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A Study On Amprenavir In Combination With Other Anti-HIV Drugs In HIV-Positive Patients PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest A Study On Amprenavir In Combination With Other Anti-HIV Drugs In HIV-Positive Patients articles that have been published worldwide.
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Drugs are typically used in social settings. Here, we consider two factors that may contribute to this observation: (i) the presence of other people may enhance the positive mood effects of a drug, and conversely, (ii) drugs may enhance the value of social stimuli.
This article recapitulates the existing in vitro and in vivo studies focusing on the effects of neferine-an alkaloid derivative of lotus plant, in various disease models and its effects on key signaling molecules. The review also compiles a large number of research studies that demonstrate methods for isolation and extraction, biosynthetic pathway, pharmacological activity and mode of action of neferine and their underlying mechanisms at cellular level. Neferine is a unique bis-benzylisoquinoline alkaloid t...
In the present contribution, the biological properties of four manganese complexes with the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs sodium diclofenac (Nadicl) or indomethacin (Hindo) in the presence or absence of salicylaldoxime (Ηsao), i.e. [Μn(O)(dicl)(sao)(CHOH)] 1, [Μn(O)(indo)(sao)(HO)], 2, [Μn(dicl)(CHOH)], 3, and [Μn(indo)(CHOH)], 4 are presented. More specifically, the in vitro cytotoxic effects of the complexes were evaluated against three cancer cell lines (HeLa, MCF-7 and A549 cells) as well a...
Sodium glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors are a relatively new class of anti-hyperglycemic drugs with a distinctive mechanism of action focusing on renal absorption ofglucose. Apart from its anti-hyperglycemic effects, a multitude of research studies on this classhave revealed that these drugs have far more versatile and comprehensive pharmacologicaleffects than previously believed. Approximately 30% of FDA approved drugs are repurposedand used for indications other than those they were initially in...
Leishmaniasis is a neglected tropical disease caused by several different species of Leishmania. Treatment of leishmaniasis involves a limited drug arsenal that is associated with severe side effects, high costs, and drug resistance. Therefore, combination therapy has emerged as a strategy to improve leishmaniasis treatment. Here, we report the interaction of miltefosine and apigenin in vitro and in vivo. Combination therapy using low doses of these two drugs results in good clinical and parasitological res...
Antiglutamate decarboxylase (anti-GAD) antibodies are associated with several neurological manifestations, like epilepsy and movement disorders. However, in daily neurological practice, it remains hard to define when to test for anti-GAD antibodies in patients with neurologic and/or psychiatric symptoms. Therefore, here, we report the patient characteristics of a large retrospective cohort of patients tested for anti-GAD antibodies in clinical practice and compare the characteristics of anti-GAD positive an...
Dual-acting hybrid anti-oxidant/anti-inflammatory agents were developed employing the principle of pharmacophore hybridization. Hybrid agents were synthesized by combining stable anti-oxidant nitroxides with conventional non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Several of the hybrid nitroxide-NSAID conjugates displayed promising anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory effects on two Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) cells (A549 and NCI-H1299) and in ameliorating oxidative stress induced in 661 W retina...
For patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) who do not respond or lose response to anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) biologics, switching to a different anti-TNF can be an effective means to manage symptoms and disease progression. This study examined the utilization and effectiveness of intravenous golimumab within a real-world population of patients with RA switching directly from infliximab, a potent anti-TNF.
Histone deacytylase inhibitors (HDACis) inhibit the deacetylation of the lysine residue of proteins, including histones, and regulate the transcription of a variety of genes. Recently, HDACis have been used clinically as anti-cancer drugs and possible anti-diabetic drugs. Even though HDACis have been proven to protect the cytokine-induced damage of pancreatic beta cells, evidence also shows that high doses of HDACis are cytotoxic. In the present study, we, therefore, investigated the eff ect of HDACis on in...
To evaluate the efficacy and safety of oral prednisolone in the treatment of acute gout compared with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).
Safety and efficacy of upadacitinib in patients with active rheumatoid arthritis refractory to biologic disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (SELECT-BEYOND): a double-blind, randomised controlled phase 3 trial.
Phase 2 studies with upadacitinib, a selective Janus kinase 1 (JAK1) inhibitor, have shown safety and efficacy in the treatment of patients with active rheumatoid arthritis. We did this study to further assess the safety and efficacy of upadacitinib in patients with an inadequate response to biologic disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (bDMARDs).
There are various etiologies of erectile dysfunction (ED), including endothelial dysfunction, atherosclerosis, and chronic inflammation. Aspirin has a protective role against endothelial dysfunction and atherosclerosis, whease all non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are known for their anti-inflammatory properties. However, association between the use of aspirin or non-aspirin NSAIDs and ED is controversial. Therefore, we reviewed this relationship.
