PubMed Journals Articles About "Sub-chronic Neurostimulation Delivered In The Middle Ear For Tinnitus Suppression" - Page: 3 RSS

18:05 EST 15th January 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "chronic Neurostimulation Delivered Middle Tinnitus Suppression" PubMed Articles 51–75 of 12,000+

Tinnitus in patients with hearing loss due to mitochondrial DNA pathogenic variants.

Tinnitus described as individual perception of phantom sound constitutes a significant medical problem and has become an essential subject of many studies conducted worldwide. In the study, we aimed to examine the prevalence of tinnitus among Polish hearing loss (HL) patients with identified mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) variants.

Enhanced central neural gain compensates acoustic trauma-induced cochlear impairment, but unlikely correlates with tinnitus and hyperacusis.

For successful future therapeutic strategies for tinnitus and hyperacusis, a subcategorization of both conditions on the basis of differentiated neural correlates would be of invaluable advantage. In the present study, we used our refined operant conditioning animal model to divide equally noise-exposed rats into groups with either tinnitus or hyperacusis, with neither condition, or with both conditions co-occurring simultaneously. Using click stimulus and noise burst-evoked Auditory Brainstem Responses (AB...

Tympanometric volume as a useful tool for the evaluation of middle ear status in chronic otitis media.

Tympanometric volume is a useful tool for evaluating middle ear status in otitis media. However, its usefulness in chronic otitis media (COM) has not been well evaluated. This study aimed to investigate whether tympanometric volume reflects the status of the middle ear and mastoid or can provide clinical information about patients with COM and subsequent tympanic membrane perforation. A prospective cohort study including 50 adult patients with COM and subsequent tympanic membrane perforation was performed. ...

A Comparison of Vagal Nerve Stimulation and Responsive Neurostimulation for the Treatment of Medically Refractory Complex Partial Epilepsy.

Neuromodulatory applications such as vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) and responsive neurostimulation (RNS) are safe and effective strategies for medically intractable epilepsy secondary to complex partial seizures, but researchers have yet to compare their efficacies.

Combination of flunarizine and transcutaneous supraorbital neurostimulation improves migraine prophylaxis.

This study is aimed to access the efficacy and safety of combination therapy of flunarizine plus transcutaneous supraorbital neurostimulation (tSNS) compared with either flunarizine or tSNS alone for migraine prophylaxis.

Effectiveness of Guided Internet-Based Cognitive Behavioral Therapy vs Face-to-Face Clinical Care for Treatment of Tinnitus: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

Accessible clinical care is not always available to individuals with distressing tinnitus. Internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy has the potential to increase access to evidence-based services that manage tinnitus. Research comparing the effectiveness of this internet-based intervention with face-to-face care is required.

Changes in spontaneous movement in response to silent gaps are not robust enough to indicate the perception of tinnitus in mice.

Approaches to identify the perception of tinnitus in various animal models have been difficult to apply to mouse. As a result, mice have been underutilized to investigate the cellular, molecular, and genetic mechanisms underlying tinnitus. A recent study in guinea pigs identified a novel spontaneous behavior (unconditioned response), changes in movement during silent gaps, that identified a subgroup of animals presumably with tinnitus. Guinea pigs identified with tinnitus failed to "freeze" in response to s...

Behavioral validation of a wireless low-power neurostimulation technology in a conditioned place preference task.

Neurostimulation technologies are important for studying neural circuits and the connections that underlie neurological and psychiatric disorders. However, current methods come with limitations such as the restraint on movement imposed by the wires delivering stimulation. The objective of this study was to assess whether the e-Particle (EP), a novel wireless neurostimulator, could sufficiently stimulate the brain to modify behavior without these limitations.

Effect of Statins on Hearing Function and Subjective Tinnitus in Hyperlipidemic Patients.

It is known that hyperlipidemia reduces hearing functions. In this study, we aimed to study the effect of antihyperlipidemic drugs on hearing functions and tinnitus.

Family-based youth mental health interventions delivered by nonspecialist providers in low- and middle-income countries: A systematic review.

Youth in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) are at increased risk for poor mental health due to economic and social disadvantage. Interventions that strengthen families may equip children and adolescents with the supports and resources to fulfill their potential and buffer them from future stressors and adversity. Due to human resource constraints, task-sharing-delivery of interventions by nonspecialists-may be an effective strategy to facilitate the dissemination of mental health interventions in low...

The Use of a Sub-Temporal Approach for a Salvage Placement of a Trigeminal Ganglion Stimulating Electrode for the Treatment of Trigeminal Neuropathic Pain.

Trigeminal ganglion stimulation can be effective for trigeminal neuralgia. For patients who respond well to neurostimulation delivered percutaneously through the foramen ovale but require extensive revision and removal of instrumentation, a sub-temporal approach for stimulation of the trigeminal ganglion is an alternative option as a salvage procedure.

Middle Meningeal Artery Embolization for Chronic Subdural Hematoma: Meta-Analysis and Systematic Review.

Chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) is one of the most common diseases in neurosurgery. Though conventional surgical methods like burr-hole irrigation have been the mainstay of treatment, middle meningeal artery (MMA) embolization has recently emerged as a promising adjunctive or alternative treatment. We present the first meta-analysis and systematic review on this topic.

Remodeling of cholinergic input to the hippocampus after noise exposure and tinnitus induction in guinea pigs.

