PubMed Journals Articles About "Humeral Retroversion Injury Risk After Proximal Humeral Epiphysiolysis" - Page: 20 RSS

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Showing "Humeral Retroversion Injury Risk After Proximal Humeral Epiphysiolysis" PubMed Articles 476–500 of 23,000+

Fractures Around the Knee in Children.

Knee injuries are common in children, but epiphyseal and physeal injuries involving the distal femur and proximal tibia are relatively rare. This can make diagnosis and evaluation of pediatric knee injuries challenging. Pediatric knee physeal injuries can also be complicated by vascular injuries with potentially devastating consequences, and thus, a heightened suspicion for these injuries is indicated. Distal femoral and proximal tibial physeal injuries can be diagnosed with plain radiographs or with advanc...

Coronary Artery Disease Assessed by Computed Tomography-Based Leaman Score in Patients With Low-Risk Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation.

We aimed to evaluate the burden of coronary artery disease (CAD) using the computed tomography (CT) Leaman score in low-risk transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) patients. The extent of CAD in low-risk patients with aortic stenosis who are candidates for TAVI has not been accurately quantified. The CT Leaman score was developed to quantify coronary CT angiography (CCTA) atherosclerotic burden and has been validated to evaluate the extent of CAD. CT Leaman score >5 has been associated with an incre...

Surgical outcome of collateral ligament injury with metacarpal head fracture in a near amputation after power saw injury: Case report.

The incidence of thumb amputation is high in developing and industrialized countries. A power saw injury is very traumatic to the soft tissue and neurovascular system, and thus difficult for orthopedic and plastic surgeons to treat.

Shoulder mechanical impingement risk associated with manual wheelchair tasks in individuals with spinal cord injury.

Most individuals with spinal cord injury who use manual wheelchairs experience shoulder pain related to wheelchair use, potentially in part from mechanical impingement of soft tissue structures within the subacromial space. There is evidence suggesting that scapula and humerus motion during certain wheelchair tasks occurs in directions that may reduce the subacromial space, but it hasn't been thoroughly characterized in this context.

Incidence and Effect of Diabetes Insipidus in the Acute Care of Patients with Severe Traumatic Brain Injury.

Literature on diabetes insipidus (DI) after severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) is scarce. Some studies have reported varying frequencies of DI and have showed its association with increased mortality, suggesting it as a marker of poor outcome. This knowledge gap in the acute care consequences of DI in severe TBI patients led us to conceive this study, aimed at identifying risk factors and quantifying the effect of DI on short-term functional outcomes and mortality.

Lipopolysaccharide induces mouse translocator protein (18 kDa) expression via the AP-1 complex in the microglial cell line, BV-2.

It has been reported that neuroinflammation occurs in the central nervous system (CNS) in patients with neuropathic pain, Alzheimer's disease and autism spectrum disorder. The 18-kDa translocator protein TSPO is used as an imaging target in positron emission tomography to detect neuroinflammation, and its expression is correlated with microglial activation. However, the mechanism underlying the transcriptional regulation of Tspo induced by inflammation is not clear. Here, we revealed that lipopolysaccharide...

Cardiac Surgery is Associated with Biomarker Evidence of Neuronal Damage.

Anesthesia and surgery is commonly associated with central nervous system sequelae and cognitive symptoms, which may be caused by neuronal injury. Neuronal injury can be monitored by plasma concentrations of the neuronal biomarkers tau and neurofilament light protein (NFL). Currently, there are no studies examining whether neuronal injury varies between surgical procedures.

Prevalence and correlates of non-suicidal self-injury among lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender individuals: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

The current review presents a meta-analysis of the existing empirical literature on the prevalence of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) among lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) individuals, as well as on correlates of NSSI within sexual and gender minority populations. Eligible publications (n = 51) were identified through a systematic search of PsycINFO, MEDLINE, and Embase, supplemented by a search of references of prior reviews on this topic. NSSI prevalence rates were quite elevated among ...

Mediterranean diet adherence and risk of colorectal cancer: the prospective Netherlands Cohort Study.

Mediterranean diet (MD) adherence has been associated with a large variety of health benefits. However, prospective studies investigating the relation between MD adherence and colorectal cancer risk had inconsistent results. In this analysis of the Netherlands Cohort Study (NLCS), we evaluated sex- and subsite-specific associations of MD adherence with colorectal cancer risk. In 1986, 120,852 subjects filled out the NLCS baseline questionnaire, which incorporated a 150-item food frequency questionnaire. MD ...

Global outcome after traumatic brain injury in a prospective cohort.

Traumatic Brain Injury(TBI) is one of the most common neurosurgical emergencies but the long-term outcome remains unclear. This study investigated the global outcome and return to work after TBI and tried to identify any relationships that exist with injury and demographic features.

Micro RNA-30b (inhibitor) nanoparticles suppressed the lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute kidney injury.

The main aim of present study is to evaluate the effect of miR-30b on the function of human proximal tubular epithelial cell line HK-2 cells. For this purpose, miRNA was loaded in an ionically cross-linked polysaccharide nanoparticle. The authors have demonstrated the influence of miR-30b mimic and inhibitor in HK-2 cell killing effect. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) significantly increased the level of inflammatory cytokines of TNF-α, IL-1β and level was further increased with the treatment of PAg-miR mimic co...

CV RISK - A new relative cardiovascular risk score.