Sinomenine, an anti-rheumatoid arthritis drug used in China for decades, is usually co-administered with cardiovascular (CV) drugs to reduce arthritis-related risk of cardiovascular diseases. This study was to investigate whether and how CV drugs affect the pharmacokinetic profile of sinomenine.
The use of monoclonal antibodies against programmed cell death protein 1 (anti-PD-1) has markedly transformed the management of melanoma. However, only a minority of patients treated with anti-PD-1 therapy show a response to therapy and some of them develop immune-related adverse events that can be managed with steroids or anticytokine therapy. A recent study published in Nature Communications has reported that treatment with anti-PD-1 in a tumor necrosis factor-deficient environment may lead to higher resp...
Steroidal and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are widely used to control inflammatory pain, but there is a risk of gastrointestinal bleeding and increased heart failure risk. The search for new drugs remains ongoing, and natural products are a source for potential new compounds. Mangiferin, a natural xanthone C-glucoside, has demonstrated biological activity, including anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties, but it's mechanisms are poorly understood. In this study, we investigated the mec...
Conventionally, visual prognosis of serum anti-aquaporin-4 (AQP4) autoantibody-positive optic neuritis (ON) had been known to be much severer than other causes; thus, the visual prognosis of idiopathic ON (ION) without anti-AQP4-Ab was previously believed to be good in general. After the discovery of serum anti-myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG)-Ab in the majority of patients with ION, a new disease concept of anti-MOG-Ab (+) ON has been emerged and separated from the previous ION (1-3). As a result,...
Effective disease-modifying drugs for osteoarthritis (DMOAD) should preferably have chondroprotective, anti-inflammatory, and analgesic activity combined in a single molecule. We developed a fusion protein of IL4 and IL10 (IL4-10 FP), in which the biological activity of both cytokines is preserved. The present study evaluates the chondroprotective, anti-inflammatory, and analgesic activity of IL4-10 FP in in vitro and in vivo models of osteoarthritis.
There are few reports of anti-myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG) antibody-positive, unilaterally dominant cerebral cortical encephalitis onset with epilepsy. We present such a case in a young female patient with myelitis.
Repurposing is the discovery - whether or not by accident - of a new use for an existing product, for example, a new indication for a drug. In the past, several psychotropic drugs have received their place in the treatment arsenal via this route. Both in psychiatry and addiction medicine, there is an important need for new treatments with new working mechanisms. Potential new uses in both psychiatry and addiction medicine of several drugs that have already been registered for other indications are currently...
We prepared magnesium hydroxide (MH) nanoparticles, and investigated their effect when combined with dissolved carteolol on the bioavailability and intraocular pressure (IOP)-reducing effect of carteolol. The carteolol was solved in saline containing additives (0.5% methylcellulose, 0.001% benzalkonium chloride, 0.5% mannitol; CRT-solution). MH nanoparticles were prepared by a bead mill method with additives. Then carteolol/MH microparticle and carteolol/MH nanoparticle fixed combinations (mCMFC and nCMFC) ...
Frail older adults often experience swallowing disorders, prompting nursing staff to crush tablets, open capsules, and mix drugs into their meals or gelled water. However, crushing drugs can lead to pharmacological and gustatory problems. As crushed drugs can stay in prolonged contact with oral microbial biofilm, the current study aimed to investigate their antimicrobial properties. Crushed drugs were diluted in 1 mL of isotonic water and assayed in vitro for: (a) growth inhibition of five bacterial strains...
Presence of hepatitis B surface antibody in addition to hepatitis B core antibody confers protection against hepatitis B virus infection in hepatitis B surface antigen-negative patients undergoing kidney transplantation.
The American Gastroenterological Association (AGA) and European Association for the Study of the Liver (EASL) recommend that hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg)-negative and hepatitis B core antibody (anti-HBc)-positive patients who receive immunosuppression should be monitored for hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection regardless of hepatitis B surface antibody (anti-HBs) status. However, anti-HBs may provide protection against infection. To investigate whether the presence of anti-HBs in addition to anti-HBc c...
This study aims to describe the incidence of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) in children receiving antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) and compare ADRs to the individual drugs when given as monotherapy.
Due to synergistic effects, combinatorial drugs are widely used for treating complex diseases. However, combining drugs and making them synergetic remains a challenge. Genetic disease genes are considered a promising source of drug targets with important implications for navigating the drug space. Most diseases are not caused by a single pathogenic factor, but by multiple disease genes, in particular, interacting disease genes. Thus, it is reasonable to consider that targeting epistatic disease genes may en...
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients often take non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and corticosteroids as supportive drugs. In this study, we investigated the prevalence of endoscopic gastric damage and their prescribed medications under an actual clinical condition.