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PubMed Journals Articles About "JUUL ENDS Virginia Tobacco Nicotine Strength JUUL ENDS" - Page: 20 RSS

16:01 EST 14th November 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "JUUL ENDS Virginia Tobacco nicotine strength JUUL ENDS" PubMed Articles 476–500 of 3,700+

Cost-effectiveness of a nurse-delivered, inpatient smoking cessation intervention.

Randomized controlled trials have shown that inpatient tobacco cessation interventions are highly efficacious and cost-effective. However, the degree to which smoking interventions implemented in nonrandomized, real-world practice settings are effective, and consequently, cost-effective, remains unclear. This study evaluated the cost-effectiveness of a nurse-delivered, inpatient smoking cessation intervention, Tobacco Tactics, compared with usual care within the context of an observational, real-world study...


Acceptability and Feasibility of Community-Based, Lay Navigator-Facilitated At-Home Self-Collection for Human Papillomavirus Testing in Underscreened Women.

Women without regular health care providers or a medical home routinely fail to complete recommended cervical cancer screening. At-home self-collection of samples to test for high-risk strains of human papillomavirus (hrHPV) can improve screening rates. This study documents acceptability and feasibility of community lay navigator (LN)-facilitated at-home self-collection for underscreened women in Appalachian Virginia. This study used mixed methods in three phases. Phase I involved focus groups of LNs to en...

Risk factors for multiple tobacco product use among high school youth.

To examine how youth multiple tobacco product (MTP) users differ relative to non-users and to single-product users on risk factors at multiple levels of influence.


Cost-effectiveness of population-level proactive tobacco cessation outreach among socio-economically disadvantaged smokers: evaluation of a randomized control trial.

To estimate the cost-effectiveness at population-level of the OPT-IN proactive tobacco cessation outreach program for adult smokers enrolled in publicly funded health insurance plans for low-income persons (e.g. Medicaid).

Bon voyage: A transcriptional journey around DNA breaks.

DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) affect chromatin integrity and impact DNA-dependent processes such as transcription. Several studies revealed that the transcription of genes located in close proximity to DSBs is transiently repressed. This is achieved through the establishment of either a transient repressive chromatin context or eviction of the RNA polymerase II complex from the damaged chromatin. While these mechanisms of transcription repression have been shown to affect the efficiency and accuracy of DS...

Polygenic liability for schizophrenia predicts shifting-specific executive function deficits and tobacco use in a moderate drinking community sample.

Individuals with schizophrenia have higher lifetime rates of substance use disorders than the general population, and research suggests high comorbidity rates may be partially explained by shared genetic influences related to common underlying etiology. Moreover, deficits in executive functions are thought to be central to the diagnosis of schizophrenia and are likewise associated with alcohol and tobacco use. The current study examined the associations between schizophrenia polygenic risk scores and tobacc...

Considerations of Privacy and Confidentiality in Developing a Clinical Support Tool for Adolescent Tobacco Prevention: Qualitative Study.

Electronic clinical support tools show promise for facilitating tobacco screening and counseling in adolescent well-care. However, the application of support tools in pediatric settings has not been thoroughly studied. Successfully implementing support tools in local settings requires an understanding of barriers and facilitators from the perspective of both patients and providers.

Lower hand grip strength in older adults with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease: a nationwide population-based study.

Although both liver and muscle are metabolically active endocrine organs, and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and sarcopenia may share common pathogenic determinants, there have been few clinical studies of the relationship between NAFLD and muscle strength, especially in the elderly. We conducted a nationally representative population-based, cross-sectional study using data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, which involved 1,897 men aged ≥50 years and 2,206 postmen...

Feasibility of text messaging to augment brief advice and nicotine replacement therapy for smoking cessation in college students.

To test the feasibility of a university health center-delivered smoking cessation intervention that adds a 6-week course of text messaging to brief advice and nicotine patch therapy. : Young adult cigarette smokers ( = 40) from 2 universities from January 2015 to May 2016. : Randomized controlled trial comparing brief advice, nicotine patch therapy and: (1) a 6-week text messaging intervention ( = 20); or (2) no text messaging ( = 20). Primary outcomes included enrollment, retention and satisfac...

