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Showing "SIDA plus vers vaccin anti" PubMed Articles 51–75 of 7,200+

Assessment of herb-drug synergy to combat doxorubicin induced cardiotoxicity.

Aim Doxorubicin (Dox) is one of the most cardiotoxic anti-cancerous drug that is widely used for broad-range of cancers. There is an urgent need for developing cardio-oncological therapeutic interventions. Natural products having both anti-cancerous potential as well as cardioprotective effects may hold a great potential in this regard. Curcuma longa (an Indian herb) polyphenols including curcumin, and well known for its anti-oxidative and anti-cancerous potential was used in the present study for its syner...

Sparassis crispa exerts anti-inflammatory activity via suppression of TLR-mediated NF-κB and MAPK signaling pathways in LPS-induced RAW264.7 macrophage cells.

Sparassis crispa, also known as cauliflower mushroom, has been used historically in traditional Asian medicine. It possesses various biological activities, such as immunopotentiation, anti-diabetes, anti-cancer, and anti-inflammatory effects. Recently, we isolated the non-aqueous fraction from methanol extract of S. crispa (SCF4) by using water-organic solvent mixtures and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). In the present study, we identified the anti-inflammatory activity and action mechanism o...

TNF-anti-TNF Immune Complexes Inhibit IL-12/IL-23 Secretion by Inflammatory Macrophages via an Fc-dependent Mechanism.

We have recently shown that the mode of action of IgG1 anti-TNF antibodies in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) requires Fcγ-receptor (FcR) engagement on macrophages. Here we examine the effect of Fcγ-receptor signaling by anti-TNF on macrophage IL-12/IL-23 secretion.

In vivo Evaluation of Anti-Hyperglycemic, Anti-hyperlipidemic and Anti-Oxidant Status of Liver and Kidney of Thymol in STZ-Induced Diabetic Rats.

The evaluation of the positive and protective effects thymol as a natural compound on the STZ -induced diabetic rats.

Immunoglobulin A anti-phospholipid antibodies in Swedish cases of systemic lupus erythematosus: associations with disease phenotypes, vascular events and damage accrual.

Immunoglobulin (Ig) G- and IgM-class anti-cardiolipin antibodies (aCL) and lupus anti-coagulant (LA) are included in the 1997 update of the American College of Rheumatology (ACR-97) systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) criteria. Despite limited evidence, IgA-aCL and IgA anti-β -glycoprotein-I (anti-β GPI) were included in the 2012 Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics criteria. The present study aimed to evaluate IgG-/IgA-/IgM-aCL and anti-β GPI occurrence in relation to disease phenotype, smo...

Humanized 3F8 Anti-GD2 Monoclonal Antibody Dosing With Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor in Patients With Resistant Neuroblastoma: A Phase 1 Clinical Trial.

Chimeric and murine anti-GD2 antibodies are active against neuroblastoma, but the development of neutralizing antibodies can compromise efficacy. To decrease immunogenicity, hu3F8, a humanized anti-GD2 antibody, was constructed.

Novel minor HLA DR associated antigens in type 1 diabetes.

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease leading to insulin deficiency. Autoantibodies to beta cell proteins are already present in the asymptomatic phase of type 1 diabetes. Recent findings have suggested a number of additional minor autoantigens in patients with type 1 diabetes. We have established luciferase immunoprecipitation systems (LIPS) for anti-MTIF3, anti-PPIL2, anti-NUP50 and anti-MLH1 and analyzed samples from 500 patients with type 1 diabetes at onset of clinical disease and 200 healthy indivi...

Anti-cancer effects of disulfiram in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma via autophagic cell death.

Disulfiram (DSF), which is used to treat alcohol dependence, has been reported to have anti-cancer effects in various malignant tumors. In this study, we investigated the anti-cancer effects and mechanism of DSF in HNSCC.

Efficacy of nivolumab monotherapy against acral lentiginous melanoma and mucosal melanoma in Asian patients.

