PubMed Journals Articles About "Congo Ebola Outbreak Reports Confirmed Urban Case Daily" - Page: 3 RSS

21:18 EDT 20th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Congo Ebola outbreak reports confirmed urban case Daily" PubMed Articles 51–75 of 23,000+

Experience implementing a university-based mass immunization program in response to a Meningococcal B outbreak.

Neisseria meningitidis serogroup B (MenB) has caused several recent outbreaks of meningococcal disease on US college campuses. In January 2015, a case of MenB was reported at a university in Oregon, culminating in an outbreak with a total of 7 cases (including 1 fatality) identified over a 5-month period. In response to the outbreak, the university organized a mass immunization campaign with 4 "opt-in" immunization clinics. The preparation, challenges, and resources required for organization and implementat...

Unusual morphology of amyloid cast nephropathy in renal biopsy portending poor prognosis.

Light chain cast nephropathy is the most frequent form of renal disease in plasma cell neoplasm showing precipitation of monoclonal immunoglobulin light chains in the lumen of the distal tubules. This has a typical morphological feature characterised by the presence of a fractured cast. In this article, we report an unusual case of light chain cast nephropathy exhibiting amyloidogenic potential with lamellated, spiculated appearance. These casts were positive for periodic acid-Schiff and Jones' silver stain...

Consensus building around nutrition lessons from the 2014-16 Ebola virus disease outbreak in Guinea and Sierra Leone.

There are important lessons learned from the 2014-16 Ebola virus disease outbreak in West Africa. However, there has not been a systematic documentation of nutrition lessons specifically. Therefore, this study sought to generate multiple stakeholder perspectives for understanding the nutrition challenges faced during the Ebola virus disease outbreak, as well as for consensus building around improved response strategies. Participatory workshops with 17 and 19 participants in Guinea and Sierra Leone, respecti...

The Congo red derivative FSB binds to curli amyloid fibers and specifically stains curliated E. coli.

The Congo red derivative (E,E)-1-fluoro-2,5-bis(3-hydroxycarbonyl-4-hydroxy) styrylbenzene (FSB) specifically stains the functional amyloid curli in Escherichia coli biofilms. FSB binds to curli with similar affinity as Congo red, yet exhibits much greater fluorescence upon binding to curli as compared to Congo red and does not exhibit undesired binding to the cellulosic component of the biofilm. Thus, FSB presents a powerful tool to identify and visualize curli in E. coli biofilms and also enables new biop...

Outbreak of Chlamydia pneumoniae Infections and X-ray-Confirmed Pneumonia in Army Trainees at Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri, 2014.

Chlamydia pneumoniae (Cp) is a bacterium that causes pneumonia and other respiratory diseases. Fever may be present early but absent by time of presentation to clinic. Increases in X-ray-confirmed pneumonia (XCP) and laboratory-confirmed Cp infections were observed in new soldiers in training at Fort Leonard Wood (FLW), Missouri, early in 2014. These findings prompted a site assistance visit from the U.S. Army Public Health Command, Aberdeen Proving Ground, Maryland, with a review of available data and info...

Dabigatran causing severe acute kidney injury in a patient with liver cirrhosis.

Anticoagulant-related nephropathy (ARN), a significant but frequently undiagnosed problem in patients receiving anticoagulation, is found to be associated with increased renal morbidity and all-cause mortality. While ARN is mainly associated with warfarin use, recent case reports suggest that it may also occur in patients taking direct oral anticoagulants (DOAC). We report a patient who had a history of alcoholic liver cirrhosis and paroxysmal atrial fibrillation, and received dabigatran 110 mg twice daily...


Carp edema virus (CEV) is the causative agent of carp edema virus disease (CEVD), also referred to as koi sleepy disease, which is an emerging disease of global concern that may cause high rates of morbidity and mortality in common carp and ornamental koi ( Cyprinus carpio). This article reports the third confirmed outbreak of CEVD in California. In June 2015, three koi presented with clinical signs of cutaneous lesions, severe lethargy, and signs of hypoxia. All fish tested positive for CEV by polymerase c...

