PubMed Journals Articles About "Quotation Newborn Behavioral Observation Scale Premature Newborn" - Page: 20 RSS

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Showing "quotation newborn behavioral observation scale Premature Newborn" PubMed Articles 476–500 of 10,000+

Children with a History of Premature Adrenarche Have Good Health-Related Quality of Life at the Age of 12 Years.

Children with premature adrenarche (PA) are taller and more overweight than their healthy peers, and PA girls have a slightly accelerated pubertal development. There is some evidence that early exposure to androgens may have an influence on psychosocial development. The aim of this cross-sectional case-control study was to evaluate health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in PA children at the age of 12 years.

Premature Infants have Lower Gastric Digestion Capacity for Human Milk Proteins than Term Infants.

Whether premature infants have lower gastric protein digestive capacity than term infants and the extent to which human milk proteases contribute to overall gastric digestion are unknown and were investigated in this study.

Early central line associated blood stream infections in children with cancer pose a risk for premature catheter removal.

This study examined the clinical characteristics of central line associated blood stream infections occurring within 30 days after insertion versus later infections in paediatric cancer patients, and the subsequent risk for premature catheter removal.

Assessing the degree of residual confounding: a cohort study on the association between disability pension and mortality.

Previous studies showed that disability pensioners have a higher risk of premature death than others, but residual confounding has been suggested. The aim was to assess the degree of residual confounding of the association between disability pension (DP) and risk of premature death.

Behavioral Economics and the Public Acceptance of Synthetic Biology.

Different applications of synthetic biology are alike in that their possible negative consequences are highly uncertain, potentially catastrophic, and perhaps irreversible; therefore, they are also alike in that public attitudes about them are fertile ground for behavioral economic phenomena. Findings from behavioral economics suggest that people may not respond to such applications according to the normal rules of economic evaluation, by which the value of an outcome is multiplied by the mathematical proba...

Clinical follow-up data and the rate of development of precocious and rapidly progressive puberty in patients with premature thelarche.

We aimed to evaluate the clinical follow-up data of patients with premature thelarche and determine the rate of development of precocious and early puberty in these patients.

Real-World Implementation of Infant Behavioral Sleep Interventions: Results of a Parental Survey.

To describe parental practices implementing behavioral sleep intervention (BSI) outside a clinical setting.

Relationship Between Neonatal Vitamin D at Birth and Risk of Autism Spectrum Disorders: the NBSIB Study.

Previous studies suggested that lower vitamin D might be a risk factor for autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of ASDs in 3-year-old Chinese children and to examine the association between neonatal vitamin D status and risk of ASDs. We conducted a study of live births who had taken part in expanded newborn screening (NBS), with outpatient follow-up when the children 3-year old. The children were confirmed for ASDs in outpatient by the Autism Diagnostic Inte...

Using 24-Hour Weight as Reference for Weight Loss Calculation Reduces Supplementation and Promotes Exclusive Breastfeeding in Infants Born by Cesarean Section.

To promote exclusive breastfeeding, supplements are not recommended without medical indications such as clinical evidence of dehydration. Loss of ≥10% of birth weight (BW) often triggers supplementation due to nursery staff's concern for dehydration. Studies have demonstrated that transplacental passage of maternal intrapartum intravenous fluids for anesthesia may inflate BW. Researchers have proposed using newborn's 24-hour weight (24HW), after fluid diuresis, as preferred reference for weight loss calcu...

The effect of gestational period on the association between maternal prenatal salivary cortisol and birth weight: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Studies exploring the relations between maternal stress and fetal development show an association between increased maternal stress and adverse birth outcomes. A frequently proposed mechanism linking maternal prenatal stress and adverse birth outcomes is heightened concentrations of maternal cortisol. To date, studies exploring this association have reported conflicting results because of the diverse approaches taken to measuring cortisol and the wide variety of possible birth outcomes explored. To add clar...

Automatic estimation of a scale resolution in forensic images.

This paper proposes a new method for an automatic detection of a resolution of a scale or a ruler with graduation marks in the shoeprint images. The method creates a vector of the correlations estimated from the co-occurrence matrices for every row in a shoeprint image. The scale resolution is estimated from maxima in Fourier spectrum of the correlations' vectors. The proposed method is evaluated on over 500 images taken at crime scenes and in a forensics laboratory. The experimental results indicate the po...

Risks of Preterm Premature Rupture of Membranes and Preterm Birth Post Fetoscopy Based on Location of Trocar Insertion Site.

 The objective of this study was to assess whether the location of the trocar insertion site for laser treatment of twin-twin transfusion syndrome was associated with preterm-premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) and preterm birth (PTB).

Effects of Swaddled and Sponge Bathing Methods on Signs of Stress and Pain in Premature Newborns: Implications for Evidence-Based Practice.

To determine the effects of sponge baths and swaddled bathing on premature infants' vital signs, oxygen saturation levels, crying times, pain, and stress levels.

Netrin-1 Confines Rhombic Lip-Derived Neurons to the CNS.

