PubMed Journals Articles About "Brown Shoe Company" - Page: 3 RSS

01:40 EDT 24th June 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Brown Shoe Company" PubMed Articles 51–75 of 543

Space use by 4 strains of laying hens to perch, wing flap, dust bathe, stand and lie down.

The laying hen industry is implementing aviary systems intended to improve welfare by providing hens with more space and resources to perform species-specific behaviors. To date, limited research has examined spatial requirements of various strains of laying hens for performing key behaviors and none has been conducted within an alternative housing system. This study investigated the amount of space used by 4 strains of laying hens (Hy-Line Brown [HB], Bovans Brown [BB], DeKalb White [DW], and Hy-Line W36) ...

Establishing state of motion through two-dimensional foot and shoe print analysis: A pilot study.

According to the College of Podiatry, footprints rank among the most frequent forms of evidence found at crime scenes, and the recent ascension of forensic podiatry reflects the importance of footwear and barefoot traces in contemporary forensic practice. In this context, this pilot study focused on whether it is possible to distinguish between walking and running states using parameters derived from two-dimensional foot or shoe prints. Eleven subjects moved along four tracks (barefoot walking; barefoot run...

A brown-red papule.

A 44-year-old woman was referred with a brown-red papule on the back. Histopathologic examination showed a melanocytic BAP1-associated intradermal tumour. A germline mutation in the BAP1 gene confirmed a diagnosis of BAP1 tumour predisposition syndrome. This syndrome is associated with various tumour types. Early diagnosis is essential for counselling and screening.

Raspberry promotes brown and beige adipocyte development in mice fed high-fat diet through activation of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) α1.

Development of brown and beige/brite adipocytes increases thermogenesis and helps to reduce obesity and metabolic syndrome. Our previous study suggests that dietary raspberry can ameliorate metabolic syndromes in diet-induced obese mice. Here, we further evaluated the effects of raspberry on energy expenditure and adaptive thermogenesis and determined whether these effects were mediated by AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK). Mice deficient in the catalytic subunit of AMPKα1 and wild-type (WT) mice were fe...

Role of ABC transporters White, Scarlet and Brown in brown planthopper eye pigmentation.

The brown planthopper ATP-binding cassette (ABC) proteins White (W), Scarlet (St) and Brown (Bw) belong to the ABC transporter superfamily and are responsible for the transportation of guanine and tryptophan precursors of eye pigments. In the present study, the brown planthopper White (NlW), S t(NlSt) and Bw (NlBw) genes were cloned, and subsequent phylogenetic analysis showed that these genes are clustered with their respective homologues, with a genetic relationship observed between NlW and its Bemisia ta...

Effects of α-(prazosin and yohimbine) and β-receptors activity on cAMP generation and UCP1 gene expression in brown adipocytes.

Brown adipose tissue (BAT) contains both α- and β-adrenergic receptors. In the literature, the activity of α-adrenoreceptors is less documented, and their functions still remain puzzling. The present investigation has been undertaken to understand α-adrenoreceptors' activity and their relation between uncoupling protein 1 (UCP1) mRNA expression and cyclic AMP (cAMP) generation in BAT.

Pseudomonas aeruginosa MutL promotes large chromosomal deletions through non-homologous end joining to prevent bacteriophage predation.

Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an opportunistic pathogen with a relatively large genome, and has been shown to routinely lose genomic fragments during environmental selection. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms that promote chromosomal deletion are still poorly understood. In a recent study, we showed that by deleting a large chromosomal fragment containing two closely situated genes, hmgA and galU, P. aeruginosa was able to form 'brown mutants', bacteriophage (phage) resistant mutants with a brown col...

Impact of crossbreeding Holstein and Brown Swiss cows on milk yield, composition, and fatty acid profiles in subtropics.

Milk yield (MY), composition, and fatty acid profiles of purebred Holstein (HO) cows, Brown Swiss (BS), and their F1 crossbreds (HS) were compared under subtropical climate in Egypt. Pure HO had significantly greater 305-MY, total-MY, and daily-MY (p 

Height Error Correction for Shoe-Mounted Inertial Sensors Exploiting Foot Dynamics.