To investigate remodeling of hippocampal cholinergic inputs after noise exposure and determine the relevance of these changes to tinnitus.

Risk Factors and Treatment Options for Failure of a Two-Stage Exchange.

Although a two-stage exchange revision is reported to have a high success rate, this strategy may fail as a treatment for prosthetic joint infection (PJI). When it does, resection arthroplasty, arthrodesis, amputation, and chronic antibiotic suppression may play a role. The purpose of this review is to determine which are the main risk factors for a two-stage exchange failure and to analyze the indications and results of resection arthroplasty, arthrodesis, amputation, and antibiotic chronic suppression for...

Chronic GI bleeding in a middle-aged woman.

Telephone-delivered cognitive behavioral therapy for veterans with chronic pain following traumatic brain injury: Rationale and study protocol for a randomized controlled trial study.

Chronic pain is a highly prevalent and potentially disabling condition in Veterans who have had a traumatic brain injury (TBI) and access to non-pharmacological pain treatments such as cognitive behavioral therapy is limited and variable. The purpose of this randomized controlled trial (RCT) is to evaluate the efficacy of a telephone-delivered cognitive behavioral therapy (T-CBT) for pain in Veterans with a history of TBI.

Effects of chronic diseases on health-related quality of life and self-rated health among three adult age groups.

Little is known about whether there is any difference in associations of chronic diseases with health-related quality of life and self-rated health across age groups. The purpose of the present study was to examine the associations of one specific and multiple chronic diseases with health-related quality of life and self-rated health (measured using the 5-level EQ-5D version) in three age groups: young (21-44 years), middle-aged (45-64 years), and older adults (≥65 years). Secondary data analysis of 1932 ...

Depression and chronic diseases: Co-occurrence and communality of risk factors.

The aim of current study is to assess the cross-sectional association of chronic non-communicable diseases (diabetes mellitus, arthritis, asthma, chronic lung disease, angina, and stroke) with both diagnosed and undiagnosed depression in the World Health Organization (WHO) Study on global AGEing and adult health (SAGE) Wave 1, a study of adults in six low- and middle-income countries.

Health seeking for chronic lung disease in central Malawi: Adapting existing models using insights from a qualitative study.

Chronic lung diseases contribute to the growing non-communicable disease (NCD) burden and are increasing, particularly in many low and middle-income countries (LMIC) in sub-Saharan African. Early engagement with health systems in chronic lung disease management is critical to maintain quality of life and prevent further damage. Our study sought to understand health seeking behaviour in relation to chronic lung disease and TB in a rural district in Malawi.

Transarterial embolization of an internal maxillary artery arteriovenous fistula presenting with pulsatile tinnitus.

Arteriovenous fistulae of the internal maxillary artery are exceedingly rare, with less than 30 cases reported in the literature. Most of these lesions are congenital, iatrogenic, or posttraumatic. The most common presentation of internal maxillary artery fistulae is pulsatile tinnitus and headache. Because these lesions are single-hole fistulae, they can be easily cured with endovascular techniques. The authors present a case of a patient who presented to their institution with a several-year history of pu...

Suppression of HBsAg production by combination therapy with nucleotide analogues and interferon in children with genotype C Hepatitis B virus infection.

Sustained suppression of HBsAg production after interferon treatment was not reported for children with chronic hepatitis B and with genotype C infection that is prevalent in Asia. Among children with HBeAg-positive genotype C chronic hepatitis B, we compared the efficacy of combination therapy with nucleotide analogues and interferon alfa in 11 children with the historical 12 cases treated with interferon monotherapy.

Aberrant Thalamocortical Coherence in Animal Model of Tinnitus.

Electrophysiological studies from humans suggest that the phantom sound of tinnitus is associated with abnormal thalamocortical neural oscillations. However, tinnitus models have seldom been tested in animal models where it is possible to simultaneously assess the neural oscillatory activity between the thalamus and auditory cortex. To explore this issue, we used multichannel electrodes to examine the oscillatory behavior of local field potentials recorded in the rat medial geniculate body (MBG) and primary...

Patients experiences of self-management and strategies for dealing with chronic conditions in rural Malawi.

The high burden of chronic communicable diseases such as HIV/AIDS, and an escalating rise of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in Malawi and other sub-Saharan African countries, calls for a shift in how health care services are designed and delivered. Patient-centred care and patient self-management are critical elements in chronic care, and are advocated as universal strategies. In sub-Saharan Africa, there is need for more evidence around the practice of patient self-management, and how to best support pat...

The peculiar clinical features of different types of acquired cholesteatoma of the middle ear.

We have undertaken the analysis of the specific clinical manifestations of acquired cholesteatoma of the middle ear in 437 chronic patients suffering from this pathology. 96.1% of them presented with primarily acquired cholesteatoma of the middle ear (including 53.3% having attic cholesteatoma, 22.8% with sinus cholesteatoma, and 19.9% of tensa retraction cholesteatoma). 3.9% of the patients exhibited a different mechanism of development of cholesteatoma. The secondary acquired mesotympanic cholesteatoma fo...

Brain and spinal stimulation therapies for phantom limb pain: a systematic review.

Although many treatments exist for phantom limb pain (PLP), the evidence supporting them is limited and there are no guidelines for PLP management. Brain and spinal cord neurostimulation therapies are targeted at patients with chronic PLP but have yet to be systematically reviewed.

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