PubMed Journals Articles About "Early Midterm Clinical Radiographic Survivorship Polyethylene Versus Modular" - Page: 20 RSS

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Showing "Early Midterm Clinical Radiographic Survivorship Polyethylene Versus Modular" PubMed Articles 476–500 of 41,000+

Randomized clinical trial of co-amoxiclav versus no antibiotic prophylaxis in varicose vein surgery.

MRI features associated with high likelihood of conversion of radiologically isolated syndrome to multiple sclerosis.

Radiologically isolated syndrome (RIS) is the asymptomatic precursor to clinically isolated syndrome, relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (MS) or primary progressive MS. RIS is frequently diagnosed when an individual gets an MRI for an unrelated medical issue, such as headache or trauma. Treating RIS patients is controversial, but physicians may be inclined to offer prophylactic treatment for high-risk RIS patients. Identifying imaging and clinical features associated with high likelihood of early clinic...

A comparison of simulation versus didactics for teaching ultrasound to Swiss medical students.

Point-of-care ultrasound is an increasingly common imaging modality that is used in a variety of clinical settings. Understanding how to most effectively teach ultrasound is important to ensure that medical students learn pre-clinical content in a manner that promotes retention and clinical competence. We aim to assess the effectiveness of simulation-based ultrasound education in improving medical student competence in physiology in comparison to a traditional didactic ultrasound curriculum.

DNA-based detection for onychomycosis correlates better to histopathology than does fungal culture.

Onychomycosis is a prevalent disease of the nail. Traditional methods for diagnosis include direct microscopy with potassium hydroxide (KOH microscopy) and fungal culture. Other techniques using histochemical staining have higher sensitivity, but cannot identify genus or species of the infecting agent. PCR assays are sensitive, specific, and capable of genus and species level identification. We describe a real-time PCR assay for 15 different fungi that are associated with onychomycosis. Of 425 clinical samp...

The Predicted Indirectly Recognizable HLA Epitopes (PIRCHE) Score for HLA Class I Graft-Versus-Host Disparity Is Associated with Increased Acute Graft-Versus-Host Disease in Haploidentical Transplantation with Post-Transplant Cyclophosphamide.

The Predicted Indirectly Recognizable HLA Epitopes (PIRCHE) score quantifies the number of PIRCHE between patient and donor pairs and represents an in silico measure of indirect alloreactivity. This biologic process is defined as T cell recognition of epitopes derived from mismatched, allogeneic HLA peptides that are subsequently presented by shared HLA molecules. Its association with clinical outcome has not been examined in haplo-HCT with PTCy. We hypothesized that PIRCHE scores would correlate with indir...

Clinical features and treatment outcome of elderly multiple myeloma patients with impaired renal function.

Renal impairment (RI) is a most common complication of multiple myeloma (MM), which is associated with an increased risk of early death and worse survival.

Performance of target-controlled infusion of propofol in plasma versus effect-site control during induction in elderly patients: A Letter To The Editor.

Clinically Significant Bleeding With Ticagrelor Versus Clopidogrel in Korean Patients With Acute Coronary Syndromes Intended for Invasive Management: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

Relationships Between Fear of Cancer Recurrence and Lifestyle Factors Among Cancer Survivors.

We examine the relationships between fear of cancer recurrence (FCR), physical activity, smoking status, and engagement in healthier habits in a US population-based sample of post-treatment cancer survivors. We used data from the 2011 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS) Experience with Cancer Survivorship Supplement. Multivariable logistic regression was used to test the relationship of FCR to physical activity, smoking status, and engagement in healthier habits. In all analyses, MEPS survey weights wer...

Vertebra-disc ratio as a new predictor for curve progression in early thoracic AIS with bracing treatment.

Previous studies have reported various predictors for curve progression in braced adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients. However, the reported predictors might be insufficient for patients with early AIS. The aim was to investigate whether the initial vertebra-disc ratio (VDR) could serve as an effective predictor for curve progression in early thoracic AIS (premenarchal and Risser 0) undergoing brace treatment.

Clinical Patterns of Continuous and Intermittent Palliative Sedation in Terminal Cancer Patients: A Descriptive, Observational Study.

Limited information is available regarding the detailed clinical patterns of palliative sedation (PS), i.e., the symptom control rate, salvage medication, and the effectiveness of intermittent PS (IPS) versus continuous PS (CPS).

Emergence of Polymyxin Resistance in Clinical Klebsiella pneumoniae Through Diverse Genetic Adaptations: A Genomic, Retrospective Cohort Study.

Polymyxins are antimicrobials of last resort for the treatment of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae, but resistance in 5% to >40% isolates has been reported. We conducted a genomic survey of clinical polymyxin-resistant (PR) Klebsiella pneumoniae to determine the molecular mechanisms of PR and the role of polymyxin exposure versus transmission in PR emergence.

Representative stress crack resistance of polyolefin geomembranes used in waste management.

The decrease in stress crack resistance (SCR) of geomembranes (GMBs) due to physical ageing is examined. It is shown that the SCR of a 1.5 mm high density polyethylene (HDPE) GMB immersed in municipal solid waste (MSW) leachate, deionized (DI) water, and air experienced a decrease to an equilibrium value, denoted herein as SCR, in a few months and then did not change for the remainder of a 116-month test. The same GMB was also immersed in basic mining pregnant leach solution (PLS) and brine and a similar ...

