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PubMed Journals Articles About "Zinc Placebo Sickle Cell Disease" - Page: 20 RSS

00:08 EST 16th November 2018 | BioPortfolio

Zinc Placebo Sickle Cell Disease PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Zinc Placebo Sickle Cell Disease articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Zinc Placebo Sickle Cell Disease" PubMed Articles 476–500 of 44,000+

Patient-shared TCRβ-CDR3 clonotypes correlate with favorable prognosis in chronic hepatitis B.

The presence of shared T cell clonotypes was found in several different diseases, but its relationship with the progression of disease remains unclear. By sequencing the complementary determining region 3 of T cell receptor (TCR) β chains from the purified antigen-experienced CD8 T cells, we characterized the T cell repertoire in a prospective cohort study among 75 patients with chronic hepatitis B in China, as well as a healthy control and a validation cohort. We found that most T cell clones from patient...


Association between KIR-HLA combination and ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease in a Japanese population.

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) consists of ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD). Natural killer cell responses play a crucial role in autoimmune disease through innate immunity, in which killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIRs) are closely involved. Although the genetic combination of KIRs with their specific HLA class I ligands has been associated with IBD in Caucasians, such KIR-HLA receptor-ligand combinations are not fully understood in the Japanese. We investigated 14 KIR genes al...

Rescue haploidentical peripheral blood stem cell transplantation for engraftment failure: a single-centre case series.

Graft failure affects approximately 5% of allogeneic stem cell transplants, with a poor prognosis. Salvage second allogeneic stem cell transplantation (alloSCT2) is limited by high rates of transplant-related mortality from infection and graft-versus-host disease. We report on five adult patients receiving rescue alloSCT2 using haploidentical peripheral blood stem cells. All patients achieved neutrophil engraftment, two subsequently died from sepsis and disease relapse, respectively. Three patients remain a...


Altered synaptic and firing properties of cerebellar Purkinje cells in a mouse model of ARSACS.

ARSACS is an early-onset neurodegenerative human disease characterized in part by ataxia and Purkinje cell loss in anterior cerebellar lobules. A knock-out mouse model has been developed that recapitulates several features of ARSACS. Using this ARSACS mouse model, we report changes in synaptic input and intrinsic firing in cerebellar Purkinje cells, as well as in their synaptic output in the DCN. Changes in firing are observed in anterior lobules that later exhibit Purkinje cell death, but not in posterior ...

B-cell therapy in lupus nephritis: an overview.

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune multisystem disease that commonly affects the kidneys. It is characterized by persistent autoantibody production that targets a multitude of self-antigens. B-cells, plasmablasts and plasma cells, as the source of these autoantibodies, play a major role in the development of lupus nephritis (LN), and are therefore promising therapeutic targets. To date, however, randomized clinical trials of B-cell therapies in LN have not lived up to expectations, whereas ...

"Reduction in social anxiety after MDMA-assisted psychotherapy with autistic adults: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled pilot study".

Standard therapeutic approaches to reduce social anxiety in autistic adults have limited effectiveness. Since 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA)-assisted psychotherapy shows promise as a treatment for other anxiety disorders, a blinded, placebo-controlled pilot study was conducted.

AML: Predicting the Unpredictable.

Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) has been considered an unpredictable and unpreventable disease. Recently in Nature, Abelson et al. (2018) presented two models of AML risk prediction, one using the detection of high-risk age-related clonal hematopoiesis and the other using dynamic clinical attributes available from routine blood work.

Effects of hydroxyurea on CNV induction in the mouse germline.

Copy number variants (CNVs) are important in genome variation and genetic disease, with new mutations arising frequently in the germline and somatic cells. Replication stress caused by aphidicolin and hydroxyurea (HU) is a potent inducer of de novo CNVs in cultured mammalian cells. HU is used extensively for long-term management of sickle cell disease. Here, we examined the effects of HU treatment on germline CNVs in vivo in male mice to explore whether replication stress can act as a CNV mutagen in germlin...

B cells are capable of independently eliciting rapid reactivation of encephalitogenic CD4 T cells in a murine model of multiple sclerosis.

