibrin Clots Maintain the Viability and Proliferative Capacity of Human Mesenchymal Stem Cells: An In Vitro Study.

Augmentation of soft-tissue repairs with an autologous fibrin clot has been used clinically for nearly four decades; however, fibrin clots tend to produce an abundance of scar tissue, which is known to inhibit soft-tissue regeneration. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) embedded in fibrin clots before repair could reduce scar tissue deposition and facilitate soft-tissue regeneration. To our knowledge, no published studies have directly evaluated the viability or bioactivity of MSCs in fresh human fibrin clots ov...

Influence of selenium on the emergence of neuro tubule defects in a neuron-like cell line and its implications for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.

Impairment of the axonal transport system mediated by intracellular microtubules (MTs) is known to be a major drawback in neurodegenerative processes. Due to a growing interest on the neurotoxic effects of selenium in environmental health, our study aimed to assess the relationship between selenium and MTs perturbation, that may favour disease onset over a genetic predisposition to amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. We treated a neuron-like cell line with sodium selenite, sodium selenate and seleno-methionine a...

Human pluripotent stem cells for the modelling of diseases of the retina and optic nerve: toward a retina in a dish.

Human pluripotent stem cells can be differentiated into specific, relevant cell types of interest including the cells of the retina and optic nerve. These cells can then be used to study fundamental biology as well as disease modelling and subsequent screening of potential treatments. Many models of differentiation and modelling have relied on two-dimensional monocultures of specific cell types, which are not representative of the complexity of the human retina and optic nerve. Hence, more complex models of...

Interaction of Gut Microbiota and High-sodium, Low-potassium Diet in Altering Plasma Triglyceride Profiles Revealed by Lipidomics Analysis.

High-sodium and low-potassium (HNaLK) intake increase the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and metabolic syndrome. We investigated if the dietary minerals interact with the gut microbiota to alter circulating lipid profiles, implicated in CVD and metabolic syndrome.

Posterior single-stepping thresholds are prospectively related to falls in older women.

Falls are a leading cause of injury in older women. Stepping thresholds quantify balance-reaction capabilities. It is unclear how such evaluations predict falls in comparison to, or as a complement to, other objective measures of gait, standing postural control, strength, and balance confidence.

Hourly Fluid Balance in Patients Receiving Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy.

Little is known about early (first 48 h) hourly and cumulative fluid balance (FB) during continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT).

Application of arginine and histidine to improve the technological and sensory properties of low-fat and low-sodium bologna-type sausages produced with high levels of KCl.

Low-fat bologna sausages were made with the replacement of 60% NaCl by KCl and with the addition of arginine and histidine alone or in combination. The technological and sensory properties were evaluated. The replacement of NaCl by KCl did not significantly affect the color parameters L*, a*, and b*. However, the emulsion stability, the texture profile, and the sensory quality were impaired by the salt substitution. The addition of arginine and histidine alone or in combination was effective to reduce the d...

Fabricating ferromagnetic MoS-based composite exposed to simulated sunlight for sodium storage.

A light- and magnetic stimuli-responsive MoS2 composite electrode material is designed and evaluated as an anode material of sodium ion batteries. Through the assistance of simulated sunlight, suppressed dendritic sodium growth, buffered volume deformation, promoted electrochemical reaction kinetics, and improved structural stability are simultaneously achieved. Meanwhile, ferroelectric polarization enhances the separation efficiency of photogenerated carriers. The collisions among electrons are dramaticall...

Trunk and hip muscle activity during the Balance-Dexterity task in persons with and without recurrent low back pain.

Coordination of the trunk and hips is crucial for successful dynamic balance in many activities of daily living. Persons with recurrent low back pain (rLBP), both while symptomatic and during periods of symptom remission, exhibit dysfunctional muscle activation patterns and coordination of these joints. In a novel dynamic balance task where persons in remission from rLBP exhibit dissociated trunk motion, it is unknown how trunk and hip musculature are coordinated. Activation of hip and trunk muscles were ac...

Primary Ovarian Insufficiency and Human Papilloma Virus Vaccines: A Review of the Current Evidence.

Human papilloma virus is the primary causative agent for cervical cancer, and vaccination is the primary means of preventing anogenital cancers caused by human papilloma virus infection. Despite the availability of human papilloma virus vaccines for over a decade, coverage rates lag behind the other vaccines. Public concerns regarding safety of human papilloma virus vaccines have been identified as an important barrier to vaccination, including concerns that the human papilloma virus vaccine causes primary ...

