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PubMed Journals Articles About "Tumor Microenvironment Confers MTOR Inhibitor Resistance Invasive Intestinal" - Page: 3 RSS

03:37 EST 13th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

Tumor Microenvironment Confers MTOR Inhibitor Resistance Invasive Intestinal PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Tumor Microenvironment Confers MTOR Inhibitor Resistance Invasive Intestinal articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Tumor microenvironment confers mTOR inhibitor resistance invasive intestinal" PubMed Articles 51–75 of 21,000+

Pre-surgical trial of the AKT inhibitor MK-2206 in patients with operable invasive breast cancer: a New York Cancer Consortium trial.

The PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway is an oncogenic driver in breast cancer (BC). In this multi-center, pre-surgical study, we evaluated the tissue effects of the AKT inhibitor MK-2206 in women with stage I-III BC.


Tumor microenvironment mediated by suppression of autophagic flux drives liver malignancy.

The physiological role of autophagy in the catabolic process of the body involves protein synthesis and degradation in homeostasis under normal and stressed conditions. In hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), the role of tumor microenvironment (TME) has been concerned as the main issue in fighting against this deadly malignancy. During the last decade, the crosstalk between tumor cells and their TME in HCC extensively accumulated. However, a deeper knowledge for the actual function of autophagy in this interconn...

Attenuation of everolimus-induced cytotoxicity by a protective autophagic pathway involving ERK activation in renal cell carcinoma cells.

The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway is a critical target for cancer treatment and the mTOR inhibitor everolimus (RAD001) has been approved for treatment of renal cell carcinoma (RCC). However, the limited efficacy of RAD001 has led to the development of drug resistance. Autophagy is closely related to cell survival and death, which may be activated under RAD001 stimulation. The aim of the present study was to identify the underlying mechanisms of RAD001 resistance in RCC cells through cytoprote...


USP10 suppresses tumor progression by inhibiting mTOR activation in hepatocellular carcinoma.

Dysregulation of deubiquitination pathway is associated with poor prognosis in cancers such as hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The mammalian target of rapamycin, mTOR, has become an attractive cancer therapeutic target in HCC. However, whether and how aberrant expression of deubiquitination pathway regulates mTOR pathway has remained elusive. Here we report that ubiquitin-specific protease 10 (USP10) functions as a tumor suppressor which inhibits mTOR pathway by stabilizing PTEN and AMPKα in HCC cells. Mec...

Natural Hypoxia is Not a Limiting Factor in Evaluating the Novel Arylidene Derivative MLT-401 Against an In Vitro Colorectal Cancer Model.

Cancer cells in vivo develop resistance to many anti-tumor drugs. One known factor to influence such drug resistance is hypoxia, which is an important component of the tumor microenvironment. Standard cancer lines mostly do not exhibit a cellular hypoxic microenvironment and there is a paucity of information on the efficacy of lead molecules in both cellular- and environment-induced hypoxic conditions. Therefore, in the present study, we have evaluated the efficacy of the arylidene derivative MLT-401, a lea...

Protease activated receptor-1 impedes prostate and intestinal tumor progression in mice: comment.

Protease activated receptor 1 (PAR-1), originally identified as the thrombin receptor on platelets and vascular endothelial cells, is expressed on numerous cells throughout the body. Tumor cells, and cells in the tumor microenvironment like cancer-associated fibroblasts, macrophages, T cells and endothelial cells, are no exception and PAR-1 expression is abundant in a variety of cancer tissues [1,2]. The potential relevance of PAR-1 expression for tumor growth is underscored by observations that PAR-1 expre...

Managing Invasive Aspergillosis in haematological patients in the era of resistance PCR and increasing triazole resistance: a modelling study of different strategies.

Triazole resistance in Aspergillus spp. is emerging and complicates prophylaxis and treatment of Invasive Aspergillosis (IA) worldwide. New Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) tests on broncho-alveolar lavage (BAL) fluid allow for detection of triazole-resistance on a genetic level, which opened up new possibilities for targeted therapy. In the absence of clinical trials, a modelling study delivers estimates of the added value of resistance detection with PCR and which empiric therapy would be optimal when loca...

Recruited bone marrow derived cells, local stromal cells and IL-17 at the front line of resistance development to anti-VEGF targeted therapies.

Although anti-angiogenic agents targeting VEGF have shown affordable beneficial outcomes in several human cancer types, in most pre-clinical and clinical studies, these effects are transient and followed by rapid relapse and tumor regrowth. Recently, it has been suggested that recruited bone marrow derived cells (BMDCs) to the tumor-microenvironment together with stromal cells play an important role in development of resistance to anti-VEGF therapies. Additionally, acquired resistance to anti-VEGF therapies...

Expression of combinatorial immunoglobulins in macrophages in the tumor microenvironment.

