PubMed Journals Articles About "Quotation Newborn Behavioral Observation Scale Premature Newborn" - Page: 20 RSS

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Showing "quotation newborn behavioral observation scale Premature Newborn" PubMed Articles 476–500 of 10,000+

The Effect of Reciprocity Priming on Organ Donor Registration Intentions and Behavior.

Internationally the demand for organ transplants far exceeds the available supply of donated organs.

Cross-cultural adaptation and validation of the Condom Self-Efficacy Scale: application to Brazilian adolescents and young adults.

translate and adapt the Condom Self-Efficacy Scale to Portuguese in the Brazilian context. The scale originated in the United States and measures self-efficacy in condom use.

Temporal structure in spiking patterns of ganglion cells defines perceptual thresholds in rodents with subretinal prosthesis.

Subretinal prostheses are designed to restore sight in patients blinded by retinal degeneration using electrical stimulation of the inner retinal neurons. To relate retinal output to perception, we studied behavioral thresholds in blind rats with photovoltaic subretinal prostheses stimulated by full-field pulsed illumination at 20 Hz, and measured retinal ganglion cell (RGC) responses to similar stimuli ex-vivo. Behaviorally, rats exhibited startling response to changes in brightness, with an average cont...

Confocal calcium imaging analysis of respiratory-related burst activity in the parafacial region.

The parafacial respiratory group (pFRG) surrounding the ventrolateral part of the facial motor nucleus is one of respiratory rhythm generators that consists of pre-inspiratory (Pre-I) neurons. Previous studies showed that most of the Pre-I neurons locating in the Phox2b cluster of the rostral ventral medulla were also Phox2b positive and intrinsically CO2 sensitive. However, it is not clear what percentage of Phox2b-expressing cells in the pFRG of the ventral medulla are Pre-I neurons. To address this issue...

Patient outcomes associated with primary care behavioral health services: A systematic review.

This systematic review focused on Primary Care Behavioral Health (PCBH) services delivered under normal clinic conditions that included the patient outcomes of: 1) access/utilization of behavioral health services, 2) health status, and 3) satisfaction.

French validation of the modified-falls efficacy scale (M-FES Fr).

Among the tools assessing fall related self-efficacy, the Modified-Falls Efficacy Scale (M-FES) seems to be a comprehensive and sensitive scale. However, no validated French version exists to this day.

Identifying Prevalence and Characteristics of Behavioral Health Education in Family Medicine Clerkships: A CERA Study.

Many patients with behavioral health disorders do not seek or receive adequate care for their conditions. Among those that do, most will receive care in a primary care setting. To best meet this need, clinicians will need to demonstrate proficiency of behavioral health skills and evidence-based practices. We sought to explore the degree to which these skills are being taught in family medicine clerkships.

Prognostic value of nutritional risk screening 2002 scale in nasopharyngeal carcinoma: A large-scale cohort study.

Little is known about the value of the nutritional risk screening 2002 (NRS2002) scale in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). We conducted a large-scale study to address this issue. We employed a big-data intelligence database platform at our center and identified 3232 eligible patients treated between 2009 and 2013. Of the 3232 (12.9% of 24,986) eligible patients, 469 (14.5%), 13 (0.4%), 953 (29.5%), 1762 (54.5%), and 35 (1.1%) had NRS2002 scores of 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5, respectively. Survival outcomes were compa...

Lanthanide Yb/Er co-doped semiconductor layered WSe nanosheets with near-infrared luminescence at telecommunication wavelengths.

Atomically thin layers of transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) have recently drawn great attention. However, doping strategies and controlled synthesis for wafer-scale TMDs are still in their early stages, greatly hindering the construction of devices and further basic studies. In this work, we develop the fast deposition of wafer-scale layered lanthanide ion Yb/Er co-doped WSe2 using pulsed laser deposition. WSe2 nanosheets were chosen as the host, while Yb3+ and Er3+ ions served as the sensitizer and a...

A Scale-up Approach for Film Coating Process Based on Surface Roughness as the Critical Quality Attribute.

Scale-up approaches for film coating process have been established for each type of film coating equipment from thermodynamic and mechanical analyses for several decades. The objective of the present study was to establish a versatile scale-up approach for film coating process applicable to commercial production that is based on critical quality attribute (CQA) using the Quality by Design (QbD) approach and is independent of the equipment used. Experiments on a pilot scale using the Design of Experiment (Do...

Bilateral adrenal hemorrhage in a neonatal kidney donor.

EKT from neonatal donors remains rare despite successful outcome being reported. The surgical aspects of neonatal abdominal organ recovery remain unfamiliar to the vast majority of abdominal organ recovery teams and renal transplant surgeons. BAH is not uncommon in newborn babies suffering distress in the perinatal period. BAH is often also associated with RVT and will impact on utilization of kidneys for transplantation. We present a case of a neonatal kidney donor with massive BAHs discovered at the time ...

Live imaging of neurogenesis in the adult mouse hippocampus.

Neural stem and progenitor cells (NSPCs) generate neurons throughout life in the mammalian hippocampus. We used chronic in vivo imaging and followed genetically labeled individual NSPCs and their progeny in the mouse hippocampus for up to 2 months. We show that NSPCs targeted by the endogenous Achaete-scute homolog 1 (Ascl1) promoter undergo limited rounds of symmetric and asymmetric divisions, eliciting a burst of neurogenic activity, after which they are lost. Further, our data reveal unexpected asymmetri...

Preterm premature rupture of membranes at 22-25 weeks' gestation: perinatal and 2-year outcomes within a national population-based study (EPIPAGE-2).

