PubMed Journals Articles About "Mother - Daughter Initiative (MDI) In Cervical Cancer Prevention" - Page: 20 RSS

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Showing "Mother Daughter Initiative Cervical Cancer Prevention" PubMed Articles 476–500 of 21,000+

Zero-p versus cage-plate in anterior cervical discectomy and fusion with a minimum 2 years follow-up: a meta analysis.

In recent years, increasing numbers of cervical disease case have been treated with zero-profile devices in anterior cervical discectomy and fusion(ACDF). Its short-term efficacy has been widely recognized, but the evidence for long-term efficacy is still insufficient.

Cardiovascular Disease in Survivors of Childhood Cancer: Insights Into Epidemiology, Pathophysiology, and Prevention.

Cardiovascular disease (CVD), which includes cardiomyopathy/heart failure, coronary artery disease, stroke, pericardial disease, arrhythmias, and valvular and vascular dysfunction, is a major concern for long-term survivors of childhood cancer. There is clear evidence of increased risk of CVD largely attributable to treatment exposures at a young age, most notably anthracycline chemotherapy and chest-directed radiation therapy, and compounded by traditional cardiovascular risk factors accrued during decades...

In Reply: Symptomatic Adjacent Level Disease Requiring Surgery: Analysis of 10-Year Results From a Prospective, Randomized, Clinical Trial Comparing Cervical Disc Arthroplasty to Anterior Cervical Fusion.

Letter: Symptomatic Adjacent Level Disease Requiring Surgery: Analysis of 10-Year Results From a Prospective, Randomized, Clinical Trial Comparing Cervical Disc Arthroplasty to Anterior Cervical Fusion.

Accuracy and Safety of Lateral Vertebral Notch-Referred Technique Used in Subaxial Cervical Pedicle Screw Placement.

Biomechanical studies revealed that pedicle screw instrumentation has a superior stabilizing effect compared with other internal fixations in reconstructing the subaxial cervical spine. However, severe neurovascular risks preclude surgeons from routinely conducting pedicle screw manipulation in cervical spine.

A Novel Posterior Trench Approach Involving Percutaneous Endoscopic Cervical Discectomy for Central Cervical Intervertebral Disc Herniation.

This report describes a novel posterior trench approach involving percutaneous endoscopic cervical discectomy (PECD) for central cervical intervertebral disc herniation (CIVDH) and an evaluation of the feasibility, safety, and short-term clinical effect of this approach.

Adjacent segment degeneration or disease after cervical total disc replacement: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) has been widely used in cervical spondylosis, but adjacent segment degeneration/disease (ASD) was inevitable. Cervical total disc replacement (TDR) could reduce the stress of adjacent segments and retard ASD in theory, but the superiority has not been determined yet. This analysis aimed that whether TDR was superior to ACDF for decreasing adjacent segment degeneration (ASDeg) and adjacent segment disease (ASDis).

Primary and Secondary Fall Prevention in the Rehabilitation: A Practical Approach to Fall Prevention.

Active fall prevention requires analysis of the mechanisms provoking falls and the subsequent initiation of appropriate counteracting measures. This is crucial for the quality management of all rehabilitation programs. There is primary and secondary fall prevention. For the latter, specific and individualized measures have to be taken after the first fall. We here present a practical approach to fall prevention for a better rehabilitation outcome. Fall prevention intervention represents a key component of r...

Long-term outcomes following microscopic anterior cervical foraminotomy with a minimum 10-year follow-up.

Microscopic anterior cervical foraminotomy (MACF) is a surgical technique for unilateral cervical radiculopathy that preserves segmental motion and avoids adjacent segmental degeneration, but little is known of its long-term outcomes.

Shape-shifting trypanosomes: Flagellar shortening followed by asymmetric division in Trypanosoma congolense from the tsetse proventriculus.

Trypanosomatids such as Leishmania and Trypanosoma are digenetic, single-celled, parasitic flagellates that undergo complex life cycles involving morphological and metabolic changes to fit them for survival in different environments within their mammalian and insect hosts. According to current consensus, asymmetric division enables trypanosomatids to achieve the major morphological rearrangements associated with transition between developmental stages. Contrary to this view, here we show that the African tr...

Accuracy and safety of using customized guiding template for cervical pedicle screw insertion in severe cervical deformity, fracture, and subluxation: A retrospective study of 9 cases.

To assess the accuracy and safety of self-developed customized guiding templates used for cervical pedicle screw (CSP) insertion surgery.

Knockdown of SIRT1 inhibits proliferation and promotes apoptosis of paclitaxel-resistant human cervical cancer cells.

Cervical cancer (CC), a common gynecological cancer, is a primary cause of cancer-related death in women, worldwide. This study investigates the role of Sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) in paclitaxel (PTX)-resistant CC lines. We used qPCR and Western blots to measure SIRT1 mRNA and protein expressions in 10 matched clinical cancer tissues. We compared the expression levels of SIRT1 between sensitive CC cell lines and PTX-resistant cell lines. Subsequently, we used SIRT1 siRNA to knockdown the expression of SIRT1, and then...

Pharmacological and dietary factors in prevention of colorectal cancer.

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most prevalent neoplasm worldwide and fourth most frequent reason of cancer-related death throughout the world. About 70% of malignant tumors are related to lifestyle and environmental factors, and better knowledge of their significance might reduce the prevalence of CRC. The cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitory and other direct and indirect pathways of aspirin are translated to inhibition proliferation and enhanced apoptosis of cancer cells. Many studies showed the benef...

