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PubMed Journals Articles About "Important Process Fueling Harmful Algal Blooms Investigated Canadian" - Page: 3 RSS

14:04 EDT 16th July 2018 | BioPortfolio

Important Process Fueling Harmful Algal Blooms Investigated Canadian PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Important Process Fueling Harmful Algal Blooms Investigated Canadian articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "important process fueling harmful algal blooms investigated Canadian" PubMed Articles 51–75 of 40,000+

Sense of nonsense on the guard of the mRNA quality.

The proper gene expression required precise and strictly controlled mechanisms, which allows to remove damaged and unnecessary transcripts. One of the most important quality control mechanism is Nonsense-Mediated mRNA Decay (NMD). The evolutionary conserved process prevents the production of potentially harmful proteins by eliminating aberrant mRNAs carrying premature translation termination codons (PTC). Extensive studies in yeast, C. elegans, flies and mammals established a whole set of additional NMD sub...


Tofu whey wastewater is a promising basal medium for microalgae culture.

Tofu whey wastewater (TWW) is an abundant, nutrient riched and safety wastewater and is regarded as an excellent alternative medium in fermentation. In this study, the feasibility of algal cultivation using TWW as the basal medium was investigated. Results indicated that through simple pH adjustment, TWW presented a better culture performance at autotrophic, heterotrophic, and mixotrophic modes compared with that of regular green algae medium, BG-11. The biomass productivities of Chlorella pyrenoidosa at ea...

Assessing the effectiveness of Landsat 8 chlorophyll a retrieval algorithms for regional freshwater monitoring.

Predicting algal blooms has become a priority for scientists, municipalities, businesses, and citizens. Remote sensing offers solutions to the spatial and temporal challenges facing existing lake research and monitoring programs that rely primarily on high-investment, in situ measurements. Techniques to remotely measure chlorophyll a (chl a) as a proxy for algal biomass have been limited to specific large water bodies in particular seasons and narrow chl a ranges. Thus, a first step toward prediction of al...


Dieting predicts engagement in multiple risky behaviours among adolescent Canadian girls: a longitudinal analysis.

We investigated associations between dieting and other health-compromising behaviours among adolescent girls, both cross-sectionally and longitudinally. The behaviours considered included smoking, binge drinking, and breakfast-skipping, and clusters of these.

Composition, sources, and bioavailability of nitrogen in a longitudinal gradient from freshwater to estuarine waters.

Nitrogen (N) transport from land to water is a dominant contributor of N in estuarine waters leading to eutrophication, harmful algal blooms, and hypoxia. Our objectives were to (1) investigate the composition of inorganic and organic N forms, (2) distinguish the sources and biogeochemical mechanisms of nitrate-N (NO-N) transport using stable isotopes of NOand Bayesian mixing model, and (3) determine the dissolved organic N (DON) bioavailability using bioassays in a longitudinal gradient from freshwater to ...

Child maltreatment and adult multimorbidity: results from the Canadian Community Health Survey.

This study investigated associations between three types of child maltreatment (exposure to intimate partner violence, sexual, and physical abuse) and multimorbidity (chronic physical conditions, pain conditions, and mental disorders) in adults.

The diversity of ice algal communities on the Greenland Ice Sheet as revealed by oligotyping.

The Arctic is being disproportionally affected by climate change compared with other geographic locations, and is currently experiencing unprecedented melt rates. The Greenland Ice Sheet (GrIS) can be regarded as the largest supraglacial ecosystem on Earth, and ice algae are the dominant primary producers on bare ice surfaces throughout the course of a melt season. Ice-algal-derived pigments cause a darkening of the ice surface, which in turn decreases albedo and increases melt rates. The important role of ...

Investigation of a Largescale Common Murre ( Uria aalge) Mortality Event in California in 2015.

From August through December 2015, beachcast bird survey programs reported increased deposition of common murres ( Uria aalge) on central and northern California beaches, but not on southern California beaches. Coastal wildlife rehabilitation centers received more than 1,000 live, stranded, and debilitated murres from Sonoma County to San Luis Obispo County during August-October. Approximately two-thirds of admitted birds were after-hatch-year birds in emaciated body condition and in various stages of molt,...

