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A Study On Amprenavir In Combination With Other Anti-HIV Drugs In HIV-Positive Patients PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest A Study On Amprenavir In Combination With Other Anti-HIV Drugs In HIV-Positive Patients articles that have been published worldwide.
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Cancer disease is the second cause of death in the world. Now a days, high percentage of drugs, which are involved in treatment of cancers, have natural origin. Introduction of microalgae strains as anti-cancer drugs origin is a valuable approach for cancer therapy.
Antiglutamate decarboxylase (anti-GAD) antibodies are associated with several neurological manifestations, like epilepsy and movement disorders. However, in daily neurological practice, it remains hard to define when to test for anti-GAD antibodies in patients with neurologic and/or psychiatric symptoms. Therefore, here, we report the patient characteristics of a large retrospective cohort of patients tested for anti-GAD antibodies in clinical practice and compare the characteristics of anti-GAD positive an...
Cryptosporidium parvum is one of the major species causing mild to severe cryptosporidiosis in humans and animals. We have previously observed that 2-deoxy-D-glucose (2DG) could inhibit both the enzyme activity of C. parvum hexokinase (CpHK) and the parasite growth in vitro. However, the action and fate of 2DG in C. parvum was not fully investigated. In the present study, we showed that, although 2DG could be phosphorylated by CpHK to form 2DG-6-phosphate (2DG6P), the anti-cryptosporidial activity of 2DG wa...
Cetirizine (CET) and thalidomide (THA) have been previously found to influence angiogenesis. The present study aimed to assess the ability of these drugs to influence mammary carcinogenesis in rats.
For patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) who do not respond or lose response to anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) biologics, switching to a different anti-TNF can be an effective means to manage symptoms and disease progression. This study examined the utilization and effectiveness of intravenous golimumab within a real-world population of patients with RA switching directly from infliximab, a potent anti-TNF.
Safety and efficacy of upadacitinib in patients with active rheumatoid arthritis refractory to biologic disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (SELECT-BEYOND): a double-blind, randomised controlled phase 3 trial.
Phase 2 studies with upadacitinib, a selective Janus kinase 1 (JAK1) inhibitor, have shown safety and efficacy in the treatment of patients with active rheumatoid arthritis. We did this study to further assess the safety and efficacy of upadacitinib in patients with an inadequate response to biologic disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (bDMARDs).
There are various etiologies of erectile dysfunction (ED), including endothelial dysfunction, atherosclerosis, and chronic inflammation. Aspirin has a protective role against endothelial dysfunction and atherosclerosis, whease all non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are known for their anti-inflammatory properties. However, association between the use of aspirin or non-aspirin NSAIDs and ED is controversial. Therefore, we reviewed this relationship.
The use of monoclonal antibodies against programmed cell death protein 1 (anti-PD-1) has markedly transformed the management of melanoma. However, only a minority of patients treated with anti-PD-1 therapy show a response to therapy and some of them develop immune-related adverse events that can be managed with steroids or anticytokine therapy. A recent study published in Nature Communications has reported that treatment with anti-PD-1 in a tumor necrosis factor-deficient environment may lead to higher resp...
To compare the efficacy of topical non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) with topical capsaicin for pain relief in osteoarthritis (OA).
There are no approved drugs or biologics to treat Ebola virus disease (EVD). Literature reviews identified a list of 141 drugs with reports of preliminary in-vitro potency and/or in-vivo effectiveness in animals or with reports of clinical use/trials in EVD patients. The majority of these drugs have been individually approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for treating various non-EVD diseases. The anti-Ebola potency data of these drugs were curated from literature and publicly accessible databases,...
Vaginal rings (VR) containing antiretroviral (ARV) drugs can be utilized for prevention of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) with potential for improved adherence compared to daily pills. Combination ARV VRs could improve efficacy.
Sinomenine, an anti-rheumatoid arthritis drug used in China for decades, is usually co-administered with cardiovascular (CV) drugs to reduce arthritis-related risk of cardiovascular diseases. This study was to investigate whether and how CV drugs affect the pharmacokinetic profile of sinomenine.
Steroidal and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are widely used to control inflammatory pain, but there is a risk of gastrointestinal bleeding and increased heart failure risk. The search for new drugs remains ongoing, and natural products are a source for potential new compounds. Mangiferin, a natural xanthone C-glucoside, has demonstrated biological activity, including anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties, but it's mechanisms are poorly understood. In this study, we investigated the mec...