Recent evidence indicates the presence of macrophage subpopulations that express the TCRαβ in chronic inflammatory diseases such as tuberculosis and atherosclerosis and in the tumor microenvironment. Here, we demonstrate that a second subpopulation of macrophages expresses rearranged heavy and light chain immunoglobulins. We identify immunoglobulin expression in human and murine monocytes, in ex vivo differentiated macrophages and macrophages from the tumor microenvironment of five randomly selected disti...

Inhibition of mTOR ameliorated bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis by regulating epithelial-mesenchymal transition.

Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) plays a pivotal role in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). In bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis mice, we observed that inhibition of mTOR (mammalia target of rapamycin) attenuated IPF. Rapamycin suppressed the down-regulation of E-cadherin and up-regulation of fibronectin in bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis mice. In addition, dual immunofluorescence staining for E-cadherin and fibronectin demonstrated that rapamycin pretreatment decreased the proportions of A...

NF-κB signaling activation via increases in BRD2 and BRD4 confers resistance to the bromodomain inhibitor I-BET151 in U937 cells.

Novel epigenetic therapies targeting bromodomain and extra-terminal (BET) family proteins have shown therapeutic efficacy in diverse hematologic malignancies and solid cancers. However, the mechanism of resistance remains poorly understood. In the present study, we evaluated the mechanism of resistance to the BET inhibitor I-BET151 and its signaling pathway to overcome resistance in U937 cells. Treatment with 10 μM I-BET151 significantly induced growth inhibition, apoptosis, and cell cycle modulation, incl...

Double-sided effect of tumor microenvironment on platelets targeting nanoparticles.

The cancer cells and stromal cells in tumor microenvironment secrete cytokines and recruit "homing" cells (macrophage, lymphocytes, platelets, etc.). Platelets can interact with tumor microenvironment and specifically aggregate at tumor sites. Surprising, we observed different "homing" effects of activated platelets in breast cancer model and pancreatic cancer model which is highly related with the blood supply of tumors. Besides, platelets targeting magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) can home to breast cancer b...

Essential Function of Mec1, the Budding Yeast ATM/ATR Checkpoint-Response Kinase, in Protein Homeostasis.

Unlike most checkpoint proteins, Mec1, an ATM/ATR kinase, is essential. We utilized mec1-4, a missense allele (E2130K) that confers diminished kinase activity, to interrogate the question. Unbiased screen for genetic interactors of mec1-4 identified numerous genes involved in proteostasis. mec1-4 confers sensitivity to heat, an amino acid analog, and Htt103Q, an aggregation-prone model peptide of Huntingtin. Oppositely, mec1-4 confers resistance to cycloheximide, a translation inhibitor. In response to heat...

Reduced menin expression impairs rapamycin effects as evidenced by an increase in mTORC2 signaling and cell migration.

Mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) is a master regulator of various cellular responses by forming two functional complexes, mTORC1 and mTORC2. mTOR signaling is frequently dysregulated in pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (PNETs). mTOR inhibitors have been used in attempts to treat these lesions, and prolonged progression free survival has been recorded. If this holds true also for the multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1) associated PNETs is yet unclear. We investigated the relationship between expre...

Correlation Of Immune Cells And Cytokines In The Tumor Microenvironment With Elevated Neutrophil-To-Lymphocyte Ratio In Blood: An Analysis Of Muscle-Invasive Bladder Cancer.

We investigated the relationship between Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and the quantities of neutrophil elastase, CD3, Foxp3, and CD204 in tumor-infiltrating cells and circulating cytokines (IL-2, -6, -8, 17a, and TGF-β) in muscle-invasive bladder cancer. IL-6 and IL-8 levels showed a significant correlation with NLR in blood and Foxp3+ cells around the tumor. After co-culture of peripheral blood cells with bladder cancer cell lines, the induction of regulatory T cell (Treg) was higher in T24 whose ...

Inhibition of autophagy potentiated the anti-tumor effects of VEGF and CD47 bispecific therapy in glioblastoma.

Glioblastoma, characterized by extensive microvascular proliferation and invasive tumor growth, is one of the most common and lethal malignancies in adults. Benefits of the conventional anti-angiogenic therapy were only observed in a subset of patients and limited by diverse relapse mechanism. Fortunately, recent advances in cancer immunotherapy have offered new hope for patients with glioblastoma. Herein, we reported a novel dual-targeting therapy for glioblastoma through simultaneous blockade of VEGF and ...

Tenascin-C Produced by Intestinal Myofibroblasts Promotes Colitis-associated Cancer Development Through Angiogenesis.

