PubMed Journals Articles About "Tumor Microenvironment Confers MTOR Inhibitor Resistance Invasive Intestinal" - Page: 20 RSS

20:49 EST 9th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

Tumor Microenvironment Confers MTOR Inhibitor Resistance Invasive Intestinal PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Tumor Microenvironment Confers MTOR Inhibitor Resistance Invasive Intestinal articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Tumor microenvironment confers mTOR inhibitor resistance invasive intestinal" PubMed Articles 476–500 of 21,000+

Oestrogen receptor-regulated glutathione S-transferase mu 3 expression attenuates hydrogen peroxide-induced cytotoxicity, which confers tamoxifen resistance on breast cancer cells.

Glutathione S-transferase mu 3 (GSTM3) is an enzyme involving in the detoxification of electrophilic compounds by conjugation with glutathione. Higher GSTM3 mRNA levels were reported in patients with ERα-positive breast cancer who received only tamoxifen therapy after surgery. Thus, this study aimed to clarify the oncogenic characteristics of GSTM3 in breast cancer and the mechanism of tamoxifen resistance.

Metastatic Melanoma: Recent Therapeutic Progress and Future Perspectives.

The prognosis of patients with metastatic melanoma has dramatically improved in recent years with the introduction of two new therapeutic strategies. BRAF and MEK inhibitors are small molecules that are able to block the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway, which is constitutively activated by recurrent BRAF V600 mutations in 45% of melanoma patients. These agents were shown to provide a rapid and strong response but are often limited by a high rate of secondary resistance. Monoclonal antibodies...

The oncometabolite D-2-hydroxyglutarate is an intercellular mediator in IDH-mutant gliomas that inhibits both complement and T cells.

Somatic mutations in the isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH)-1 and -2 genes are remarkably penetrant in diffuse gliomas. These highly effective gain-of-function mutations enable mutant IDH to efficiently metabolize isocitrate to D-2-hydroxyglutarate (D 2-HG) that accumulates to high concentrations within the tumor microenvironment. D 2-HG is an intracellular effector that promotes tumor growth through widespread epigenetic changes in IDH mutant tumor cells, but its potential role as an intercellular immune regul...

Let-7b ameliorates Crohn's disease-associated adherent-invasive E coli induced intestinal inflammation via modulating Toll-Like Receptor 4 expression in intestinal epithelial cells.

Crohn's disease (CD)-associated adherent invasive Escherichia coli (AIEC) has been implicated as a causative or contributory factor in CD pathology. MicroRNA let-7b/ Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR-4) signaling pathways may play an important role in microbiota-mucosa interactions. We aimed to investigate whether AIEC influences IECs' function of expressing TLR4, and the potential role of let-7b in regulating AIEC induced gut inflammation. Wild type (WT) and interleukin-10 knockout (IL-10 KO) mice in specific path...

Resveratrol as a new inhibitor of immunoproteasome prevents PTEN degradation and attenuates cardiac hypertrophy after pressure overload.

Sustained cardiac hypertrophy is a major cause of heart failure (HF) and death. Recent studies have demonstrated that resveratrol (RES) exerts a protective role in hypertrophic diseases. However, the molecular mechanisms involved are not fully elucidated. In this study, cardiac hypertrophic remodeling in mice were established by pressure overload induced by transverse aortic constriction (TAC). Cardiac function was evaluated by echocardiography and invasive pressure-volume analysis. Cardiomyocyte size was d...

Intestinal obstruction with a twist: a rare case of congenital portal vein aneurysm causing intestinal obstruction.

Bilious vomiting is often a presenting feature of upper intestinal obstruction in newborn. We present a case of intestinal obstruction in a newborn baby caused by abnormal vascular band arising from portal vein aneurysm in association with a midgut volvulus. Congenital anomalies of portovenous system are very rare, and it usually presents with portal hypertension in late infancy or childhood. In this particular child, the portal vein aneurysm contributed to intestinal obstruction due to both a failure of in...

The vacuolar-type ATPase inhibitor archazolid increases tumor cell adhesion to endothelial cells by accumulating extracellular collagen.

The vacuolar-type H+-ATPase (v-ATPase) is the major proton pump that acidifies intracellular compartments of eukaryotic cells. Since the inhibition of v-ATPase resulted in anti-tumor and anti-metastatic effects in different tumor models, this enzyme has emerged as promising strategy against cancer. Here, we used the well-established v-ATPase inhibitor archazolid, a natural product first isolated from the myxobacterium Archangium gephyra, to study the consequences of v-ATPase inhibition in endothelial cells ...