Shoe-mounted inertial sensors are widespread deployed in satellite-denied scenarios because of the possibility to re-calibrate stepwise the estimated position. These re-calibrations, known as zero-velocity corrections, prevent an accumulated positioning error growth over time caused by the noise of current medium- and low-cost sensors. However, the error accumulated over time in the height estimation is still an issue under study. The objective of this article is to propose a height correction that is based...

Book Review Mindful Crafts As Therapy: Engaging More Than Hands (2017)by Cynthia L. Evetts & Suzanne M. Peloquin, 637 pp., SoftCover, ISBN: 9780803646742, F.A. Davis Company, 1915 Arch Street, Philadelphia, PA, Price: $69.95.

Insecticide toxicity associated with detoxification enzymes and genes related to transcription of cuticular melanization among color morphs of Asian citrus psyllid.

The Asian citrus psyllid (Diaphorina citri Kuwayama) is known to exhibit abdominal color polymorphisms. In the current study, susceptibility to four insecticides was compared among orange/yellow, blue/green and gray/brown color morphs of field collected D. citri. The LDvalues and 95% fiducial limits were quantified for each insecticide and color morph combination and ranged between 0.32 ng/μL (0.18-0.56) and 6.16 ng/μL (3.30-12.50). Second, we measured the detoxification enzyme activity levels of orange/y...

Brown and beige fat: From molecules to physiology and pathophysiology.

The adipose organ portrays adipocytes of diverse tones: white, brown and beige, each type with distinct functions. Adipocytes orchestrate their adaptation and expansion to provide storage to excess nutrients, the quick mobilisation of fuel to supply peripheral functional demands, insulation, and, in their thermogenic form, heat generation to maintain core body temperature. Thermogenic adipocytes could be targets for anti-obesity and anti-diabetic therapeutic approaches aiming to restore adipose tissue funct...

Distinctive effects of licarin A on lipolysis mediated by PKA and on formation of brown adipocytes from C3H10T1/2 mesenchymal stem cells.

Obesity increases with the positive energy imbalance and correlates with increased risks for metabolic diseases. Promotion of white adipose tissue beiging has received considerable attention due to possible usefulness for preventing obesity and the comorbidities. Licarin A (LA) is a compound derived from Mexican medicinal plant Aristolochia taliscana. Here, we report that LA stimulates the development of brown-like and beige-like adipocytes from C3H10T1/2 mesenchymal stem cells with phenotypic shifts to for...

Emission of volatile halogenated compounds, speciation and localization of bromine and iodine in the brown algal genome model Ectocarpus siliculosus.

This study explores key features of bromine and iodine metabolism in the filamentous brown alga and genomics model Ectocarpus siliculosus. Both elements are accumulated in Ectocarpus, albeit at much lower concentration factors (2-3 orders of magnitude for iodine, and

Estradiol Regulation of Brown Adipose Tissue Thermogenesis.

Physiologically, estrogens carry out a myriad of functions, the most essential being the regulation of the reproductive axis. Currently, it is also dogmatic that estrogens play an important role modulating energy balance and metabolism. In this sense, it is well known that low estrogens levels, occurring due to ovarian insufficiency, in conditions such as menopause or ovariectomy (OVX), are associated with increased food intake and decreased energy expenditure, leading to weight gain and obesity at long ter...

Atorvastatin accelerates clearance of lipoprotein remnants generated by activated brown fat to further reduce hypercholesterolemia and atherosclerosis.

Activation of brown adipose tissue (BAT) reduces both hyperlipidemia and atherosclerosis by increasing the uptake of triglyceride-derived fatty acids by BAT, accompanied by formation and clearance of lipoprotein remnants. We tested the hypothesis that the hepatic uptake of lipoprotein remnants generated by BAT activation would be accelerated by concomitant statin treatment, thereby further reducing hypercholesterolemia and atherosclerosis.

Clinical Aspects of Foot Health in Individuals with Alzheimer's Disease.

Alzheimer's disease (AD) shows a marked presence of physiologic changes and the start or aggravation of underlying diseases such as physical frailty in diverse anatomical regions. It is believed to have a particularly harmful effect on the health of the foot. We examined the foot health status in older persons with AD, with a specific focus on the extent to which people with AD may be using inadequate footwear in old age. Seventy-three community-dwelling people with probable, mild to moderate AD aged 65-95 ...

