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Showing "SIDA plus vers vaccin anti" PubMed Articles 476–500 of 7,400+

Anti-neuroinflammatory effects of SLOH in Aβ-induced BV-2 microglial cells and 3xTg-AD mice involve the inhibition of GSK-3β.

Neuroinflammation has been observed in post-mortem Alzheimer's disease (AD) brains which could be due to Aβ interacting with microglia and astrocytes. SLOH, a carbazole-based fluorophore, was shown to bind to Aβ peptides. Herein, we investigated the anti-neuroinflammatory effects of SLOH using a BV-2 microglial cell model and a triple transgenic AD (3xTg-AD) mouse model. BV-2 cells were incubated with Aβ in the presence of SLOH for 24 hr. The levels of pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines w...

Curcumin exerts anti-inflammatory and vasoprotective effects through amelioration of NFAT-dependent endothelin-1 production in mice with acute Chagas cardiomyopathy.

The anti-inflammatory and cardioprotective properties of curcumin (Cur), a natural polyphenolic flavonoid isolated from the rhizomes of Curcuma longa, are increasingly considered to have beneficial effects on the progression of Chagas heart disease, caused by the protozoan parasite Trypanosoma cruzi.

The cardenolide ouabain suppresses coronaviral replication via augmenting a Na/K-ATPase-dependent PI3K_PDK1 axis signaling.

Cardenolides are plant-derived toxic substances. Their cytotoxicity and the underlying mechanistic signaling axes have been extensively documented, but only a few anti-viral activities of cardenolides and the associated signaling pathways have been reported. Previously, we reported that a variety of cardenolides impart anti-transmissible gastroenteritis coronavirus (TGEV) activity in swine testicular (ST) cells, through targeting of the cell membrane sodium/potassium pump, Na/K-ATPase. Herein, we further ex...

Integrating the drug, disulfiram into the vitamin E-TPGS-modified PEGylated nanostructured lipid carriers to synergize its repurposing for anti-cancer therapy of solid tumors.

The 'repurposed drug,' disulfiram (DSF), is an inexpensive FDA-approved anti-alcoholism drug with multi-target anti-cancer effect. However, the use of DSF in clinical settings remains limited due to its high instability in blood. In the present study, we created nanostructured lipid carriers (NLC) encapsulated DSF modified with D-α-tocopheryl polyethylene glycol 1000 succinate (vitamin E-TPGS). A spherical shape, superior drug encapsulation (80.7%), and decreased crystallinity of DSF were confirmed with re...

In vivo study: Th1-Th17 reduction in pristane-induced systemic lupus erythematosus mice after treatment with tolerogenic Lactobacillus probiotics.

Uncontrolled inflammation in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) could cause dysfunction in multiple organs. T helper 17 (Th17) cells are a main branch of inflammatory responses in the pathogenesis of SLE, and by producing interleukin 17 (IL-17), represent a major functional tool in the progression of inflammation. Animal models provide a special field for better studies of the pathogenesis of diseases. Tolergenic probiotics could decrease inflammation in autoimmune diseases by modulating the immune system ...

A smart nanosensor for the detection of human immunodeficiency virus and associated cardiovascular and arthritis diseases using functionalized graphene-based transistors.

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), which isa worldwide public health issue, is commonly associated with cardiovascular disorders (CVDs) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA). A smart nanosensor was developed for the detection of HIV and its related diseases (CVDs and RA) using graphene-based field-effect transistors (FETs). In this study, amine-functionalized graphene (afG) was conjugated with antibodies [anti-p24 for HIV, anti-cardiac troponin 1 (anti-cTn1) for CVDs, and anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide (anti-CC...

Patient-Reported Treatment Satisfaction with Dabigatran versus Warfarin in Patients with Non-Valvular Atrial Fibrillation in China.

 Anti-coagulant therapy satisfaction for patients with atrial fibrillation is a critical issue, which impacts on their treatment adherence and clinical outcomes. The disadvantages of long-term warfarin treatment are well-described, and novel oral anti-coagulants have become an alternative option.

Monitoring of heparins in antithrombin-deficient patients.