Early clinical trials showed that treatment with anti-programmed death-1 (anti-PD-1) agents, such as nivolumab and pembrolizumab, led to marked improvements in the prognosis of advanced melanoma patients. However, most of the large-scale studies of such treatment mainly analyzed the efficacy of anti-PD-1 agents in Caucasian populations. Since the clinical subtypes of melanoma differ widely among populations, and the response to anti-PD-1 agents is known to vary among the clinical subtypes of the disease, th...

Synthesis and in vivo anti-ulcer evaluation of some novel piperidine linked dihydropyrimidinone derivatives.

Dihydropyrimidinone derivatives containing piperidine moiety were synthesised in a good yield. All the compounds were confirmed by elemental analysis and spectral data. Anti-ulcer activity of novel dihydropyrimidinone-piperidine hybrids (1-18) was evaluated. Among them, four compounds (3, 8, 11 and 15) were found to be most active in 80% ethanol-induced ulcer experimental animal model. All the potent compounds were further evaluated for anti-ulcer activity by different in vivo anti-ulcer models to study the...

Prevalence, persistence and clinical correlations of classic and novel antiphospholipid antibodies in systemic lupus erythematosus.

aPL are frequently present in SLE. In a well characterized SLE cohort we aimed at investigating the prevalence of aPL and assessing their analytical performance and clinical association by testing criteria specificities including LA, aCL IgG and IgM, anti-β2-glycoprotein 1 (antiβ2GP1) IgG and IgM, as well as the non-criteria aPS-PT IgG and IgM and anti-β2GP1 domain 1 (aD1) IgG.

Optimized thiopurine therapy before withdrawal of anti-tumour necrosis factor-α in patients with Crohn's disease.

Two meta-analyses have found that the risk of relapse in Crohn's disease (CD) was ~40 and 50% 1 and 2 years, respectively, after withdrawal of anti-tumour necrosis factor-α (anti-TNFα). The aim of this study was to evaluate relapse rates in CD when thiopurine therapy was optimized before anti-TNFα withdrawal.

Bio-accessible milk casein derived tripeptide (LLY) mediates overlapping anti- inflammatory and anti-oxidative effects under cellular (Caco-2) and in vivo milieu.

Inflammation and oxidative stress are closely linked patho-physiological processes which occur concurrently in many diseased conditions. Recently, interdependence between these two processes explains the antioxidant paradox associated with failure to select appropriate agents required for prevention of diseases known to be induced by oxidative stress. Present study established the overlapping anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative potential along with bio-accessibility of milk casein derived tripeptide (LLY)....

Access to anti or syn 2-amino-1,3-diol scaffolds from a common decarboxylative aldol adduct.

A straightforward synthetic pathway allowing the access to anti or syn 2-amino-1,3-diol scaffolds is presented. The strategy relies on a diastereoselective organocatalyzed decarboxylative aldol reaction of a N-Boc-hemimalonate that is easily formed from commercial N-Boc-diethyl malonate. Although this method has been optimized previously with the N-Bz-hemimalonate analogue, this key step was reinvestigated with the N-Boc derivative to improve the required reaction time, the yield and the diastereoselectivit...

Implicit and explicit anti-fat bias: The role of weight-related attitudes and beliefs.

The increasing prevalence of anti-fat bias in American society comes at a great cost to the health and well-being of people who are overweight or obese. A better understanding of the correlates of anti-fat bias would inform development of interventions for reducing anti-fat bias. Based on three theoretical perspectives, this study tested the relation between attitudes and beliefs about weight and anti-fat bias (implicit and explicit): (1) The belief that one is like people who are fat (social identity theor...

Anti-tumor necrosis factor therapy decreases the risk of initial intestinal surgery after diagnosis of Crohn's disease of inflammatory type.

Anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) therapy induces and maintains clinical remission in patients with Crohn's disease (CD). However, the effect of anti-TNF therapy on the natural course of CD remains controversial. We aimed to investigate the effect of anti-TNF therapy on the initial intestinal surgery for CD.

Efficacy of chemotherapy or chemo-anti-PD-1 combination after failed anti-PD-1 therapy for relapsed and refractory Hodgkin lymphoma: A series from Lysa centers.