Conventionally, visual prognosis of serum anti-aquaporin-4 (AQP4) autoantibody-positive optic neuritis (ON) had been known to be much severer than other causes; thus, the visual prognosis of idiopathic ON (ION) without anti-AQP4-Ab was previously believed to be good in general. After the discovery of serum anti-myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG)-Ab in the majority of patients with ION, a new disease concept of anti-MOG-Ab (+) ON has been emerged and separated from the previous ION (1-3). As a result,...
Effective disease-modifying drugs for osteoarthritis (DMOAD) should preferably have chondroprotective, anti-inflammatory, and analgesic activity combined in a single molecule. We developed a fusion protein of IL4 and IL10 (IL4-10 FP), in which the biological activity of both cytokines is preserved. The present study evaluates the chondroprotective, anti-inflammatory, and analgesic activity of IL4-10 FP in in vitro and in vivo models of osteoarthritis.
There are few reports of anti-myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG) antibody-positive, unilaterally dominant cerebral cortical encephalitis onset with epilepsy. We present such a case in a young female patient with myelitis.
To evaluate clinical features of Japanese patients with anti-α-enolase antibody-positive autoimmune retinopathy (anti-enolase AIR).
Repurposing is the discovery - whether or not by accident - of a new use for an existing product, for example, a new indication for a drug. In the past, several psychotropic drugs have received their place in the treatment arsenal via this route. Both in psychiatry and addiction medicine, there is an important need for new treatments with new working mechanisms. Potential new uses in both psychiatry and addiction medicine of several drugs that have already been registered for other indications are currently...
Presence of hepatitis B surface antibody in addition to hepatitis B core antibody confers protection against hepatitis B virus infection in hepatitis B surface antigen-negative patients undergoing kidney transplantation.
The American Gastroenterological Association (AGA) and European Association for the Study of the Liver (EASL) recommend that hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg)-negative and hepatitis B core antibody (anti-HBc)-positive patients who receive immunosuppression should be monitored for hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection regardless of hepatitis B surface antibody (anti-HBs) status. However, anti-HBs may provide protection against infection. To investigate whether the presence of anti-HBs in addition to anti-HBc c...
This study demonstrated the anti-adhesion and wound healing effect of a visible light curable anti-adhesion agent using an alginate derivative modified with a furfuryl moiety. Visible light-curable furfuryl alginate (F-Alg) was prepared in conjugation with alginate and furfurylamine by an amide coupling reaction, and the conjugated F-Alg was characterized by H NMR analysis. The cytotoxicity, cell adhesion, and cell permeability of the F-Alg were evaluated for use in anti-adhesion applications. Drug immobili...
Due to synergistic effects, combinatorial drugs are widely used for treating complex diseases. However, combining drugs and making them synergetic remains a challenge. Genetic disease genes are considered a promising source of drug targets with important implications for navigating the drug space. Most diseases are not caused by a single pathogenic factor, but by multiple disease genes, in particular, interacting disease genes. Thus, it is reasonable to consider that targeting epistatic disease genes may en...
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients often take non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and corticosteroids as supportive drugs. In this study, we investigated the prevalence of endoscopic gastric damage and their prescribed medications under an actual clinical condition.
Combination therapy drugs are considered a fundamental way to control malaria as it mimimizes the risk of emergence of resistance to the individual partner drugs. Consequently, this type of therapy constitutes a driving force for the discovery of new drugs with different modes of action, since this will provide options for combining different drugs to achieve the optimum antimalarial treatment. In this context, a 2,3,8-trisubstitued quinoline compound was found in a high throughput screen (HTS) to show an e...
One third of infrainguinal vein bypasses may fail within the first 1.5 years. Pro- and anti-inflammatory mechanisms are thought to be involved in these graft stenoses and occlusions. In previous studies, low levels of anti-phosphorylcholine IgM (anti-PC IgM, an innate anti-inflammatory IgM) have been associated with increased cardiovascular events. In this study, the peri-operative dynamics of anti-PC IgM levels were established during leg bypass surgery, and associations assessed between anti-PC IgM levels...
Selective inhibition of both cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and 15-lipooxygenase (15-LOX) may provide good strategy for alleviation of inflammatory disorders while minimizing side effects associated with current anti-inflammatory drugs. The present study describes the synthesis, full characterization and biological evaluation of a series of thiadiazole-thiazolidinone hybrids bearing 5-alk/arylidene as dual inhibitors of these enzymes. Our design was based on merging pharmacophores that exhibit portent anti-inflam...