Removal of adult subconjunctival Loa loa amongst urban dwellers in Nigeria.

Loiasis is a neglected tropical disease caused by infection with the filarial parasite Loa loa. It is a disease considered by many to be benign. Several reports of trans border importation of the Loa loa worm amongst immigrants and visitors from endemic regions of the world exist. In most cases an adult subconjunctival worm is removed from the patient. An interventional case series is reported and examines the practice of removal of subconjunctival adult Loa loa worms amongst urban dwellers in Nigeria. Four...

Neuromyelitis optica with unilateral diaphragmatic paralysis.

In this case report, we describe the course of a female patient who is known to have neuromyelitis optica (NMO) and developed left hemiparesis and unilateral diaphragmatic paralysis. She was initially treated with intravenous methylprednisolone 1 g daily for 5 days without improvement. Subsequently, she received five sessions of a plasmapheresis. Her hemiparesis had improved after few days. however, the phrenic nerve palsy remained.

Drug repurposing for Ebola virus disease: principles of consideration and the Animal Rule.

There are no approved drugs or biologics to treat Ebola virus disease (EVD). Literature reviews identified a list of 141 drugs with reports of preliminary in-vitro potency and/or in-vivo effectiveness in animals or with reports of clinical use/trials in EVD patients. The majority of these drugs have been individually approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for treating various non-EVD diseases. The anti-Ebola potency data of these drugs were curated from literature and publicly accessible databases,...

Improving nature experience in cities: What are people's preferences for vegetated streets?

In the current context of strong urban sprawl, it becomes urgent to find urban approaches that simultaneously promote ecological functions and relationships between people and nature in cities. Streets are omnipresent urban elements that can deliver ecosystem services and facilitate people daily interactions with nature. Promoting vegetation in streets can take different forms which have to be combined with people's preferences. Based on photomontages, we assessed people's perceptions and valuations for her...

Quadrivalent Meningococcal Vaccine Uptake Among Men Who Have Sex With Men During a Meningococcal Outbreak in Los Angeles County, California, 2016-2017.

The objective of our study was to assess meningococcal ACWY (MenACWY) vaccine uptake among men who have sex with men (MSM) during an ongoing, invasive meningococcal disease outbreak in Southern California. This research was important to inform future vaccination uptake interventions for this high-priority population.

Temporal trend and spatial clustering of cholera epidemic in Kumasi-Ghana.

Knowledge of the temporal trends and spatial patterns will have significant implications for effective preparedness in future epidemics. Our objective was to investigate the temporal trends and the nature of the spatial interaction of cholera incidences, dwelling on an outbreak in the Kumasi Metropolis, Ghana. We developed generalized nonparametric and segmented regression models to describe the epidemic curve. We used the pair correlation function to describe the nature of spatial clustering parameters suc...

Deception through Mimicry: A Cellular Antiviral Strategy.

Viruses use mimicry to hijack cellular machinery, but can human cells use mimicry as an antiviral approach? Batra et al. identify a novel antiviral restriction factor, RBBP6, by characterizing the cellular interactome of Ebola virus. RBBP6 targets the Ebola virus transcription factor VP30 by mimicking the binding of Ebola virus nucleoprotein.

Cerebral granulomatosis as a manifestation of Crohn's disease.

Crohn's disease (CD) is associated with a variety of extra-intestinal manifestations. Most commonly these involve the eye, skin, joints, coagulation system and liver. Cerebral manifestations of CD have been reported to a far lesser extent. The extensive detrimental impact of neurological symptoms on a patient's quality of life makes an early diagnosis and treatment particularly important. In previous case-reports, diagnosis of cerebral manifestations in CD often relied upon magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) ...

Corrigendum to "A case of intrasplenic displacement of an endoscopic double-pigtailstent as a treatment for laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy leak" Int. J. Surg. Case Rep. 53 (2018) 367-369.