Brown eggshell fading with layer ageing: dynamic change in the content of protoporphyrin IX.

The dynamic change in brown eggshell color as hens age has been observed, but much uncertainty still exists. We aimed to analyze the depth of eggshell color and quantity of protoporphyrin ΙΧ throughout the laying period to explore the reasons for color variation. In this study, 120 Rhode Island Red hens were used, and two eggs were collected from each individual at 26, 34, 42, 50, 60, and 70 wk of age. The eggshell color (L*, a*, b*), egg weight, eggshell dry weight, and protoporphyrin ΙΧ quantity in eg...

Contrast-dependent red-green balance shifts depend on S-cone activity.

Previous research from our lab has established that red-green-balanced yellow targets become greenish-brown as surround luminance increases, while red-green-balanced brown targets become reddish-yellow as surround luminance decreases. To help assess the generality and underlying processes of this contrast-dependent red-green hue shift, we investigated red-green hue shifts for target stimuli that appeared achromatic or blue as well as yellow/brown. Results confirmed that the red-green hue shift was largest f...

Infectious Canine Hepatitis in a Brown Bear ( Ursus arctos horribilis) from Alaska.

We diagnosed infectious canine hepatitis in a free-ranging brown bear ( Ursus arctos horribilis) cub from Alaska, US, found dead in October 2015. Intranuclear inclusion bodies were present in hepatocytes, and immunohistochemistry showed reactivity to adenoviral antigens. Sequencing of the hexon protein of adenovirus showed 100% identity to canine adenovirus 1.

Perception of facial profile attractiveness of a brown subject displaying different degrees of lip projection or retrusion, in the city of Salvador/Bahia.

The attractiveness and facial aesthetics are commonly defined by the media in modern society and the number of patients seeking for changes in the facial appearance is progressively increasing. Augmented face convexity is believed to be non aesthetic and among the treatments available for its correction, the extraction of premolars followed by anterior teeth retraction produces a significant effect. However, it is questionable whether the procedure is reasonable in brown and black patients, since dental pro...

Distribution of metals and metalloids in dried seaweeds and health risk to population in southeastern China.

Concern about metals and metalloids, especially heavy metals in seaweeds has risen due to potential health risk. This study investigated the distribution of 10 metals and metalloids in 295 dried seaweeds (brown and red) and estimated the possible health risk via hazard index (HI). Elements in seaweeds can be sequenced in descending order by mean values: Al > Mn > As > Cu > Cr > Ni > Cd > Se > Pb > Hg. The levels of Cd, Cu, Mn and Ni in red seaweeds were significantly high...

HDAC6 regulates thermogenesis of brown adipocytes through activating PKA to induce UCP1 expression.

Mitochondrial uncoupling protein 1 (UCP1) is responsible for nonshivering thermogenesis in brown adipose tissue (BAT). UCP1 increases the conductance of the inner mitochondrial membrane (IMM) for protons to make BAT mitochondria generate heat rather than ATP. HDAC6 is a cytosolic deacetylase for non-histone substrates to regulate various cellular processes, including mitochondrial quality control and dynamics. Here, we showed that the body temperature of HDAC6 knockout mice is slightly decreased in normal h...

Identification of an optimal threshold for detecting human brown adipose tissue using receiver operating characteristic analysis of IDEAL MRI fat fraction maps.

Lower fat fraction (FF) in brown adipose tissue (BAT) than white adipose tissue (WAT) has been exploited using Dixon-based Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) to differentiate these tissues in rodents, human infants and adults. We aimed to determine whether an optimal FF threshold could be determined to differentiate between BAT and WAT in adult humans in vivo.

Metformin Targets Brown Adipose Tissue in vivo and Reduces Oxygen Consumption in vitro.

Metformin is the most widely prescribed oral antidiabetic drug worldwide. Despite well-documented beneficial effects on health outcomes in diabetic patients, the target organs that mediate the effects of metformin remain to be established. In adult humans, brown adipose tissue (BAT) can influence basic metabolic rate, making BAT an attractive target for treatment of type 2 diabetes. Under the hypothesis that BAT is a metformin target tissue, we investigated in vivo uptake of [ C]-metformin tracer in mice an...

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