PubMed Journals Articles About "Testing Immune Hotspots Predict Risk That Breast Cancer" - Page: 3 RSS

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Showing "Testing immune hotspots predict risk that breast cancer" PubMed Articles 51–75 of 41,000+

Priorities in the Cardiovascular Care of Breast Cancer Survivors.

Breast cancer is the most common malignancy in women with more than 3 million breast cancer survivors in the United States alone. Survivors of breast cancer suffer from an increased burden of cardiovascular risk factors and disease. The focus of this review is to describe the epidemiology of cardiovascular disease in breast cancer survivors, including the cardiovascular concerns observed with common cancer therapies. Strategies to improve upon the early detection and treatment of cardiovascular disease, inc...

Prognostic value of tumor-stroma ratio combined with the immune status of tumors in invasive breast carcinoma.

Complex interactions occur between cancer cells and cells in the tumor microenvironment. In this study, the prognostic value of the interplay between tumor-stroma ratio (TSR) and the immune status of tumors in breast cancer patients was evaluated.

Associations between Diet Quality Scores and Risk of Postmenopausal Estrogen Receptor-Negative Breast Cancer: A Systematic Review.

Estrogen receptor-negative (ER-) breast cancer tends to have poorer prognosis than estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer. A number of studies have examined the association between diet quality as measured by various diet quality scores and the risk of ER- breast cancer.

Combined effects of neoadjuvant letrozole and zoledronic acid on γδT cells in postmenopausal women with early-stage breast cancer.

Adjuvant bisphosphonates lead to better prognosis in postmenopausal breast cancer. However, the association between clinical outcomes and immune modulation by them is still unclear.

MRI for the Staging and Evaluation of Response to Therapy in Breast Cancer.

Breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is the most sensitive of the available imaging modalities to characterize breast cancer. Breast MRI has gained clinical acceptance for screening high-risk patients, but its role in the preoperative imaging of breast cancer patients remains controversial. This review focuses on the current indications for staging breast MRI, the evidence for and against the role of breast MRI in the preoperative staging workup, and the evaluation of treatment response of breast cancer ...

Checkpoint inhibitors in breast cancer - Current status.

An increasing number of compounds directed against immune checkpoints are currently under clinical development. In this review we summarize current research in breast cancer.

Risk factors for breast cancer in a cohort of mammographic screening program: a nested case-control study within the FRiCaM study.

Breast cancer is the most common cancer diagnosis and the leading cause of cancer death among women in the world, and differences across populations indicate a role of hormonal, reproductive and lifestyle factors. This study is based on a cohort of 78,050 women invited to undergo a mammogram by Local Health Authority of Milan, between 2003 and 2007. We carried out a nested case-control study including all the 3303 incident breast cancer cases diagnosed up to 2015, and 9909 controls matched by age and year o...

Cardiopulmonary exercise testing in hepato-biliary & pancreas cancer surgery - A systematic review: Are we any further than walking up a flight of stairs?

Cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) is a reliable, reproducible and non-invasive measure of functional capacity. CPET has been increasingly used to assess pre-operative risk and stratify patients at risk of mortality and morbidity following surgery. CPET parameters that predict outcomes within liver and pancreas cancer surgery still remain to be defined.

A nationwide registry-based cohort study of the MammaPrint genomic risk classifier in invasive breast cancer.

To evaluate the use of the MammaPrint assay, a 70-gene risk signature for early breast cancers, and to correlate genomic risk stratification with individual clinicopathological parameters and clinical risk as assessed by Adjuvant! Online.

Roles of obesity in the development and progression of breast cancer.

Recent preclinical and clinical data accumulate evidence indicating that obesity may worsen the incidence, severity, and mortality of many types of cancer, including breast cancer. In the present review, we discuss the candidate players in this dangerous relationship, namely adipose tissue-related chronic inflammation, immune cell dysregulation, angiogenesis, extracellular matrix stiffness, and genomic instability. Finally, we review some novel therapeutic approaches currently under investigation to prevent...

Assessing Breast Cancer Risk with an Artificial Neural Network

Objectives: Radiologists face uncertainty in making decisions based on their judgment of breast cancer risk. Artificial intelligence and machine learning techniques have been widely applied in detection/recognition of cancer. This study aimed to establish a model to aid radiologists in breast cancer risk estimation. This incorporated imaging methods and fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) for cyto-pathological diagnosis. Methods: An artificial neural network (ANN) technique was used on a retrospectively co...

Risk of Breast, Prostate, and Colorectal Cancer Diagnoses Among HIV-Infected Individuals in the United States.

Although people living with HIV or AIDS (PLWHA) are at higher risk for many cancers, breast, prostate, and colorectal cancer rates are lower in this patient population. Because these tumors are often screen-detected, these inverse associations could be driven by HIV-related differences in utilization of cancer screening.

