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PubMed Journals Articles About "Tumor Microenvironment Confers MTOR Inhibitor Resistance Invasive Intestinal" - Page: 20 RSS

12:55 EDT 20th October 2018 | BioPortfolio

Tumor Microenvironment Confers MTOR Inhibitor Resistance Invasive Intestinal PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Tumor Microenvironment Confers MTOR Inhibitor Resistance Invasive Intestinal articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Tumor microenvironment confers mTOR inhibitor resistance invasive intestinal" PubMed Articles 476–500 of 21,000+

Drawing a link between the thromboxane A pathway and the role of platelets and tumor cells in ovarian cancer.

Ovarian cancer is the most lethal gynecologic malignancy among women. Due to the heterogeneity and complexity of the disease, as well as the insidious onset of symptoms, timely diagnosis remains extremely challenging. Despite recent advances in chemotherapy regimens for ovarian cancer patients, many still suffer from recurrence and ultimately succumb to the disease; thus, there is an urgent need for the identification of novel therapeutic targets. Within this rapidly evolving field, the role of platelets in...


Ibuprofen supports macrophage differentiation, T cell recruitment, and tumor suppression in a model of postpartum breast cancer.

Women diagnosed with breast cancer within 5 years postpartum (PPBC) have poorer prognosis than age matched nulliparous women, even after controlling for clinical variables known to impact disease outcomes. Through rodent modeling, the poor prognosis of PPBC has been attributed to physiologic mammary gland involution, which shapes a tumor promotional microenvironment through induction of wound-healing-like programs including myeloid cell recruitment. Previous studies utilizing immune compromised mice have s...

Mesenchymal stem cells drive paclitaxel resistance in ErbB2/ErbB3-coexpressing breast cancer cells via paracrine of neuregulin 1.

We had previously demonstrated that increased expression of ErbB3 is required for ErbB2-mediated paclitaxel resistance in breast cancer cells. In the present study, we have explored the possible role of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in regulating the paclitaxel-sensitivity of ErbB2/ErbB3-coexpressing breast cancer cells. We show that human umbilical cord-derived MSCs express significantly higher level of neuregulin-1 as compared with ErbB2/ErbB3-coexpressing breast cancer cells themselves. Coculture or trea...


Polymicrogyria in association with hypoglycemia points to mutation in the PI3K-AKT-mTOR pathway.

We report a 16-month-old male with congenital megalencephaly, polymicrogyria and persistent hypoglycemia caused by a mosaic PIK3CA pathogenic variant. Hypoinsulinaemic, hypoketotic hypoglycaemia is a rare complication of pathogenic variants in the PI3K-AKT-mTOR pathway genes including AKT2, AKT3, CCND2, PIK3R2 and PIK3CA, and has been identified in a PIK3CA mutant mouse model. Our case highlights the importance of considering PI3K-AKT-mTOR pathway variants as a cause for megalencephaly and cortical malforma...

The Sphingosine-1-Phosphate/Sphingosine-1-Phosphate Receptor 2 Axis in Intestinal Epithelial Cells Regulates Intestinal Barrier Function During Intestinal Epithelial Cells-CD4+T-Cell Interactions.

Epithelial cells line the intestinal mucosa and form an important barrier for maintaining host health. This study aimed to explore the mechanism of the Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P)/Sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor 2 (S1PR2) pathway in intestinal epithelial cells (IECs) that participate in the intestinal barrier function.

Immunomodulatory effects of BRAF and MEK Inhibitors: Implications for Melanoma therapy.

Targeted therapy with BRAF inhibitors (BRAFi) and MEK inhibitors (MEKi) provides rapid disease control with high response rates in patients with BRAF-mutant metastatic melanoma. However, the majority of patients develop resistance to therapy during the course of therapy. Immune checkpoint inhibitors show a slower onset of action with lower response rates, with responders showing sustained response. The combination of BRAFi/MEKi and immune checkpoint inhibitors combines the hope for a fast, reliable and last...

Molecular Mechanisms of Somatostatin-Mediated Intestinal Epithelial Barrier Function Restoration by Upregulating Claudin-4 in DSS-induced Colitis Mice.

Intestinal barrier dysfunction plays a crucial role in the pathogenesis of ulcerative colitis (UC). Previous studies have shown somatostatin (SST) can protect intestinal barrier structure possibly through up-regulating tight junction (TJ) protein expression, but the mechanisms of this up-regulation remain undefined. This study aimed to investigate the molecular mechanisms of interaction of SST with its downstream regulatory elements in DSS-induced colitis mice. In DSS-induced colitis mice, exogenous SST sup...

Structure-based design, synthesis and characterization of the first irreversible inhibitor of Focal Adhesion Kinase.