Heparins exert their anticoagulant effect through activation of antithrombin. Whether antithrombin deficiency leads to clinically relevantly reduced anti-Xa activity of heparins is unknown. We investigated the relation between antithrombin deficiency and anti-Xa activity measurements of plasma samples spiked with unfractionated heparin (UFH) or low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH).

Immune response against HtrA proteases in children with cutaneous mastocytosis.

Mast cells play an important role in both, the innate and adaptive immunity, however, clonal proliferation of abnormal mast cells in various organs leads to mastocytosis. A skin variant of the disease, cutaneous mastocytosis (CM) is the most frequent form of mastocytosis in children. HtrA proteases are modulators of important cellular processes, including cell signaling and apoptosis, and are related to development of several pathologies. The above and the observation that mast cells constitutively release ...

Novel tacrine-coumarin hybrids linked to 1,2,3-triazole as anti-Alzheimer's compounds: In vitro and in vivo biological evaluation and docking study.

A new series of tacrine-coumarin hybrids linked to 1,2,3-triazole were designed, synthesized, and tested as potent dual binding site cholinesterase inhibitors (ChEIs) for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Among them, compound 8e was the most potent anti-AChE derivative (IC = 27 nM) and compound 8m displayed the best anti-BChE activity (IC = 6 nM) much more active than tacrine and donepezil as the reference drugs. Compound 8e was also evaluated for its BACE1 inhibitory activity and neuro...

Cytokine, glycemic and insulinemic responses to an acute bout of games-based activity in adolescents.

An acute bout of endurance exercise in adults stimulates a same-day anti-inflammatory response which may affect low-grade chronic inflammation and insulin resistance and benefit cardio-metabolic health. The anti-inflammatory responses to intermittent games-based exercise and to exercise in young people beyond 2-h post-exercise are unknown. Thus, the purpose of the present study is to examine the anti-inflammatory, glycemic and insulinemic response to games-based activity in adolescents. Following ethical ap...

Anti-allergic actions of F-PASA, a novel herbal cocktail, in IgE/antigen-mediated allergic responses in RBL-2H3 cells and passive cutaneous anaphylaxis in mice.

The anti-inflammatory actions of Polygonum cuspidatum, Angelica gigas, Sophora flavescens and Arctium fruit are well known. Nonetheless, effects of herbal combination (PASA) or its fermentation by microorganisms (F-PASA) on the allergic response remain unknown.

Micelle-solubilized axitinib for ocular administration in anti-neovascularization.

The development of new blood vessels is directly related to the occurrence of eye diseases. Anti-angiogenic drugs can theoretically be extended to the treatment of ophthalmic diseases. In this study, axitinib, a class of tyrosine kinase inhibitors, was loaded via the amphiphilic copolymer MPEG-PCL, improving its dispersibility in water. Axitinib-loaded micelles showed low toxicity in concentration gradient assays. Additionally, multiple doses by scratch assay confirmed that axitinib had no significant effec...

Identification of effective parameters for anti-inflammatory concentration in València City's wastewater using fuzzy-set qualitative comparative analysis.

The current literature about pharmaceutical and personal care compounds (PPCPs) focuses on identifying their concentration and toxicological risk both in surface water and in wastewater. However, the influence of urban areas (population ageing, income level, hospitals and others) has not yet been analysed. Knowing how a population (and its facilities) affects PPCPs' presence in wastewater is important to identify the conditions that are responsible for their presence. In this work, the influence of water co...

The chimeric TAC receptor co-opts the T cell receptor yielding robust anti-tumor activity without toxicity.

Engineering T cells with chimeric antigen receptors (CARs) is an effective method for directing T cells to attack tumors, but may cause adverse side effects such as the potentially lethal cytokine release syndrome. Here the authors show that the T cell antigen coupler (TAC), a chimeric receptor that co-opts the endogenous TCR, induces more efficient anti-tumor responses and reduced toxicity when compared with past-generation CARs. TAC-engineered T cells induce robust and antigen-specific cytokine production...

The Medicinal Uses, Toxicities and Anti-inflammatory Activity of Polyalthia Species (Annonaceae).