New versatile zincic sorbent for tobacco specific nitrosamines and lead ion capture.

New carbon-doped ferric zinc oxide sorbents were fabricated to capture the environment carcinogen tobacco specific nitrosamines (TSNA) efficiently in solution, following new adsorption model of electrostatic attraction instead of traditional geometric constraints. The influence of ferric content on the structure-property of the sorbents was systemically studied with XRD, N adsorption-desorption and SEM methods combined with the adsorption of TSNA in different solutions. New sorbent captured 99% of 4-methyln...

Echogenicity Is Related to Skeletal Muscle Strength in Patients With Acute Respiratory Failure.

Patients with acute respiratory failure (ARF) show changes in skeletal muscle structure and strength. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between muscle thickness, echogenicity, and strength in patients with ARF.

Regional and total muscle mass, muscle strength and physical performance: The potential use of ultrasound imaging for sarcopenia.

To evaluate the relationship between the regional and total muscle mass, muscle strength and physical performance, and also to investigate the affected muscles, their strength and physical performance with aging.

EFFECTS OF TRAINING, DETRAINING, AND RETRAINING ON STRENGTH, HYPERTROPHY, AND MYONUCLEAR NUMBER IN HUMAN SKELETAL MUSCLE.

Previously trained mouse muscles acquire strength and volume faster than naïve muscles; it has been suggested that this is related to increased myonuclear density. The present study aimed to determine whether a previously strength-trained leg (mem-leg) would respond better to a period of strength training than a previously untrained leg (con-leg). Nine men and 10 women performed unilateral strength training (T1) for 10 weeks, followed by 20 weeks of detraining (DT) and a 5-week bilateral retraining period ...

Reversible ADP-ribosylation of RNA.

ADP-ribosylation is a reversible chemical modification catalysed by ADP-ribosyltransferases such as PARPs that utilize nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+) as a cofactor to transfer monomer or polymers of ADP-ribose nucleotide onto macromolecular targets such as proteins and DNA. ADP-ribosylation plays an important role in several biological processes such as DNA repair, transcription, chromatin remodelling, host-virus interactions, cellular stress response and many more. Using biochemical methods we id...

Comparing the reward value of cigarettes and food during tobacco abstinence and nonabstinence.

Some addiction theories propose that nicotine dependence is characterized by an imbalance between motivation for cigarettes compared to non-drug rewards. This imbalance may become increasingly polarized during abstinence, which further potentiates smoking. The present study evaluated motivation for cigarettes and food during abstinence and nonabstinence in daily smokers. This study modified a previously validated cue-reactivity procedure to include food as a cue condition, thereby allowing the comparison of...

Two Separation-of-Function Isoforms of Human TPP1 Dictate Telomerase Regulation in Somatic and Germ Cells.

Telomerase replicates chromosome ends in germ and somatic stem cells to facilitate their continued proliferation. Telomerase action depends on the telomeric protein TPP1, which recruits telomerase to telomeres and facilitates processive DNA synthesis. Here, we identify separation-of-function long (TPP1-L) and short (TPP1-S) isoforms of TPP1 that appear to be generated from separate transcripts and differ only in 86 amino acids at their N terminus. Although both isoforms retain the ability to recruit telomer...

BMAL1 associates with chromosome ends to control rhythms in TERRA and telomeric heterochromatin.

The circadian clock and aging are intertwined. Disruption to the normal diurnal rhythm accelerates aging and corresponds with telomere shortening. Telomere attrition also correlates with increase cellular senescence and incidence of chronic disease. In this report, we examined diurnal association of White Collar 2 (WC-2) in Neurospora and BMAL1 in zebrafish and mice and found that these circadian transcription factors associate with telomere DNA in a rhythmic fashion. We also identified a circadian rhythm i...

Differential associations of health literacy with Austrian adolescents' tobacco and alcohol use.