Sodium butyrate alleviates high-glucose-induced renal glomerular endothelial cells damage via inhibiting pyroptosis.

We recently found that Sodium butyrate (NaB) possesses anti-inflammatory effects in diabetic nephropathy (DN) mouse model and in high-glucose induced mouse glomerular mesangial cells. Pyroptosis is a programmed cell death accompanied with the release of pro-inflammatory factors. Gasdermin D (GSDMD) is a novel discovered pivotal executive protein of pyroptosis, which can be cleaved by inflammatory caspases. The aim of our study is to verify if NaB have some effects against high-glucose induces pyroptosis in ...

Characterization of PomA periplasmic loop and sodium ion entering in stator complex of sodium-driven flagellar motor.

The bacterial flagellar motor is a rotary nanomachine driven by ion flow. The flagellar stator complex, which is composed of two proteins, PomA and PomB, performs energy transduction in marine Vibrio. PomA is a four transmembrane (TM) protein and the cytoplasmic region between TM2 and TM3 (loop2-3) interacts with the rotor protein FliG to generate torque. The periplasmic regions between TM1 and TM2 (loop1-2) and TM3 and TM4 (loop3-4) are candidates to be at the entrance to the transmembrane ion channel of t...

Ex Vivo Human Placenta Perfusion, Metabolic and Functional Imaging for Obstetric Research-A Feasibility Study.

Placenta metabolism is closely linked to pregnancy outcome, and few modalities are currently available for studying the human placenta. Here, we aimed to investigate a novel ex vivo human placenta perfusion system for metabolic imaging using hyperpolarized [1-C]pyruvate. The metabolic effects of 3 different human placentas were investigated using functional and metabolic magnetic resonance imaging. The placenta glucose metabolism and hemodynamics were characterized with hyperpolarized [1-C]pyruvate magnetic...

Efficacy upon 12-weeks after achievement of maximal dose and tolerability of lacosamide as an adjunctive therapy in epilepsy: Real world clinical experience.

Lacosamide (LCM) is a new generation antiepileptic drug. It has only been available in Asia in recent years. A retrospective study at two hospitals in Hong Kong was performed to investigate the post-marketing efficacy and tolerability of the drug. A total of 81 subjects were recruited, among which 88% had drug-resistant epilepsy. The most common type of epilepsy was focal with unknown etiology. All patients used LCM as adjunctive therapy. The 50% responder rate was 42% at 12 weeks after achievement of maxi...

Retention and generalizability of balance recovery response adaptations from trip-perturbations across the adult lifespan.

For human locomotion, varying environments require adjustments of the motor system. We asked whether age affects gait balance recovery adaptation, its retention over months and the transfer of adaptation to an untrained reactive balance task. Healthy adults (26 young, 27 middle-aged and 25 older; average ages 24, 52 and 72 years respectively) completed two tasks. The primary task involved treadmill walking: either unperturbed (control; =39) or subject to unexpected trip perturbations (training; =39). A sing...

Small scale design of experiment investigation of equilibrium solubility in simulated fasted and fed intestinal fluid.

It is widely recognised that drug solubility within the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) differs from values determined in a simple aqueous buffer and to circumvent this problem measurement in biorelevant fluids is determined. Biorelevant fluids are complex mixtures of components (sodium taurocholate, lecithin, sodium phosphate, sodium chloride, pancreatin and sodium oleate) at various concentrations and pH levels to provide systems simulating fasted (FaSSIF) or fed (FeSSIF) intestinal media. Design of Experime...

Effect of sodium citrate /polyethylene glycol on plasticization and retrogradation of maize starch.

Maize starch was plasticized by mixtures of sodium citrate and polyethylene glycol 200 (PEG200) at varied weight ratios (citric acid/PEG200, 25/0, 20/5, 15/10, 10/15, 5/20 and 0/25). The structure and pasting, aging, moisture absorption and thermal properties of the plasticized starches were studied by means of Fourier transformed infrared, X-ray diffraction, rapid viscosity analysis, tension test and thermogravimetric analysis. Comparing with single plasticizer, co-plasticizers with appropriate proportions...

THE DEPENDENCE OF DOSE-EFFECTS IN HUMAN RADIATION CYTOGENETICS.

To study the frequency and spectrum of chromosome aberrations in human peripheral blood lymphocytes depending on the radiation dose, the stage of the mitotic cycle and the periods of fixation of the cell culture.


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