Polyalthia is one of the largest and notable genera in Annonaceae family. Polyalthia species have been widely used in folklore medicine for the treatment of rheumatic fever, gastrointestinal ulcer and generalized body pain. Numerous in vitro and in vivo studies on Polyalthia Species have also corroborated the significant anti-inflammatory potential of its extracts and secondary metabolites.

Performance Evaluation of the CLIA and ECLIA for Anti-TP Screening in Blood Donors.

To evaluate the performance of the chemiluminescence immune assay (CLIA) and the electro-chemiluminescence immuneoassay(ECLIA) for Treponemapallidum antibody(anti-TP) screening in blood donors.

Endocrine Conditions in Older Adults: Anti-Aging Therapies.

Interest in slowing or reversing the process of aging continues to grow and has encouraged the growth of an entire anti-aging industry. However, there is a dearth of data based on randomized trials in humans to support proposed therapies to address the various complex processes involved in aging. Hormonal therapies, in particular, have little data to support safe use and are associated with some degree of risk. Experimental data in animal models suggest possible molecular targets but their use in clinical m...

Anti-parasitic activity of polyether ionophores.

Despite some progress in recent years, the fight against parasitic diseases still remains a great challenge. Parasitic diseases affect primarily (but not exclusively) the poorest people living in underdeveloped regions of the world. The distribution of parasitoses are linked to tropical and subtropical climate conditions, to population growth and to impoverishment. If not treated, parasitic diseases may lead to serious health problems, and even death. Particularly vulnerable groups include infants and young...

Baicalin protects mice against Salmonella typhimurium infection via the modulation of both bacterial virulence and host response.

The worsening problems of antibiotic resistance prompt the need for alternative strategies. Baicalin, which is isolated from Scutellaria baicalensisi, has been demonstrated to exhibit anti-inflammatory, anti-virulence and antimicrobial effects. Salmonella typhimurium is an important foodborne pathogenic bacteriaum that causes gastrointestinal disease in humans and many animals.

Metformin suppresses tumor angiogenesis and enhances the chemosensitivity of gemcitabine in a genetically engineered mouse model of pancreatic cancer.

Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is one of the most malignant diseases and has few effective and reliable therapeutic strategies. The anti-tumor effect of metformin is widely known, however, there is only limited evidence regarding the anti-angiogenesis effect and chemosensitization of metformin and its underlying mechanisms in PDAC.

Perillaldehyde prevents the formations of atherosclerotic plaques through recoupling endothelial nitric oxide synthase.

Nitric oxide (NO) produced by endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) is essential for cardiovascular homeostasis owing to its anti-inflammatory, antithrombotic, antiproliferative, and antioxidant effects. Perillaldehyde (PAH), one of the major oil components in Perilla frutescens, has anti-inflammatory effects.

miR-370-3p Is a Therapeutic Tool in Anti-glioblastoma Therapy but Is Not an Intratumoral or Cell-free Circulating Biomarker.

In the last decade, microRNAs (miRs) have been described as biomarkers and therapeutic agents. Based on this finding, our aim here is to know if (1) miRNA-370-3p can be used as a biomarker associated with a favorable survival and if (2) miRNA-370-3p can be used as a therapeutic tool that increases the efficiency of standard anti-GBM treatment. A first approach using the data available on the "Prognostic miRNA Database" indicated that the expression level of miRNA-370-3p in GBM (T-miR-370-3p) is not associat...

The Influence of Preoperative Medications on Postoperative Complications in Patients After Intestinal Surgery for Crohn's Disease.

Many patients with Crohn's disease (CD) are treated with medications, including steroids, immunomodulators, and anti-tumor necrosis factor alpha (anti-TNF-α) agents, at the time of surgery. This study evaluated the effects of these medications on postoperative complications in CD patients.

Selecting immuno-oncology based drug combinations - what should we be considering?

Checkpoint inhibitor immunotherapy has revolutionized the treatment of many advanced stage cancers. Preexisting immunity is necessary for a response to these agents, which are most effective in inflamed tumors since they principally act by reinforcing pre-existing antitumor T-cell responses. An important goal of therapy is to convert the tumor environment from non-inflamed to inflamed in order to facilitate subsequent response to checkpoint inhibitors. Clinical trials are underway to identify checkpoint inh...

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