Synergistic and low adverse effect cancer immunotherapy by immunogenic chemotherapy and locally expressed PD-L1 trap.

Although great success has been obtained in the clinic, the current immune checkpoint inhibitors still face two challenging problems: low response rate and immune-related adverse effects (irAEs). Here we report the combination of immunogenic chemotherapy and locally expressed PD-L1 trap fusion protein for efficacious and safe cancer immunotherapy. We demonstrate that oxaliplatin (OxP) boosts anti-PD-L1 mAb therapy against murine colorectal cancer. By design of a PD-L1 trap and loading its coding plasmid DN...

Sporadic Burkitt Lymphoma Mimicking an Adnexal Tumor.

Targeting Tumor Microenvironment by Bioreduction-Activated Nanoparticles for Light-Triggered Virotherapy.

Solid tumors characteristically display higher levels of lactate production due to anaerobic metabolism of glucose. Meanwhile, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved virotherapy for use in cancer treatment, however systemic administration remains as a particular challenge. Here we report exploitation of tumor lactate production in designing a hypoxia-responsive carrier, self-assembled from hyaluronic acid (HA) conjugated with 6-(2-nitroimidazole)hexylamine, for localized release of recombina...

The Lymph node ratio optimizes staging in patients with small intestinal neuroendocrine tumors.

Background: The effectiveness of current Tumor, Lymph node, Metastases (TNM) staging system in small intestinal neuroendocrine tumors (SiNETs) is unsatisfactory. Current N classification only distinguishes between node-negative and node-positive status. We aim to refine the N classification for updated TNM stage.

Expansion of the multidrug-resistant clonal complex 320 among invasive Streptococcus pneumoniae serotype 19A after the introduction of a ten-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine in Brazil.

In 2010, a ten-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV10) was introduced in the routine infant national immunization program in Brazil. Invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) caused by serotype 19A (Spn19A) increased after the introduction of PCVs in several countries. We compared the frequency, antimicrobial resistance and molecular patterns of invasive Spn19A strains before and after PCV10 introduction in Brazil using data from the national laboratory-based surveillance.

Intestinal microbiota as a reservoir of extended-spectrum-β-lactamase producing Escherichia coli - an exploratory study in healthy university students.

Cooperation Between Pten and Smad4 in Murine Salivary Gland Tumor Formation and Progression.

Salivary gland tumor (SGT) is a rare tumor type, which exhibits broad-spectrum phenotypic, biological, and clinical heterogeneity. Currently, the molecular mechanisms that cause SGT pathogenesis remain poorly understood. A lack of animal models that faithfully recapitulate the naturally occurring process of human SGTs has hampered research progress on this field. In this report, we developed an inducible keratin 5-driven conditional knockout mouse model to delete gene(s) of interest in murine salivary gland...

Selective inhibition of carbonic anhydrase IX over carbonic anhydrase XII in breast cancer cells using benzene sulfonamides: Disconnect between activity and growth inhibition.

Carbonic anhydrases (CAs) have been linked to tumor progression, particularly membrane-bound CA isoform IX (CA IX). The role of CA IX in the context of breast cancer is to regulate the pH of the tumor microenvironment. In contrast to CA IX, expression of CA XII, specifically in breast cancer, is associated with better outcome despite performing the same catalytic function. In this study, we have structurally modeled the orientation of bound ureido-substituted benzene sulfonamides (USBs) within the active si...

COX-2/EP2-EP4/β-catenin signaling regulates patulin-induced intestinal cell proliferation and inflammation.

Patulin (PAT), a mycotoxin, is a natural contaminant that is produced by certain species of Penicillium, Aspergillus and Byssochlamys. The major contamination of PAT is in apple and apple based products. PAT is known to cause glutathione depletion, oxidative DNA damage and cell proliferation. Recently, in vitro studies have indicated that PAT can also increase the intestinal epithelial permeability, modulate tight junctions and decrease transepithelial electrical resistance. Nonetheless, no previous study h...

lncRNA GAS5 Reverses EMT and Tumor Stem Cell-Mediated Gemcitabine Resistance and Metastasis by Targeting miR-221/SOCS3 in Pancreatic Cancer.

Dysregulated long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) and microRNAs (miRNAs) mediating chemotherapeutic drug effects and metastasis in pancreatic cancer (PC) are key reasons for the poor prognosis of this disease. lncRNA growth arrest-specific 5 (GAS5) is reported to be a tumor suppressor in multiple cancers. However, the functions of GAS5 and its related miRNAs in PC are poorly understood. This study explored the potential functions and mechanisms of GAS5 in PC gemcitabine resistance and metastasis. The results show ...