Human papillomavirus infection among women attending family planning clinic in Nigeria: prevalence, correlates, and co-infection with Chlamydia trachomatis.

Infection with high-risk genotypes of human papillomavirus (HPV) is considered the main cause of invasive cervical. A number of epidemiologic studies have suggested that HPV and Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) play a synergistic role in the etiology of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia and subsequent cervical cancer. The current study aimed to evaluate the HPV prevalence and the risk factors for co-infection with CT among women attending family planning clinic in Nigeria. Following enrolment, 90 patients were s...

Correction: Cervical HSV-2 infection causes cervical remodeling and increases risk for ascending infection and preterm birth.

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0188645.].

Impact of absence of consensual cutoff time distinguishing between synchronous and metachronous metastases: illustration with colorectal cancer.

Staging is essential for scientific exchanges on colorectal cancer. Lack of a consensual definition for synchronous and metachronous metastases for colorectal cancer may introduce artifactual differences between epidemiological studies according to stage. We investigated how variations in the cutoff for the definition of synchronous metastases influenced the stage-specific distribution and incidence and the survival of stage IV patients. Between 2007 and 2013, a total of 4636 cases of colorectal adenocarcin...

Coronal oblique orientation of the neural foramen improves cervical spine MRI: A comparison of the sensitivity of different angulations.

Angulated projections are used in radiography to show the cervical neural foramen. Imaging the coronal oblique planes in an MRI of the cervical spine should therefore improve visualization of neural foramen pathology. This has to be demonstrated.

Sex Differences in the Association of Perceived Ambiguity, Cancer Fatalism, and Health-Related Self-Efficacy with Fruit and Vegetable Consumption.

Adequate fruit and vegetable (FV) consumption is promoted as a means of preventing chronic health conditions, such as cardiovascular disease and cancer. This study investigated whether perceived ambiguity about cancer prevention recommendations, fatalistic beliefs about cancer, and health-related self-efficacy were associated with FV consumption and whether sex moderated these associations. Data from the five most recent waves (spanning 2011 to 2017) of the nationally representative Health Information Natio...

Thrombospondin-1 interactions regulate eicosanoid metabolism and signaling in cancer-related inflammation.

The metabolism of arachidonic acid and other polyunsaturated fatty acids produces eicosanoids, a family of biologically active lipids that are implicated in homeostasis and in several pathologies that involve inflammation. Inflammatory processes mediated by eicosanoids promote carcinogenesis by exerting direct effects on cancer cells and by affecting the tumor microenvironment. Therefore, understanding how eicosanoids mediate cancer progression may lead to better approaches and chemopreventive strategies fo...

Prayer and Faith: Spiritual Coping among American Indian Women Cancer Survivors.

Although cancer disparities among American Indian (AI) women are alarming, research on spiritual coping among this population is virtually nonexistent. This is particularly problematic, given the importance of medical practitioners' discussing the topic with cancer patients, along with the centrality of spirituality to many AI patients. The purpose of this article was to explore AI women cancer survivors' spiritual coping with their experiences. Using a community-based participatory research approach, this ...

Is Cervical Anterior Spinal Artery compromised in Cervical spondylotic myelopathy patients? - dual energy Computed tomography analysis of Cervical Anterior Spinal Artery.

Cervical myelopathy is a common acquired cause of spinal cord dysfunction in elderly. It is postulated that hypoxic/ischemic environment secondary to chronic spinal cord compression plays an important role in the pathogenesis of myelopathy. This study aims to assess the altered blood flow to spinal cord in Cervical spondylotic myelopthy patients using Dual-Energy Computed Tomography. To our knowledge, this is the first study to utilize DECT in identifying comprised Anterior Spinal Artery blood flow in CSM p...

Outcome Evaluation of Zero-Profile Device Used in Single Level Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion with Osteoporosis Compared with Non-Osteoporosis: A Minimum Three-Year Follow-Up Study.

To compare the mid-term efficacy and safety of anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) treatment with Zero-Profile device between cervical degenerative disc disease (CDDD) with osteoporosis and non-osteoporosis.

Ossification of the Posterior Longitudinal Ligament in Cervical Spine: Prevalence, Management, and Prognosis.

Ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) in the cervical spine and related neurological complications are not uncommon in East Asian countries. The estimated prevalence of cervical OPLL-related hospitalization is 7.7 per 100,000 person-years in Taiwan, and higher incidence rates have been observed in elderly and male patients. Although cervical OPLL is frequently insidious, it can eventually cause myelopathy and predispose patients to spinal cord injury (SCI). There are multiple options fo...

Occipital Condyle Fractures and Concomitant Cervical Spine Fractures: Implications for Management.

Occipital condyle fractures (OCFs) have previously been described based upon anatomic characteristics; however, recent literature has proposed management based on biomechanical stability and neural element compression. The treatment of biomechanically stable fractures varies between observation and cervical immobilization. Prior to determining best management, understanding of concomitant cervical spine fractures in the presence of OCFs is prudent. The primary aim of this pilot study was to determine the ra...

Comparison of adult spinal deformity patients with and without rheumatoid arthritis undergoing primary non-cervical fusion surgery: a nationwide analysis of 52,818 patients.

Numerous studies have analyzed the impact of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) on the cervical spine and its related surgical interventions. However, there is a paucity of literature available conducting the same analyses in patients with non-cervical spine involvement.

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