PubMed Journals Articles About "Sub-chronic Neurostimulation Delivered In The Middle Ear For Tinnitus Suppression" - Page: 20 RSS

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Showing "chronic Neurostimulation Delivered Middle Tinnitus Suppression" PubMed Articles 476–500 of 12,000+

Intracranial neurenteric cyst arising at the suprasellar cistern with extension to middle cranial fossa.

Intracranial neurenteric cysts are rare and are not often found in the supratentorial space. We present a case of an intracranial neurenteric cyst that arose at the suprasellar cistern with extension to the middle cranial fossa.

School-based versus after-school delivery of a universal wellness programme - A randomized controlled multi-arm trial.

Positive self-image and body image as well as high self-esteem and media literacy are considered protective factors against health-compromising behaviours. Investigation of the optimal setting for body image prevention programmes is important to maximize outcomes from such programmes. Most universal wellness programmes are school based and thus delivered to a "captive" population. Only a few reports have been published about wellness programmes delivered in after-school settings, and none of them compared d...

The Management of Chronic Cough.

Chronic cough is a common presentation to primary care and constitutes a significant volume of referrals to secondary care. It affects around 10% of the adult population and has a plethora of respiratory and non-respiratory causes. It can have a significant impact on the quality of life of affected individuals. In many patients, minimal baseline investigations lead to an easily identifiable and treatable cause. In others, no cause can be identified even after extensive investigations in specialised cough cl...

Smoking associated T-Cell imbalance in patients with chronic pain.

Smoking is associated with several diseases and affects the immune system. Recently, published data demonstrate an involvement of Th17 and regulatory T cells (Tregs) in the pathogenesis of chronic pain and pain intensity. The role of these T cell subsets in smoking patients with chronic pain is nebulous so far. We therefore analyzed Th17 cells and Tregs in smokers and non-smokers suffering from chronic pain.

Asymptomatic Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection: Extent and implications for infection control: A systematic review.

The Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) emerged in 2012 and attracted an international attention as the virus caused multiple healthcare associated outbreaks. There are reports of the role of asymptomatic individuals play in the transmission of MERS-CoV, however, the exact role is now known.

Reduced endogenous pain inhibition in adolescent girls with chronic pain.

Background and aims Chronic pain is affecting a growing number of individuals including adolescents. Different endogenous pain inhibitory systems could confer protection against development of chronic pain. Decreased pain perception can be observed following intense pain (i.e. conditioned pain modulation - CPM) or after physical exercise (i.e. exercise-induced analgesia - EIA). Reduced effectiveness of pain inhibitory mechanisms have been reported in several chronic pain conditions. However, the extent of t...

Smokers Display Reduced Glucocorticoid Sensitivity Prior to Symptomatic Chronic Disease Development.

Chronic stress plays a critical role in many of today's diseases and causes of death. Tobacco use reliably increases the likelihood of chronic disease development and premature death. In addition, habitual tobacco use elevates risk of chronic inflammatory diseases, and glucocorticoid therapy is often less effective in smokers compared with nonsmokers. Taken together, smokers may develop glucocorticoid insensitivity, thereby removing the body's greatest anti-inflammatory mechanism.

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients are exposed to more proton pump inhibitor (PPI)s compared to non-CKD patients.

Proton pump inhibitor use is associated with incident chronic kidney disease, chronic kidney disease progression and end-stage renal disease. However, the extent of proton pump inhibitor prescriptions to chronic kidney disease patients is still unclear.

Tactile enumeration: A case study of acalculia.

Enumeration is one of the building blocks of arithmetic and fingers are used as a counting tool in early steps. Subitizing-fast and accurate enumeration of small quantities-has been vastly studied in the visual modality, but less in the tactile modality. We explored tactile enumeration using fingers, and gray matter (GM) changes using voxel-based morphometry (VBM), in acalculia. We examined JD, a 22-year-old female with acalculia following a stroke to the left inferior parietal cortex. JD and a neurological...

An altered cytotoxic program of CD8+ T-cells in HIV-infected patients despite HAART-induced viral suppression.

Despite the suppression of viral replication induced by the highly active anti-retroviral therapy (HAART), an increased immune activation and inflammatory state persists in HIV-infected patients, contributing to lower treatment response and immune reconstitution, and development of non-AIDS conditions. The chronic activation and inflammation affect the functionality and differentiation of CD8+ T-cells, particularly reducing their cytotoxic capacity, which is critical in the control of HIV replication. Altho...

Association of adult attachment and suicidal ideation in primary care patients with multiple chronic conditions.

Suicidal ideation is a common health concern in primary care. Attachment theory indicates that subjects with higher anxiety and/or avoidance may be more susceptible to suicidal ideation. Therefore, the aim of our study was to examine the association of attachment anxiety, avoidance, and suicidal ideation in middle-aged to elderly, chronically ill primary care patients.

Adenine-Induced Chronic Renal Failure in Rats: A Model of Chronic Renocardiac Syndrome with Left Ventricular Diastolic Dysfunction but Preserved Ejection Fraction.

Cardiovascular disease is the major cause of death in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Rats with adenine-induced chronic renal failure (ACRF) develop severe renal insufficiency and metabolic abnormalities that closely resemble those in patients with uremia. The aim of the present study was to determine left ventricular (LV) morphology and function in rats with ACRF.

Effects of a Behavioral Economics Intervention on Food Choice and Food Consumption in Middle-School and High-School Cafeterias.