Tobacco use and alcohol use have their origin in adolescence, and risky use of these substances is amongst the leading preventable causes of morbidity and mortality. Health literacy (HL) encompasses the skills that are decisive to make appropriate health decisions in this context. Given the paucity of evidence on the link between HL and adolescents' health behaviors, the present study examined overall HL and different components of HL and their associations with smoking and alcohol use among 13 to 17-year-o...

Brief Review: Effects of Isometric Strength Training on Strength and Dynamic Performance.

This review used a narrative summary of findings from studies that focused on isometric strength training (IST), covering the training considerations that affect strength adaptations and its effects on sports related dynamic performances. IST has been shown to induce less fatigue and resulted in superior joint angle specific strength than dynamic strength training, and benefited sports related dynamic performances such as running, jumping and cycling. IST may be included into athletes' training regime to av...

Effects of Running Exercise Combined With Blood Flow Restriction on Strength and Sprint Performance.

Chen, YT, Hsieh, YY, Ho, JY, and Lin, JC. Effects of running exercise combined with blood flow restriction on strength and sprint performance. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2019-We investigated muscle strength and sprint performance after combining running exercise (RE) with blood flow restriction (BFR). Twelve male sprinters received 2 experimental warm-ups: (a) RE (50% heart rate reserve, 2 minutes × 5 sets, 1-minute rest interval) with BFR (occlusion pressure: 1.3 × resting systolic blood pressur...

Muscle Mass, Density, and Strength Are Necessary to Diagnose Sarcopenia in Patients With Gastric Cancer.

Accurate evaluation of muscle strength and function is difficult. Commonly known as sarcopenia, skeletal muscle loss is closely correlated with the prognosis of patients diagnosed with gastric cancer (GC). We wondered the correlation between skeletal muscle measures combined with computed tomography and grip strength (GS) and short-term outcomes after radical gastrectomy (RG) in patients with GC.

Preferential Binding of π-Ligand Porphyrin Targeting 5'-5' Stacking Interface of Human Telomeric RNA G-Quadruplex Dimer.

Human telomeric RNA (TERRA) containing thousands of G-rich repeats has the propensity to form parallel-stranded G-quadruplexes. The emerging crucial roles of TERRA G-quadruplexes in RNA biology fuel increasing attention for studying anticancer ligand binding with such structures, which, however, remains scarce. Here we utilized multiple steady-state and time-resolved spectroscopy analyses in conjunction with NMR methods and investigated thoroughly the binding behavior of TMPyP4 to a TERRA G-quadruplex dimer...

Katanin Catalyzes Microtubule Depolymerization Independently of Tubulin C- Terminal Tails.

Microtubule network remodeling is an essential process for cell development, maintenance, cell division, and motility. Microtubule-severing enzymes are key players in the remodeling of the microtubule network, yet there are still open questions about their fundamental biochemical and biophysical mechanisms. Here, we explored the ability of the microtubule-severing enzyme katanin to depolymerize stabilized microtubules. Interestingly, we found that the tubulin C-terminal tail (CTT), which is required for sev...

Considerable matrix shift in the electronic transitions of helium-solvated cesium dimer cation CsHe.

We investigate the photodissociation of helium-solvated cesium dimer cations using action spectroscopy and quantum chemical calculations. The spectrum of Cs2He+ shows three distinct absorption bands into both bound and dissociative states. Upon solvation with further helium atoms, considerable shifts of the absorption bands are observed, exceeding 0.1 eV (850 cm-1) already for Cs2He10+, along with significant broadening. The shifts are highly sensitive to the character of the excited state. Our calculations...

E-Cigarette and Health - The Pros - Harm Reduction by E-Cigarette as Part of Secondary Prevention in PAOD.

Smoking is the most important risk factor for peripheral arterial occlusive disease (paod). Smoking cessation is and remains the gold standard in the secondary prevention recommendation. E-cigarettes/tobacco heaters are recommended for smokers who are unable to stop smoking or who do not want it. According to the recommendation of the German Society of Addiction, switching to e-cigarettes/tobacco heaters in this group of smokers, who are not accessible for smoking cessation strategies, can achieve a more th...


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