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Indinavir Sulfate Abacavir Sulfate Amprenavir Nelfinavir Mesylate Efavirenz PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Indinavir Sulfate Abacavir Sulfate Amprenavir Nelfinavir Mesylate Efavirenz articles that have been published worldwide.
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Preeclampsia represents a major complication of pregnancy, associated with greater maternal and fetal complications. We compared the effects of esomeprazole (a proton pump inhibitor) and magnesium sulfate (MgSO4) on the deleterious effects observed on the mother and neonates in experimentally induced preeclampsia in rats.
The physiological and metabolic processes involved with grapevine growth and production are influenced by key macro and micro-nutrients. Potassium is an essential plant nutrient that affects growth and fruit quality. In this study, the impact of foliar spraying of potassium sulfate (K SO ) on qualitative characteristics of grape berries was evaluated in the cultivar 'Rasha', a commonly cultivated cultivar in Kurdistan province of Iran. Leaves of the fully-grown vines were sprayed with each of the 1.5 g L an...
Heparan sulfate (HS) 3-O-sulfation can be catalysed by seven 3-O-sulfotransferases (HS3STs) in humans, still it is the rarest modification in HS and its biological function is yet misunderstood. HS3ST2 and HS3ST3B exhibit the same activity in vitro. They are however differently expressed in macrophages depending on cell environment, which suggests that they may be involved in distinct cellular processes. Here, we hypothesized that both isozymes might also display distinct subcellular localizations.
This study aimed to compare the efficacy and tolerability of an oral sulfate solution (OSS) versus 2 L of polyethylene glycol/ascorbic acid (2L-PEG/Asc) for bowel cleansing before colonoscopy.
Over a 74-month period (∼6 years), 143 lower-extremity osteomyelitis locations in 125 patients were treated with a calcium sulfate/hydroxyapatite liquid bone void filler with antibiotic(s).
To investigate the protective effects of Clostridium butyricum on the epithelial barrier in dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)-induced colitis.
This study incorporated stable isotope analyses with chemical analyses to determine the origin and migration of sulfur sources in East Asia, and these findings were compared with our decadal research from 2000 to 2001 and 2002 to 2003. The multiple sulfur isotope composition (S,S andS) of the dissolved sulfate in precipitation was first measured from 2011 to 2013 in Seoul, South Korea. The δSvalues were -1.1‰ to 7.9‰ (avg. 3.6‰), strongly suggesting that sulfur derived from the combustion of Chinese...
Human antithrombin (hAT) is a major serine protease inhibitor that regulates blood coagulation in human plasma, and it has been applied for the treatment of antithrombin (AT) deficiency and disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC). In the past, hAT for therapeutic use has been obtained from human plasma; however, hAT can now be sourced from transgenic animals and Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells by recombinant technology. The dominant form of hAT in plasma is the α form, which is glycosylated with fou...
Chondroitin sulfate E (CS-E) plays a crucial role in diverse processes ranging from viral infection to neuroregeneration. Its regiospecific sulfation pattern, generated by N-acetylgalactosamine 4-sulfate 6-O-sulfotransferase (GalNAc4S-6ST), is the main structural determinant of its biological activity. Inhibitors of GalNAc4S-6ST can serve as powerful tools for understanding physiological functions of CS-E and its potential therapeutic leads for human diseases. A family of new 4-acylamino-β-GalNAc derivativ...
Excess sulfate production and low concentration of perchlorate removal are the main problems for sulfur-based perchlorate reduction reactor. In this study, the problems were firstly solved by step-feeding under mixotrophic conditions. The performances of step-feed sulfur-based reactor (SFSBR) and up-flow sulfur-based reactor (UFSBR) are compared. At perchlorate of 194 mg/L, acetate of 28.8 mg/L and hydraulic retention time of 0.9 h, the Half-order reaction rate constant and the sulfate production of S...
Optimal uterine relaxation is achieved through higher minimum alveolar concentration (MAC) of inhalational anesthetics, increasing risks to mother and fetus. Our objective was to determine if earlier administration of magnesium sulfate would reduce the requirement of inhalational anesthetics in fetal myelomeningocele repair.
Abacavir's potential to cause cardiovascular disease (CVD) among people living with HIV (PLWH) is debated. We conduct a systematic review and meta-analyses to assess CVD risk from recent and cumulative abacavir exposure.
Sulfate formation on the surface of aqueous micro-droplets was investigated using a spray-chamber reactor coupled to an electrospray ionization mass spectrometer that was calibrated using NaSO(aq) as a function of pH. The observed formation of SO, SO, and HSO at pH < 3.5 without the additional of other oxidants indicates that an efficient oxidation pathway takes place involving direct interfacial electron transfer from SO to O on the surface of aqueous micro-droplets. Compared to the well-studied sulfate fo...
