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PubMed Journals Articles About "Study Associates Personal Characteristics With Individual Choice Workout" - Page: 20 RSS

19:35 EDT 23rd October 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Study associates personal characteristics with individual choice workout" PubMed Articles 476–500 of 69,000+

Examining genetic counselors' implicit attitudes toward disability.

Genetic counselors have a unique role in healthcare that requires a balance between being a patient educator and patient advocate when discussing disability. This study aimed to determine genetic counselors' implicit attitudes toward disability, and identify what factors affect these implicit attitudes. Case scenarios involving disability were used to examine hypothetical estimates of time spent on different topics within a genetic counseling session. Implicit attitudes were measured using the validated Dis...


Depressive symptoms and non-suicidal self-injury during adolescence: Latent patterns of short-term stability and change.

Depressive symptoms and non-suicidal self-injury not only increase in prevalence during adolescence, but they can also occur together. Both psychological problems seem to have similar precipitating conditions, suggesting they have transdiagnostic conditions-personal or contextual characteristics that contribute to co-occurrence. We sought to understand when these two problems co-occur and what is related to their co-occurrence.

Someone like me: Size-assortative pairing and mating in an Amazonian fish, sailfin tetra Crenuchus spilurus.

In the absence of constraints, preference for larger mates is expected to evolve, as larger individuals are typical of higher potential fitness. Large females are often more fecund and carry larger eggs (which result in higher number and better quality of offspring), whereas large males usually have more conspicuous ornaments and are better at defending resources. However, intrasexual competition can constrain the access to larger partners, especially when opportunities for mate takeover abound. Here we inv...


Characteristics of recently arrived Asian men who have sex with men diagnosed with HIV through sexual health services in Melbourne and Sydney.

Asian men who have sex with men (MSM) who have recently arrived in Australia are an emergent risk group for HIV; however, little is known about how they compare to Australian MSM diagnosed with HIV. This study compared the characteristics of these two groups.

Prevalence of polymyalgia rheumatica in Colombia: data from the national health registry 2012-2016.

Polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) affects elderly patients and is characterized by pain and stiffness of the shoulder girdle, pelvic girdle and cervical region, which can be associated with the presence of giant cell arteritis. Data on the epidemiology of this disease in Latin America are scarce. In Colombia, the Ministry of Health introduced SISPRO, a tool to collect nation-wide information from the health system. The information collected from SISPRO is available for scientific analysis. Using SISPRO data for ...

Relationship between individual ventilatory threshold and maximal fat oxidation (MFO) over different obesity classes in women.

The use of the Individual Ventilatory Threshold (IVT), as parameter to prescribe exercise intensity in individuals with obesity, has become more frequent during the last years. This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between IVT and Maximal Fat Oxidation (MFO) in women with obesity.

Prevalence and characteristics of likely-somatic variants in cancer susceptibility genes among individuals who had hereditary pan-cancer panel testing.

Next-generation sequencing (NGS) hereditary pan-cancer panel testing can identify somatic variants, which exhibit lower allele frequencies than do germline variants and may confound hereditary cancer predisposition testing. This analysis examined the prevalence and characteristics of likely-somatic variants among 348,543 individuals tested using a clinical NGS hereditary pan-cancer panel. Variants showing allele frequencies between 10% and 30% were interpreted as likely somatic and identified in 753 (0.22%)...

Long-term clinical and visual outcomes after surgical resection of pediatric pilocytic/pilomyxoid optic pathway gliomas.

OBJECTIVEThe choice of treatment modality for optic pathway gliomas (OPGs) is controversial. Chemotherapy is widely regarded as first-line therapy; however, subtotal resections have been reported for decompression or salvage therapy as first- and second-line treatment. The goal of this study was to further investigate the role and efficacy of resection for OPGs.METHODSA retrospective chart review was performed on 83 children who underwent surgical treatment for OPGs between 1986 and 2014. Pathology was revi...

Factors associated with antiretroviral therapy adherence in adults: an integrative review of literature.