Nowadays it is recommended to use risk scores to evaluate the magnitude of cardiovascular risk in healthy people, most popular being SCORE (Europe) and Framingham and ASCVD (US). Unfortunately, they are not enough motivating in young and old population, don't consider protective factors and cannot be used in cardiovascular patients always included in very high risk category. To improve the evaluation everytime of individual cardiovascular risk we described a new score - CVRISK (cardiovascular relative indiv...

Early tranexamic acid in traumatic brain injury: Evidence for an effective therapy.

The guidelines for management of traumatic brain injury (TBI) are based largely on measures to maintain an optimum internal milieu for prevention of secondary brain injury and enhancing recovery. One of the most common reasons for worsening outcomes following TBI is expanding intracranial haematoma which is compounded by the fibrinolytic physiology that follows TBI. Tranexamic acid (TXA) has a time tested role in preventing poor outcomes linked to excessive haemorrhage in trauma patients. Historically, pati...

Using inferred mobility status to estimate the time to major depressive disorder diagnosis post-spinal cord injury.

Estimate (1) prevalence of major depressive disorder (MDD) diagnosis; (2) risk factors associated with MDD diagnosis; (3) time at which MDD is diagnosed post-spinal cord injury (SCI) and interaction of inferred mobility status (IMS) in a commercially insured population over three years.

Prevalence of postpartum depression and anxiety among women with spinal cord injury.

To examine the prevalence of postpartum depression (PPD) and postpartum anxiety (PPA) in mothers with spinal cord injury (SCI). Retrospective, cross-sectional study. Online multi-national study. We surveyed an international sample of 102 women who gave birth following cervical SCI (C1-C8,  = 30), upper thoracic SCI (T1-T6,  = 12) or lower level SCI (T7 & below, = 60). Participants were primarily from Canada and Sweden, and mean age at childbirth was 30 ± 6 years. Subscales from the Pregna...

Endovascular treatment of spontaneous internal carotid artery dissection with proximal embolic protection device.

To report the feasibility and outcomes with the endovascular treatment of spontaneous internal carotid artery dissections (ICAD) using proximal embolic protection device (EPD).

Brain Injury Awareness Month - March 2020.

Brain Injury Awareness Month, recognized each March, provides an important opportunity to bring attention to the prevention of traumatic brain injury (TBI) and to promote strategies to improve the quality of life for persons living with TBI and their families.

Liver Injury due to Ashwagandha. A Case Series from Iceland and the U.S. Drug-Induced Liver Injury Network.

Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera) is widely used in Indian Ayurvedic medicine. Several dietary supplements containing ashwagandha are marketed in the U.S. and Europe, but only one case of ashwagandha-induced liver injury (DILI) has been published. The aim of this case series was to describe the clinical phenotype of suspected ashwagandha induced liver injury.

Early mechanical complications following fixation of proximal femur fractures: From prevention to treatment.

Proximal femur fractures have significant functional repercussions in both older adults (sometimes life-threatening) and younger adults (socioeconomic). This study will review the early mechanical complications (EMC) associated with the fixation of femoral neck (FNF) and trochanteric (TF) fractures. What is the nature of these complications? They consist of incorrect fracture fixation, secondary displacement and/or fixation failure (FNF: 3-10%; TF: 5-7%), and more rarely, secondary fractures distal to the i...

Melatonin ameliorates cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury through SIRT3 activation.

Previous literature has shown that melatonin plays a critical role in protecting against cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. Sirtuin3(SIRT3), as one member of the sirtuin family, protects against oxidative stress-related diseases. However, the association between melatonin and SIRT3 in cerebral I/R injury is not well understood. Our experiment was planned to investigate whether melatonin protects against cerebral I/R injury through SIRT3 activation.

Epidemiology of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury in Italian First Division Soccer Players.

The burden of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury in professional soccer players is particularly relevant as it represents a potentially career-threatening injury.

TAVI and the future of aortic valve replacement.

Aortic valve stenosis (AS) is the most common valvular pathology and has traditionally been managed using surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR). A large proportion of affected patient demographics, however, are unfit to undergo major surgery given underlying comorbidities. Since its introduction in 2002, transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) has gained popularity and transformed the care available to different-risk group patients with severe symptomatic AS. Specific qualifying criteria and refin...

MRI Findings Predictive of Shoulder Stiffness in Patients With Full-Thickness Rotator Cuff Tears.

The objective of our study was to evaluate the relationship between stiff shoulder in patients with a full-thickness rotator cuff tear and MRI findings, especially joint capsule abnormality. This study included 106 patients with small to large (≤ 5 cm) full-thickness rotator cuff tears. Joint capsule edema and thickness in the axillary recess, obliteration of the subcoracoid fat triangle, fatty degeneration of the torn rotator cuff muscle, and degree of retraction were assessed by two radiologists. The s...

Trends and Characteristics of Highly Cited Articles in Proximal Humerus Fracture Research.

As the treatment of proximal humerus fractures remains controversial in the literature, this study aims to identify highly cited articles and examine trends and characteristics. Scopus was used to identify the highest cited articles of proximal humerus fracture research. SPSS 23 was used for descriptive statistics and Pearson correlations for the relationship between citation count and density. Average citation count was 233 ± 164 with an annual citation density of 14 ± 7. Total citation count was associa...

Because of their survival benefits, immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) are widely administered to patients with various advanced-stage malignancies. During ICI treatment, drug-induced liver injury (DILI) occasionally occurs. In particular, hepatic immune-related adverse events (irAEs) are rare but serious and fatal. In patients with hepatic irAEs, immediate steroid treatment is generally recommended; however, the risk factors for ICI-associated DILI remain unknown. In the present study, we identified a ris...

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