Focal Adhesion Kinase signaling pathway and its functions have been involved in the development and aggressiveness of tumor malignancy, it then presents a promising cancer therapeutic target. Several reversible FAK inhibitors have been developed and are being conducted in clinical trials. On the other hand, irreversible covalent inhibitors would bring many desirable pharmacological features including high potency and increased duration of action. Herein we report the structure-guided development of the firs...

Pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic characteristics of YMR-65, a tubulin inhibitor, in tumor-bearing mice.

YMR-65, 5-(5-bromo-1-methyl-1H-indol-3-yl)-3-(3-methoxyphenyl)-4, 5-dihydro-1H-pyrazole-1-carboxamide, is a potential tubulin inhibitor exhibiting good anticancer activity. In our study, we illustrated the biological activities in HepG2 cells and the pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic profiles were evaluated in murine H22 hepatoma-bearing mice. Molecular docking assay and colchicine competition assay indicated that YMR-65 could bind tightly to the colchicine binding site of tubulin. Further investigation d...

Role of Macrophages in Brain Tumor Growth and Progression.

The role of macrophages in the growth and the progression of tumors has been extensively studied in recent years. A large body of data demonstrates that macrophage polarization plays an essential role in the growth and progression of brain tumors, such as gliomas, meningiomas, and medulloblastomas. The brain neoplasm cells have the ability to influence the polarization state of the tumor associated macrophages. In turn, innate immunity cells have a decisive role through regulation of the acquired immune res...

PET imaging of Hsp90 expression in pancreatic cancer using a new Cu-labeled dimeric Sansalvamide A decapeptide.

Heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) plays a vital role in the progress of malignant disease and elevated Hsp90 expression has been reported in pancreatic cancer. In this study, we radiolabeled a dimeric Sansalvamide A derivative (Di-San A1) with Cu, and evaluated the feasibility of using Cu-Di-San A1 for PET imaging of Hsp90 expression in a mouse model of pancreatic cancer. A macrocyclic chelator NOTA (1,4,7-triazacyclononane-1,4,7-trisacetic acid) was conjugated to Di-San A1. Cu-Di-San A1 was successfully prepar...

Chloroquine and nanoparticle drug delivery: A promising combination.

Clinically approved cancer therapies include small molecules, antibodies, and nanoparticles. There has been major progress in the treatment of several cancer types over recent decades. However, many challenges remain for optimal use of conventional and nanoparticle-based therapies in oncology including poor drug delivery, rapid clearance, and drug resistance. The antimalarial agent chloroquine has been found to mitigate some of these challenges by modulating cancer cells and the tissue microenvironment. Par...

Immunotherapy for Prostate Cancer: Where Do We Go From Here?-PART 2: Checkpoint Inhibitors, Immunotherapy Combinations, Tumor Microenvironment Modulation, and Cellular Therapies.

Therapeutic approaches that harness the power of the immune system to eliminate cancer cells have produced a paradigm shift in the management of a variety of malignancies. Prostate cancer has been a particularly active area of investigation in cancer immunotherapy, with significant laboratory and clinical evidence suggesting that this disease can be a viable target for cytotoxic immune cells. In the first article of this series, we discussed the diverse vaccination approaches that have been employed to prim...

Valproate sensitizes human glioblastoma cells to 3-bromopyruvate-induced cytotoxicity.

Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most common brain tumor; however, no effective treatment for it is available yet. Monocarboxylate transporters, which are highly expressed in GBM, play a role in transporting antitumor agents, such as 3-bromopyruvate (3-BrPA). Valproate, primarily used to treat epilepsy, has been considered a possible treatment option for malignant GBM. In this study, we aimed to investigate the combined effects of 3-BrPA and valproate on GBM cell growth and elucidate the underlying mechanisms. Val...

HDAC inhibition inhibits brachial plexus avulsion induced neuropathic pain.

Introduction Neuropathic pain induced by brachial plexus avulsion (BPA) is a pathological condition. We hypothesized that inhibition of histone deacetylase (HDAC) could suppress BPA-induced neuropathic pain through inhibition of transient reception potential (TRP) overexpression and protein kinase B (Akt) mediated mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) activation. Methods We generated a rat BPA model, administered HDAC inhibitor Tricostatin A (TSA) for 7 days post-surgery and assessed the effects on HDAC expr...

A β-glucuronidase-responsive albumin-binding prodrug for potential selective kinase inhibitor-based cancer chemotherapy.

We report on the synthesis and in vitro biological evaluations of a nanomolar protein kinase inhibitor (PKI) and its β-glucuronidase-responsive albumin-binding prodrug. The highly potent PKI is 400-3400 times more cytotoxic than the well-known PKI Roscovitine. The prodrug is able to bind covalently to human serum albumin through Michael addition and release the cytotoxic PKI in the presence of β-glucuronidase, an enzyme over-expressed in the microenvironment of solid tumours.