Recent success with B cell depletion therapies has revitalized efforts to understand the pathogenic role of B cells in Multiple Sclerosis (MS). Using the adoptive transfer system of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), a murine model of MS, we have previously shown that mice in which B cells are the only MHCII-expressing antigen presenting cell (APC) are susceptible to EAE. However, a reproducible delay in the day of onset of disease driven by exclusive B cell antigen presentation suggests that ...

Self-digitization chip for single-cell genotyping of cancer-related mutations.

Cancer is a heterogeneous disease, and patient-level genetic assessments can guide therapy choice and impact prognosis. However, little is known about the impact of genetic variability within a tumor, intratumoral heterogeneity (ITH), on disease progression or outcome. Current approaches using bulk tumor specimens can suggest the presence of ITH, but only single-cell genetic methods have the resolution to describe the underlying clonal structures themselves. Current techniques tend to be labor and resource ...

A Double-Blind Placebo-Controlled Trial of Omega-3 Fatty Acids as a Monotherapy for Adolescent Depression.

Reports are mixed on the efficacy of omega-3 fatty acids (O3FA) for the treatment of major depressive disorder (MDD), with only limited data in adolescents. The present trial aimed to investigate systematically the efficacy of O3FA as a monotherapy, compared to a placebo, in adolescents with MDD. Secondarily, we explored O3FA effects on anhedonia, irritability, and suicidality-all key features of adolescent MDD.

Interferon-α Is Effective for Treatment of Minimal Residual Disease in Patients with t(8;21) Acute Myeloid Leukemia After Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation: Results of a Prospective Registry Study.

transcript levels were established as a powerful marker for predicting relapse in patients with t(8;21) acute myeloid leukemia (AML). We aimed to identify the efficacy of minimal residual disease (MRD)-directed interferon-alpha (IFN-α) treatment in patients with t(8;21) AML who were positive for MRD after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT; =42).

Loss of Trem2 in microglia leads to widespread disruption of cell coexpression networks in mouse brain.

Rare heterozygous coding variants in the triggering receptor expressed in myeloid cells 2 (TREM2) gene, conferring increased risk of developing late-onset Alzheimer's disease, have been identified. We examined the transcriptional consequences of the loss of Trem2 in mouse brain to better understand its role in disease using differential expression and coexpression network analysis of Trem2 knockout and wild-type mice. We generated RNA-Seq data from cortex and hippocampus sampled at 4 and 8 months. Using br...

Tivantinib for second-line treatment of MET-high, advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (METIV-HCC): a final analysis of a phase 3, randomised, placebo-controlled study.

Tivantinib (ARQ 197), a selective, oral MET inhibitor, improved overall survival and progression-free survival compared with placebo in a randomised phase 2 study in patients with high MET expression (MET-high) hepatocellular carcinoma previously treated with sorafenib. The aim of this phase 3 study was to confirm the results of the phase 2 trial.

Disease prediction by cell-free DNA methylation.

Disease diagnosis using cell-free DNA (cfDNA) has been an active research field recently. Most existing approaches perform diagnosis based on the detection of sequence variants on cfDNA; thus, their applications are limited to diseases associated with high mutation rate such as cancer. Recent developments start to exploit the epigenetic information on cfDNA, which could have substantially wider applications. In this work, we provide thorough reviews and discussions on the statistical method developments and...

Effect of Ubiquinol Intake on Defecation Frequency and Stool Form: A Prospective, Double-Blinded, Randomized Control Study.

Bowel habits affect the quality of life (QOL) of patients with functional gastrointestinal disorders. This study evaluated the effects of reduced form coenzyme Q 10 (ubiquinol) intake on defecation frequency and stool form in patients with daily abdominal symptoms. This was a single-center, prospective, double-blind, randomized control study. Forty-one patients who had the daily symptom of constipation or diarrhea were randomly assigned at a 1:1 ratio to receive either ubiquinol (150 mg/day) or placebo fo...

Viewpoint: Toward the Genetic Architecture of Disease Severity in Inflammatory Bowel Diseases.

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is characterized by uneven disease courses with various clinical outcomes. A few prognostic markers of disease severity may help stratify patients and identify those who will benefit the most from early aggressive treatment. The concept of disease severity remains too broad and vague, mainly because the definition must embrace several disease mechanisms, mainly inflammation and fibrosis, with various rates of disease progression. The magnitude of inflammation is an obvious k...