We aim to determine the benefit of two different doses magnesium sulfate (MgS) compared to placebo in rate control of rapid atrial fibrillation (AF) managed in the emergency department (ED).
A substantial amount of sulfate is often supplied in paddy fields with concomitant applications of chemical fertilizers and manure for rice growth. It is unclear how solubility and speciation of arsenic (As) are affected by the levels of soil sulfate and their relationship to soil redox status and sulfur (S) and iron (Fe) speciation in a short cycle of soil reducing (flooding) and oxidizing (drying) periods. The objective of this study was to investigate the solubility of As in relation to chemical speciati...
Chorioamnionitis and infection-associated inflammation are major causes of preterm birth. Magnesium sulfate (MgSO ) is widely used in obstetrics as a tocolytic; however, its mechanism of action is unclear. This study sought to investigate how MgSO modulates infection-associated inflammation in fetal membranes (FMs), and whether the response was time dependent.
Although neurotoxicity and hepatotoxicity have long been associated with exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), less is known about the selective toxicity of those hydroxylated PCBs (OH-PCBs) and PCB sulfates that are metabolites derived from exposure to PCBs found in indoor air. We have examined the toxicity of OH-PCBs and PCB sulfates derived from PCBs 3, 8, 11, and 52 in two neural cell lines (N27 and SH-SY5Y) and an hepatic cell line (HepG2). With the exception of a similar toxicity seen for N27 ...
The aim of this work was to evaluate the outcome and efficacy of treatment in a homogeneous group of skeletally immature patients with chronic osteomyelitis of the long bones managed by a combination of radical debridement and insertion of tobramycin-impregnated calcium sulfate pellets to fill the bone defect in a single-stage procedure. Between 2011 and 2016, 12 skeletally immature patients were treated surgically by the reported technique. Single-stage surgery using tobramycin-impregnated calcium sulfate ...
It is thought that mineralized refuse could be excavated from almost-full landfill sites to provide space for the increasing burden of municipal solid waste. When excavating, however, the HS emissions from the mineralized waste need to be considered carefully. In an attempt to understand how HS emissions might change during this excavation process, we carried out a series of tests, including exposing anaerobic mineralized refuse to oxygen, isolating and determining possible functional bacteria, and characte...
Permeable reactive barriers (PRBs) remove nitrogen from groundwater by enhancing microbial denitrification. The PRBs consist of woodchips that provide carbon for denitrifiers, but these woodchips also support other anaerobic microbes, including sulfate-reducing bacteria. Some of these anaerobes have the ability to methylate inorganic mercury present in groundwater. Methylmercury is hazardous to human health, so it is essential to understand whether PRBs promote mercury methylation. We examined microbial com...
Large variation of CH emissions from paddy and wetland ecosystems exists across different geographical locations in China. To obtain mechanistic understanding of this variation, we investigated the dynamics of methanogenesis over the course of glucose degradation in fourteen paddy field soils and five wetland soils collected from different regions of China. The results revealed that the maximal rate (2-3 mM per day) and the total amount (25-30 mM) of CH produced were similar across soil samples. The...
Treatment of acute organophosphorus or carbamate insecticide self-poisoning is often ineffective, with tens of thousands of deaths occurring every year. Researchers have recommended the addition of magnesium sulfate or calcium channel blocking drugs to standard care to reduce acetylcholine release at cholinergic synapses.
World fisheries and aquaculture production totaled 167 million tons in 2014. This high fish production generates a lot of waste that could be used as raw material for extraction of substances of pharmacological interest. In this work, we extract and characterize glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) present in the viscera of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) and Pacu (Piaractus mesopotamicus), which are among the most vastly produced fishes in inland aquaculture in Brazil. Moreover, the anticoagulant activity of...
Alberta Health Services (AHS) recommends the adoption of a new neonatal multi-trace element formulation containing zinc sulfate, copper sulfate, selenious acid and sodium iodide to be compounded internally in appropriate AHS pharmacies. The objective of this study was to assess the physicochemical stability of this formulation under commonly used storage conditions.
Complete biodegradation and mineralization of pentachlorophenol (PCP), a priority pollutant in water, is challenging for water treatment. In this study, a hydrogen (H)-based membrane biofilm reactor (MBfR) was applied to treat PCP, along with nitrate and sulfate, which often coexist in contaminated groundwater. Throughout 120-days of continuous operation, almost 100% of up to 10 mg/L PCP was removed with minimal intermediate accumulation and in parallel with complete denitrification of 20 mg-N/L nitrate...