Growth and Toxin Production of spp. Can Be Regulated by Quorum-Sensing Bacteria.

spp. are the major culprit responsible for global ciguatera fish poisoning (CFP). At present, the effects of microbiological factors on algal proliferation and toxin production are poorly understood. To evaluate the regulatory roles of quorum-sensing (QS) bacteria in the physiology of , co-culture experiments with screened QS strains were conducted in this study. Except for the growth-inhibiting effect from the strain , the algal host generally displayed much higher growth potential and toxin production abi...

Death by Suicide among Canadian Medical Students: A National Survey-Based Study.

To estimate a rate of death by suicide in the Canadian medical student population and examine the prevalence of institutional response policies for suicide.

Microbial Community Structure and Associations During a Marine Dinoflagellate Bloom.

Interactions between microorganisms and algae during bloom events significantly impacts their physiology, alters ambient chemistry, and shapes ecosystem diversity. The potential role these interactions have in bloom development and decline are also of particular interest given the ecosystem impacts of algal blooms. We hypothesized that microbial community structure and succession is linked to specific bloom stages, and reflects complex interactions among taxa comprising the phycosphere environment. This inv...

Spatio-temporal patterns of Ulva prolifera blooms and the corresponding influence on chlorophyll-a concentration in the Southern Yellow Sea, China.

The world's largest macroalgal blooms (MABs) caused by the Ulva prolifera outbreaks have occurred every summer since 2007 in the Southern Yellow Sea, China. Accumulating evidence showed that MABs may deteriorate the regional marine environment and influence the growth of some primary producers such as phytoplankton. In this study, we investigated the spatio-temporal patterns of U. prolifera green tides and chlorophyll-a concentration in the Southern Yellow Sea in 2015 using satellite images obtained from HJ...

Sexual orientation and alcohol-related harms in Canadian youth.

To determine associations between experiencing alcohol-related harm, sex, and sexual orientation among Canadian high school students.

Towards equity-focused intersectoral practice (EquIP) in children's environmental health and housing: the transformational story of RentSafe.

This paper chronicles the transformational process through which a national intersectoral collaboration, the Canadian Partnership for Children's Health and Environment (CPCHE), came to embrace a more upstream, equity-based focus in its mandate to advance children's environmental health.

Microcystin-LR affects the hypothalamic-pituitary-inter-renal (HPI) axis in early life stages (embryos and larvae) of zebrafish.

Frequencies and durations of blooms of cyanobacteria are increasing. Some cyanobacteria can produce cyanotoxins including microcystins (MCs). MCs are the most common toxic products of hazardous algal blooms (HABs), with the greatest potential for exposure and to cause toxicity. Recently, MCs have been shown to disrupt endocrine functions. In this study, for the first time, effects of MC-LR on the hypothalamic-pituitary-inter-renal (HPI) axis during early embryonic development (embryos/larvae) of zebrafish (...

CH Fluxes During the Algal Bloom in the Pengxi River.

Emissions of greenhouse gases in the Three Gorges Reservoir have been attracting attention in the recent years. This study was conducted to reveal the CH emission and removal during the process of algal growth at different nitrogen and phosphorus concentrations in the Pengxi River in the Three Gorges Reservoir. In-situ field experiments were conducted in the Gaoyang Lake in Pengxi River. From April 22nd, 2016, to May 9th, 2016, different concentrations of nitrogen and phosphorus were added to different expe...

Interactive responses of primary producers and grazers to pollution on temperate rocky reefs.

Macroalgal beds provide important habitat structure and support primary production for rocky reef communities, but are increasingly degraded as a result of human pressures. Various sources of pollution can have both direct and interactive effects on stressed ecosystems. In particular, interactions involving invertebrate grazers could potentially weaken or strengthen the overall impact of pollution on macroalgal beds. Using a paired impact-control experimental design, we tested the effects of multiple pollut...

Simple and practical on-site treatment of high microcystin levels in water using polypropylene plastic.

