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PubMed Journals Articles About "Cell Signaling Technologies" - Page: 3 RSS

03:19 EST 21st February 2019 | BioPortfolio

Cell Signaling Technologies PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Cell Signaling Technologies articles that have been published worldwide.

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We have published hundreds of Cell Signaling Technologies news stories on BioPortfolio along with dozens of Cell Signaling Technologies Clinical Trials and PubMed Articles about Cell Signaling Technologies for you to read. In addition to the medical data, news and clinical trials, BioPortfolio also has a large collection of Cell Signaling Technologies Companies in our database. You can also find out about relevant Cell Signaling Technologies Drugs and Medications on this site too.

Showing "Cell Signaling Technologies" PubMed Articles 51–75 of 30,000+

Reduced SERCA Function Preferentially Affects Wnt Signaling by Retaining E-Cadherin in the Endoplasmic Reticulum.

Calcium homeostasis in the lumen of the endoplasmic reticulum is required for correct processing and trafficking of transmembrane proteins, and defects in protein trafficking can impinge on cell signaling pathways. We show here that mutations in the endoplasmic reticulum calcium pump SERCA disrupt Wingless signaling by sequestering Armadillo/β-catenin away from the signaling pool. Armadillo remains bound to E-cadherin, which is retained in the endoplasmic reticulum when calcium levels there are reduced. Us...


Specific knockdown of HOXB7 inhibits cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma cell migration and invasion while inducing apoptosis via the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway.

Metastatic cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (CSCC) is a major cause of death associated with nonmelanoma skin cancer. The involvement of homeobox B7 ( HOXB7) in cancers has been reported. Thus, the current study intends to explore the effect of HOXB7 on CSCC and its relationship with the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway. Initially, microarray-based gene expression profiling of CSCC was performed, and HOXB7 was identified as an upregulated gene based on the microarray data of GSE66359 . Following this, the ...

Regulation of miR-181a expression in T cell aging.

MicroRNAs have emerged as key regulators in T cell development, activation, and differentiation, with miR-181a having a prominent function. By targeting several signaling pathways, miR-181a is an important rheostat controlling T cell receptor (TCR) activation thresholds in thymic selection as well as peripheral T cell responses. A decline in miR-181a expression, due to reduced transcription of pri-miR-181a, accounts for T cell activation defects that occur with older age. Here we examine the transcriptional...


Intestinal non-canonical NFκB signaling shapes the local and systemic immune response.

Microfold cells (M-cells) are specialized cells of the intestine that sample luminal microbiota and dietary antigens to educate the immune cells of the intestinal lymphoid follicles. The function of M-cells in systemic inflammatory responses are still unclear. Here we show that epithelial non-canonical NFkB signaling mediated by NFkB-inducing kinase (NIK) is highly active in intestinal lymphoid follicles, and is required for M-cell maintenance. Intestinal NIK signaling modulates M-cell differentiation and e...

MicroRNA-125b-5p improves pancreatic β-cell function through inhibiting JNK signaling pathway by targeting DACT1 in mice with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a progressive disease, accompanied by increased insulin resistance and deteriorating β-cell function. Previous studies have revealed that microRNA (miRNA) plays a crucial role in the treatment of T2DM. Hence, we aim to investigate the role of microRNA-125b-5p (miR-125b-5p) in pancreatic β-cell function and insulin sensitivity of mice with T2DM with the involvement of Dishevelled antagonist Dapper1 (DACT1) and the c-Jun NH2-terminal kinases (JNK) signaling pathway. Firstl...

Specific knockdown of HOXB7 inhibits cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma cell migration and invasion while inducing apoptosis via Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway.

Metastatic cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (CSCC) is a major cause of death associated with non-melanoma skin cancer. The involvement of homeobox B7 (HOXB7) in cancers has been reported. Thus, the current study intends to explore the effect of HOXB7 on CSCC and its relationship with the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway. Initially, microarray-based gene expression profiling of CSCC was performed and HOXB7 was identified as an upregulated gene based on the microarray data of GSE2068. Following this, the exp...

Synergetic roles of TGF-β signaling in tissue engineering.

Recent advances in tissue engineering highlight biomaterial designs with context-specific growth factors, cytokines and various small molecules to better mimic the natural extracellular matrix (ECM) microenvironments. These efforts have led to direct improvements in cell-cell and cell-ECM interactions while mitigating undesirable cellular and immunogenic responses. In this short review, we focus on the crucial roles and regulation of transforming growth factor β (TGF-β) signaling in biomaterial applicatio...

Regulation of Division and Differentiation of Plant Stem Cells.