AIDS is an advanced clinical manifestation of HIV infection. It generates severe immunodeficiency and associated infections that may lead to death. The antiretroviral therapy (ART) has reduced the morbimortality of HIV/AIDS, but its benefits depend on ART adherence. This integrative review followed the PICO method to identify factors associated with adult adherence to ART. Empirical papers published between January 2010 and December 2016 in the Medline, SciELO, Lilacs and PePSIC databases were included. We ...

Reshaping the residency environment to enhance education and mitigate burnout.

Burnout remains a widespread issue in graduate medical education, with current trends to mitigate burnout shifting toward institutional systematic interventions as opposed to personal individual interventions. In this article, we propose utilizing Knowle's adult learning theory in conjunction with Maslach's organizational context for burnout to implement systemic changes within the postgraduate training environment that we posit would both optimize the learning experience and reduce the incidence of burnout...

The Usability of Physical Activity and Cognitive Training Applications in People With Mild Cognitive Impairment.

The aim of the current study is to identify key issues with utility, effectiveness, and appeal of specific electronic applications (apps) for people with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) to guide the design and development of a mobile app, which integrates physical activity and cognitive activities. Sixteen participants age ≥65 were recruited from three assisted living facilities in Alabama. Participants were observed playing a physical activity app and cognitive training app via a tablet on two separate o...

Review of "Common Factors," Personal Reflections, and Introduction of the Shaving Brush Model of Integrated Psychotherapies.

This column reviews and updates "common factors" in psychotherapy, as originally described by Saul Rosenzweig in 1936. The author, a psychiatrist who has used multiple modalities of psychotherapeutic treatment over 4 decades, shares personal reflections concerning these "common factors" and introduces a model of integrated psychotherapies named for his grandfather's shaving brush.

Lack of conflict during food choice is associated with the failure of restrained eating.

Restrained eaters tend to sustain a restriction in caloric intake to lose or maintain body weight; however, only a few restrained eaters can achieve the goal of restricting their caloric intake to lose or maintain body weight. Those who are effective restrained eaters habitually adhere to their intentions to avoid eating certain palatable foods, whereas those who are ineffective restrained eaters are generally unable to translate their intentions into behavior. To restrain eating regardless of temptation, a...

Operational Characteristics of Institutional Review Boards (IRBs) in the United States.

Federal Law requires approval from an Institutional Review Board prior to conducting human subjects research to ensure ethical distribution of benefits and harms. Notwithstanding this role and almost no prescriptive requirements about design or operation, there is little systematic research describing the key attributes of IRBs, as reported by IRB personnel themselves. Here, 55 IRB directors completed a survey of 77 questions. The goals of the study were to establish what a typical US IRB "looks like," det...

Machine learning based hierarchical classification of frontotemporal dementia and Alzheimer's disease.

In a clinical setting, an individual subject classification model rather than a group analysis would be more informative. Specifically, the subtlety of cortical atrophy in some frontotemporal dementia (FTD) patients and overlapping patterns of atrophy among three FTD clinical syndromes including behavioral variant FTD (bvFTD), non-fluent/agrammatic variant primary progressive aphasia (nfvPPA), and semantic variant PPA (svPPA) give rise to the need for classification models at the individual level. In this s...

Low expression of ACLY associates with favorable prognosis in acute myeloid leukemia.

Aberrant metabolism is a hallmark of cancer cells. Recently, ATP citrate-lyase (ACLY) expression was demonstrated as an independent predictor of clinical outcome in solid tumors. However, no systematic study was conducted to explore the prognostic impact of ACLY on acute myeloid leukemia (AML).

Top-down and bottom-up mechanisms as reflected by beta and gamma oscillations in speech perception: An individual-difference approach.

Recent neurophysiological studies have proposed distinct roles of β and γ oscillations in implementing top-down and bottom-up processes. The present study aims to test this hypothesis in the domain of speech perception. We examined β and γ oscillations elicited to a tone contrast in a passive oddball paradigm, and their relationships with discrimination sensitivity d' and RT from two groups of healthy adults who showed high and low discrimination sensitivity to the contrast. The low-sensitivity group sh...