During brainstem development, newborn neurons originating from the rhombic lip embark on exceptionally long migrations to generate nuclei important for audition, movement, and respiration. Along the way, this highly motile population passes several cranial nerves yet remains confined to the CNS. We found that Ntn1 accumulates beneath the pial surface separating the CNS from the PNS, with gaps at nerve entry sites. In mice null for Ntn1 or its receptor DCC, hindbrain neurons enter cranial nerves and migrate ...

Assessment of nociception and pain in participants with unresponsive or minimally conscious state after acquired brain injury: the relationship between the Coma Recovery Scale-Revised and the Nociception Coma Scale-Revised.

Investigate the relationship between consciousness and nociceptive responsiveness (i.e., Nociception Coma Scale-Revised [NCS-R]), examine the suitability of the NCS-R for assessing nociception in participants with disorders of consciousness (DoC) and replicate previous findings on psychometric properties of the scale.

Imitation of coordinated actions: How do children perceive relations between different parts?

Young children not only need to learn how to perform isolated actions, but also temporally and spatially coordinated actions such as using a knife and fork. Routes to learning such coordinated actions include imitation and participation in joint action. However, little is known about the mechanisms guiding transmission of coordinated actions through observation and joint action performance. This paper reports an experiment comparing children's tendency to imitate multiple, coordinated actions following demo...

Systematic review of developmental care interventions in the neonatal intensive care unit since 2006.

Intervention studies designed to improve neurodevelopmental outcomes of premature infants in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) were evaluated in this systematic review to analyze research methods, to illuminate the effectiveness of interventions, and to make recommendations for future research. Google Scholar, the Cumulative Index of Nursing and Applied Health Literature, PubMed, and Cochrane databases were investigated to identify experimental and quasi-experimental interventional studies in peer-rev...

Analysis of Short-term Treatment with the Phosphodiesterase Type 5 Inhibitor Tadalafil on Long Bone Development in Young Rats.

Cyclic GMP (cGMP) is an important intracellular regulator of endochondral bone growth and skeletal remodeling. Tadalafil, an inhibitor of the type 5 phosphodiesterase (PDE5) that specifically hydrolyzes cGMP, is increasingly used to treat children with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), but the effect of tadalafil on bone growth and strength has not been previously investigated. In this study, we first analyzed the expression of transcripts encoding PDEs in primary cultures of chondrocytes from newborn ...

Resolution Measurement From a Single Reconstructed Cryo-EM Density Map With Multi-Scale Spectral Analysis.

As a relatively new technology to solve the 3D structure of a protein or protein complex, the Single-Particle Reconstruction (SPR) of cryo-EM images shows much superiority and is in a rapidly developing stage. Resolution measurement in SPR, which evaluates the quality of a reconstructed 3D density map, plays a critical role for promoting methodology development of SPR and structural biology. Due to there is no benchmark map in a new structure generation, how to realize the resolution estimation of a new map...

Is it good to be too light? Birth weight thresholds in hospital reimbursement systems.

Birth weight manipulation has been documented in per-case hospital reimbursement systems, in which hospitals receive more money for otherwise equal newborns with birth weight just below compared to just above specific birth weight thresholds. As hospitals receive more money for cases with weight below the thresholds, having a (reported) weight below a threshold could benefit the newborn. Also, these reimbursement thresholds overlap with diagnostic thresholds that have been shown to affect the quantity and q...

The vaccine hesitancy scale: Psychometric properties and validation.

The SAGE Working Group on Vaccine Hesitancy developed a vaccine hesitancy measure, the Vaccine Hesitancy Scale (VHS). This scale has the potential to aid in the advancement of research and immunization policy but has not yet been psychometrically evaluated.

Experimental Observation of "Shadowing" in Optical Transition Radiation.

We report the observation of shadowing between two optical transition radiation (OTR) sources from a 205 MeV electron beam. The total optical intensity is measured as a function of the distance d between the sources, covering the range 0

Patient outcomes associated with primary care behavioral health services: A systematic review.

This systematic review focused on Primary Care Behavioral Health (PCBH) services delivered under normal clinic conditions that included the patient outcomes of: 1) access/utilization of behavioral health services, 2) health status, and 3) satisfaction.

Identifying Prevalence and Characteristics of Behavioral Health Education in Family Medicine Clerkships: A CERA Study.

Many patients with behavioral health disorders do not seek or receive adequate care for their conditions. Among those that do, most will receive care in a primary care setting. To best meet this need, clinicians will need to demonstrate proficiency of behavioral health skills and evidence-based practices. We sought to explore the degree to which these skills are being taught in family medicine clerkships.

Temporal structure in spiking patterns of ganglion cells defines perceptual thresholds in rodents with subretinal prosthesis.

Subretinal prostheses are designed to restore sight in patients blinded by retinal degeneration using electrical stimulation of the inner retinal neurons. To relate retinal output to perception, we studied behavioral thresholds in blind rats with photovoltaic subretinal prostheses stimulated by full-field pulsed illumination at 20 Hz, and measured retinal ganglion cell (RGC) responses to similar stimuli ex-vivo. Behaviorally, rats exhibited startling response to changes in brightness, with an average cont...

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