Microcystin (MC) is a hepatotoxin produced by various cyanobacteria during harmful algal blooms (HAB's) in freshwater environments. Advanced treatment methods can remove MC from drinking water, but are costly and do not address recreational water exposure and ecosystem health concerns. Here we investigate the feasibility of utilizing plastics as a MC-adsorbing material, for use in water resources used for recreation, agriculture, aquaculture and drinking water. Water containing 20 µg/L MC-LR was exposed t...

Ocean acidification increases the toxic effects of TiO2 nanoparticles on the marine microalga Chlorella vulgaris.

Concerns about the environmental effects of engineered nanoparticles (NPs) on marine ecosystems are increasing. Meanwhile, ocean acidification (OA) has become a global environmental problem. However, the combined effects of NPs and OA on marine organisms are still not well understood. In this study, we investigated the effects of OA (pH values of 7.77 and 7.47) on the bioavailability and toxicity of TiO2 NPs to the marine microalga Chlorella vulgaris. The results showed that OA enhanced the growth inhibitio...

On the Simultaneous Identification and Quantification of Microalgae Populations Based on Fluorometric Techniques.

In this study, the phytoplankton structure of a freshwater reservoir located in central Argentina (Embalse Río Tercero) was analyzed using Beutler's method (Photosynthesis Research 72: 39-53, 2002), aiming to provide water quality control agencies with a reliable tool for early detection of algae blooms, particularly cyanobacteria. The method estimates the concentration of chlorophyll a (Chl a) contributed by individual algal groups in a real sample by fitting its fluorescence excitation spectrum to a line...

Bioactive extracellular compounds produced by the dinoflagellate Alexandrium minutum are highly detrimental for oysters.

Blooms of the dinoflagellate Alexandrium spp., known as producers of paralytic shellfish toxins (PSTs), are regularly detected on the French coastline. PSTs accumulate into harvested shellfish species, such as the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas, and can cause strong disorders to consumers at high doses. The impacts of Alexandrium minutum on C. gigas have often been attributed to its production of PSTs without testing separately the effects of the bioactive extracellular compounds (BECs) with allelopathic,...

Linking patterns of net community production and marine microbial community structure in the western North Atlantic.

Marine net community production (NCP) tracks uptake of carbon by plankton communities and its potential transport to depth. Relationships between marine microbial community composition and NCP currently remain unclear despite their importance for assessing how different taxa impact carbon export. We conducted 16 and 18S rRNA gene (rDNA) sequencing on samples collected across the Western North Atlantic in parallel with high-resolution O/Ar-derived NCP measurements. Using an internal standard technique to est...

Growth-suppressing and algicidal properties of an extract from Arundo donax, an invasive riparian plant, against Prymnesium parvum, an invasive harmful alga.

This study examined the ability of acidic and neutral/alkaline fractions of a methanolic extract from giant reed (Arundo donax) and of two of its constituents, gramine and skatole, to inhibit growth of the ichthyotoxic golden alga (Prymnesium parvum) in batch culture. For this study, growth suppression was defined as inhibition of maximum cell density, algicidal activity as early occurrence of negative growth, and algistatic activity as lack of net growth. The acidic fraction did not affect algal growth. Th...

Geographic variation and factors associated with colorectal cancer incidence in Manitoba.

Although individuals living in areas with lower household income have been shown to have higher rates of mortality from colorectal cancer (CRC), findings on the effect of income on CRC incidence in countries with universal health care have been inconsistent. There are limited data from Canada. We investigated the geographic variation and factors associated with CRC incidence in Manitoba, a central Canadian province.

A strong summer phytoplankton bloom southeast of Vietnam in 2007, a transitional year from El Niño to La Niña.

Summer upwelling occurs frequently off the southeast Vietnam coast in the western South China Sea (SCS), where summer phytoplankton blooms generally appear during June-August. In this study, we investigate inter-annual variation of Ekman pumping and offshore transport, and its modulation on summer blooms southeast of Vietnam. The results indicate that there are low intensities of summer blooms in El Niño years, under higher sea surface temperatures (SST) and weaker winds. However, a different pattern of mo...


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