Sleeping beauty syndrome presenting with insomnia.

A young man previously diagnosed with Kleine-Levin syndrome (KLS) presented with abnormal behaviour over the last 8 days. This included decreased sleeping hours and appetite, hypersexuality, aggressiveness and visual hallucinations. All blood tests and investigations in the emergency department yielded normal results. A preliminary diagnosis of a KLS episode with psychosis was made and the patient was started on a regimen of aripiprazole 10 mg once daily along with lorazepam 2 mg intravenously in two di...

Neutralizing Antibody Titer Test of Ebola Recombinant Protein Vaccine and Gene Vector Vaccine pVR-GP-FC.

In previous studies, we immunized mice with Ebola recombinant protein vaccine and gene vector vaccine. Both stimulated high levels of humoral immunity. In this work, we constructed a pseudovirus containing Ebola membrane proteins to verify whether the two immunization strategies can induce neutralizing antibodies in mice.

Angiographic embolization followed by piecemeal resection of giant posterior mediastinal schwannoma: Case report and concise review.

Posterior mediastinal masses present unique diagnostic and therapeutic challenges, particularly when large highly vascularized tumors extend toward or emanate from the spinal cord. The rare nature of these tumors precludes the development of standardized management algorithms, underscoring the importance of case reports.

Uncommon site of metastasis from renal cell carcinoma: Case report.

Renal cell carcinomas (CCR) account for 90% of renal tumors. Presence of latent distant metastasis is characteristic of RCC and may manifest more than a decade after nephrectomy. Gallbladder (GB) is a rare site of metastasis, with few reports in the literature. A case of metastasis from RCC to GB nine years after initial diagnosis is reported herein.

Analysis of a vector-bias malaria transmission model with application to Mexico, Sudan and Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Malaria is a deadly disease transmitted to human through the bite of infected female mosquitoes. The aim of this paper is to study the different vector-bias values between low and high transmission areas with the examples of Mexico (low) and Sudan, Democratic Republic of the Congo (Congo, DR) (high) during malaria transmission. We develop a malaria transmission model with vector-bias and investigate the basic reproduction number, the existence of equilibria and the corresponding globally asymptotically stab...

Epidemiological aspects of the persistent transmission of rabies during an outbreak (2010 - 2017) in Harare, Zimbabwe.

Canine-mediated human rabies is endemic to the entire African continent, where the disease burden is often highest in rural communities of resource-limited countries. In this study, we analysed an animal rabies outbreak, which had persisted since 2010 in the predominantly metropolitan capital city of Zimbabwe, Harare. As rabies is considered to disproportionally affect rural communities, the persistence of urban rabies in this metropolitan setting is of interest. In order to gain an improved understanding o...

Cyberlindnera fabianii Fungemia Outbreak in Preterm Neonates in Kuwait and Literature Review.

Cyberlindnera fabianii has rarely been reported as a human pathogen. Here, we describe an outbreak of C. fabianii fungemia involving 10 preterm neonates during a seven-month period in Kuwait and review the published reports.

Monkeypox - Enhancing Public Health Preparedness for an Emerging Lethal Human Zoonotic Epidemic Threat in the Wake of the Smallpox Post-Eradication Era.

The identification of monkeypox in 3 separate patients in the United Kingdom in September raised media and political attention on an emerging public health threat. Nigeria, whose last confirmed case of monkeypox was in 1978, is currently experiencing an unusually large and outbreak of human monkeypox cases, a 'One Human-Environmental-Animal Health' approach is being effectively used to define and tackle the outbreak. As of 13th October 2018, there have been one hundred and sixteen confirmed cases the majori...

Hip arthroscopic Surgery after a Diagnosis of Premature Osteoarthritis of the Hip in Three Unicyclists: A Case Series.

Although an association between femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) and sports has been reported, there are no reports regarding arthroscopic findings of osteoarthritis due to FAI in adolescent unicyclists.

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