PubMed Journals Articles About "Exercise Training Exercise Training Plus Metformin Metformin Educational" - Page: 3 RSS

21:24 EST 15th January 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Exercise training Exercise training plus metformin Metformin Educational" PubMed Articles 51–75 of 5,600+

Exercise Training Increases Metaboreflex Control in Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea.

We demonstrated that patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) have reduced muscle metaboreflex control of muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA). Additionally, exercise training increased muscle metaboreflex control in heart failure patients.

Two Weeks of Exercise Training Intensity on Appetite Regulation in Obese Adults with Prediabetes.

No short-term exercise data exist testing whether training intensity modifies hormonal and perceived appetite in obese adults with prediabetes. Therefore, we compared the effects of short-term moderate continuous (CONT) vs. high-intensity interval (INT) training on appetite regulation.

Effects of Repeated Bouts of Exercise on the Hemostatic System.

Physical activity is beneficial for health, for example, by lowering the risk of cardiovascular events. However, vigorous exercise is associated with the occurrence of thromboembolic events and sudden cardiac death, in particular in untrained individuals. Whereas acute exercise is known to cause a hypercoagulable state, repeated exposure to (strenuous) exercise by means of training may actually condition the hemostatic response to exercise. To date, the effects of exercise training on blood coagulability an...

Feasibility of Aerobic Exercise in the Subacute Phase of Recovery From Traumatic Brain Injury: A Case Series.

Aerobic exercise is as important for individuals with traumatic brain injury (TBI) as for the general population; however, the approach to aerobic training may require some adaptation. The objective of the trial program was to examine the feasibility of introducing aerobic physical exercise programs into the subacute phase of multidisciplinary rehabilitation from moderate to severe TBI, which includes computerized cognitive training.

Adrenergic- and non-adrenergically-mediated human adipose tissue lipolysis during acute exercise and exercise training.

Obesity-related adipose tissue dysfunction, in particular subcutaneous adipose tissue (SCAT) lipolysis, is characterized by catecholamine resistance and impaired ANP responsiveness. It remains unknown whether exercise training improves (non-)adrenergically-mediated lipolysis in metabolically compromised conditions. We investigated the effect of local combined α-/β-adrenoceptor blockade on abdominal SCAT lipolysis in lean insulin sensitive (IS, n=10), obese IS (n=10) and obese insulin resistant (IR, n=10) ...

Exercise addiction measure through the Exercise Addiction Inventory (EAI) and health in habitual exercisers. A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Research on physical exercise addiction is becoming more frequent due to the importance of excessive physical activity on health in general. Different studies have investigated the prevalence of risk of exercise addiction (REA) and its consequences. Furthermore, there exist a series of contradictions regarding the relationship between REA and other variables associated with physical training. One goal of this systematic review and meta-analysis consists of analysing possible differences in prevalence, age, ...

Feasibility, safety, and reliability of exercise testing using the combined arm-leg (Cruiser) ergometer in subjects with a lower limb amputation.

Physical fitness of patients with a lower limb amputation predicts their walking ability and may be improved by physical exercise and training. A maximal exercise test is recommended prior to training in order to determine cardiovascular risks and design exercise programs. A potentially suitable ergometer for maximal exercise testing in patients with a lower limb amputation is the combined arm-leg (Cruiser) ergometer. The aim of this study was to determine feasibility, safety, and reliability of (sub)maxima...

Training Performed Above Lactate Threshold Decreases p53 and Shelterin Expression in Mice.

Telomere shortening is associated to sarcopenia leading to functional impairment during aging. There are mechanisms associated with telomere attrition, as well to its protection and repair. Physical training is a factor that attenuates telomere shortening, but little is known about the effects of different exercise intensities on telomere biology. Thus, we evaluated the effects of exercise intensity (moderate vs. high-intensity domain) on gene expression of senescence markers Checkpoint kinase 2 and tumor s...

Excess Postexercise Oxygen Consumption and Fat Utilization Following Submaximal Continuous and Supramaximal Interval Running.

Few studies have directly compared excess postexercise oxygen consumption (EPOC) and fat utilization following different exercise intensities, and the effect of continuous exercise exceeding 75% of maximal oxygen uptake (VOmax) on these parameters remains unexplored. The current study examined EPOC and fat utilization following acute moderate- and vigorous-intensity continuous training (MICT and VICT) and sprint interval training (SIT).

Effects of Structured Exercise Training in Children and Adolescents With Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis.

To examine safety and efficacy of exercise training (ET) for juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) to improve physical fitness, pain, functional capability, and quality of life.

The Role of Aerobic Exercise in Reducing Persistent Sport-related Concussion Symptoms.

Aerobic exercise has received increasing attention in the scientific literature as a component of management for individuals who sustain a concussion. Since exercise training has been reported to reduce symptoms and improve function for those experiencing persistent postconcussion symptoms, it represents a potentially useful and clinically pragmatic rehabilitation technique. However, the specific exercise parameters that best facilitate recovery from concussion remain poorly defined and unclear. This review...

Antidiabetic effect of Euterpe oleracea Mart. (açaí) extract and exercise training on high-fat diet and streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats: A positive interaction.

A growing body of evidence suggests a protective role of polyphenols and exercise training on the disorders of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). We aimed to assess the effect of the açaí seed extract (ASE) associated with exercise training on diabetic complications induced by high-fat (HF) diet plus streptozotocin (STZ) in rats. Type 2 diabetes was induced by feeding rats with HF diet (55% fat) for 5 weeks and a single dose of STZ (35 mg/kg i.p.). Control (C) and Diabetic (D) animals were subdivided into f...