Integration-free reprogramming of human umbilical arterial endothelial cells into induced pluripotent stem cells IHSTMi001-A.

Primary arterial endothelial cell (AEC) is an attractive source of tissue-engineered blood vessels for therapeutic transplantation in vascular disease. However, scarcity of donor tissue, inability of proliferation and undergo de-differentiation in culture remain major obstacles. We derived a stable induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) line possessed all the characteristics of pluripotent state from human umbilical arterial endothelial cells by transduction of four human transcription factors (Oct4, Sox2, Kl...

Electrocardiographic effects of hawthorn (Crataegus oxyacantha) in healthy volunteers: A randomized controlled trial.

The objective of this study was to evaluate the electrocardiographic effects of hawthorn in healthy adult volunteers. It was double-blind cross-over trial randomized 20 healthy adult volunteers to receive either a single oral 160-mg dose of hawthorn or matching placebo. Triplicate 12-lead electrocardiograms were taken before treatment and at 1-, 2-, 4-, and 6-hr post-dose. Following at least a 7-day washout period, participants were crossed over to the opposing treatment arm and had the measurements repeate...

Associations between erythrocyte polymorphisms and risks of uncomplicated and severe malaria in Ugandan children: A case control study.

Evidence for association between sickle cell and alpha thalassemia trait and severe malaria is compelling. However, for these polymorphisms associations with uncomplicated malaria, and for G6PD deficiency associations with uncomplicated and severe malaria, findings have been inconsistent. We studied samples from a three-arm case-control study with the objective of determining associations between common host erythrocyte polymorphisms and both uncomplicated and severe malaria, including different severe mala...

Successful mesenchymal stem cell treatment of leg ulcers complicated by Behcet disease: A case report and literature review.

Behçet disease (BD) is a recurrent vasculitis characterized by oral and genital mucous membrane ulcers, uveitis, and skin lesions but only rarely leg ulcers. To our knowledge, no efficacious therapy has been described for BD patients with complicating, destructive leg ulcers.

Multiple Subcutaneous Nodules as Initial Presentation of Diffuse Large B-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma (DLBCL) Detected by PET/CT.

Subcutaneous tissue as a manifestation of generalized disease is commonly involved in lymphomas. However, only skin involvement without other sites of extracutaneous disease was rarely presented, especially in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). Herein, we reported an unusual case of primary cutaneous DLBCL, solely presenting with multiple subcutaneous nodules in the abdomen and back, and these nodules showed increased FDG uptake on PET/CT images. PET/CT is very helpful for diagnosing primary cutaneous D...

Amantadine Extended-Release (GOCOVRI): A Review in Levodopa-Induced Dyskinesia in Parkinson's Disease.

Amantadine extended-release (ER) capsules (GOCOVRI) are approved in the USA for the treatment of dyskinesia in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) receiving levodopa-based therapy, with or without concomitant dopaminergic medications. With a recommended dosage of 274 mg once daily at bedtime, this new formulation of amantadine allows a more gradual time to peak plasma amantadine concentration and higher drug concentrations in the morning and throughout the day, the time period when levodopa-induced dysk...

The effect of dietary corn oil and fish oil supplementation in dogs with naturally occurring gingivitis.

The aim of this randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled study was to evaluate if downregulation of the inflammatory response due to ingestion of high levels of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) can slow down gingivitis development, and thus delay the progression of periodontal disease (PD) in dogs. To this aim, 44 client-owned adult dogs (>1 and

IMPDH Pharmacogenetics in Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation Patients.

We evaluated inosine monophosphate dehydrogenase (IMPDH) 1 and IMPDH2 pharmacogenetics in 247 recipient-donor pairs after nonmyeloablative hematopoietic cell transplant (HCT) recipients. Patients were conditioned with total body irradiation + fludarabine, received grafts from related or unrelated donors (10% HLA mismatch), with post-graft immunosuppression of mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) with a calcineurin inhibitor. Recipient and donor IMPDH genotype (rs11706052, rs2278294, rs2278293) were not associated wi...


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