Surgical checklist impact on recurrence-free survival of non-muscle invasive bladder cancer patients undergoing transurethral resection of bladder tumor.

To evaluate the impact of an eight-item surgical checklist (SC) on the recurrence-free survival (RFS) of non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) patients undergoing transurethral resection of bladder tumor (TURBT).

Sulfasalazine, an inhibitor of the cystine-glutamate antiporter, reduces DNA damage repair and enhances radiosensitivity in murine B16F10 melanoma.

The sodium-independent cystine-glutamate antiporter plays an important role in extracellular cystine uptake. It comprises the transmembrane protein, xCT and its chaperone, CD98. Because glutathione is only weakly cell membrane permeable, cellular uptake of its precursor, cystine, is known to be a key step in glutathione synthesis. Moreover, it has been reported that xCT expression affects the progression of tumors and their resistance to therapy. Sulfasalazine is an inhibitor of xCT that is known to increas...

Autophagy Induction Ameliorates Inflammatory Responses in Intestinal Ischemia-Reperfusion Through Inhibiting NLRP3 Inflammasome Activation.

Intestinal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R)-induced systemic inflammation leads to multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS). Previous studies have indicated that the NLRP3 inflammasome modulates intestinal inflammation; however, the pathophysiological mechanisms remain unclear. Autophagy is a critical metabolic mechanism that promotes cellular survival following ischemic injury. Recently, basal autophagy has been implicated in the alleviation of extensive inflammation. However, the role of autophagy in NLRP3 in...

Silence of α1-Antitrypsin Inhibits Migration and Proliferation of Triple Negative Breast Cancer Cells.

BACKGROUND α1-antitrypsin (α1-AT) is highly expressed in many tumors. However, to the best of our knowledge, its relationship to triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) has not yet been studied. Thus, in this research we first explored the influence of α1-AT silencing on the abilities of migration and invasion, and then further study its molecular mechanism in TNBC cells. MATERIAL AND METHODS The viability of MDA-MB-231 cells were detected using cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8). The abilities of migration and in...

Analysis of cross-resistance to Vip3 proteins in eight insect colonies, from four insect species, selected for resistance to Bacillus thuringiensis insecticidal proteins.

Bacillus thuringiensis Vip3 proteins are synthesized and secreted during the vegetative growth phase. They are activated by gut proteases, recognize and bind to midgut receptors, form pores and lyse cells. We tested the susceptibility to Vip3Aa and Vip3Ca of Cry1A-, Cry2A-, Dipel- and Vip3-resistant insect colonies from different species to determine whether resistance to other insecticidal proteins confers cross-resistance to Vip3 proteins. As expected, the colonies resistant to Cry1A proteins, Dipel (Heli...

Intraoperatively measured tumor size and frozen section results should be considered jointly to predict the final pathology for lung adenocarcinoma.

Invasive adenocarcinoma intraoperatively misdiagnosed as adenocarcinoma in situ or minimally invasive adenocarcinoma is more likely to undergo potentially insufficient resection. The purpose of our study was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of frozen section. We retrospectively reviewed 1,111 lung adenocarcinomas from January to March 2016 to evaluate the diagnostic performance of frozen section. A derivation cohort consisting of 436 cases of adenocarcinoma in situ or minimally invasive adenocarcinoma di...

ETS-1 Induces Sorafenib-resistance in Hepatocellular Carcinoma Cells via Regulating Transcription Factor Activity of PXR.

Transcription factor E26 transformation specific sequence 1 (ETS-1) is a primary regulator in the metastasis of human cancer cells, especially hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells; and it would affect the prognosis of HCC patients who received chemotherapies. However, the regulatory role of ETS-1 in the resistance of HCC cells to molecular-targeting agent remains poorly understood. In the present work, we demonstrate that high ETS-1 expression correlates with poor prognosis of advanced HCC patients received...

Entinostat reverses P-glycoprotein activation in snail-overexpressing adenocarcinoma HCC827 cells.

Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in cancer cells facilitates tumor progression by promoting invasion and metastasis. Snail is a transcriptional factor that induces EMT, while P-glycoprotein (P-gp) is an efflux transporter involved in anticancer drug resistance, and P-gp efflux activity is stimulated in Snail-overexpressing lung cancer cells with EMT characteristics. Since the histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor entinostat (Ent) reverses EMT features, our aim in this study was to determine whether...

6-Thioguanine inhibits rotavirus replication through suppression of Rac1 GDP/GTP cycling.

Rotavirus infection has emerged as an important cause of complications in organ transplantation recipients and might play a role in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). 6-Thioguanine (6-TG) has been widely used as an immunosuppressive drug for organ recipients and treatment of IBD in the clinic. This study aims to investigate the effects and mode-of-action of 6-TG on rotavirus replication. Human intestinal Caco2 cell line, 3D model of human primary intestinal organoids, laboratory rotavirus...


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