Colitis-associated cancer (CAC) is one of the prognostic factors in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), and prevention of CAC is a critical concern for patients with IBD. Component cells of the microenvironment, especially myofibroblasts, are known to affect tumor development, but the role of intestinal myofibroblasts (IMFs) in CAC has not been clarified. Here, we explored the role of IMFs in CAC and sought to identify candidate genes as novel therapeutic targets for the prevention of CAC.

Dual gene deficient models of Apc mouse in assessing molecular mechanisms of intestinal carcinogenesis.

The Apc mouse, carrying an inactivated allele of the adenomatous polyposis coli (Apc) gene, is a widely used animal model of human colorectal tumorigenesis. While crossed with other gene knockout or knock-in mice, these mice possess advantages in investigation of human intestinal tumorigenesis. Intestinal tumor pathogenesis involves multiple gene alterations; thus, various double gene deficiency models could provide novel insights into molecular mechanisms of tumor biology, as well as gene-gene interactions...

mTOR mediates a mechanism of resistance to chemotherapy and defines a rational combination strategy to treat KRAS-mutant lung cancer.

Oncogenic KRAS mutations comprise the largest subset of lung cancer defined by genetic alterations, but in the clinic no targeted therapies are available that effectively control mutational KRAS activation. Consequently, patients with KRAS-driven tumors are routinely treated with cytotoxic chemotherapy, which is often transiently effective owing to development of drug resistance. In this study, we show that hyperactivated mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway is a characteristic hallmark of KRAS-muta...

miR-338 modulates proliferation and autophagy by PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling pathway in cervical cancer.

Cervical cancer (CC) is a malignant solid tumor, which is one of the main causes of morbidity and mortality in women. Given that autophagy is an important factor promoting tumor progression, we aim to investigate the functional role of miR-338 in autophagy and proliferation of cervical cancer. In our study, expression of miR-338 was validated by quantitative RT-PCR in 30 paired cervical cancer tissues and normal tissues. We performed MTT, colony formation and cell cycle assay to explore the effect of miR-33...

Role of AMP activated protein kinase signaling pathway in intestinal development of mammals.

Intestinal tract is an important digestive organ, which takes on the functions of nutrient absorption, bile and metabolic waste excretion. Impaired intestinal barrier function might lead to inflammatory and intestinal diseases. Structure and function of intestinal tract is closely related to differentiation and development of intestinal cells. Differentiation and development of intestinal cells are coordinated and regulated via signaling pathways such as adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMP...

Tumor-microenvironment controlled nanomicelles with AIE property for boosting cancer therapy and apoptosis monitoring.

Mild acidity matrix, rich blood vessels and special biomarkers constitute the primary tumor microenvironment. Nanoparticles could change their physicochemical characteristics by functionalizing a series of moieties which is responsive towards pH or specific markers. So precise regulation of nanocarrier-based drug delivery systems by the tumor microenvironment has showed great potential for theranostics. Herein, we developed a smart nano delivery system STD-NM, showing tumor microenvironment responsive targe...

Long noncoding RNA growth arrest-specific 5 facilitates glioma cell sensitivity to cisplatin by suppressing excessive autophagy in an mTOR-dependent manner.

Malignant glioma is a severe type of brain tumor with a grim prognosis. The occurrence of resistance compromises the efficacy of chemotherapy for glioma. Long noncoding RNA growth arrest-specific 5 (GAS5) has recently become an attractive target for cancer therapy by regulating cell growth, invasion, and migration. Nevertheless, its role in glioma chemoresistance remains elusive. In the current study, the expression of GAS5 was decreased in glioma cell lines, and lower levels of GAS5 were observed in U138 a...

Magnetic Targeting, Tumor Microenvironment Responsive Intelligent Nanocatalysts for Enhanced Tumor Ablation.

Therapeutic nanosystems which can be triggered by the distinctive tumor microenvironment possess great selectivity and safety to treat cancers via in situ transformation of nontoxic prodrugs into toxic therapeutic agents. Here, we constructed an intelligent, magnetic targeting and tumor microenvironment responsive nanocatalysts that can acquire oxidation therapy of cancer via specific reaction at tumor site. The magnetic nanoparticle core of iron carbide-glucose oxidase (Fe5C2-GOD) achieved by physical abso...

Tumor Oxygenation and Hypoxia-Inducible-Factor-1 Functional Inhibition via a Reactive-Oxygen-Species Responsive Nanoplatform for Enhancing Radiation Therapy and Abscopal Effects.

Hypoxia, and hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1), can induce tumor resistance to radiation therapy. To overcome hypoxia-induced radiation resistance, recent studies have described nano-systems to improve tumor oxygenation for immobilizing DNA damage and simultaneously initiate oxygen-dependent HIF-1α degradation. However, HIF-1α degradation is incomplete during tumor oxygenation treatment alone. Therefore, tumor oxygenation combined with residual HIF-1 functional inhibition is crucial to optimizing therape...


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