Most clinical guidelines state that with early preterm premature rupture of membranes, obstetric and pediatric teams must share a realistic and individualized appraisal of neonatal outcomes with parents and consider their wishes for all decisions. However, we currently lack reliable and relevant data, according to gestational age at rupture of membranes, to adequately counsel parents during pregnancy and to reflect on our policies of care at these extreme gestational ages.

Peri-mortem evaluation of infants who die without a diagnosis: focus on advances in genomic technology.

Infants who die within the first weeks to months of life may have genetic disorders, though many die without a confirmed diagnosis. Non-genetic conditions may also be responsible for unexplained infant deaths, and the diagnosis may be reliant upon studies performed in the peri-mortem period. Neonatologists, obstetricians, or pediatricians caring for these children and their families may be unsure of which investigations can and should be performed in the setting of a newborn or infant who is dying or has di...

Behavioral Outbursts in a Child with a Deletion Syndrome, Generalized Epilepsy, Global Developmental Delay, and Failure to Thrive.

A 7-year-old girl with 20q13.33 deletion and a history of generalized convulsive epilepsy presented to the Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics Clinic due to concerns about her behavioral outbursts in the context of overall delayed development. Evaluation by the Developmental and Behavioral and Gastroenterology teams revealed failure to thrive (FTT) as the primary cause of the behavioral outbursts and developed a high-calorie, high-fat, high-protein nutritional counseling plan. Children who have FTT and ...

Differential stem cell aging kinetics in Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome and Werner syndrome.

Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome (HGPS) and Werner syndrome (WS) are two of the best characterized human progeroid syndromes. HGPS is caused by a point mutation in lamin A (LMNA) gene, resulting in the production of a truncated protein product-progerin. WS is caused by mutations in WRN gene, encoding a loss-of-function RecQ DNA helicase. Here, by gene editing we created isogenic human embryonic stem cells (ESCs) with heterozygous (G608G/+) or homozygous (G608G/G608G) LMNA mutation and biallelic WRN knoc...

Significance of T-wave inversion triggered by spontaneous atrial premature beats in patients with long QT syndrome.

In patients with long QT syndrome (LQTS), a sudden increase in heart rate can cause T-wave alternans (TWA) with beat-to-beat alternating polarity of T wave. We hypothesized that LQTS patients at a high risk of Torsade de Pointes (TdP) may exhibit momentary atrial or sinoatrial premature beat-induced T-wave inversion (APB-TWI).

Umbilical cord blood PBDEs concentrations in relation to placental size at birth.

Previous studies have linked prenatal polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE) exposure to adverse birth outcomes. Reductions in placental size might mediate those adverse effects. We examined whether umbilical cord blood PBDEs concentrations were associated with placental size at birth. A total of 121 mother-newborn pairs residing in Wenzhou were enrolled in this study. Concentrations of 19 PBDEs in umbilical cord blood were determined by gas chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Placental length, b...

The Effect of an Observation Unit on Pediatric Minor Head Injury.

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of an observation unit (OU) in an emergency department on reducing unnecessary use of computed tomography (CT) for minor blunt head trauma.

Validation of the Spanish version of the Pittsburgh Fatigability Scale for older adults.

The Pittsburgh Fatigability Scale (PFS) is the only validated scale for measuring perceived fatigability in older adults.

Perinatal Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor (SSRI) Effects on Body Weight at Birth and Beyond: A Review of Animal and Human Studies.

The long-term impact of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) antidepressant treatment during pregnancy and postpartum on offspring outcomes is still not clear. Specifically, perinatal SSRI exposure may have long-term consequences for body weight and related health outcomes in the newborn period and beyond. This review focuses on the impact of perinatal SSRI exposure on weight using human and animal findings. The impact of maternal mood is also explored. We propose potential mechanisms for weight ch...

Protective effect of resveratrol on urogenital sinus and prostate development in rats exposed in utero to TCDD (2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin).

This study evaluated the protective effects of resveratrol on the prostate development of rats exposed to TCDD. Pregnant rats received TCDD (1 µg/kg) at GD15 and/or RES (20 mg/kg/day) from GD10 to PND21. Newborn and adult males from Control, TCDD, TCDD + RES and RES groups were euthanized and the prostate was excised. On PND1, there was a reduction in the number of prostatic buds, AR-positive mesenchymal cells and proliferation index in epithelial and mesenchymal cells in TCDD group, but restored b...

Maladaptive Personality Traits and 10-Year Course of Psychiatric and Medical Symptoms and Functional Impairment Following Trauma.

Personality is a major predictor of many mental and physical disorders, but its contributions to illness course are understudied.

Clozapine for Treatment-Refractory Behavioral Disturbance in Dementia.

Behavioral and psychological symptoms in dementia significantly contribute to caregiver burden and impose patient hospitalization. The goal of treatment of admitted patients is the rapid remission of symptoms to allow their return to home as soon as possible. Intervention requires an intrusive approach with parenteral treatment and physical restraints, with a negative emotional impact on patients and their families. Despite the large utilization of antipsychotics for behavioral and psychological symptoms, t...

The role of group cohesion in a group-based behavioral weight loss intervention.

Behavioral weight loss interventions are often delivered in groups. Group cohesion may enhance program attendance and, thereby, weight loss. In this secondary analysis, our goals were to: (1a) assess whether group cohesion measured early in a behavioral weight loss intervention predicts program attendance and weight loss outcomes and, if so, (1b) explore whether attendance mediates the link between group cohesion and weight loss; (2) characterize the association between change in group cohesion and weight l...

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