Anti-PD-1 therapy provides high response rates in Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) patients who have relapsed or are refractory (R/R) to autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) and brentuximab vedotin (BV), but median progression free survival (PFS) is only one year. The efficacy of treatment following anti-PD-1 is not well known. We retrospectively investigated the efficacy of salvage therapies for unsatisfactory response to anti-PD-1 therapy, assessed by PET-CT according to the Lugano criteria, in 30 R/R HL pati...

Anti-E Detected in a 7-Month-Old Infant with Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia after Transfusion.

Only a few cases of infantile anti-red blood cell alloantibody production have been reported.

Long-term persistence of anti-rods and rings antibodies in patients with chronic hepatitis C after antiviral treatment.

Anti-rods and rings (anti-RR) antibodies are related to hepatitis C virus (HCV) in patients treated with pegylated interferon (PEG-IFN) and ribavirin (RBV). Only RBV induces rods/rings structures in vitro; but in vivo, the antibody appearance is related to the combination of these drugs, because data about patients using just one of these drugs alone is missing. Some studies suggest disappearance of these antibodies over time. The aim of this study was to describe the occurrence of anti-RR in patients with ...

Re-annotation of 12,495 prokaryotic 16S rRNA 3' ends and analysis of Shine-Dalgarno and anti-Shine-Dalgarno sequences.

We examined 20,648 prokaryotic unique taxids with respect to the annotation of the 3' end of the 16S rRNA, which contains the anti-Shine-Dalgarno sequence. We used the sequence of highly conserved helix 45 of the 16S rRNA as a guide. By this criterion, 8,153 annotated 3' ends correctly included the anti-Shine-Dalgarno sequence, but 12,495 were foreshortened or otherwise mis-annotated, missing part or all of the anti-Shine-Dalgarno sequence, which immediately follows helix 45. We re-annotated, giving a total...

Overview of Pharmacological Activities of Andrographis paniculata and its Major Compound Andrographolide.

Andrographis paniculata (A. paniculata) is a medicinal plant traditionally used as anti-inflammation and anti-bacteria herb. Andrographolide, the major active component of A. paniculata, exhibits diverse pharmacological activities, including anti-inflammation, anti-cancer, anti-obesity, anti-diabetes, and other activities. In this article, we comprehensively review the therapeutic potential of A. paniculata and andrographolide focusing on the mechanisms of action and clinical application. We systemically di...

Dechlorane Plus flame retardant in a contaminated frog species: Biomagnification and isomer-specific transfer from females to their eggs.

While flame retardant Dechlorane Plus (DP) and its dechlorinated analogs have been frequently detected in wildlife, knowledge is limited on their bioaccumulation and maternal transfer in amphibians. In the present study, the occurrence of syn- and anti-DP isomers and a DP dechlorinated compound, anti-Cl-DP, were investigated in frogs and insects collected from the paddy field of a highly contaminated site. The concentrations of ∑DP (the sum concentrations of syn- and anti-DP) in the frog muscle, liver, an...

Thyroid Function and Autoimmune Indications in Patients with Anti-N-Methyl-D-Aspartate Receptor Encephalitis.

Previous studies have shown that functional abnormalities of the thyroid are associated with the pathogenesis of several neurological diseases. However, their relationship in patients with anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (anti-NMDAR) encephalitis remains to be defined.

Rheumatic immune-related adverse events secondary to anti-programmed death-1 antibodies and preliminary analysis on the impact of corticosteroids on anti-tumour response: A case series.

Rheumatic immune-related adverse events (irAEs) occur in approximately 10-20% of anti-programmed death 1 (anti-PD1)-treated cancer patients. There are limited data on the natural history, optimal treatment and long-term oncological outcomes of patients with rheumatic irAEs.

Chitosan encapsulated nanocurcumin induces GLUT-4 translocation and exhibits enhanced anti-hyperglycemic function.

The present study was undertaken to develop a Curcumin nanoparticle system with chitosan as a hydrophilic carrier. In addition, the anti-diabetic potential of curcumin loaded chitosan nanoparticles were assessed in comparison to those of free curcumin by examining the anti-hyperglycemic efficacy using in vitro assays.

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