The effects of resveratrol and exercise on age and gender-dependent alterations of vascular functions and biomarkers.

The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of resveratrol and regular aerobic exercise on vascular functions and biomarkers related to vessel responsiveness in an age and gender-dependent manner. The study used young (3 months) and old (12 months) male and female Wistar albino rats. Resveratrol was given in the drinking water (0.05 mg/ml; approximately 7.5 mg/kg) for 6 weeks. In the exercise group, all rats performed treadmill running at 20 m/min on a 0° incline, 40 min/day, 3 tim...

Effects of aerobic exercise and vitamin C supplementation on rhinitis symptoms in allergic rhinitis patients.

Exercise training and vitamin C supplementation have both been recommended as an effective adjuvant treatment in the management of symptoms in patients with many diseases. However, its effects on rhinitis symptoms remain unclear. The aim of the present study was to determine the effects of exercise training alone, and in combination with vitamin C supplementation, on rhinitis symptoms in allergic rhinitis patients.

Aerobic Exercise Training Alleviates Renal Injury by Interfering with Mitochondrial Function in Type-1 Diabetic Mice.

BACKGROUND Diabetic nephropathy was one of the most serious and harmful diabetic complications, characterized by progressive loss of renal function and renal fibrosis. Aerobic exercise training is an important non-pharmacologic method to prevent and treat diabetes mellitus and diabetic complications. MATERIAL AND METHODS Intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection of streptozocin (STZ) was used to construct a type 1 diabetic mouse model. Renal function and mitochondrial function were measured by urinary protein level,...

Exercise training as an adjunctive therapy to montelukast in children with mild asthma: A randomized controlled trial.

This study investigated the effectiveness and safety of exercise training (ET) as an adjunctive therapy to montelukast for children with mild asthma (MA).

Exercise training in childhood cancer: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

Physical capacity and quality of life (QoL) are typically impaired in children/adolescents with cancer. Our primary objective was to examine the effects of exercise training performed after diagnosis of any type of pediatric cancer on physical capacity-related endpoints, survival, disease relapse and adverse effects.

Safety and effectiveness of home-based, self-selected exercise training in symptomatic adults with congenital heart disease: A prospective, randomised, controlled trial.

The purpose of this prospective randomised controlled trial was to assess whether home-based, self-selected exercise training is safe, results in high compliance and improves exercise capacity in symptomatic adults with congenital heart disease (CHD).

Practical Torso Cooling During Soccer-Specific Exercise in the Heat.

Precooling and midevent cooling of the torso using cooling vests can improve exercise performance in the heat with or without physiological changes; however, the effects of such cooling during intermittent exercise in the heat are unknown.

Home-Based, Moderate-Intensity Exercise Training Using a Metronome Improves the Breathing Pattern and Oxygen Saturation During Exercise in Patients With COPD.

One of the well-known but less-investigated effects of pulmonary rehabilitation in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is the change in breathing pattern toward a more efficient one (higher tidal volume [VT], lower breathing frequency). Evidence suggests this change can be obtained only with supervised, high-intensity exercise training (ExTr). However, some patients either do not have such programs available or are unable to exercise at higher intensity. We evaluated the effects of a ...

Acute and chronic exercise in patients with HFrEF: Evidence of structural and functional plasticity and intact angiogenic signaling in skeletal muscle.

The vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) response to acute submaximal exercise and training effects in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) were investigated. Six patients and six healthy matched-controls performed knee-extensor exercise (KE) at 50% of maximum work-rate before and after (only patients) KE training. Muscle biopsies were taken to assess skeletal muscle structure and the angiogenic response. Pre-training, during this submaximal KE exercise, HFrEF exhibited hi...

Impact of Exercise Training on Cardiac Function Among Patients With Type 2 Diabetes: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW AND META-ANALYSIS.

Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is associated with subclinical abnormalities in left ventricular function and an increased downstream risk for heart failure. Exercise training has been associated with significant improvement in cardiorespiratory fitness among these patients. However, its impact on cardiac function is not well established.

Effects of exercise training and supplementation with selenium nanoparticle on T-helper 1 and 2 and cytokine levels in tumor tissue of mice bearing the 4 T1 mammary carcinoma.

Physical exercise decreases the incidence of breast cancer and also improves survival in breast cancer patients. However, the mechanistic basis of these protective effects of exercise is not well known. Changes in tumor cytokines, such as oncostatin-M (OSM), have been associated with modulation of antitumor immune responses in breast cancer. Exercise and antioxidants such as selenium affect both antitumor immune responses as well as tumor cytokine expression. Thus, the aim of this study was to determine the...

Skeletal muscle adiponectin induction depends on diet, muscle type/activity, and exercise modality in C57BL/6 mice.

Changes in skeletal muscle adiponectin induction have been described in obesity and exercise. However, whether changes are consistent across muscle types and with different exercise modalities, remain unclear. This study compared the effects of diet and two isocaloric training programs on adiponectin induction and its regulators in three muscles: quadriceps (exercising/glycolytic-oxidative), gastrocnemius (exercising/glycolytic), and masseter (nonexercising/glycolytic). Ten-week-old male C57BL/6 mice were f...

Promoting Team-Based Exercise Among African American Breast Cancer Survivors.

Physical activity benefits the health and well-being of breast cancer survivors (BCS). Yet, many African American survivors do not routinely exercise and have increased risk of poor outcomes. The purpose of this mixed-method study was to identify motivational factors compelling African American BCS to participate in a 14-week team walking program and to intend to continue exercise after the intervention concluded. Focus groups were held with participants ( n = 12) before and after training. Content analysis...

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