Clinical cure with ceftriaxone versus ceftaroline or ceftobiprole in the treatment of Staphylococcal pneumonia: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Ceftriaxone is an empiric antibiotic commonly used to treat pneumonia. However, its use to treat infections caused by methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) may be controversial given limited evidence of its clinical efficacy. The objective of this study was to compare the clinical efficacy of ceftriaxone to either ceftaroline or ceftobiprole in the treatment of pneumonia caused by MSSA.

Longitudinal assessment of post-surgical physical activity in endometrial and ovarian cancer patients.

Physical activity plays a key role in cancer survivorship. The purpose of this investigation was to (a) describe the post-surgical physical activity trajectories of endometrial (n = 65) and ovarian (n = 31) cancer patients and (b) identify clinical and demographic predictors of physical activity over time.

Predictors of 30-day rehospitalization in a sample of hospitalized patients with Bipolar I disorder.

The transition from psychiatric hospitalization to home is marked by high clinical vulnerability, characterized by risk of symptom rebound, exposure to preexisting stressors, and challenges with outpatient treatment linkage. Rates of rehospitalization during this post-discharge period, particularly for those with bipolar disorder, are reported to be high. This study evaluated demographic and clinical predictors of early rehospitalization (within 30 days) in a sample of hospitalized adults with Bipolar I dis...

Evaluation of algorithm development approaches: Development of biomarker panels for early detection of colorectal lesions.

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most common cancer in the U.S. Early detection of CRC can substantially increase survival rates. Test compliance may be improved by offering a blood-based test option.

Early femoral component migration: comparing the anterior and posterior approach to the hip.

Early femoral component migration is a useful indicator for identifying implants at risk of failure due to aseptic loosening. The goal of this retrospective study was to identify if anterior approach (AA) treated hips are at a higher risk of failure due to aseptic loosening caused by early migration compared to hips operated on using the traditional posterior approach (PA).

Trabecular bone score and bone remodeling markers identify perimenopausal women at high risk of bone loss.

Bone loss is accelerated in the late perimenopause and early menopause. The date of the final menstrual period cannot be stated until 1 year after it has ended, and at that time, most of the rapid bone loss phase will have elapsed. Therefore, early detection of bone loss is crucial.

The Utility of Episodic Memory Cut-Off Scores for Inclusion in Clinical Trials for Early Symptomatic Alzheimer Disease.

Correctly diagnosing early symptomatic Alzheimer disease in the context of multinational clinical trials poses a significant challenge. Subjective complaints of memory are fairly ubiquitous in an older population, and establishing the presence of definitive cognitive decline from clinical assessments is difficult. Most such trials have adopted the use of standardized episodic memory measures as an inclusion criterion, typically setting the cutoff at one standard deviation below age normal means. This is use...

Quadrivalent versus trivalent influenza vaccine: clinical outcomes in two influenza seasons, Historical cohort study.

The quadrivalent influenza vaccine (QIV) contains two influenza B antigens (one of each B lineage), while the trivalent vaccine (TIV) contains solely one. As a result, a mismatch between the circulating B lineage and the lineage in the TIV occurs frequently. We aimed to compare the frequency of clinically significant outcomes in a large cohort of vaccinees receiving either TIV or QIV.

Positive "Surprise" Broth Cultures in Nonunion Surgery Do Not Require Antibiotic Treatment.

The objective of this study was to review the efficacy of a treatment approach for patients with positive intraoperative cultures during fracture nonunion surgery. The authors performed a retrospective case series at a level I trauma center. In this series, 60 patients without preoperative concern for infection were surgically treated for fracture nonunion. The treatment course of patients after fracture nonunion surgery, including culture results, antibiotic administration, and the presence of clinical inf...

Factors influencing patient satisfaction after adult scoliosis and spinal deformity surgery.

OBJECTIVEAchieving high patient satisfaction with management is often one of the goals after adult spinal deformity (ASD) surgery. However, literature on associated factors and their correlations with patient satisfaction is limited. The aim of this study was to determine the clinical and radiographic factors independently correlated with patient satisfaction in terms of management at 2 years after surgery.METHODSA multicenter prospective database of ASD surgery was retrospectively reviewed. The demographic...

Cost of prenatal versus postnatal myelomeningocele closure for both mother and child at 1 year of life.

Prenatal myelomeningocele (MMC) closure has been performed in the United States for 2 decades. While prior work has focused on clinical outcomes of prenatal MMC closure, the cost of this procedure in comparison with that of postnatal MMC closure is unclear. The authors' aim was to compare the cost of prenatal versus postnatal MMC closure for both the child and mother at 1 year.

History and future perspectives for the use of fluorescence visualization to detect oral squamous cell carcinoma and oral potentially malignant disorders.

The early diagnosis of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) and oral potentially malignant disorders (OPMD) is challenging. The use of fluorescence visualization (FV) has been improved along the years as an auxiliary method to early detect alterations in the oral mucosa suggestive of malignancy or pre-malignancy. However, perhaps due to some misinterpretation regarding the clinical purpose of this method, its applicability may have been underestimated. The purpose of this review is to comment on the challeng...

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