A major challenge in developmental biology is unraveling the precise regulation of plant stem cell maintenance and the transition to a fully differentiated cell. In this review, we highlight major themes coordinating the acquisition of cell identity and subsequent differentiation in plants. Plant cells are immobile and establish position-dependent cell lineages that rely heavily on external cues. Central players are the hormones auxin and cytokinin, which balance cell division and differentiation during org...

Galectin-9 binds IgM-BCR to regulate B cell signaling.

The galectin family of secreted lectins have emerged as important regulators of immune cell function; however, their role in B-cell responses is poorly understood. Here we identify IgM-BCR as a ligand for galectin-9. Furthermore, we show enhanced BCR microcluster formation and signaling in galectin-9-deficient B cells. Notably, treatment with exogenous recombinant galectin-9 nearly completely abolishes BCR signaling. We investigated the molecular mechanism for galectin-9-mediated inhibition of BCR signaling...

Pharmacologic IL-6Rα inhibition in cholangiocarcinoma promotes cancer cell growth and survival.

Biliary tract cancer (BTC) represents a malignant tumor of the biliary tract including cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) and the carcinoma of the gallbladder (GBC) with a 5-year survival rate between 5 and 18% due to late diagnosis and rapid disease progression. Chronic inflammation is one of the main risk factors for CCA and GBC in particular. IL-6, as a mediator of inflammation, can act through a membrane-bound receptor alpha-chain (mIL-6R, "IL-6 classic signaling") or via soluble forms (sIL-6R, "IL-6 trans-signal...

The role of Wnt/β-catenin signaling in the restoration of induced pluripotent stem cell-derived retinal pigment epithelium after laser photocoagulation.

To investigate the role of Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway in the restoration of induced pluripotent stem cell-derived retinal pigment epithelium (hiPSC-RPE) after laser photocoagulation. After differentiation of RPE cells from hiPSCs, laser photocoagulation was performed. Activation of Wnt/β-catenin signaling at days 1 and 5 after laser photocoagulation was evaluated by expression of β-catenin. Cell proliferation and alteration in cell-to-cell contact at day 5 after laser photocoagulation with or withou...

Effect of RAB31 silencing on osteosarcoma cell proliferation and migration through the Hedgehog signaling pathway.

Osteosarcoma (OS) is a prevalent cancer that plagues people worldwide. Identifying prognostic markers would be useful in treating human OS. In this study, we aimed to explore the functions of Ras-related protein Rab-31 (RAB31) in OS-cell proliferation, migration, and invasion as well as its roles in the Hedgehog signaling pathway for better understanding of the mechanism. To assess the detailed regulatory mechanism of RAB31 silencing on OS, both RT-qPCR and Western blot analysis were employed to evaluate th...

Timed Regulation of 3BP2 Induction Is Critical for Sustaining CD8 T Cell Expansion and Differentiation.

Successful anti-viral response requires the sustained activation and expansion of CD8 T cells for periods that far exceed the time limit of physical T cell interaction with antigen-presenting cells (APCs). The expanding CD8 T cell pool generates the effector and memory cell populations that provide viral clearance and long-term immunity, respectively. Here, we demonstrate that 3BP2 is recruited in cytoplasmic microclusters and nucleates a signaling complex that facilitates MHC:peptide-independent activat...

Lens differentiation is controlled by the balance between PDGF and FGF signaling.

How multiple receptor tyrosine kinases coordinate cell fate determination is yet to be elucidated. We show here that the receptor for platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) signaling recruits the p85 subunit of Phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) to regulate mammalian lens development. Activation of PI3K signaling not only prevents B-cell lymphoma 2 (BCL2)-Associated X (Bax)- and BCL2 Antagonist/Killer (Bak)-mediated apoptosis but also promotes Notch signaling to prevent premature cell differentiation. Reducing...

Intestinal Stem Cells Exhibit Conditional Circadian Clock Function.

The circadian clock is a molecular pacemaker that produces 24-hr physiological cycles known as circadian rhythms. How the clock regulates stem cells is an emerging area of research with many outstanding questions. We tested clock function in vivo at the single cell resolution in the Drosophila intestine, a tissue that is exquisitely sensitive to environmental cues and has circadian rhythms in regeneration. Our results indicate that circadian clocks function in intestinal stem cells and enterocytes but are ...

Cell-to-Cell Heterogeneity in p38-Mediated Cross-Inhibition of JNK Causes Stochastic Cell Death.

