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British Columbia Pharmacy Association PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest British Columbia Pharmacy Association articles that have been published worldwide.
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A free-ranging juvenile California sea lion ( Zalophus californianus) stranded on the coast of Vancouver, British Columbia, with signs of lethargy and emaciation in April 2016. An asymmetrical skull with a prominent superficial cervical lymph node was found on initial assessment. Fine-needle aspirates and biopsies of the lymph node were consistent with neoplasia and the animal was humanely euthanized and presented for necropsy. A metastatic parotid gland adenocarcinoma was diagnosed with regional lymph node...
British Columbia (BC) declared a public health emergency in April 2016 in response to a rapid rise in overdose deaths. Further understanding of health care utilization is needed to inform prevention strategies for individuals who overdose from illegal drugs.
Objectives The goal is to develop clinical pharmacy in the Belgian hospitals to improve drug efficacy and to reduce drug-related problems. Methods From 2007 to 2014, financial support was provided by the Belgian federal government for the development of clinical pharmacy in Belgian hospitals. This project was guided by a national Advisory Working Group. Each funded hospital was obliged to describe yearly its clinical pharmacy activities. Results In 2007, 20 pharmacists were funded in 28 pilot hospitals; thi...
To measure exposure to neonicotinoid and other pesticides in avian pollinators, we made novel use of cloacal fluid and fecal pellets from rufous (Selasphorus rufus) and Anna's (Calypte anna) hummingbirds living near blueberry fields in the Fraser River Valley and Vancouver Island, British Columbia, Canada. To examine on-farm exposure to pesticides in invertebrate pollinators, we also collected bumble bees native to Canada (Bombus mixtus, Bombus flavifrons, and Bombus melanopygus), their pollen, and blueberr...
'Core areas' of transmission for bacterial sexually transmitted infections (STIs) have been identified. However, it is unclear whether core areas apply to viral infections, such as hepatitis C virus (HCV). We used geographic mapping and spatial analysis to identify distinct core areas of HCV infection in British Columbia (BC) using the BC Hepatitis Testers Cohort (BC-HTC), 1990-2013. The BC-HTC includes all BC residents tested for HCV (~1.5 million; 1990-2013). Core HCV infection areas were identified spati...
Research on the impact of hospital technology on medication safety usually focuses on prescribing and administration. Less is known about the pharmacy-related processes of reviewing, ordering and dispensing medications and how technology supports this work. We carried out a qualitative exploratory study of a hospital in England (UK) with the aim of gaining insight into processes of digitalisation. We found that hospital pharmacy staff perform safety work with technology aiming to prevent harm, such as 'scaf...
Background Initiatives are needed to promote and evaluate clinical pharmacy. In this context, benchmarking could be useful. Objective To develop and validate a benchmarking tool for clinical pharmacy activities. Setting Six Belgian hospitals. Method A narrative literature review and two focus groups were performed to identify (1) clinical pharmacy benchmarking projects, (2) clinical pharmacy activities with a proven positive impact on the quality of care for patients, (3) quality indicators and (4) contextu...
Introduction: Pharmacy markets, operating in the European Union are regulated by national laws. In many of them, the main restrictions concern the process of creating a new pharmacy - institutions. They are basic criteria for entities that can carry out this form of business, as well as demographic and geographic factors regulating the possible location of a new pharmacy. In Poland, the Act of from the 7th of April 2017 has changed the pharmaceutical law and introduced new legal restrictions so far unknown ...
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of interprofessional high-fidelity simulation-based learning (SBL) on third-year pharmacy and senior nursing students' perceptions of interprofessional care. Students participated in an interprofessional high-fidelity SBL experience consisting of two hospital-based scenarios followed by a debriefing. The "Student Perceptions of Interprofessional Clinical Education-Revised" (SPICE-R) instrument was administered pre- and post-SBL. The "Student Satisfaction...
Opioid overdose deaths in North America have been rising largely as a result of fentanyl adulteration in the illegal drug supply. Drug checking is an established harm reduction intervention in some European settings but has not been broadly implemented or evaluated in North America. We are evaluating a pilot program offering drug checking for people who use street drugs in Vancouver, British Columbia.
Treatment of hepatitis C virus (HCV) with direct-acting antiviral (DAA) regimens has resulted in high rates of sustained virologic response (SVR). Treatment of vulnerable populations may be improved by incorporating an on-site intensive specialty pharmacy (ON-ISP).
The opioid crisis is a major public health priority for most United States communities and requires multi-disciplinary and multi-pronged approaches. Despite this, there is considerable unfulfilled potential for engagement of academic pharmacy with community partners to form mutually-beneficial relationships.
Anticholinergic drug use has been associated with a risk of central and peripheral adverse effects. There is a lack of information on anticholinergic drug use in persons with diabetes. The aim of this study is to investigate anticholinergic drug use and the association between anticholinergic drug use and self-reported symptoms in older community-dwelling persons with and without diabetes.
North America is experiencing an opioid overdose epidemic, fuelled by the proliferation of fentanyl, related analogues, and fentanyl-adulterated opioids. British Columbia, Canada has similarly experienced a rapid increase in the proportion of opioid overdose deaths associated with fentanyl. This study builds off of research characterizing fentanyl exposure to further explore the presentation of fentanyl use and related overdoses among people who use drugs.
Enhanced patient outcomes have led the health sciences to seek ways in which to incorporate interprofessional education in their curricula. This article presents a unique and innovative strategy for interprofessional education among nursing, medicine, and pharmacy in a nonacademic health science center setting. Nurse practitioner students from the University of Alabama in Huntsville College of Nursing, medical interns from the University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Medicine, and pharmacy students fro...
Adverse drug events are common and often preventable. Educating the interprofessional workforce to appropriately manage medications as part of a team is a priority. An interprofessional medication management module for graduating medical and pharmacy students was developed. The module was case-based and co-led by physicians and pharmacists. Students completed pre- and post-module surveys regarding their attitudes about interprofessional collaboration, confidence in managing medications, and self-reported ab...
To characterize pharmacy-related theft data reported to the Rx Pattern Analysis Tracking Robberies and Other Losses (RxPATROL®) database during the time periods before (2007-2010) and after (2011-2016) the August 2010 switch to reformulated OxyContin® (oxycodone hydrochloride) extended-release tablets (Purdue Pharma L.P.).
Recent evidence has suggested that the fallopian tube may often be the site of origin for the most common and lethal form of ovarian cancer. As a result, many Colleges of Obstetrics & Gynecology, including ACOG, are recommending surgical removal of the fallopian tube (bilateral salpingectomy) at the time of other gynecologic surgeries (particularly hysterectomy and tubal sterilization) in women at general population risk for ovarian cancer, collectively referred to as opportunistic salpingectomy (OS).
CLinical pharmacy services (CPS) are professional services provided by pharmacists, who use their skills and knowledge to take an active role in patient health. These services have expanded in health systems around the world. However, it is important to have a comprehensive understanding of factors that may hinder the implementation of CPS in health systems.