Changing food choice architecture in school cafeterias through behavioral economics may increase student selection and consumption of healthy foods. However, most research assesses the effects of short-term interventions. We evaluated a year-long choice architecture intervention implemented by school food service staff.

The impact of chronic oedema on quality of life in the elderly.

Quality of life (QoL) is a concept that is relevant for everyone, but individuals experience factors that make up QoL differently. This article considers the impact chronic oedema has on older people's QoL. There are additional challenges in this group, such as the ageing process, which interlink with QoL. The presence of appropriate support networks and psychological strategies can have a positive impact on the management of chronic oedema and the patient's perception of QoL.

Hyper Acute Quadriplegia with Chronic Lead Toxicity; a Case Report.

Industrial lead toxicity is more common among miners. This type of toxicity occurs in two forms: acute and chronic. Chronic toxicity is associated with different levels of brain dysfunction, motor impairment, cognitive dysfunction, and neuropsychiatric problems, including depression, anxiety, irritability, and emotional disorders. However, quadriplegia induced by chronic toxicity is very rare. Here we report a 37-year-old male patient with a history of desert hunting, where he used to roll lead bullets in h...

Opportunities and barriers to implementing antibiotic stewardship in low and middle-income countries: Lessons from a mixed-methods study in a tertiary care hospital in Ethiopia.

Global action plans to tackle antimicrobial resistance (AMR) include implementation of antimicrobial stewardship (AMS), but few studies have directly addressed the challenges faced by low and middle-income countries (LMICs). Our aim was to explore healthcare providers' knowledge and perceptions on AMR, and barriers/facilitators to successful implementation of a pharmacist-led AMS intervention in a referral hospital in Ethiopia.

Effectiveness of a Tailored Lifestyle Management Program for Middle-Aged Women With Coronary Artery Disease: A Preliminary Study.

Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a leading cause of death in women. Many of the risk factors for CAD relate to lifestyle and thus may be influenced by lifestyle modification. However, middle-aged women often find it difficult to adjust their lifestyle behaviors. Thus, providing individualized treatment is crucial to reducing the risk and incidence of CAD in this population.

Multidisciplinary biopsychosocial rehabilitation in chronic neck pain: a naturalistic prospective cohort study with intraindividual control of effects and 12-month follow-up.

In contrast to the large evidence of the effectiveness of multidisciplinary biopsychosocial rehabilitation (MBR) in chronic low back pain, little is known about the effects of MBR in chronic neck pain (CNP).

Trypanosoma cruzi-specific IFN-γ-producing cells in chronic Chagas disease associate with a functional IL-7/IL-7R axis.

The severity of cardiac disease in chronic Chagas disease patients is associated with different features of T-cell exhaustion. Here, we assessed whether the ability of T cells to secrete IFN-γ in response to T. cruzi was linked to disruption in immune homeostasis and inflammation in patients with chronic Chagas disease.

Dietary carbohydrate quality and quantity in relation to the incidence of type 2 diabetes: A prospective cohort study of middle-aged and older Korean adults.

This study aimed to investigate whether dietary glycemic load (GL), glycemic index (GI), and carbohydrate intake were prospectively associated with incident type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in a middle-aged and older Korean populations.

Correlates of sedentary behavior in the general population: A cross-sectional study using nationally representative data from six low- and middle-income countries.

Sedentary behavior (SB) is associated with adverse health outcomes independent of levels of physical activity. However, data on its correlates are scarce from low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Thus, we assessed the correlates of SB in six LMICs (China, Ghana, India, Mexico, Russia, South Africa) using nationally representative data.

Age-related difference in the effect of acute hyperglycemia on myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury.

Age and acute hyperglycemia are known risk factors of myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury. We investigated age-related difference in the effect of acute hyperglycemia on myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury in Sprague-Dawley rats (young, 3 months; middle-aged, 10-12 months; and old, 20-22 months). The rats received 1.2 g/kg dextrose or normal saline and were subjected to coronary artery occlusion for 45 min followed by reperfusion for 240 min. Infarct size and ejection fraction were measured. The level...

A randomized controlled trial of 'MUMentum Pregnancy': Internet-delivered cognitive behavioral therapy program for antenatal anxiety and depression.

Anxiety and depression are common during pregnancy and associated with adverse outcomes for the mother and infant if left untreated. Despite the need to improve treatment accessibility and uptake in this population, no studies have investigated internet-delivered cognitive behavioural therapy (iCBT) for antenatal anxiety and depression. In a randomised controlled trial, we examined the efficacy and acceptability of a brief, unguided iCBT intervention - the MUMentum Pregnancy program - in pregnant women with...

Pontoon trap for salmon and trout equipped with a seal exclusion device catches larger salmons.

The growing seal populations of the Baltic have led to more frequent interactions with coastal fisheries. The motivation for seals to interact with fishing gear is high. It provides high densities of fish. A successful means of mitigating the conflict is the pontoon trap. Seal visits here have been frequent. Seals have access to most parts of the trap system including the middle chamber, which is an overhead environment. Concerns have been raised about seals possible entanglement in this specific part of th...

Analgesic effects of TLR4/NF-κB signaling pathway inhibition on chronic neuropathic pain in rats following chronic constriction injury of the sciatic nerve.

Chronic neuropathic pain (CNP) is attributed to a lesion or disease of the somatosensory system, may be derived from the peripheral and central system. Recent study revealed that spinal cord stimulation attenuated CNP by inhibiting TLR4/NF-κB signaling pathway. The present study focuses on the potential analgesic effects of TLR4/NF-κB signaling pathway on CNP in a rat model of chronic constriction injury (CCI).

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