The stress-activated protein kinases c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) and p38 are important players in cell-fate decisions in response to environmental stress signals. Crosstalk signaling between JNK and p38 is emerging as an important regulatory mechanism in inflammatory and stress responses. However, it is unknown how this crosstalk affects signaling dynamics, cell-to-cell variation, and cellular responses at the single-cell level. We established a multiplexed live-cell imaging system based on kinase transl...

Signaling Dynamics Control Cell Fate in the Early Drosophila Embryo.

The Erk mitogen-activated protein kinase plays diverse roles in animal development. Its widespread reuse raises a conundrum: when a single kinase like Erk is activated, how does a developing cell know which fate to adopt? We combine optogenetic control with genetic perturbations to dissect Erk-dependent fates in the early Drosophila embryo. We find that Erk activity is sufficient to "posteriorize" 88% of the embryo, inducing gut endoderm-like gene expression and morphogenetic movements in all cells within t...

Endosomal Trafficking During Mitosis and Notch-Dependent Asymmetric Division.

Endocytosis is key in a number of cell events. In particular, its role during cell division has been a challenging question: while early studies examined whether endocytosis occurs during cell division, recent works show that, during division, cells do perform endocytosis actively. More importantly, during asymmetric cell division, endocytic pathways also control Notch signaling: endocytic vesicles regulate the presence, at the plasma membrane, of receptors and ligands at different levels between the two-da...

Surfaceome nanoscale organization and extracellular interaction networks.

The reductionist view of 'one target-one drug' has fueled the development of therapeutic agents to treat human disease. However, many compounds that have efficacy in vitro are inactive in complex in vivo systems. It has become clear that a molecular understanding of signaling networks is needed to address disease phenotypes in the human body. Protein signaling networks function at the molecular level through information transfer via protein-protein interactions. Cell surface exposed proteins, termed the sur...

Nodal Signaling Regulates Germ Cell Development and Establishment of Seminiferous Cords in the Human Fetal Testis.

Disruption of human fetal testis development is widely accepted to underlie testicular germ cell cancer (TGCC) origin and additional disorders within testicular dysgenesis syndrome (TDS). However, the mechanisms for the development of testicular dysgenesis in humans are unclear. We used ex vivo culture and xenograft approaches to investigate the importance of Nodal and Activin signaling in human fetal testis development. Inhibition of Nodal, and to some extent Activin, signaling disrupted seminiferous cord...

To BBB or Not to BBB?

In this issue of Developmental Cell, Anbalagan et al. demonstrate that pituicytes, a subtype of astroglia, drive endothelial cell permeability in the zebrafish embryo neurohypophysis. This occurs via secretion of Vegfa/Tgfβ3 permeability factors that promote formation of fenestrae and the repression of anti-inflammatory retinoic acid signaling that induces tight cell junctions.

Reduced expression of the IL7Ra signaling pathway in Neuromyelitis optica.

Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) is a chronic inflammatory demyelinating autoimmune disease of the central nervous system that most commonly affects the optic nerves and spinal cord. To characterize the immunological pathways involved in NMO, whole blood RNA expression array was performed using Nanostring nCounter technology. Two major clusters of genes were found associated with NMO: T cell-associated genes and the TNF/NF-kB signaling pathway. Analysis of the genes within the first cluster confirmed significantl...

IGF1 Brings Growing Pains for T-ALL LSCs.

Hematopoietic progenitors undergo marked shifts during transition from fetal to postnatal life, and the implication of these changes for the cell-of-origin of childhood leukemia are unclear. In this issue of Cell Stem Cell, Giambra et al. (2018) show that epigenetically regulated IGF1 signaling regulates the ability of fetal-liver- or bone-marrow-derived cells to initiate T-ALL.

PI3K-Mediated Blimp-1 Activation Controls B Cell Selection and Homeostasis.

Activation of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) signaling plays a central role in regulating proliferation and survival of B cells. Here, we tested the hypothesis that B cell receptor (BCR)-mediated activation of PI3K induces the terminal differentiation factor Blimp-1 that interferes with proliferation and survival, thereby controlling the expansion of activated B cells. In fact, B-cell-specific inactivation of Pten, the negative regulator of PI3K signaling, leads to deregulated PI3K activity and elevated ...

Single cell immune profiling in transplantation research.

Recently developed single-cell profiling technologies hold promise to provide new insights including analysis of population heterogeneity and linkage of antigen receptors with gene expression. These technologies produce complex data sets that require knowledge of bioinformatics for appropriate analysis. In this minireview, we discuss several single-cell immune profiling technologies for gene and protein expression, including cytometry by time-of-flight, RNA sequencing, and antigen receptor sequencing, as we...


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