Ovotransferrin enhances intestinal immune response in cyclophosphamide-induced immunosuppressed mice.

Ovotransferrin (OVT), a glycoprotein from avian egg, which has a variety of biological activities and immunomodulatory effects. The purpose of this research was to demonstrate the effect of OVT on intestinal immunomodulatory function which used a mouse model of cyclophosphamide (CP) induced intestinal immunosuppression and injury by intraperitoneal injection of 80 mg/kg. Effects of OVT on intestinal immunomodulatory function in CP-induced immunosuppression mice were detected by flow cytometry, real-time q...

Colonic Adenomatous Polyps Involving Submucosal Lymphoglandular Complexes: A Diagnostic Pitfall.

Lymphoglandular complexes (LGCs) are lymphoid nodules containing intestinal mucosa, present in close apposition to muscularis mucosae or submucosa. Rarely, colorectal adenomas involve submucosal LGCs, simulating invasive adenocarcinoma with associated submucosal lymphoid aggregates, and presenting a diagnostic pitfall. We aimed to identify distinctive histologic features between submucosal LGCs and true invasion. Seven adenomas (tubular/tubulovillous adenomas [n=6], including 4 with high-grade dysplasia and...

The Sphingosine-1-Phosphate/Sphingosine-1-Phosphate Receptor 2 Axis in Intestinal Epithelial Cells Regulates Intestinal Barrier Function During Intestinal Epithelial Cells-CD4+T-Cell Interactions.

Epithelial cells line the intestinal mucosa and form an important barrier for maintaining host health. This study aimed to explore the mechanism of the Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P)/Sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor 2 (S1PR2) pathway in intestinal epithelial cells (IECs) that participate in the intestinal barrier function.

Autologous intestinal reconstruction surgery.

The management of short bowel syndrome has mainly been focused on intestinal rehabilitation as part of multidisciplinary team approach in specialized centers. While some patients go through a process of bowel adaptation that allows them to reach enteral autonomy, others reach a plateau before this and require prolonged parenteral nutrition and/or intestinal transplantation. Various autologous intestinal reconstruction procedures centered on bowel tapering have been described to increase functional intestina...

Tumor necrosis factor α-induced protein 8 expression as a predictor of prognosis and resistance in patients with advanced ovarian cancer treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy.

We explored the correlation of tumor necrosis factor α-induced protein 8 (TNFAIP8) with platinum resistance in ovarian cancers (OCs) treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT). We observed a significant trend of decreased TNFAIP8 expression after NACT (P=.042), and the extent of decreased TNFAIP8 expression following NACT was positively associated with response to NACT (P=.013). Interestingly, in patients treated with NACT, the extent of decreased TNFAIP8 expression following NACT in tumor (change in imm...

Combined inhibition of the PI3K/mTOR/MEK pathway induces Bim/Mcl-2-regulated apoptosis in pancreatic cancer cells.

Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) progression and chemotherapy insensitivity have been associated with aberrant PI3K/mTOR/MEK signalling. However, cell death responses activated by inhibitors of these pathways can differ - contextually varying with tumour genetic background. Here, we demonstrate that combining the dual PI3K/mTOR inhibitor PF5212384 (PF384) and MEK inhibitor PD325901 (PD901) more effectively induces apoptosis compared with either agent alone, independent of KRAS mutational status in PD...

PINK1/Parkin-Mediated Mitophagy Promotes Resistance to Sonodynamic Therapy.

Sonodynamic therapy (SDT), based on the synergistic effect of low-intensity ultrasound and sonosensitizer, is a potential approach for non-invasive treatment of cancers. In SDT, mitochondria played a crucial role in cell fate determination. However, mitochondrial activities and their response to SDT remain elusive. The purpose of this study was to examine the response of mitochondria to SDT in tumor cells.

Molecular Mechanisms of Somatostatin-Mediated Intestinal Epithelial Barrier Function Restoration by Upregulating Claudin-4 in DSS-induced Colitis Mice.

Intestinal barrier dysfunction plays a crucial role in the pathogenesis of ulcerative colitis (UC). Previous studies have shown somatostatin (SST) can protect intestinal barrier structure possibly through up-regulating tight junction (TJ) protein expression, but the mechanisms of this up-regulation remain undefined. This study aimed to investigate the molecular mechanisms of interaction of SST with its downstream regulatory elements in DSS-induced colitis mice. In DSS-induced colitis mice, exogenous SST sup...

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