Five Common Functional Polymorphisms in microRNAs and Susceptibility to Breast Cancer: An Updated Meta-Analysis.

microRNAs (miRNA) play a key role in the pathogenesis of breast cancer (BC) as regulators of tumor-associated genes, and understanding their polymorphisms is critical to the control of breast carcinogenesis. Thus, the present study explored the association between five common functional polymorphisms in miRNAs (i.e., miRNA-196a2C>T, rs11614913; miRNA-146aG>C, rs2910164; miRNA-423C>A, rs6505162; miRNA-608G>C, rs4919510; miRNA-27aC>T, rs895819) and the risk of BC.

Influence of provider factors and race on uptake of breast cancer gene expression profiling.

Gene expression profiling (GEP) has been rapidly adopted for early breast cancer and can aid in chemotherapy decision making. Study results regarding racial disparities in testing are conflicting, and may reflect different care settings. To the authors' knowledge, data regarding the influence of provider factors on testing are scarce.

Risk factors for locoregional disease recurrence after breast-conserving therapy in patients with breast cancer treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy: An international collaboration and individual patient meta-analysis.

Several studies have reported a high risk of local disease recurrence (LR) and locoregional disease recurrence (LRR) in patients with breast cancer after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NCT) and breast-conserving therapy (BCT). The objective of the current study was to identify potential risk factors for LR and LRR after NCT and BCT.

Pre-diagnostic changes in body mass index and mortality among breast cancer patients.

We investigated whether changes in body mass index (BMI) before a breast cancer diagnosis affected mortality and whether trajectories more accurately predict overall mortality compared to a single measure of BMI.

A Metabolomic Approach to Predict Breast Cancer Behavior and Chemotherapy Response.

Although the classification of breast carcinomas into molecular or immunohistochemical subtypes has contributed to a better categorization of women into different therapeutic regimens, breast cancer nevertheless still progresses or recurs in a remarkable number of patients. Identifying women who would benefit from chemotherapy could potentially increase treatment effectiveness, which has important implications for long-term survival. Metabolomic analyses of fluids and tissues from cancer patients improve ou...

Reproducible automated breast density measure with no ionizing radiation using fat-water decomposition MRI.

Increased breast density is a significant independent risk factor for breast cancer, and recent studies show that this risk is modifiable. Hence, breast density measures sensitive to small changes are desired.

Knowledge and Practices Related to Screening for Breast Cancer among Women in Delhi, India

Background: Breast cancer is a major public health problem globally. The ongoing epidemiological, socio-cultural and demographic transition by accentuating the associated risk factors has disproportionately increased the incidence of breast cancer cases and resulting mortality in developing countries like India. Early diagnosis with rapid initiation of treatment reduces breast cancer mortality. Therefore awareness of breast cancer risk and a willingness to undergo screening are essential. The objective of t...

Breast tissue density change after oophorectomy in BRCA mutation carrier patients using visual & volumetric analysis.

BRCA1/2 mutations account for 30-50% of hereditary breast cancers and bilateral oophorectomy is associated with a reduced risk of breast cancer (BC) in these patients. Breast density is a well-established BC risk factor and is also associated with increased risk in BRCA carriers. The aim of the study was to evaluate the impact of oophorectomy on mammographic breast density and to assess which method of breast density assessment is more sensitive to change over time.

Introduction to the Cancer Intervention and Surveillance Modeling Network (CISNET) Breast Cancer Models.

The Cancer Intervention and Surveillance Modeling Network (CISNET) Breast Cancer Working Group is a consortium of National Cancer Institute-sponsored investigators who use statistical and simulation modeling to evaluate the impact of cancer control interventions on long-term population-level breast cancer outcomes such as incidence and mortality and to determine the impact of different breast cancer control strategies. The CISNET breast cancer models have been continuously funded since 2000. The models have...

Breast cancer subtype and survival by parity and time since last birth.

Pregnancy affects breast cancer risk but how it affects the subtype and prognosis remain controversial. We studied the effect of parity and time since last birth on breast cancer subtype and outcome.

rs11615 Polymorphism Increases Susceptibility to Breast Cancer: A Meta-Analysis of 4547 Individuals.

Excision repair cross-complementation group 1 (ERCC1), a DNA repair protein, is vital for maintaining genomic fidelity and integrity. Despite the fact that a mounting body of case-control studies has concentrated on investigating the association of the rs11615 polymorphism and breast cancer risk, there is still no consensus on it. We conducted the current meta-analysis of all eligible articles to reach a much more explicit conclusion on this ambiguous association. A total of seven studies involving 2354 br...

Protective properties of n-3 fatty acids and implications in obesity-associated breast cancer.

Obesity is well documented as a risk factor for developing breast cancer, especially in postmenopausal women. Adipose tissue in the breast under obese conditions induces inflammation by increasing macrophage infiltration and pro-inflammatory cytokines that in turn up-regulates genes and signaling pathways, resulting in increased inflammation, cell proliferation and tumor growth in the breast. Due to their potent anti-inflammatory effects, n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFA) are a promising and safe d...

Eribulin Promotes Antitumor Immune Responses in Patients with Locally Advanced or Metastatic Breast Cancer.

Several proteins involved in immune regulation and the relationship among these, the tumor microenvironment, and clinical outcomes of eribulin treatment were evaluated in advanced or metastatic breast cancer patients.

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