Inmates beheaded in a Brazil prison riot: Human identification by ear individual signs.

Deaths that occur in prisons riots can be by extreme violence. When unrecognizable corpses are referred for examination, the process of human identification is hampered. The aim of this study is to present applicability in human identification by ear individual signs in an inmate beheaded in Brazil prison riot. Ten prisoners died in the rebellion being discussed. Seven corpses had been burned, and three of them were beheaded. For the examination, only two heads were presented. Three families were consulted....

Talking about autism-thoughts for researchers.

At the 2019 strategic planning meeting the International Society for Autism Research (INSAR) board discussed the question of appropriate language to be used when speaking or writing about autism or affected individuals. Board members articulated a wide range of views on this subject, making clear that there is no single simple answer. This commentary was inspired by that discussion. It is by John Elder Robison who is both an INSAR board member and an individual diagnosed with autism. Autism Res 2019. © 201...

QSPR Modeling of Biopharmaceutical Properties of Hydroxypropyl Methylcellulose (Cellulose Ethers) Tablets Based on Its Degree of Polymerization.

Quantitative structure-property relationship (QSPR) approach has been widely used in predicting physicochemical properties of compounds. However, its application in the estimation of formulation properties based on the polymer used in it to achieve desired formulation characteristics is an extremely challenging process. In the present research, predictive QSPR models were developed by correlating the physicochemical properties of varying grades of cellulose ethers (hydroxypropyl methylcellulose, HPMC) with ...

Adjusting Simon's optimal two-stage design for heterogeneous populations based on stratification or using historical controls.

In many cancer studies, the population under consideration is highly heterogeneous in terms of clinical, demographical, and biological covariates. As the covariates substantially impact the individual prognosis, the response probabilities of patients entering the study may strongly vary. In this case, the operating characteristics of classical clinical trial designs heavily depend on the covariates of patients entering the study. Notably, both type I and type II errors can be much higher than specified. In ...

Integrated population models: powerful methods to embed individual processes in population dynamics models.

Population dynamics models have long assumed that populations are composed of a restricted number of groups, where individuals in each group have identical demographic rates and where all groups are similarly affected by density-dependent and -independent effects. However, individuals usually vary tremendously in performance and in their sensitivity to environmental conditions or resource limitation, such that individual contributions to population growth will be highly variable. Recent efforts to integrate...

Clinical characteristics of pediatric cutaneous lupus erythematosus: experience from a tertiary referral center in Korea.

The clinical characteristics of cutaneous lupus erythematosus (CLE) are well delineated in adults, but pediatric data, particularly in Asian populations, are limited. Therefore, we evaluated the characteristics of pediatric cases by retrospectively reviewing the medical records of children with CLE during a 15-year period in a tertiary care dermatology clinic in South Korea. The study included 21 children (8 males and 13 females), 4 of whom had neonatal lupus erythematosus (NLE). Among 17 patients with CLE,...

Mathematical Relationships of Individual Stereocenter er Values to dr Values.

A mathematical relationship is derived for relating the enantiomeric ratios ( er values) of two individual stereocenters within a single chiral molecule to the diastereomeric ratio ( dr). Whereas the er (or enantiomeric excess, ee) of chiral molecules is readily determined by chiral chromatography, and dr values can be determined by chromatography or NMR, modern methods for the optical determination of er values at individual functional groups do not normally determine the er and dr of the entire molecule. ...

What attributes should be included in a discrete choice experiment related to health technologies? A systematic literature review.

Discrete choice experiments (DCEs) are a way to assess priority-setting in health care provision. This approach allows for the evaluation of individuals' preferences as a means of adding criteria to traditional quality-adjusted life year analysis. The aim of this systematic literature review was to identify attributes for designing a DCE in order to then develop and validate a framework that supports decision-making on health technologies. Our systematic literature review replicated the methods and search t...


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